Tomato juice

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Tomato juice in a glass, decorated with tomato slice and sprig Tomato Juice.jpg
Tomato juice in a glass, decorated with tomato slice and sprig
Tomato juice, canned, without salt added
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 73 kJ (17 kcal)
3.53 g
Sugars 2.58 g
Dietary fiber 0.4 g
Fat
0.29 g
0.85 g
Vitamins Quantity%DV
Vitamin C
84%
70.1 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water94.24 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

Tomato juice is a juice made from tomatoes, usually used as a beverage, either plain or in cocktails such as a Bloody Mary, a Caesar, or Michelada.

Contents

History

Tomato juice was first served as a beverage in 1917 by Louis Perrin at the French Lick Springs Hotel in southern Indiana, when he ran out of orange juice and needed a quick substitute. His combination of squeezed tomatoes, sugar and his special sauce became an instant success as Chicago businessmen spread the word about the tomato juice cocktail. [1] [2]

Production

Many commercial manufacturers of tomato juice also add salt. Other ingredients are also often added, such as onion powder, garlic powder, and other spices. In the United States, mass-produced tomato juice began to be marketed in the mid 1920s, and became a popular breakfast drink a few years thereafter. [3]

In the United States, most tomato juice is made from tomato paste. [4] In Canada, tomato juice is unconcentrated and pasteurized, made from fine tomato pulp from ripe and whole tomatoes. The stems and skins must be removed without adding water to the final juice product. It may also contain a sweetening agent, citric acid and salt. [5]

Uses

Tomato juice with other ingredients found in Bloody Mary mix Tomato juice.JPG
Tomato juice with other ingredients found in Bloody Mary mix

In Canada and Mexico, tomato juice is commonly mixed with beer; the concoction is known in Canada as Calgary Red-Eye, and in Mexico as Cerveza preparada. Tomato juice is the base for the cocktails Bloody Mary and Bloody Caesar, and the cocktail mixer Clamato. In the UK tomato juice is commonly combined with Worcestershire sauce.

Chilled tomato juice was formerly popular as an appetizer at restaurants in the United States. [6]

Tomato juice is frequently used as a packing liquid for canned tomatoes, though it is sometimes replaced by tomato purée for international commerce due to tariff issues on vegetables vs. sauces. According to Cook's Illustrated magazine, tomatoes packed in juice as opposed to purée tend to win taste tests, being perceived as fresher tasting. [7]

Tomato juice is used in the preparation of tomato juice agar, used to culture various species of Lactobacillus .

Tomato juice is a popular drink among airplane passengers. A small study by Yan and Dando hints that this is due to an increased perception of umami flavor while in the loud and pressurized environment of the cabin. [8] An alternative explanation is that it has become tradition similar to eating popcorn at the cinema.

See also

Related Research Articles

Tomato sauce sauce made primarily from tomatoes, best known as a pasta sauce

Tomato sauce can refer to many different sauces made primarily from tomatoes, usually to be served as part of a dish, rather than as a condiment. Tomato sauces are common for meat and vegetables, but they are perhaps best known as bases for Mexican salsas or sauces for pasta dishes. Tomatoes have a rich flavor, high water content, soft flesh which breaks down easily, and the right composition to thicken into a sauce when they are cooked. All of these qualities make them ideal for simple and appealing sauces.

Ceviche Dish of marinated raw seafood

Ceviche, also cebiche, seviche, or sebiche is a South American seafood dish that originated in Peru, typically made from fresh raw fish cured in fresh citrus juices, most commonly lemon or lime, and spiced with ají, chili peppers or other seasonings, including chopped onions, salt, and coriander.

Caesar (cocktail)

A Caesar is an Albertan cocktail originating in Calgary and consumed primarily in Canada. It typically contains vodka, a caesar mix, hot sauce, and Worcestershire sauce, and is served with ice in a large, celery salt-rimmed glass, typically garnished with a stalk of celery and wedge of lime. What distinguishes it from a Bloody Mary is the inclusion of clam broth. The cocktail may also be contrasted with the Michelada, which has similar flavouring ingredients but uses beer instead of vodka.

V8 (beverage) Brand of vegetable juice

V8 Vegetable Juice, sometimes just called V8, is a trademarked name for a number of beverage products sold worldwide that are made from eight vegetables, or a mixture of vegetables and fruits. Since 1948, the brand has been owned by the Campbell Soup Company.

Clamato

Clamato is a commercial drink made of reconstituted tomato juice concentrate and sugar, which is flavored with spices, dried clam broth and MSG. Made by Mott's, the name is a portmanteau of clam and tomato. It is also referred to colloquially as "clamato juice". It is consumed in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Sangrita, whose origin dates back to the 1920s, is a customary partner to a shot of straight tequila blanco; a non-alcoholic accompaniment that highlights tequila's crisp acidity and cleanses the palate between each peppery sip. The basic conception of sangrita is to complement the flavor of 100% agave tequila, which is also peppery and citrusy in taste. Before increased worldwide popularity and corporate interest in tequila in the late 1990s and early 21st century, few outside of the Mexican Pacific region bordering the state of Jalisco, where tequila was mainly produced and consumed, knew of the existence of sangrita, and much less its recipe. As popularity grew, so did commercial efforts to recreate the mysterious red, spicy drink that was served with tequila. In fact the drink was not that mysterious. While most outsiders would reference its red make up as tomato juice and spices, locals and traditionalists agree that the one ingredient that most likely doesn't belong is tomato.

