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Police vehicles in the United States and Canada are produced by several manufacturers and are available in three broad vehicle types: Police Pursuit Vehicles (PPV), Special Service Vehicles (SSV), and Special Service Package (SSP).
Police Pursuit Vehicles are the most common police cars. They are equipped to handle the vast majority of tasks, including pursuit and high-speed response calls. Special Service Vehicles and Special Service Package are specialized vehicles, such as sport-utility vehicles and sports cars. They are generally heavier-duty and may come with specialized option packages for specific tasks, but are typically not recommended by the manufacturer for use as pursuit vehicles.
Ford's introduction of the flathead V-8 in its Model 18 in 1932––the first low-priced, mass-marketed car with a V8 engine––proved popular amongst police departments and led to strong brand loyalty. In turn, this gave the company a market-capturing edge that lasted until 1968. In the 1940s and 1950s, the "Big Three" (Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler) began to offer specialized police packages with severe duty parts. Foremost amongst these was the Ford package of 1950, which utilized the larger and more powerful Mercury engine in the smaller, lighter Ford. This ended the practice of some state police buying larger and more powerful, but higher-priced models including Buicks, Hudsons, and Chryslers. In 1969, Plymouth took first place in the police market, with Chrysler's 440 cu. in. V8s, Torqueflite transmissions, and torsion bar suspensions giving them a compelling advantage. Chrysler held this lead until the 1970s energy crisis drove buyers to smaller cars, and Chrysler subsequently discontinued their rear-drive platform after the 1989 model year.
Since the termination of the North American Chevrolet Caprice model in 1996 (though it would subsequently return in 2010 for exclusive law enforcement use), the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor replaced it as the standard patrol car, however, most Ford Crown Victorias have now been phased out. In an attempt to better combat the threat of rear-end impacts that highway patrol vehicles face when stopped on the shoulder, new models can be optionally equipped with a fire suppression system. Other models such as the Chevrolet Impala (8th and 9th generations), Chevrolet Tahoe and Dodge Charger also gained a percentage of the market. In September 2011, however, Ford discontinued the Crown Victoria in favor of the 6th-generation Taurus. This has helped Dodge reclaim leadership in the market with the Dodge Charger Pursuit, as of 2012.
Non-Crown Victoria police vehicles may be bought to diversify a police department's fleet in order to better minimize disruption should a recall occur.
Despite some (primarily Canadian) jurisdictions electing to use front-wheel-drive sedans with smaller engines––mainly the Chevrolet Impala, the current iteration of which being a V6––the rear-wheel-drive V8 configuration is still widely preferred, due in part to its consistency with pursuit driver training, as well as generally greater reliability. Furthermore, trials with FWD vehicles such as the Taurus and Impala have proven problematic in terms of maintenance costs. In 1994, for example, a Ford spokeswoman noted that "It is certainly true that any front-wheel-drive car would be more expensive and difficult to maintain if you subjected it to the kind of hard use they get in police departments."
Subject to federal, state, provincial and local laws, any vehicle, appropriately modified, can be used as a police vehicle, but the most common are those designed or modified by manufacturers as police or special service vehicles. Sport Utility Vehicles have become increasingly popular in police fleets in Canada and the United States. Benefits often cited include extra room for equipment and better outward visibility due to the higher seating position compared with sedans. The following model year 2019 and 2020 vehicles (in various drivetrain configurations) were submitted by manufacturers for the 2019 evaluation by the Michigan State Police and the U.S. National Institute of Justice:
2019 Chevrolet Tahoe PPV (Police Pursuit Vehicle)
2019 Dodge Charger Pursuit
2019 Dodge Durango Pursuit
2020 Ford Police Interceptor Utility (based on the 2020 Ford Explorer)
2019 Ford F-150 Police Responder
2019 Ford Police Responder Hybrid Sedan (based on the 2019 Ford Fusion)
The Ford Taurus-based Police Interceptor Sedan was discontinued at the end of the 2019 model year, and was not included in the 2019 Michigan State Police and U.S. National Institute of Justice evaluation.
North American police cars were once noted for being painted black and white, But not just limited to black and white vehicles, with the car doors and roof painted white, while the trunk, hood, front fenders and rear quarter panels were painted black. The fleet vehicles that were used typically came painted in a single color, most commonly white or black, from the factory and were used as such. The contrasting black or white color was added to make the vehicle stand out from civilian vehicles. In 2007, the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) began converting its fleet back to a black-and-white scheme after decades of using other colors and varieties of paint jobs. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security recommends, but does not require, that local law enforcement agencies employ a uniform black and white vehicle color scheme for ease of visual identification nationwide.
