Rawlins, Wyoming

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Rawlins, Wyoming
DowntownRawlins.jpg
Downtown Rawlins, looking north from I-80
Carbon County Wyoming Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Rawlins Highlighted 5663900.svg
Location of Rawlins in Carbon County, Wyoming.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Rawlins, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°47′25″N107°14′3″W / 41.79028°N 107.23417°W / 41.79028; -107.23417 Coordinates: 41°47′25″N107°14′3″W / 41.79028°N 107.23417°W / 41.79028; -107.23417
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming
County Flag of Carbon County, Wyoming.gif Carbon
Government
  MayorTerry Weickum [1]
Area
[2]
  Total8.29 sq mi (21.46 km2)
  Land8.25 sq mi (21.36 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
6,834 ft (2,083 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total9,259
  Estimate 
(2019) [4]
8,510
  Density1,031.77/sq mi (398.38/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82301
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-63900 [5]
GNIS feature ID1593213 [6]
Website www.rawlins-wyoming.com

Rawlins is a city in Carbon County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 9,259 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Carbon County. [7] It was named for Union General John Aaron Rawlins, who camped in the locality in 1867. [8]

Contents

Demographics

"Officers quarters at Ft. Rawlins, Wyoming, May 7, 1877." "Officers quarters at Ft. Rawlins, Wyoming, May 7, 1877." Two men and a woman holding a baby sit in front of the crude structure - NARA - 531107.gif
"Officers quarters at Ft. Rawlins, Wyoming, May 7, 1877."
The Rochelle Ranch Golf Course in Rawlins, Wyoming. Rochelle Ranch Golf Course.jpg
The Rochelle Ranch Golf Course in Rawlins, Wyoming.
Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 612
1880 1,451137.1%
1890 2,23554.0%
1900 2,3173.7%
1910 4,25683.7%
1920 3,969−6.7%
1930 4,86822.7%
1940 5,53113.6%
1950 7,41534.1%
1960 8,96820.9%
1970 7,855−12.4%
1980 11,54747.0%
1990 9,380−18.8%
2000 8,538−9.0%
2010 9,2598.4%
2019 (est.)8,510 [4] −8.1%
[9]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,259 people, 3,443 households, and 2,206 families living in the city. [3] The population density was 1,123.7 inhabitants per square mile (433.9/km2). There were 3,960 housing units at an average density of 480.6 per square mile (185.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.7% White, 1.1% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.3% of the population.

There were 3,443 households, of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.7% male and 45.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census [5] of 2000, there were 8,538 people, 3,320 households, and 2,237 families living in the city. The population density was 1,153.4 people per square mile (445.5/km2). There were 3,860 housing units at an average density of 521.4 per square mile (201.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.86% White, 0.81% African American, 1.46% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 8.28% from other races, and 2.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.05% of the population.

There were 3,320 households, out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,600, and the median income for a family was $42,137. Males had a median income of $33,179 versus $22,580 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,887. About 10.4% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

Rawlins is located in Carbon County at 41°47′25″N107°14′3″W / 41.79028°N 107.23417°W / 41.79028; -107.23417 (41.790397, -107.234297). [10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.28 square miles (21.45 km2), of which 8.24 square miles (21.34 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. [11] The city is approximately 6800 feet (2073 m) above sea level.

Climate

Rawlins' climate is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk ).

Climate data for Rawlins Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)56
(13)
58
(14)
68
(20)
77
(25)
88
(31)
97
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
95
(35)
81
(27)
70
(21)
57
(14)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C)33.4
(0.8)
37.1
(2.8)
45.5
(7.5)
55.1
(12.8)
65.7
(18.7)
77.9
(25.5)
85.3
(29.6)
83.8
(28.8)
73.3
(22.9)
59.8
(15.4)
42.9
(6.1)
34.6
(1.4)
57.9
(14.4)
Daily mean °F (°C)23.0
(−5.0)
26.1
(−3.3)
33.8
(1.0)
41.6
(5.3)
50.9
(10.5)
61.3
(16.3)
67.9
(19.9)
66.5
(19.2)
56.9
(13.8)
45.5
(7.5)
31.5
(−0.3)
24.1
(−4.4)
44.1
(6.7)
Average low °F (°C)12.5
(−10.8)
15.1
(−9.4)
22.1
(−5.5)
28.0
(−2.2)
36.1
(2.3)
44.6
(7.0)
50.5
(10.3)
49.2
(9.6)
40.5
(4.7)
31.1
(−0.5)
20.1
(−6.6)
13.5
(−10.3)
30.3
(−1.0)
Record low °F (°C)−36
(−38)
−36
(−38)
−23
(−31)
−11
(−24)
11
(−12)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
28
(−2)
8
(−13)
−18
(−28)
−23
(−31)
−35
(−37)
−36
(−38)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.56
(14)
0.52
(13)
0.65
(17)
1.06
(27)
1.49
(38)
0.93
(24)
0.90
(23)
0.81
(21)
0.82
(21)
0.86
(22)
0.65
(17)
0.49
(12)
9.74
(249)
Source 1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [12]
Source 2: The Weather Channel (Records) [13]

Government and infrastructure

The Wyoming Department of Corrections Wyoming State Penitentiary is located in Rawlins. [14] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990. [15]

Wyoming Frontier Prison, operational from 1901 until 1981 Rawlins Jail.JPG
Wyoming Frontier Prison, operational from 1901 until 1981

The United States Postal Service operates the Rawlins Post Office. [16]

Education

Residents are zoned to schools in the Carbon County School District#1 [17]

All residents are zoned to Rawlins Elementary School (elementary students formerly went to either Pershing, Mountain VIew, Sunny Side, or Highlands Hills Elementary School), Rawlins Middle School and Rawlins High School; Rawlins also offers an alternative school, the Carbon County Co-operative High School.

Western Wyoming Community College also offers outreach programs through the Carbon County Higher Education Center. The main campus is housed in the former Sunny Side Elementary School building.

Rawlins has a public library, a branch of the Carbon County Library System. [18]

Media

Rawlins is served by one print newspaper, the Rawlins Daily Times.

The town's two radio stations, KRAL and KIQZ have both been silent for some time. The stations are owned by Mt. Rushmore Broadcasting, Inc. Sources connected to the FCC say, "...that any station owned or operated by Mt. Rushmore Broadcasting will "not likely" have their licenses renewed once they expire, due to the history of "past violations and cavalier attitude(s) towards following and maintaining" rules and regulations, and that this and other Mt. Rushmore stations could have their broadcasting rights taken away "at almost any moment." In early 2015, it was reported that staff had unexpectedly resigned, and there was difficulty finding new employees.

Transportation

Highways

Interstate highways:

I-80.svg I-80

U.S. highways:

US 30.svg US 30

US 287.svg US 287

Wyoming state highways:

WY-71.svg WYO 71

WY-78.svg WYO 78

WY-789.svg WYO 789

Scheduled bus service

Scheduled bus service is offered by Greyhound Bus Lines.

Airport

The city of Rawlins is served by Rawlins Municipal Airport (Harvey Field).

"Rawlins Red"

"Rawlins Red" is a red pigment containing hematite, an oxide of iron that was mined near Rawlins. Paint containing Rawlins Red has anti-rust properties and is thought to have been used as the original paint on the Brooklyn Bridge. [19]

Notable people

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