Timeline of Harare

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Harare, Zimbabwe.


Prior to 20th century

20th century


21st century

Aerial view of Harare, circa 2005 Harare skyline.jpg
Aerial view of Harare, circa 2005



See also

Related Research Articles

Until roughly 2,000 years ago, what would become Zimbabwe was populated by ancestors of the San people. Bantu inhabitants of the region arrived and developed ceramic production in the area. A series of trading empires emerged, including the Kingdom of Mapungubwe and Kingdom of Zimbabwe. In the 1880s, the British South Africa Company began its activities in the region, leading to the colonial era in Southern Rhodesia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harare</span> Capital and largest city of Zimbabwe

Harare, originally known as Salisbury, is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe. The city proper has an area of 940 km2 (371 mi2) a population of 2.12 million in the 2012 census and an estimated 3.12 million in its metropolitan area in 2019. Situated in north-eastern Zimbabwe in the country's Mashonaland region, Harare is a metropolitan province, which also incorporates the municipalities of Chitungwiza and Epworth. The city sits on a plateau at an elevation of 1,483 metres above sea level, and its climate falls into the subtropical highland category.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">ZANU–PF</span> Ruling political party of Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) is a political organisation which has been the ruling party of Zimbabwe since independence in 1980. The party was led for many years under Robert Mugabe, first as prime minister with the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and then as president from 1987 after the merger with the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) and retaining the name ZANU–PF, until 2017, when he was removed as leader.

The African Trade Union Congress (ATUC) was a national trade union centre in Rhodesia. The ATUC represented black African workers, and was opposed to the system of white minority rule in Rhodesia.

Racism in Zimbabwe was introduced during the colonial era in the 19th century, when emigrating white settlers began racially discriminating against the indigenous Africans living in the region. The colony of Southern Rhodesia and state of Rhodesia were both dominated by a white minority, which imposed racist policies in all spheres of public life. In the 1960s–70s, African national liberation groups waged an armed struggle against the white Rhodesian government, culminating in a peace accord that brought the ZANU–PF to power but which left much of the white settler population's economic authority intact.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Nairobi, Kenya.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lusaka, Zambia.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lomé, Togo.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Gaborone, Botswana.

Elizabeth Maria "Mai" Musodzi Ayema was a Zimbabwean feminist and social worker from Salisbury.

Charles Mzingeli (1905–1980) grew up on a Catholic mission station near Plumtree in Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe. At the age of 14 he ran away to work on the railways, before moving to Bulawayo, where he became involved in the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union (ICU), and worked with figures like 'Sergeant' Masotsha Ndlovu. The ICU, a radical trade union, started in South Africa in 1919, but spread into neighboring colonies in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1929 Mzingeli was sent to Harare Township at Salisbury as the ICU's organizing secretary. The ICU disintegrated in South Africa as well as in Southern Rhodesia in the 1930s, but it had pioneered black trade unionism in the latter, where it had played a major role in both urban and rural protests.

Victoria Fikile Chitepo was a South African - Zimbabwean politician, activist and educator. She was the wife of Herbert Chitepo, a leading figure in the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), but was a major political figure in her own right and served as a minister in the government of independent Zimbabwe between 1980–1992.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Windhoek, Namibia.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Durban in the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa.

Tizirai Annas Gwata is a medical doctor and politician who served as the first black mayor of Harare, from 1981 to 1984. He also served as a Harare city councillor for Ward 31. Gwata also lectured as the first full time black lecturer of medicine at the University of Zimbabwe. He retired from political life at the end of his term as mayor in 1985, choosing to focus full time on his medical practice and farming.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tony Gara</span> Zimbabwean politician

Oriah Anthony Gara was a Zimbabwean businessman and politician. He was a member of the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe for Mbare East from 1990 to 2000 and served as deputy minister of local government, rural and urban development from 1995 until 2000. Before entering Parliament, he was a member of the Harare City Council and served as mayor of Harare from 1985 to 1986.

