Talmadge: 40-50% 50-60% 60-70% 70-80% 80-90%
Thompson: 40-50% 50-60% 60-70% 70-80%
|Elections in Georgia|
The 1948 Georgia gubernatorial special election took place on November 2, 1948, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The election was held as ordered by the Supreme Court of Georgia's decision in 1947 declaring Melvin E. Thompson governor in the wake of The Three Governors Controversy.Herman Talmadge, the son of the winner of the 1946 election, the late Eugene Talmadge, defeated Governor Thompson in the Democratic primary by a margin of 51.8% to 45.1% with three other candidates getting 3.1% of the vote and then proceeded to win the general election with 97.51% of the vote.
As was common at the time, the Democratic candidate ran with only token opposition in the general election so therefore the Democratic primary was the real contest, and winning the primary was considered tantamount to election.
The Democratic primary election was held on September 8, 1948. As Talmadge won a majority of county unit votes, there was no run-off.
From 1917 until 1962, the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of Georgia used a voting system called the county unit system to determine victors in statewide primary elections.
The system was ostensibly designed to function similarly to the Electoral College, but in practice the large ratio of unit votes for small, rural counties to unit votes for more populous urban areas provided outsized political influence to the smaller counties.
Under the county unit system, the 159 counties in Georgia were divided by population into three categories. The largest eight counties were classified as "Urban", the next-largest 30 counties were classified as "Town", and the remaining 121 counties were classified as "Rural". Urban counties were given 6 unit votes, Town counties were given 4 unit votes, and Rural counties were given 2 unit votes, for a total of 410 available unit votes. Each county's unit votes were awarded on a winner-take-all basis.
Candidates were required to obtain a majority of unit votes (not necessarily a majority of the popular vote), or 206 total unit votes, to win the election. If no candidate received a majority in the initial primary, a runoff election was held between the top two candidates to determine a winner.
|Melvin E. Thompson||312,035||45.14||98|
|Joseph A. Rabun||3,150||0.46||0|
In the general election, Talmadge faced token opposition.
Barfoot was a candidate of the Progressive Party.
|Write-in||James L. Barfoot||665||0.18%|
|Write-in||Melvin E. Thompson||324||0.09%|
Herman Eugene Talmadge was an American politician who served as governor of Georgia for a short period in 1947 and then again from 1948 until 1955 then as U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1957 to 1981. Talmadge, a Democrat, was governor at a time of political transition in the state, and he served in the Senate during a time of great political change in the nation as well. Talmadge began his career as a staunch segregationist and was known for his opposition to civil rights, ordering schools to be closed rather than desegregated. However, by the later stages of his career Talmadge had modified his earlier views and his life eventually encapsulated the emergence of his native Georgia from entrenched white supremacy into a political culture where white voters regularly elect black Congressmen. In the senate, Talmadge rose prominence first as chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee and later as a member of the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities. As chairman of the Agriculture Committee, Talmadge oversaw the passing of several major pieces of legislation, including the Child Nutrition Act and the Rural Development Act of 1972, the first major legislation dealing with rural development since the Rural Electrification Act of 1936. Talmadge was later denounced by the Senate for financial irregularities, which were revealed during a bitter divorce from his second wife. The denunciation by the Senate and the changing demographics of Georgia helped lead to Talmadge's defeat in his re-election campaign in 1980, losing to Republican Mack Mattingly- Talmadge's first electoral loss.
Ellis Gibbs Arnall was an American politician who served as the 69th Governor of Georgia from 1943 to 1947. A liberal Democrat, he helped lead efforts to abolish the poll tax and to reduce Georgia's voting age to 18. Following his departure from office, he became a highly successful attorney and businessman.
Samuel Marvin Griffin, Sr. was an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia.
Garland Turk Byrd was United States Democratic politician from Georgia, who served as the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Georgia from 1959 to 1963.
The three governors controversy was a political crisis in the U.S. state of Georgia in 1946-47. On December 21, 1946, Eugene Talmadge, the governor-elect of Georgia, died before taking office. The state constitution did not specify who would assume the governorship in such a situation, so three men made claims to the governorship: Ellis Arnall, the outgoing governor; Melvin E. Thompson, the lieutenant governor-elect; and Herman Talmadge, Eugene Talmadge's son. Eventually a ruling by the Supreme Court of Georgia settled the matter in favor of Thompson. Georgia's Secretary of State Ben Fortson hid the state seal in his wheelchair so no official business could be conducted until the controversy was settled.
The 1950 Georgia gubernatorial election was held on November 7, 1950. Incumbent Governor Herman Talmadge won the Democratic primary over Melvin Thompson on June 28 with 49.33% of the vote and 295 out of 410 county unit votes. The primary was a rematch of the 1948 special election.
The 1948 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 2, 1948, as part of the wider United States Presidential election. Voters chose 12 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
The county unit system was a voting system used by the U.S. state of Georgia to determine a victor in statewide primary elections from 1917 until 1962.
The 1946 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 5, 1946, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1922 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 7, 1922, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1924 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 1924, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1926 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 2, 1926, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1928 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 1928, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1930 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 1930, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1932 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 8, 1932, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1934 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 1934, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1936 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 3, 1936, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1938 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 8, 1938, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1940 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 5, 1940, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia.
The 1942 Georgia gubernatorial election took place on November 3, 1942, in order to elect the Governor of Georgia. The governor was elected to a four-year term for the first time, instead of a two-year term.