Beginning in the 1970s, police vehicle markings have become increasingly stylistic, with the widespread use of computer-graphics and vinyl striping. While black and white designs are still in use in many jurisdictions, cars may range from being all white to completely black. Blues and greens of various hues are also frequently used. Brown, beiges, and tans are favored by rural police and sheriff's offices.
Official markings also vary by jurisdiction. The side doors and sometimes the hood of a marked police car usually bear the agency's badge or the city seal, often in reflective finish. Markings such as emergency telephone numbers, generic anti-drug or anti-crime messages, or even website URLs are also common. Some agencies also have identification numbers printed on the roofs of patrol cars for tracking from aircraft, or to distinguish specialized units, such as K-9 units or supervisors.
Currently, in the United States and Canada, the paint scheme for each fleet is determined either by the individual agency or by uniform state legislation as in Minnesota and Ohio. Usually, state laws exist that establish standards for police vehicle markings, and proscribe civilian vehicles from using certain markings or paint schemes as is the case in California.
Today, most fleet markings on patrol vehicles are created from reflective vinyl with an adhesive backing that is applied in a peel-and-stick manner. Colors chosen to represent the department's identity are typically chosen by the individual department, although, as noted above, some states have specific guidelines for color schemes and markings. Vinyl used to produce fleet markings comes in large rolls that are fed through a plotter (cutter) or large-format printer/cutter. The designs are created in specialized computer software and sent to the machines via cable link for production. Once the design is cut into the vinyl, the excess vinyl on the sheet is removed in a process called "weeding". Finally, a paper pre-mask is applied to the top of the vinyl design to allow easy application of multiple letters and shapes at one time.
Many enforcement agencies now use some "ghost cars" or "stealth cars" with smooth tops and minimal graphics for traffic enforcement. These vehicles have markings that are visible only at certain angles, such as from the rear or sides, making these cars appear unmarked when viewed from the front. These vehicles may meet the letter of the law as marked patrol vehicles, but are not as easily identifiable at a distance as a regular marked police vehicle. For public safety reasons, some jurisdictions do not allow officers in unmarked cars to pull over drivers. The graphics on a ghost car, minimal though they may be, are deemed sufficient in some jurisdictions to identify the vehicle as a legitimate police vehicle. Depending on the jurisdiction, such vehicles may or may not be permitted to engage in pursuits.
Police departments also use alternative police vehicles.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and a lot of US police forces use marked or unmarked mini-vans and marked or unmarked Honda Civic sedans/coupes. They also use other imported vehicles such as Honda, Toyota, etc... These are meant to be more anonymous than other kinds of unmarked vehicles and models from FCA, GM, Ford, normally used by the civilian public.
Possible unmarked police vehicles in US police forces and federal agencies are but not limited to,
Ford: Focus, Fusion, 500, Taurus, Crown Victoria, Mustang, Escape, Explorer, Edge, Flex, Freestyle, Taurus X, Expedition, Excursion, Explorer Sport Trac, Ford F-150, Ford F-250/F-350, Windstar - Freestar, Transit, E Series
Mercury: Montego, Milan, Sable, Marauder, Grand Marquis, Mariner, Mountaineer
In 1982, the Prichard Police Department placed four Volvo 200 series Turbo class vehicles into service as part of a lease deal with Volvo. Used for many years in European markets, Volvo hoped to establish a US market for police interceptors. Unfortunately, due to financial problems within the City of Prichard and high vehicle maintenance costs, the experiment lasted only one year.
Beverly Hills has a Mercedes ML350 which is used by the School Resource Officers in their assignments at the Beverly Hills schools. It is the second Mercedes to have been loaned to the Department by Mercedes-Benz of Beverly Hills. They also have at least one undercover Chrysler 300.
The Colton and Chino Police Departments each had a Chevrolet Corvette in their fleets.
The Los Angeles Sheriff Department issues unmarked Dodge Chargers, Crown Victorias, Ford Tauruses, Ford Explorers to some officers, however, they also issue other kinds of vehicles that are more normal looking like the Chevrolet Impala, Chevrolet Traverse, Chevrolet Equinox, Buick Century, GMC Sierra, Ford Taurus (2000-2007), Ford Escape, Ford Edge, Ford Explorer: Civilian Version, Ford Expedition, Ford F-150, Ford Windstar/Freestar, Dodge Journey, Dodge Durango, Nissan Altima, Nissan Pathfinder, and other kinds of vehicles.