Italian Zimbabweans are citizens or residents of Zimbabwe of Italian heritage. The phrase may refer to someone born in the Zimbabwe of Italian descent, someone who has emigrated from Italy to Zimbabwe, a person with Italo-Zimbabwean heritage or someone born elsewhere, who is of Italian descent and has migrated to Zimbabwe. Italian Zimbabweans form one of the younger communities of the Italian diaspora, largely a product of wartime and post-war immigration.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Mlambo 2003.
  2. "Harare (Zimbabwe) Newspapers". WorldCat. US: Online Computer Library Center . Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  3. "Rhodesia", Encyclopedia Americana, NY: Encyclopedia Americana Corp., 1919
  4. Robert Wedgeworth, ed. (1993), "Zimbabwe", World encyclopedia of library and information services, US: American Library Association, ISBN   0838906095
  5. Owomoyela 2002.
  6. 1 2 3 "Sight Seeing in Harare". City of Harare. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  7. 1 2 World Guide to Libraries (25th ed.), De Gruyter Saur, 2011, ISBN   9783110230710
  8. Kenneth P. Vickery (1998). "The Rhodesia Railways African Strike of 1945, Part I: A Narrative Account". Journal of Southern African Studies. 24 (3): 545–560. doi:10.1080/03057079808708589. JSTOR   2637660.
  9. 1 2 Terence Ranger (1985), Peasant consciousness and guerilla war in Zimbabwe , London: Currey, ISBN   0852550006
  10. 1 2 "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  11. Michael Oliver West (2002). The Rise of an African Middle Class: Colonial Zimbabwe, 1898 – 1965. Indiana University Press. ISBN   0253215242.
  12. Timothy Scarnecchia (2008), The urban roots of democracy and political violence in Zimbabwe, University of Rochester Press, ISBN   9781580462815
  13. Scarnecchia 1996.
  14. "History". National Gallery of Zimbabwe. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  15. 1 2 "Southern Africa, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  16. Katrina Daly Thompson (2013), Zimbabwe's cinematic arts, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, ISBN   9780253006462
  17. About Us, Harare City Library, retrieved 30 September 2014
  18. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279. Salisbury{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  19. Brian Raftopoulos and Alois Mlambo, ed. (2009), Becoming Zimbabwe, Harare: Weaver Press, ISBN   9781779220837
  20. Andrew Norman (2004), Robert Mugabe and the betrayal of Zimbabwe, Jefferson, N.C: McFarland Publishers, ISBN   0786416866
  21. Historical Buildings, City of Harare, archived from the original on August 2015{{citation}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help)
  22. "Zimbabwe's capital to be renamed Harare". The New York Times. 19 April 1982.
  23. "Zimbabwe: Directory". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN   1857431839.
  24. "Cincinnati USA Sister City Association". US. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013.
  25. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York: United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division. 1997. pp. 262–321.
  26. "Movie Theaters in Harare, Zimbabwe". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  27. ArchNet. "Harare". US: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012.
  28. "Women Filmmakers of Zimbabwe". Women's Coalition of Zimbabwe. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  29. Alois S. Mlambo (2014). "Timeline". History of Zimbabwe. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   978-1-107-02170-9.
  30. "Organizational Profile". Harare: Media Monitoring Project. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012.
  31. "Demise of Herare". The Financial Gazette. 13 February 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  32. 1 2 Jon Lee Anderson (27 October 2008). "Letter from Zimbabwe". The New Yorker.
  33. Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates, ed. (2005). "Harare, Zimbabwe". Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0-19-517055-9.
  34. Kamete 2006.
  35. "His Worship the Mayor". City of Harare. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013.
  36. "Profiles: Harare Residents' Trust Board of Trustees". The Zimbabwean. UK. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
  37. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012.
  38. Karen Fung, African Studies Association (ed.). "Zimbabwe Newspapers and News on the Internet". Africa South of the Sahara. US. Retrieved 15 May 2013 via Stanford University.
  39. "Zimbabwe Fashion Week getting better", The Standard , 8 September 2013
  40. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations
  41. "Mayor". City of Harare. Archived from the original on 31 August 2015.


Published in 20th century

Published in 21st century