Medicine Bow, Wyoming

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For the mountain range, see Medicine Bow Mountains. For the mountain peak, see Medicine Bow Peak.
Medicine Bow, Wyoming
2009-0722-MedicineBow.jpg
Aerial view of Medicine Bow and surrounding area
Carbon County Wyoming Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Medicine Bow Highlighted 5651575.svg
Location of Medicine Bow in Carbon County, Wyoming.
Usa edcp location map.svg
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Medicine Bow, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°53′52″N106°12′10″W / 41.89778°N 106.20278°W / 41.89778; -106.20278 Coordinates: 41°53′52″N106°12′10″W / 41.89778°N 106.20278°W / 41.89778; -106.20278
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Carbon
Area
[1]
  Total3.46 sq mi (8.96 km2)
  Land3.46 sq mi (8.96 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
6,565 ft (2,001 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total284
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
259
  Density74.90/sq mi (28.92/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82329
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-51575 [4]
GNIS feature ID1591446 [5]
Website www.medicinebow.org

Medicine Bow is a town in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 284 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

Virginian Hotel Virginian Hotel, Medicine Bow, WY.jpg
Virginian Hotel

The community largely owes its existence to the first transcontinental railroad, built through the area in 1868. A post office called Medicine Bow has been in operation since 1869. [6] The community was named after the Medicine Bow River. [7]

Dippy, a well-known dinosaur skeleton, was found in a quarry nearby in 1898-99.

The Virginian Hotel is a historic hotel located in Medicine Bow. It was built in 1911 by August Grimm. The hotel was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. [8]

In the 1910s, the Lincoln Highway was routed through Medicine Bow until Interstate 80 replaced it in 1970.

Geography

Medicine Bow is located at 41°53′52″N106°12′10″W / 41.89778°N 106.20278°W / 41.89778; -106.20278 (41.897668, -106.202796). [9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.46 square miles (8.96 km2), all land. [10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 127
1920 21065.4%
1930 26425.7%
1940 33828.0%
1950 328−3.0%
1960 39219.5%
1970 45516.1%
1980 953109.5%
1990 389−59.2%
2000 274−29.6%
2010 2843.6%
2019 (est.)259 [3] −8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $35,156. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $20,536 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,420. About 10.3% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 17.5% of those 65 or over

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 284 people, 125 households, and 81 families residing in the town. The population density was 82.1 inhabitants per square mile (31.7/km2). There were 182 housing units at an average density of 52.6 per square mile (20.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.1% White, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.7% of the population.

There were 125 households, of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 49.3 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 25.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.

Economy

In December 2007, plans were announced for construction of a large coal gasification plant to be built southwest of town. [12] The plant was expected to start construction in 2014. [13] In 2014, DKRW Advanced Fuels terminated their contract with Sinopec, the Chinese firm that would have built the plant. [13] In 2015, there were plans to downscale the plant, [14] and in 2016 the project was put on indefinite hold, partly due to the low cost of crude oil in the US. [15]

Education

Public education in the town of Medicine Bow is provided by Carbon County School District #2. Zoned campuses include Medicine Bow Elementary School (grades K-6) and H.E.M. Junior/Senior High School (grades 7-12).

Medicine Bow has a public library, a branch of the Carbon County Library System. [16]

Much of the Western novel The Virginian and subsequent television series of the same name were set in or near Medicine Bow.

Chapter XXVIII from Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days involves a subplot about making a train pass through an unsafe bridge near Medicine Bow.

See also

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  7. Moyer, Armond; Moyer, Winifred (1958). The origins of unusual place-names. Keystone Pub. Associates. p. 83.
  8. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "SIERRA CLUB v. WYOMING DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, and MEDICINE BOW FUEL & POWER, LLC". Justia Law. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  13. 1 2 "DKRW to start construction of Medicine Bow plant in one year". www.wyomingsbdc.org. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
  14. Benjamin.Storrow@trib.com, Benjamin Storrow 307-335-5344 (25 June 2015). "DKRW considers downsizing proposed coal gasification plant, residents doubtful". Casper Star-Tribune Online. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
  15. "Wyoming plans for DKRW coal-to-liquid plant stall". The Billings Gazette. Associated Press. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
  16. "Wyoming Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved 13 June 2019.

Further reading