Matale

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Matale

මාතලේ
மாத்தளை
Matale
Matale city skyline.jpg
City skyline view from Sindakatti Sri Kumaran Kovil.
Sri Lanka adm-2 location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Matale
Coordinates: 7°28′7″N80°37′22″E / 7.46861°N 80.62278°E / 7.46861; 80.62278
Country Sri Lanka
Province Central Province
District Matale District
Divisional Secretariat Matale Division
Mathula Colony4th century
Matale Municipal Council 1963
Founded by King Pandukabhaya
Government
  Type Mayor-Council
  Body Matale Municipal Council
   Mayor His Worship, Hon. Sandhanam Prakash CWC [1]
Area
   City 70.0 km2 (27.03 sq mi)
  Urban
25.65 km2 (9.90 sq mi)
  Metro
71 km2 (27 sq mi)
Elevation
364 m (1,194 ft)
Population
 (2016)
  Density1,490/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
   Urban
38,229 (Municipality Area)
   Metro
78,864 (Matale Division)
Demonym(s) Mathalites
Time zone UTC+5:30 (Time in Sri Lanka)
  Summer (DST) UTC+5:30 (not observed)
Postal code
21xxx
Area code(s) 066
Official Languages Sinhala / Tamil

Matale (Sinhala: මාතලේ, Tamil : மாத்தளை, romanized: Māttaḷai) often written as Mathale is a large regional city located at the heart of the Central Hills of the island lies in a broad, fertile valley at an elevation of 364 m (1,194 ft) above sea level. It is the administrative capital and largest urbanised centre in the Matale District, Central Province, Sri Lanka. It is 142 kilometres (88 mi) from Colombo and near Kandy. Surrounding the city are the Knuckles Mountain Range, the foothills were called Wiltshire by the British.

Contents

History

Matale is the only district of Sri Lanka, where an ancient book of written history is found. It is known as Pannagamam - பன்னாகமம் ("Five Headed Serpent" in English) of Goddess Muthumari in Sri Muthumariamman Temple, Matale.

The second comes the Aluvihare Rock Temple that is situated on north side of the city's suburb, Aluvihare. The historic location where the Pali Canon was written down completely in text on ola (palm) leaves in 29 BCE.

Christ Church, Matale was consecrated by Bishop James Chapman on 30 December 1860. The church site chosen was Fort McDowall, commanding a view of the entrance to Matale via Trincomalee. The church having been erected and furnished, the Revd William Frederick Kelly, Minister and Chaplain in Matale, and 36 others sent their petition to the Rt Revd James Chapman, D.D., to dedicate and consecrate Christ Church. The parsonage was opened on 16 August 1862. The 75th Anniversary was celebrated in 1935. The centenary was celebrated on 28 and 29 January 1961. The 125th Anniversary was celebrated on 6 September 1986. The church was gutted by fire in 1985 and was completely restored. Services were held in the Baptist Church in the interim period. On 22 June 1911, there was a special service held in this church in connection with the Coronation of His Majesty King George V, and Queen Mary. The offertory on that was given to the King Edward VIII. [2] The church's 150th Anniversary was celebrated on 2 October 2010.

Matale was the site of a major battle in 1848 when the Matale Rebellion started and the British garrison in the Fort MacDowall in Matale was placed under siege by the rebels led by Weera Puran Appu and Gongalegoda Banda.

The city is also the birthplace of Monarawila Keppetipola, a rebel who led the Wellasa rebellion against the British troops. His ancestral home, Kappetipola walawuwa, still exists at Hulangamuwa, Matale.

Attractions

Economy

The city is surrounded by large plantations and is famous for its spice gardens. In addition to agriculture, the city's main economic activities include Tourism, Business and Trade. Population growth, urban expansion and economic development in Matale have created regulatory and management challenges. [3] Resident's of Municipality Enjoys Urban life in Matale Municipal Council Area (MMCA) [4] [5]

Education

Matale is home to some of the island's oldest and leading colleges and schools.

Demographics

The population of the Matale Municipality areas is mix of numerous ethnic groups. The Sinhalese make the majority in Matale. Muslims are the second largest group in the city. Others include Sri Lankan Tamils, small numbers of Indian Tamils, Burgher and Malay.

Ethnicity according to Matale urban area (2007)

Ethnicity in Matale Urban Area (2007)
PopulationPercent
Sinhalese
60.85%
Muslims
40.10%
Sri Lankan Tamils
10.46%
Indian Tamils
3.97%
Others
0.39%

Source: statistics.gov.lk

Ethnicity according to Matale division area (2012)

Ethnicity in Matale Division (2012)
PopulationPercent
Sinhalese
70.55%
Muslims
24.85%
Sri Lankan Tamils
16.97%
Indian Tamils
2.97%
Others
1.00%

Source: statistics.gov.lk

Suburbs

Notable personalities

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  477. Wirantha Fernando
  478. Wisut Tangwittayaporn
  479. Wiswa Warnapala
  480. Witiyala Seewalie Thera
  481. Witness
  482. Wiyanamulla
  483. Wolf Dittus
  484. Wolvendaal Church
  485. Women in the Sri Lankan Parliament
  486. Woolly horseshoe bat
  487. Worawut Namvech
  488. Work Weather Wife
  489. Workers' Representatives Convention, 1971
  490. Workmen's Compensation Convention, 1925
  491. World Bank in Sri Lanka
  492. World Capital Centre
  493. World Cricket Tsunami Appeal
  494. World Fellowship of Buddhists
  495. World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka
  496. World Tamil Conference
  497. World Tamil Movement
  498. World Telugu Conference
  499. World Trade Center (Colombo)
  500. World Trade Center Chittagong
  501. World War I
  502. World War II
  503. World's End, Sri Lanka
  504. Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
  505. Woshantha Silva
  506. Wow! Momo
  507. Wrap roti
  508. Wretches & Jabberers
  509. Wrightia angustifolia
  510. Wrightia flavorosea
  511. Wrinkle-lipped free-tailed bat
  512. Wunna Maung Lwin
  513. Wycherley International School
  514. X. M. Sellathambu
  515. Xacuti
  516. Xavier Thaninayagam
  517. Xenobolus carnifex
  518. Xestaspis kandy
  519. Xestaspis paulina
  520. Xestaspis sublaevis
  521. Xylocopa ruficornis
  522. Xylopia championii
  523. Xylopia nigricans
Kandyan period

The Kandyan period covers the history of Sri Lanka from 1597–1815. After the fall of the Kingdom of Kotte, the Kandyan Kingdom was the last Independent monarchy of Sri Lanka. The Kingdom played a major role throughout the history of Sri Lanka. It was founded in 1476. The kingdom located in the central part of Sri Lanka managed to remain independent from both the Portuguese and Dutch rule who controlled coastal parts of Sri Lanka; however, it was colonised by the British in 1815.

References

  1. "Matale Mayor Daljith Aluvihare suspended".
  2. Anti Tuberculosis Fund. (Ref. Ceylon Churchman Report for the year ending 20 June 1911)
  3. Gamage, Nardda; Kumara, Sisira (31 December 2016). "Socio-Economic Determinants of Well-Being of Urban Households: A Case of Sri Lanka". Rochester, NY. SSRN   2938379 .Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. Atapattu, A; Subasinghe, Shyamantha; Iwai, Y (24 August 2019). "Urban Growth and Development Pattern of Matale Municipal Council Area".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. Gamage, Nardda; Kumara, Sisira (31 December 2016). "Socio-Economic Determinants of Well-Being of Urban Households: A Case of Sri Lanka". Rochester, NY. SSRN   2938379 .Cite journal requires |journal= (help)