The Lafayette Police Department has an unmarked Chevrolet Silverado.
The Lone Tree Police Department purchased two Hummer H3s in 2006. (Have since been retired from patrol service and as of 2019 are using the Ford Explorer-based vehicles)
The resort towns of Vail and Aspen used Saab sedans and hatchbacks as their standard patrol car for over 25 years. Vail started replacing them with Ford Explorers in late 2003, and Aspen began replacing them in late 2005 with Volvo XC90s. In 2008, Aspen started to replace its fleet of Volvo XC90s with Toyota Highlander Hybrids. Vail has begun ramping up their fleet with the Volvo XC90.
The Connecticut State Police uses Ford Explorer police interceptors, Ford Tauruses, and Chevrolet Impala interceptors along with Dodge Chargers. Their vehicles are unmarked but still have roof lightbars.
The Daytona Beach Shores Public Safety Department uses only Ford Explorers as their primary pursuit/patrol vehicle.
The Gulf Breeze police department uses unmarked: 2011 Chevrolet Tahoe, 2009 Chevrolet Silverado and a green Jeep Cherokee for traffic. The department also uses Ford Crown Victorias, Ford 500, Ford Explorer Sport Trac, Chevrolet Camaro, Dodge Charger.
Florida Highway Patrol currently uses dodge Chargers, Ford Explorers, Chevy Tahoes, and pickup trucks for patrol or other duties.
The Guam Police Department uses Ford Crown Victorias and Dodge Chargers. The Guam Airport Police uses Nissan Xterras.
The Honolulu Police Department and the Hawai‘i County Police Department supplements its fleet of marked patrol cars by allowing the use of the personally owned vehicles of police officers which are partially subsidized by department funds. These include not only American cars but Japanese cars such as the Toyota 4Runner and Camry, Honda Pilot, Nissan Altima, XTerra, and Murano. These cars are made distinguishable as on-duty police vehicles with the addition of a removable blue light bar.
The Kauai Police Department assigns a couple of take-home vehicles to certain officers.
The Maui Police Department has unmarked Chevrolet Impala, (2000-2016) 2017-2020) Chevrolet Caprice, Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Tahoe, Ford Crown Victoria, Ford Taurus, (2000-2007) Ford Mustang, and Ford Expedition.
Common subsidized vehicles used by the 2 departments are but not limited to:
Chevrolet: Impala, Camaro, Monte Carlo (Formerly), Traverse, Tahoe, Suburban.
Dodge: Charger, Challenger, Durango.
GMC: Acadia, Yukon.
Jeep: Grand Cherokee, Cherokee.
The Idaho State Police uses only Dodge Chargers for its primary patrol vehicle. Troopers who live in remote areas drive Chevrolet Tahoes. The Idaho State Police have been transitioning some of the Tahoes to all-wheel-drive Chargers.
The Boise Police Department uses mostly black Dodge Chargers with some Black Ford Explorers.
The Johnsburg, Illinois Police Department uses the Dodge Durango, Dodge Charger, and a Dodge Ram.
The Glenview, Illinois Police Department has at least two Honda Odyssey unmarked mini-vans driven by plainclothes officers.
The Crystal Lake, Illinois Police Department uses Ford Taurus and Explorer both marked and unmarked. Unmarked Chevrolet Impala has been spotted being driven. They have a gray unmarked sixth-generation Dodge Charger. There is a Ford Econoline Van for Evidence Response and Recovery. Also, a black Ford F-150 with grey decal is being used on the streets.
The Illinois State Police has several unmarked vehicles ranging from Monte Carlos to Mustang GTs and Camaros (V6 and Z28) to combat speeding and aggressive driving. There was also an unmarked Trans Am WS-6 and unmarked Pontiac Grand Prix GTPs. Currently, ISP uses Caprice PPVs, Tahoe PPVs, Charger Pursuit, and Ford Interceptors (Taurus and Explorer)
The Elburn Police Department use 2 Ford Expeditions and 1 Ford F-150
Illinois Conservations Officers use mainly Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet pickup trucks
The Lakemoor Police Department has an unmarked Infiniti G35 Coupe
The Pontoon Beach Police Department (Madison County) has an assortment of vehicles consisting of Dodge Chargers, A Dodge Durango, Chevrolet Tahoe, and various unmarked vehicles following 2005 multimillion-dollar seizure of drug-related money.
