Timeline of Dar es Salaam

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.


Prior to 20th century

20th century



21st century

Dar es Salaam, 2012 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania - panoramio (2).jpg
Dar es Salaam, 2012

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dar es Salaam</span> Largest city in Tanzania and capital of Dar es Salaam Region

Dar es Salaam is the largest city and financial hub of Tanzania. It is also the capital of Dar es Salaam Region. With a population of over six million people, Dar is the largest city in East Africa and the sixth-largest in Africa. Located on the Swahili coast, Dar es Salaam is an important economic centre and is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tanzania</span> Country in East Africa

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania. According to the 2022 national census, Tanzania has a population of nearly 62 million, making it the most populous country located entirely south of the equator.

The modern-day African Great Lakes state of Tanzania dates formally from 1964, when it was formed out of the union of the much larger mainland territory of Tanganyika and the coastal archipelago of Zanzibar. The former was a colony and part of German East Africa from the 1880s to 1919’s when, under the League of Nations, it became a British mandate. It served as a British military outpost during World War II, providing financial help, munitions, and soldiers. In 1947, Tanganyika became a United Nations Trust Territory under British administration, a status it kept until its independence in 1961. The island of Zanzibar thrived as a trading hub, successively controlled by the Portuguese, the Sultanate of Oman, and then as a British protectorate by the end of the nineteenth century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zanzibar</span> Autonomous part of Tanzania

Zanzibar is an insular semi-autonomous province which united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania. It is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 km (16–31 mi) off the coast of the African mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja and Pemba Island. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre, Stone Town, is a World Heritage Site.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">German East Africa</span> 1885–1918 German colony including modern Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda

German East Africa was a German colony in the African Great Lakes region, which included present-day Burundi, Rwanda, the Tanzania mainland, and the Kionga Triangle, a small region later incorporated into Mozambique. GEA's area was 994,996 km2 (384,170 sq mi), which was nearly three times the area of present-day Germany and almost double the area of metropolitan Germany at the time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stone Town</span> Town in Zanzibar, Tanzania

Stonetown of Zanzibar, also known as Mji Mkongwe, is the old part of Zanzibar City, the main city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania. The newer portion of the city is known as Ng'ambo, Swahili for 'the other side'. Stone Town is located on the western coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago. Former capital of the Zanzibar Sultanate, and flourishing centre of the spice trade as well as the slave trade in the 19th century, it retained its importance as the main city of Zanzibar during the period of the British protectorate. When Tanganyika and Zanzibar joined each other to form the United Republic of Tanzania, Zanzibar kept a semi-autonomous status, with Stone Town as its local government seat.

The Zaramo people, also referred to as Dzalamo or Saramo, are a Bantu ethnic group native to the central eastern coast of Tanzania, particularly Dar es Salaam Region and Pwani Region. They are the largest ethnic group in and around Dar es Salaam, the former capital of Tanzania and the 7th largest city in Africa. Estimated to be about 0.7 million people, over 98% of them are Muslims, more specifically the Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam. Zaramo people are considered influential in Tanzania popular culture with musical genres like Sengeli originating from their commonity in Kinondoni District. Their culture and history have been shaped by their dwelling in both urban and rural landscapes.

The Anglican Church of Tanzania is a province of the Anglican Communion based in Dodoma. It consists of 28 dioceses headed by their respective bishops. It seceded from the Province of East Africa in 1970, which it shared with Kenya. The current primate and archbishop is Maimbo Mndolwa, enthroned on 20 May 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hinduism in Tanzania</span> Overview of the presence, role and impact of Hinduism in Tanzania

The earliest evidence of Hinduism in Tanzania is from the 1st millennium AD when there was trade between East Africa and Indian subcontinent. Most of these traders came from Gujarat, Deccan and the Chola empire. Archaeological evidence of small Hindu settlements have been found in Zanzibar and parts of Swahili coast, Zimbabwe and Madagascar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tanganyika Territory</span> British mandate in Africa from 1919 to 1961

Tanganyika was a colonial territory in East Africa which was administered by the United Kingdom in various guises from 1916 until 1961. It was initially administered under a military occupation regime. From 20 July 1922, it was formalised into a League of Nations mandate under British rule. From 1946, it was administered by the UK as a United Nations trust territory.

There were Chinese people in Tanzania as early as 1891. However, most of the Chinese in the country trace their roots to three distinct waves of migration: 1930s settlement on Zanzibar, workers sent by the Chinese government in the 1960s and 1970s as part of development assistance to Tanzania, and private entrepreneurs and traders who began doing business there during the 1990s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tanzania Ports Authority</span> Public corporation in Tanzania

Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA) is a parastatal public corporation acting under the aegis of the Ministry of Infrastructure Development, that has the responsibility "to manage and operate" the ocean ports and lake ports of the country of Tanzania. The Tanzania Ports Authrorty headquarters are located in Mchafukoge ward of Ilala District in Dar es Salaam Region. It is a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa.

