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|1388 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1388 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2141|
|Balinese saka calendar||1309–1310|
|English Regnal year||11 Ric. 2 – 12 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)|
4084 or 4024
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
4085 or 4025
|- Vikram Samvat||1444–1445|
|- Shaka Samvat||1309–1310|
|- Kali Yuga||4488–4489|
|Japanese calendar|| Kakei 2|
|Minguo calendar||524 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1930–1931|
1514 or 1133 or 361
— to —
1515 or 1134 or 362
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1388 .|
Year 1388 ( MCCCLXXXVIII ) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are ED, such as the years 1908, 1936, 1964, 1992, 2020, 2048, 2076, and 2116 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2004 and 2032 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Monday, Wednesday or Thursday has two Friday the 13ths. This leap year contains two Friday the 13ths in March and November. Common years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another in February.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
February is the second and shortest month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar with 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day. It is the first of five months to have a length of fewer than 31 days, and the only month to have a length of fewer than 30 days, with the other seven months having 31 days. In 2019, February has 28 days.
Richard II, also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. Richard, a son of Edward the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. His father was Prince of Aquitaine. Richard was the younger brother of Edward of Angoulême, upon whose death Richard, at three years of age, became second in line to the throne after his father. Upon the death of Richard's father prior to the death of Edward III, Richard, by primogeniture, became the heir apparent to the throne. With Edward III's death the following year, Richard succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.
The Merciless Parliament, a term coined by Augustinian chronicler Henry Knighton, was the English parliamentary session of February to June 1388, at which many members of Richard II's court were convicted of treason. The session was preceded by a period in which Richard's power was revoked and the kingdom placed under the regency of the Lords Appellant. Richard had launched an abortive military attempt to overthrow the Lords Appellant and negotiate peace with the kingdom of France so he could focus all his resources against his domestic enemies. The Lords Appellant counteracted the attempt and called the Parliamentary session to expose his attempts to make peace. Parliament reacted with hostility and convicted almost all of Richard's advisers of treason. Most were executed and a few exiled. Parliament was dissolved after violence broke out in Kent and the Duke of York and his allies began objecting to some executions.
Mircea the Elder was Voivode of Wallachia from 1386 until his death. The byname "elder" was given to him after his death in order to distinguish him from his grandson Mircea II, although some historians believe the epithet was given to him as a sign of respect by later generations. He is considered the most important Wallachian ruler during the Middle Ages and one of the great rulers of his era, and starting in the 19th century Romanian historiography has also referred to him as Mircea the Great.
Dobruja or Dobrudja is a historical region in Eastern Europe that has been divided since the 19th century between the territories of Bulgaria and Romania. It is situated between the lower Danube River and the Black Sea, and includes the Danube Delta, Romanian coast, and the northernmost part of the Bulgarian coast. The territory of Dobruja is made up of Northern Dobruja, which is part of Romania, and Southern Dobruja, which belongs to Bulgaria.
Petru (Peter) Mușat was Voivode (prince) of Moldavia from 1375 to 1391, the son of an unknown son of Bogdan I, the first ruler from the dynastic House of Bogdan, succeeding Lațcu, Bogdan's son and successor who converted to Catholicism. According to one significant hypothesis, he may have been the first voivode of Moldavia under this regnal name, and should be referred as Petru I of Moldavia. After 2000, Romanian historian Constantin Rezachevici porposed a novel timeline of Moldavian rulers, according to which Petru Mușat would be referred as Petru II.
Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence was a medieval English prince and soldier, the second son of King Henry IV of England and brother of Henry V. He acted as councillor and aide to both. After the death of his father he participated in the military campaigns of his brother in France during the Hundred Years' War.
Henry IV, also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Year 1421 (MCDXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 108 days remaining until the end of the year.
Claudius Clavus (Suartho) also known as Nicholas Niger,, , was a Danish geographer sometimes considered to be the first Nordic cartographer.
Juliana Berners, O.S.B.,, English writer on heraldry, hawking and hunting, is said to have been prioress of the Priory of St Mary of Sopwell, near St Albans in Hertfordshire.
March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 302 days remaining until the end of the year.
Thomas Usk was appointed the under-sheriff of London by Richard II in 1387. His service in this role was brief and he was hanged in 1388.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
Year 1389 (MCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
The 1380s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1380, and ended on December 31, 1389.
The 1350s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1350, and ended on December 31, 1359.
The 1360s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1360, and ended on December 31, 1369.
Year 1394 (MCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1351 (MCCCLI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
The 1370s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1370, and ended on December 31, 1379.
Uskhal Khan or the Emperor Yizong of Northern Yuan (北元益宗), born Tögüs Temür, was a Mongol Emperor of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. He was the last powerful khan of the Mongols until the reign of Dayan Khan.
The Tughlaq dynasty also referred to as Tughluq or Tughluk dynasty, was a Muslim dynasty of Turko-Indian origin which ruled over the Delhi sultanate in medieval India. Its reign started in 1320 in Delhi when Ghazi Malik assumed the throne under the title of Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq. The dynasty ended in 1413.
Jorightu Khan (Yesüder?) was a Mongol Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia. There are questions about the identity of Jorightu: some scholars believe that Jorightu was Yesüder who was a descendant of Ariq Böke and that Engke Khan was Yesüder's son succeeding him, while other believe that the two were the same person with different titles. His title or name "Jorightu Khagan" means "Brave King" in the Mongolian language.
Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq was the last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty to rule the Islamic Delhi Sultanate.
Muzaffar Shah I, born Zafar Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid dynasty, who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate from 1391 to 1403 and later again from 1404 to 1411. Appointed as the governor of Gujarat by Tughluq of Delhi sultanate, he declared independence and founded the Gujarat Sultanate when there was a chaos in Delhi following Timur's invasion. He was disposed by his ambitious son Tatar Khan but he regained shortly the throne when he died.
Jayasimha I was a Chudasama king of Saurashtra region of western India who reigned from 1351 CE to 1378 CE. His capital was at Junagadh.