The Hawthorn Woods Police Department uses a police marked military Humvee for special emergencies and severe weather conditions.
The Barrington, Illinois Police Department has Dodge Chargers, Crown Vics, an unmarked red Dodge Caravan, and a high speed marked 2014 black Corvette.
The Bloomington, Indiana Police Department currently uses (as of 2015) marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, and marked and unmarked Ford Interceptor, marked Ford Escape, and several Ford utility vans. They also currently use a Polaris all-terrain vehicle. In the past the department has used Segway, unmarked Ford Taurus for detectives, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Caprice, marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles, along with Dodge and Chrysler vehicles as well.
The Elkhart County, Indiana Sheriff's Office currently utilizes (as of 2019) marked and unmarked slick top Dodge Chargers as their primary patrol vehicles along with a few remaining Ford Crown Victoria. Primary patrol vehicles are in either an all-white or traditional Indiana Sheriff brown and tan color scheme.
The Ellettsville, Indiana Police Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked Dodge Durango, marked and unmarked Ford Explorer. In the past, it has used Chevy Caprice, Jeep Cherokee, and Ford LTD.
The Indiana Department of Natural Resources conservation officers currently use marked and unmarked Dodge Durango, marked and unmarked Ford Expedition, Ford F-250, and Dodge Ram. In the past, they used the Ford Crown Victoria and Dodge Ramcharger.
The Indiana State Police has utilized many marked and unmarked makes and models of vehicles over the years. Chevrolet and Ford have dominated the fleet overall since the 1930s, but Chrysler, Dodge, and Jeep vehicles have also been used. Motorcycles have also been utilized. Indian was used in the early years. Harley-Davidsons' are used currently. Even an Auburn Cord was once used as a safety vehicle in the 1930s. The Chevrolet Caprice was primarily utilized in the 1980s and early 1990s, but the Ford Crown Victoria Police interceptor dominated the fleet since then until 2012 when Indiana State Police started using Dodge Charger. ISP has used unmarked cars and trucks as well. The Mustang GT was the first to be used for speed enforcement in the late 1980s. They used several LS-1 powered Camaro z28 in the 1990s and now have gone back to the Mustang GT. As of 2015 Indiana State Police uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Tahoe, unmarked Ford Mustang GT, and marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
The Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department has utilized many makes and models of vehicles over the years as well. It currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Impala, and marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
The Indiana University Police Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger. In the very recent past, they used marked Ford Crown Victoria.
The Monroe County, Indiana Sheriff Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Ford Fusion, Ford Expedition, Chevrolet Impala and Chevrolet Blazer. In the past, they have used Chevy Caprice, Jeep Cherokee, and Ford LTD.
The Stinesville, Indiana Police Department currently uses marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked Ford Expedition and marked Jeep Cherokee. In the past, they have used Chevrolet Caprice.
The Lafayette, Indiana Police Department has used Subaru Outbacks donated from the nearby plant in which they are made on several occasions, however, they primarily used Ford and Dodge Police package vehicles.
The Tippecanoe County Sheriff's Office (Lafayette In) has used various vehicles for police service. Most of the 1990s Sheriff Dave Heath and Sheriff Dave Murtaugh purchased Chevrolet 9C1 (Caprice Police Package), as well as Ford Interceptors (police version of the Crown Victoria). In 2006 Sheriff Tracy Brown purchased the department's first Dodge Charger and issued the black unmarked vehicle to a Captain. from 2006-2009 Sheriff Brown continued to use Ford CVPI as the primary police vehicle for the agency. In 2009 Sheriff Brown began to purchase Dodge Chargers, and for the next six years, the Charger was the primary police vehicle. In 2015, a one-term elected sheriff began to purchase various vehicles that were not pursuit-rated, with the exception of four all-wheel-drive Chargers that had just entered the police market in 2014. Dodge Rams, as well as non-police packaged Durangos, were used from 2015-2020
The Overland Park Police Department fleet is mainly made up of Ford Explorer Interceptors. The agency also has a few Ford Taurus Interceptors but decided to go with the Explorer as the main unit. Some Ford Crown Victoria patrol cars remain but are utilized only by the Traffic Unit.
The Hopkins County-Madisonville Police Department Have a Military Humvee Converted and Upgraded. It is mainly used at events for show but also for hazard emergencies, i.e.: flooding, ice on roadways, tornadoes
The Warren Police Department has an unmarked Humvee for off-road patrolling, an unmarked Ford 500, as well as two marked 2016 Ford Police Interceptor Utility and one marked 2017 Ford PI Utility as well as one marked 2009 Ford Crown Vic as K9 Unit.
