Timeline of Karachi

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Karachi, Pakistan.


Prior to 18th century

18th-19th centuries

20th century


Independence: since 1947


21st century




See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karachi</span> Capital city of Sindh, Pakistan

Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan and 12th largest in the world, with a population of over 20 million. It is situated at the southern tip of the country along the Arabian Sea coast. It is the former capital of Pakistan and capital of the province of Sindh. Ranked as a beta-global city, it is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre, with an estimated GDP of over $200 billion (PPP) as of 2021. Karachi is Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse cities, as well as one of the most socially liberal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sindh</span> Province of Pakistan

Sindh is a province of Pakistan. Located in the southeastern region of the country, Sindh is the third-largest province of Pakistan by land area and the second-largest province by population after Punjab. It is bordered by the Pakistani provinces of Balochistan to the west and north-west and Punjab to the north. It shares an International border with the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to the east; it is also bounded by the Arabian Sea to the south. Sindh's landscape consists mostly of alluvial plains flanking the Indus River, the Thar Desert in the eastern portion of the province along the international border with India, and the Kirthar Mountains in the western portion of the province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hyderabad, Sindh</span> Metropolitan area in Sindh

Hyderabad is a city and the capital of Hyderabad Division in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is the second-largest city in Sindh, and the eighth largest in Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sukkur</span> Metropolis in Sindh, Pakistan

Sukkur is a city in the Pakistani province of Sindh along the western bank of the Indus River, directly across from the historic city of Rohri. Sukkur is the third largest city in Sindh after Karachi and Hyderabad, and 14th largest city of Pakistan by population. New Sukkur was established during the British era alongside the village of Sukkur. Sukkur's hill, along with the hill on the river island of Bukkur, form what is sometimes considered the "Gate of Sindh".

Mayor of Karachi Head of local government of Karachi, Pakistan

Mayor of Karachi is the executive of the Karachi metropolitan corporation and the Karachi local government system of the city of Karachi which is the third tier of governance in Pakistan after Federal and provincial governments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orangi</span> Municipality in Sindh, Pakistan

Orangi is a municipality approximately 57 square kilometres (22 sq mi) in an area that forms much of the northwestern part of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan. Orangi is the world's third largest slum, with a population of 520,195, according to the 2017 Pakistan Census, half that of Mexico's Ciudad Neza, Mexico City and that of India's Dharavi, Mumbai.

Karachi Development Authority (KDA) was established as the city-planning authority of Karachi in 1957, and replaced the earlier Karachi Improvement Trust (KIT). KDA, along with the Lyari Development Authority and Malir Development Authority, is responsible for the development of undeveloped lands around Karachi. KDA came under the control of Karachi's local government and mayor in 2001, but was later placed under direct control of the Government of Sindh in 2011. City-planning in Karachi, therefore, is devised at the provincial rather than local level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">SITE Town</span> Town sub-division within the city of Karachi, Pakistan

SITE Town lies in the southern part of Karachi and was named after the Sindh Industrial & Trading Estate. SITE Town was formed in 2001 as part of The Local Government Ordinance 2001, and was subdivided into 9 union councils. The town system was disbanded in 2011, and SITE Town was re-organized as part of Karachi West District in 2015. Now in 2022, a new division of Karachi into 26 towns was announced.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jamshed Town</span> Residential neighbourhood in Karachi, Pakistan

Jamshed Town lies in the Karachi East District of Karachi, Pakistan. To the northwest is Liaquatabad Town across the Lyari River, while to the east is Gulshan Town and to the southeast is Korangi Town across the Malir River. Jamshed Town is bordered by Karachi Cantonment and Clifton Cantonment to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Port of Karachi</span> Deep-water seaport in Sindh, Pakistan

The Port of Karachi is one of South Asia's largest and busiest deep-water seaports, handling about 60% of the nation's cargo located in Karachi, Pakistan. It is located on the Karachi Harbour, between Kiamari azra langri, Manora, and Kakapir, and close to Karachi's main business district and several industrial areas. The geographic position of the port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes such as the Strait of Hormuz. The administration of the port is carried out by the Karachi Port Trust, which was established in 1857.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lyari Expressway</span>