This is a timeline of Tanzanian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Tanzania and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Tanzania. See also the list of presidents of Tanzania.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Nairobi, Kenya.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Kampala, Buganda, Uganda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Selander Bridge</span> Bridge in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Selander Bridge is a bridge in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania that connects the north west of Dar es Salaam's city centre to the south eastern Oyster Bay neighbourhood.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mombasa, Coast Province, Kenya.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Maputo, Mozambique.

The following is a timeline of the history of Zanzibar City, Unguja island, Zanzibar, Tanzania. The city is composed of Ng'ambo and Stone Town. Until recently it was known as Zanzibar Town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Germany–Tanzania relations</span> Bilateral relations

Germany–Tanzania relations are the bilateral relations between Germany and Tanzania. From 1885 to 1918, Tanzania was a German colony as part of German East Africa. In the 21st century, relations are primarily characterized by the joint development cooperation.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Webster's Geographical Dictionary, USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, OL   5812502M
  2. 1 2 Appiah 2005.
  3. 1 2 3 B.S. Hoyle (2012). Seaports and Development: The Experience of Kenya and Tanzania. Routledge. ISBN   978-1-136-86604-3.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Hoyle 2002.
  5. 1 2 "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Tanzania". www.katolsk.no. Norway: Oslo katolske bispedømme (Oslo Catholic Diocese). Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  6. Fabian 2007.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Janet Kaaya (2010), "Tanzania: Libraries, Archives, Museums and Information Systems", in Marcia J. Bates (ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, ISBN   9780849397127
  8. "Dar es Salaam – Newspapers". Chicago, USA: Center for Research Libraries. Global Resources Network. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  9. 1 2 3 Rudolf Fitzner, ed. (1908). "Deutsch-Ostafrika". Deutsches Kolonial-Handbuch (in German). Berlin: Hermann Paetel.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Hoyle 1978.
  11. Stephen Pope; Elizabeth-Anne Wheal (1995). "Select Chronology". Dictionary of the First World War. Macmillan. p. 523+. ISBN   978-0-85052-979-1.
  12. "Tanganyika Territory". The Statesman's Year-book. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1920. hdl:2027/njp.32101072368457.
  13. "History". Parliament of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  14. John Iliffe (1979), Modern history of Tanganyika, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN   0521220246
  15. "Tanzania and Zanzibar: News". Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources. California: Stanford University . Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  16. 1 2 John Iliffe (1979). "Townsmen and Workers". Modern History of Tanganyika. African Studies Series. Cambridge University Press. pp. 381–404. ISBN   978-0-521-29611-3.
  17. James R. Brennan (2012). Taifa: Making Nation and Race in Urban Tanzania. Ohio University Press. ISBN   978-0-8214-4417-7.
  18. 1 2 Brennan 2006.
  19. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  20. "Background". University of Dar es Salaam. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  21. "Alliance Française in Dar es Salaam". French Embassy in Dar es Salaam. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
  22. 1 2 3 "Tanzania Profile: Timeline". BBC News. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  23. 1 2 3 Perullo 2011.
  24. 1 2 "About the Archives", Tanzania Heritage Project: Reviving Tanzania's Reel-to-Reel Archives, 11 November 2010, retrieved 31 August 2015
  25. ArchNet. "Dar es Salaam". USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011.
  26. 1 2 3 4 Jacqueline Audrey Kalley; et al., eds. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN   978-0-313-30247-3.
  27. 1 2 Aga Khan Schools. "History of Aga Khan Education Services, Tanzania". Aga Khan Development Network. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  28. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  29. "Where Tanzania Taps Its Feet", New York Times, 18 February 2014
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The State of African Cities 2014. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 10 September 2015. ISBN   978-92-1-132598-0. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014.
  31. "Archives, Libraries, Bibliographies, Book Dealers & Publishers on Africa". Virtual Libraries: African Studies. New York, USA: Columbia University Libraries . Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  32. "ASET". Dar es Salaam. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  33. Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2011). Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2010. Vol. 7. Koninklijke Brill. ISBN   978-90-04-20556-7.
  34. Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2012). "Tanzania". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2011. Vol. 8. Koninklijke Brill. pp. 407–420. ISBN   978-90-04-24178-7.
  35. K. Hirschler and R. Hofmeier (2013). "Tanzania". In Andreas Mehler; et al. (eds.). Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012. Vol. 9. Koninklijke Brill. p. 407+. ISBN   978-90-04-25600-2.
  36. "Table 8 – Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations

This article incorporates information from the Italian Wikipedia.


Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century

Commons-logo.svg Media related to History of Dar es Salaam at Wikimedia Commons

6°48′00″S39°17′00″E / 6.8°S 39.283333°E / -6.8; 39.283333