The Chatham Police Department uses 2 Mitsubishi Outlanders and 2 Honda clarity sedans, all of them are Plug-In Hybrids for better fuel economy.
Michigan State Police Troopers use black Dodge Chargers fitted with chrome street rims along with a gunmetal Dodge Magnum (with police interceptor rims) for I-275 Highway Patrol. Both are completely unmarked.
Dearborn, the home of Ford Motor Company, employs several different Ford vehicles, including Ford Ranger pickups for parking enforcement, and a Ford Mustang for public relations visits to local schools. In the 1970s, Ford provided the Dearborn Police Department with a number of Lincoln Town Cars equipped with early airbag systems in order to accumulate engineering data in "real world" conditions.
The Hazel Park Police Department has a 2009 Jaguar XF (dark Jaguar blue), a 2008 Jaguar XF (silver) and a 2007 Jaguar XK Coupe (dark Jaguar blue). All were donated by Jaguar of Lakeside, Novi, and Troy to commemorate fallen officers. The cars are fully marked and outfitted with police packages.
Southgate's Police Department fleet consists primarily of older[1992-1997] to newer[1998-2011] models of the Ford Crown Victoria, both marked and unmarked. Despite this fact, however, the SPD also uses a newer marked Ford Explorer (for traffic patrol and responding purposes) and an unmarked (all black) Dodge Charger. More recently, marked and unmarked versions of the sixth generation[2010–present] Ford Taurus have also made their way into the SPD's police interceptor lineup as well.
The Trenton Police Department has three Hemi Dodge Chargers (two all black, one black with white doors), one V6 Charger (all black), and two 2010 Chevrolet Tahoes (one black with white doors and another all black). Trenton receives vehicles to test because of manufacturing plants located in the city.
The Anoka Police Department along with the St. Cloud Police Department has several RHDJeep Wrangler, used primarily for parking enforcement.
The Mankato Department of Public Safety has a fleet of Ford F-150 pickup trucks, used primarily for CSO's.
The Police Department in St. Louis Park uses an unmarked 2001+ GMC Yukon Denali, 20" Rims, blacked out, and tinted windows all around.
The Rochester Police Department has several Ford Escapes, as well as some Ford F-150 pickup trucks used by the "Community Service" patrol division. The city uses Jeep Wranglers for parking enforcement.
The New Hampshire State Troopers use Dodge Chargers, Chevy Tahoe, and a mix of other unmarked vehicles.
The New Jersey state police uses marked and unmarked ford explorers as well as Crown Victorias, and police editions of Chevrolet Impalas and chevy tahoes
The police department of Clifton uses 2006–2007 Jeep Grand Cherokees for the traffic division. They used 01-11 Crown Victorias from 01-11 for all divisions, then used 2013 Ford Explorers alongside their Ford Tauruses from 2013 to present day. In 2016 they redid their fleet with the 2016 Ford Explorer which they use to the present day. In 2018 they changed from their classic Black, White, and Gold cars to a more modern white vehicle with a black stripe with a thin blue line down the center of it with yellow and white text. In the coming years, the Clifton PD plans on buying the Chevrolet Tahoe and the Dodge Charger due to the increased price and unreliability of the 2020 Ford Explorers. These new SUVs do not meet their standards anymore. They will be testing the two new models with their supervisors and if they meet their standards, they will be purchasing them for patrol and other divisions in their department.
The Edison Township Police Department had a marked 1995 BMW M3 that was seized from a drug dealer. This vehicle was used for D.A.R.E and other awareness and education programs, but was retired from service around 2014.
The Newark Police Department has a small fleet of Crown Victorias modified to look like a standard yellow city cab with rate stickers on doors and advertisement plaque on the roof used for under-cover tasks; and "unmarked" everyday patrolling.
The Paramus Police Department uses a Ford F550 as an emergency service unit and a Chrysler PT Cruiser D.A.R.E. vehicle.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol uses Dodge Chargers. They use a combination of blue lightbars and front-facing red grille lights. All Motor Carrier Enforcement vehicles use the old OSHP livery, albeit with blue trim and lettering instead of the gold livery, and only use red lights.