Lyari Expressway is a 38 km city district expressway constructed along the Lyari River in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Karachi</span> Aspect of history

The area of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan has a natural harbor and has been used as fishing port by local fisherman belonging to Sindhi tribes since prehistory. Archaeological excavations have uncovered a period going back to Indus valley civilisation which shows the importance of the port since the Bronze Age. The port city of Banbhore was established before the Christian era which served as an important trade hub in the region, the port was recorded by various names by the Greeks such as Krokola, Morontobara port, and Barbarikon, a sea port of the Indo-Greek Bactrian kingdom and Ramya according to some Greek texts. The Arabs knew it as the port of Debal, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into Sindh in AD 712. Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus; it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. The first modern port city near Manora Island was established during British colonial Raj in the late 19th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karachi Circular Railway</span>

Karachi Circular Railway is a partially active regional public transit system in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, which serves the Karachi metropolitan area. KCR was fully operational between 1964 and 1994, until it was abruptly shutdown in 1999. Since 2001, several restart attempts were sought and in November 2020, the KCR partially revived operations on the orders of Supreme Court of Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orangi District (Karachi West)</span> District of Sindh in Pakistan

Karachi West District is an administrative district of Karachi Division in Sindh, Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karachi Harbour</span> Bay and estuary in Pakistan

Karachi Harbour is a narrow bay and river estuary located west of the Indus River Delta in Karachi, Pakistan. The harbour lies between the Lyari River delta and Chinna Creek to the north, and the Arabian Sea to the south. Since 1886, sections of the harbour have been improved to form the Port of Karachi - Pakistan's busiest seaport.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Lahore, Pakistan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Operation Lyari</span>

Operation Lyari was a Pakistan Government crackdown against local gangs and other crime syndicates and part of the greater Karachi Operation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographic history of Karachi</span>

The demographic history of Karachi of Sindh, Pakistan. The city of Karachi grew from a small fishing village to a megacity in the last 175 years.

The Administrator Karachi is an Officer in the Pakistan Administrative Services, usually of the elite rank of BS-20.


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Published in 19th century

Published in 20th century

  • Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan
  • Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed.), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press
  • Azimusshan Haider (1980). History of Karachi Port. Karachi.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  • Mohamed Amin; Duncan Willetts; Brian Tetley (1986). Karachi. Karachi: Pak American Commercial Ltd. OCLC   18529948.
  • Karachi Development Plan 2000, Karachi Development Authority, 1990
  • Soofia Mumtaz (1990), "Dynamics of Changing Ethnic Boundaries: A Case Study of Karachi", Pakistan Development Review, 29 (3/4): 223–248, doi: 10.30541/v29i3-4pp.223-248 , JSTOR   41259434
  • I. Banga (1992). "Karachi and its Hinterland under Colonial Rule" . In I. Banga (ed.). Ports and their Hinterlands in India (1700-1950). Delhi. ISBN   8185425868.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  • Mehtab S. Karim (1995), "Changing Demographic, Social, and Economic Conditions in Karachi City, 1959-94: A Preliminary Analysis", Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 34 (4): 1093–1106, doi: 10.30541/v34i4IIIpp.1093-1106 , JSTOR   41259925, S2CID   141776577
  • Yasmeen Lari; Mihail S. Lari (1996), The dual city: Karachi during the Raj, Karachi: Heritage Foundation, Oxford University Press, ISBN   0195777352
  • Moonis Ahmar (1996). "Ethnicity and State Power in Pakistan: The Karachi Crisis". Asian Survey. 36 (10): 1031–1048. doi:10.2307/2645632. JSTOR   2645632.
  • S. Akbar Zaidi (20 December 1997). "Politics, Institutions, Poverty: The Case of Karachi". Economic and Political Weekly. 32 (51): 3282–3293. JSTOR   4406207.
  • Hamida Khuhro and Anwer Mooraj, ed. (1997). Karachi: Megacity of our Times. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN   0195778065.

Published in 21st century