Michelada

A michelada is a drink made with beer, lime juice, assorted sauces, spices, tomato juice, and chile peppers. It is served in a chilled, salt-rimmed glass. There are numerous variations of this beverage throughout Mexico.

Canned tomato

Canned tomatoes, or tinned tomatoes, are tomatoes, usually peeled, that are sealed into a can after having been processed by heat.

Chili sauce and paste Condiment prepared with chili peppers

Chili sauce and chili paste are condiments prepared with chili peppers.

A glass rimmer is a bar accessory used to apply salt or sugar to the rim of a glass. It usually consists of one or more shallow plastic or metal discs that the glass is turned upside down into. The discs can be filled with either the rimming salt or sugar, or sometimes something to moisten the rim of the glass such as lime juice.

Tajín (seasoning) Mexican company that produces several varieties of condiment

Tajín is a Mexican company founded in 1985 by Horacio Fernandez that produces several varieties of condiment, consisting predominantly of chile peppers, lime, and salt. The company, officially called Empresas Tajín, is located in Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Tajín was originally created by Fernandez's grandmother, "Mama Necha", as a sauce. Fernandez wanted to recreate the sauce in powder form so he could market it to the world, and was intent on developing a process to dehydrate the chilis and limes. After visiting the pre-Columbian archaeological site El Tajín in the state of Veracruz, Fernandez decided to name his product after it. Tajín entered the U.S. market in 1993.

Beer cocktail

A beer cocktail is a cocktail that is made by mixing beer with a distilled beverage or another style of beer. In this type of cocktail, the primary ingredient is beer. A mixture of beer with a beverage that contains a soft drink is usually called a shandy.

Drink mixers are the non-alcoholic ingredients in mixed drinks and cocktails. Mixers dilute the drink, lowering the alcohol by volume in the drink. They change or enhance flavors or add new ones to a drink. They may make the drink sweeter, more sour, or more savory. Some mixers change the texture or consistency of the drink, making it thicker or more watery. Drink mixers may also be used strictly for decorative purposes by changing the color or appearance of the drink. They also simply increase the volume of a drink, to make it last longer.

Haitian cuisine

Haitian cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from Haiti. It is a Creole cuisine, that originates from a blend of several culinary styles that populated the western portion of the island of Hispaniola, namely the African, French, indigenous Taíno, Spanish and Arab influence. Haitian cuisine is comparable to that of "criollo" cooking and similar to the rest of the Latin Caribbean, but differs in several ways from its regional counterparts.

Bloody Mary (cocktail) Popular cocktail containing vodka and tomato juice

A Bloody Mary is a cocktail containing vodka, tomato juice, and other spices and flavorings including Worcestershire sauce, hot sauces, garlic, herbs, horseradish, celery, olives, salt, black pepper, lemon juice, lime juice and celery salt. Some versions of the drink, such as the "surf 'n turf" Bloody Mary, include shrimp and bacon as garnishes. In the United States, it is usually consumed in the morning or early afternoon, and is popular as a hangover cure.

Rocky Mountain cuisine Traditional Rocky Mountain cuisine

Rocky Mountain cuisine is a cuisine of Alberta and British Columbia in Canada; Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and Montana in the United States. Some distinguishing dishes include bison and Rocky Mountain oysters, or Prairie Oysters as they are known in Canada.

Clam juice

Clam juice is the broth obtained from clams. It is prepared using the liquid collected from steamed clams. Clam juice is used as an ingredient in various dishes, as a beverage that is drunk in its whole form, and as an ingredient in various beverages.

Vampiro (cocktail) Tequila cocktail

The Vampiro is a cocktail that includes fruit juice, spices, fruit soda, fresh lime juice, and tequila. The Vampiro has a fruity, lightly carbonated, and spicy taste.

References

  1. Anne Hattes. "Tomato Juice". Relish, August 2009.
  2. "History". French Lick Springs Hotel.
  3. Kathleen Morgan Drowne; Patrick Huber (2004). Nineteen Twenties. p. 122. ISBN   9780313320132.
  4. "Heinz deal to save hundreds of jobs at Leamington plant". CBC News. February 26, 2004.
  5. Branch, Legislative Services. "Consolidated federal laws of Canada, Food and Drug Regulations". laws.justice.gc.ca. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  6. "Taste of the '60s: The Way Things Were". Washingtonian . November 2013.
  7. "Crushed Tomatoes". Cook's Illustrated . May 2007.
  8. Yan, Kimberly S.; Dando, Robin (March 16, 2015). "A Crossmodal Role for Audition in Taste Perception" (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 41 (3): 590–596. doi:10.1037/xhp0000044. PMID   25775175.