The Lancaster, Ohio Police Department uses 2012-2014 black/white and 2015 white Chargers, along with black/white and white Crown Victorias. One 2015 Charger has a miniature lightbar, and the other fleet-cars have full-sized lightbars. One fleet-car is usually stationed on the retail campus on Ety Road near Highway 33, in order to take shoplifting calls.
Ontario Provincial Police Currently the Ontario Provincial Police use Dodge Charger Enforcer's in V8 all-wheel-drive configuration, along with Ford Police Interceptor Utility models, Ford Police Interceptor Sedan models, Chevrolet Tahoe Police Package vehicles both in 2 and 4 wheel drive configurations. All of the front line police models come in marked, and unmarked or stealth configuration. In more remote areas, Chevy Silverado 2500 Pickups, and Dodge Ram 2500 PowerWagon models have been utilized as well.
The Blanchard Police Department owns a Chrysler 300 that has many D.A.R.E stickers and other misc. emblems on it. It is mostly known for the Lambo doors and the 22" rims. On the back of the vehicle, it reads: "Donated by your local Drug Dealer".
In Regina, high school resource officers use either the Toyota Echo or its replacement, the Yaris, for transportation.
The South Carolina Highway Patrol used three BMW M5s during the early to mid-1990s. These cars were given to South Carolina after BMW chose the state to host its first assembly plant in the U.S. in 1992. They also had a Volvo as an experimental vehicle. The department mainly utilizes the Dodge Charger PPV.
At one point the Sumter Police Department had a Dodge Durango, 2 Ford Mustangs[2005-2009]in marked form and unmarked form in the color of green, there was a 2002-2006 Chevrolet TrailBlazer used by the sheriff's department and a 2010 Chevrolet Equinox used as a crime investigation unit.
Richland County Sheriff's Department utilizes the Ford Police Interceptor Sedan as the primary patrol vehicle. This department also utilizes the Chevrolet Tahoe, Chevrolet Impala, Ford Police Interceptor Utility. The RCSD CAT team uses marked Chevrolet Camaro SS patrol cars.
Columbia Police Department utilizes the Chevrolet Caprice PPV as their primary patrol vehicle.
Berkeley County Sheriff’s Office has several Volvo S60s, which were donated by the local Volvo plant.
Many sheriff's offices and police departments in West Texas utilize 4x4 pickups; Armstrong County 3 Ford F-150 Ext Cabs, Wheeler County 3 Crew Cab and 5 Extended Cab Chevrolet Silverados. Shamrock PD has 2 Chevrolet Avalanches and one 4-door Silverado.
The Houston Police Department used pickup trucks like the Chevrolet Silverado, Ford F150, and Dodge Ram for their "Truck Enforcement" division, which is a unit to investigate commercial truck drivers for suspicion. Former Houston Texans player Mario Williams has donated 5 white with white ghost print Chevrolet Camaro SS units and 5 black on black ghost print Hemi Dodge Chargers for the traffic enforcement duty. New Chevrolet Caprice, Tahoe, and Ford Police Interceptors (Taurus and Explorer) have joined the city fleet. The entire police fleet is undergoing a change in color from the blue and whites to black and white units. HPD has 100 squads (some of them are 2011 Crown Vics pre-ordered prior to the end of production) painted in a black and white livery although a Chevrolet Tahoe 9C1 was painted in this livery as of late 2011.
The Utah Highway Patrol has used two unmarked Subaru Impreza WRX STis to combat street racing in the Salt Lake City area. The primary vehicle as of 2019 is the Dodge Charger, which is supplemented by the Ford Explorer, Taurus, and F-150 Pickup, along with the Dodge Durango and Dodge/RAM 150 Pickup, and several Chevrolet Tahoes.
The Richmond City Police Department provides Dodge Charger sedans and Ford Mustang GT coupes in addition to their standard fleet of marked Ford Taurus and Ford Crown Victoria sedans and Ford Explorers. Richmond Police use Chevrolet Impala sedans for unmarked and detective purposes. Richmond Police are slowly phasing out their fleet of Ford Crown Victorias following the discontinuation of this model by Ford.
The Chesapeake Police Department assigns unmarked Hyundai Sonatas, Chevy Impalas, and Ford Taurus Police Interceptor Sedans and Utility vehicles to Detectives, command officers and officers in specialized units. Command officers, including the Superintendent of Animal Services, also utilize unmarked Ford Fusions along with other unmarked vehicles. Detectives assigned to the Intelligence Section utilize non-traditional unmarked vehicles such as Nissan Altimas and others. Detectives assigned to the Vice and Narcotics Section drive "soft cars" with no radio or emergency lighting equipped, due to the clandestine and covert nature of their assignment. Officers assigned to the Traffic Enforcement Unit drive unmarked Ford Mustangs, Dodge Chargers, a Dodge Challenger, as well as an unmarked Ford F-150 Super Duty. Fire Marshals from the Chesapeake Fire Department drive unmarked Ford F-150's.
A number of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) programs in local police departments have some notable vehicles marked as police cars to promote the program. The D.A.R.E. cars appear at schools and in parades. Typically these cars are high-end or performance cars that have been seized in a drug raid. They are used to send the message that drug dealers forfeit all their glamorous trappings when they get caught. Cars include the Chevrolet Corvette, Ford Mustang, and Humvee.
The Golden, Colorado Police Department has an old GTO that they use as their D.A.R.E. car. It is often seen at Bandimere Speedway.
The Sheriff's Office of Camden County, Georgia has a Dodge Viper that it uses for D.A.R.E. The car is also part of a tenured program known as Project R.O.A.D. Runner (Reach Out Against Drugs) created by the department before D.A.R.E. was created. The car talks and educates kids about the dangers of drugs, very similar to the famous Knight Rider car, KITT.
Missoula County Transit (Missoula, Montana) had an Orion II transit bus on its active fleet, painted all in black with D.A.R.E. logos on the hood and sides. It was used in support of the Missoula Police and Sheriff's Departments until its retirement a few years ago.
The Westfield, New Jersey Police Department uses a seized Chevrolet Tahoe with scissor doors and 24-inch chrome wheels for D.A.R.E.
The Dodge Charger Pursuit was first introduced as an LX body in 2006. In 2011, as an LD body, numerous changes were made to resolve a number of teething issues in previous cars. The 3.6 V-6 engine provides performance equal to or better than the P7B Crown Victoria, with a much better fuel economy. The 5.7 Hemi cars set record after record during yearly testing with the Michigan State Police. In late 2014, Dodge surpassed many of their own records with the new All-Wheel-Drive Pursuit. The AWD version became the only large Chrysler passenger sedan with AWD and the V8. By mid-2016, over 40% of all new Charger Pursuits were AWD.
Prior to the release of the AWD Dodge, Ford held 60% of the police market. In 2015, and especially 2016 (after a price reduction), Dodge gained some ground on Ford, largely at the expense of the Taurus.
The Mobile precinct station in both the models of a 26' trailer and AM General 6X6 military surplus vehicle have been inventoried in specific police departments within the United States.
The Ford Crown Victoria is a full-size sedan that was marketed and manufactured by Ford. The successor to the Ford LTD Crown Victoria, two generations of the model line were produced from the 1992 to 2012 model years. The Ford counterpart of the Mercury Grand Marquis, the Crown Victoria was the largest sedan marketed by Ford in North America, slotted above the Ford Taurus. The Crown Victoria Police Interceptor (1992–2011) was marketed specifically for law-enforcement use; a long-wheelbase Crown Victoria sedan (2002–2011) was marketed primarily for taxi cab fleets.
The Chevrolet Caprice is a full-sized automobile produced by Chevrolet in North America for the 1965 to 1996 model years. Full-size Chevrolet sales peaked in 1965 with over a million sold. It was the most popular American car in the sixties and early seventies, which, during its lifetime, included the Biscayne, Bel Air, and Impala.
Full-size car—also known as large car—is a vehicle size class which originated in the United States and is used for cars larger than mid-size cars, it is the largest size class for cars. In Europe, it is known as F-segment.
The Connecticut State Police (CSP) is a division of the Connecticut Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection responsible for traffic regulation and law enforcement across the state of Connecticut, especially in areas not served by local police departments. The CSP currently has 940 troopers as of October 8, 2020 and is headquartered in Middletown, Connecticut. It is responsible for protecting the Governor of Connecticut, Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut, and their families.
9C1 is a code used by Chevrolet, in reference to a vehicle intended for use as a police car. Considered a fleet vehicle by General Motors, the 9C1 package is considered a Special Equipment Options (SEO) code, as opposed to a Regular Production Order (RPO) code. Both groups of options are found on the production code sticker.
The Ottawa Police Service (OPS) is a municipal police force in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The OPS serves an area of 2,796 square kilometres and 943,243 people alongside a considerable number of other police forces.
The Fort Worth Police Department (FWPD) is the police department of Fort Worth, Texas, United States. Neil Noakes is the Chief of Police.
The Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor is a four-door, body-on-frame sedan that was manufactured by Ford from 1992 to 2011. It is the law-enforcement version of the Ford Crown Victoria.
The South Carolina Highway Patrol is the highway patrol agency for South Carolina, which has jurisdiction anywhere in the state except for federal or military installations. The Highway Patrol was created in 1930 and is an organization with a rank structure similar to the armed forces. The mission of the South Carolina Highway Patrol includes enforcing the rules and regulations in order to ensure road way safety and reducing crime as outlined by South Carolina law. The Highway Patrol is the largest division of the South Carolina Department of Public Safety and its headquarters is located in Blythewood. This department also includes the South Carolina State Transport Police Division, and the South Carolina Bureau of Protective Services.
The Louisiana State Police is the state police agency of Louisiana, which has jurisdiction anywhere in the state, headquartered in Baton Rouge. It falls under the authority of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. It is officially known in that organization as the Office of State Police.
The Virginia State Police, officially the Virginia Department of State Police, conceived in 1919 and established in 1932, is the state police force for the U.S. state of Virginia. The agency originated out of the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles as an inspector and enforcer of highway laws. It is currently one of fourteen agencies within the Cabinet Secretariat of Public Safety, under the leadership of Secretary Brian Moran. On January 18, 2018, Gary T. Settle was sworn in as Superintendent of the Virginia State Police. Colonel Settle replaced retiring Colonel W. Steven Flaherty, who had served since 2003.
The Kentucky State Police (KSP) is a department of the Kentucky Justice and Public Safety Cabinet, and the official State Police force of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, responsible for statewide law enforcement. The department was founded in 1948 and replaced the Kentucky Highway Patrol. The department's sworn personnel hold the title State Trooper and are addressed as Trooper and its nickname is The Thin Gray Line.
The Nassau County Police Department is the law enforcement agency of Nassau County, New York.
The New Hampshire State Police is a state police agency within the Department of Safety of the U.S. state of New Hampshire. Police employees of the State Police are ex officio constables and have the primary role of patrolling the state highways, enforcing the laws and regulations of the highway and motor vehicles, providing law enforcement for municipalities with no or part time coverage, and regulations relating to the transportation of hazardous materials. The jurisdiction of the State Police is generally throughout the state of New Hampshire.
Black and white is an American slang term for a police car that is painted in large panels of black and white, or generally any "marked" police car. Historically, this scheme is much favoured by North American police forces because it allows the unambiguous recognition of patrol units from a significant distance. However, as the colour scheme is not standardised, each police agency in Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. can choose their own colour scheme.
This is a list of resources of the Los Angeles Police Department.
The City of Charleston Police Department (CPD) is the official police force of Charleston, South Carolina. It is South Carolina's largest police department, besides the state police, in terms of manpower, with 458 sworn officers, 137 civilian personnel and numerous reserve officers and non-sworn volunteers. In July, 2011, the department was re-accredited through 2014 with the Accreditation with Excellence Award by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA). Replacing the former "Flagship Award," the Accreditation with Excellence Award is the highest single-period accreditation award available. The department also received the Meritorious Accreditation Award in 2011, representing at least 15 continuous years of CALEA accreditation.
The Maryland-National Capital Park Police (MNCPP) is the law enforcement branch of the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (MNCPPC) and has two divisions, one in Prince George's County and one in Montgomery County in Maryland. The MNCPP in Prince George's County is also known as "Maryland Park Police" or "Maryland Park." The MNCPP in Montgomery County is known as "The Montgomery County Park Police"
The Pointe Coupee Sheriff's Office is the chief law enforcement agency in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. The sheriff's office is responsible for routine law enforcement patrols in the parish. There are several divisions besides the road patrol. These include the parish prison, a water patrol, a mounted horse patrol, an aviation unit, a criminal investigations division, and bailiffs for the courthouse. This department employs over 100 full-time deputies, as well as several part-time deputies. The department's main office is located in the parish courthouse in New Roads, Louisiana. It patrols an area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), with a population of approximately 22,763.
The Titusville Police Department (TPD) is the police force with the primary responsibility of public safety and the enforcement of state laws and county/municipal ordinances in the city of Titusville, Florida. In 2018, the department consisted of 137 full-time personnel and 17 part-time personnel. Full-time personnel includes sworn members, 911 dispatchers, code enforcement, and non-sworn civilians. The department also contained part-time personnel, like school crossing guards or record clerks.