Alpha Digital

Last updated

Alpha Digital Synthesis
Industry Telecommunication
FoundedApril 1999
Headquarters
Athens
,
Greece
Area served
Greece
Key people
Stathis Tsotsoros (Chief executive officer)
Products Satellite television
Number of employees
220

Alpha Digital is a Greek former digital satellite pay TV platform owned by Alpha Digital Synthesis SA. Commissioned by Alpha TV and executive director Stathis Tsotsoros, [1] the platform was launched on October 29, 2001 [2] and shut down around a year later, September 11, 2002, due to financial difficulties and a low number of 40.000 subscribers. [3] It was also funded by the Alexander S. Onassis Foundation. [4] [1]

Contents

History

In 1999, Alpha TV was considering a co-operation with ERT and OTE to launch a digital platform. Despite such plans being approved by the management boards of the said companies in March 2000, [5] they were abandoned in September of the same year, as soon as OTE, which had soft launched a package of channels on Hot Bird, [6] left the project; [7] [8] the said package would continue transmitting, featuring international themed channels, which were gradually replaced with Greek local ones. [9]

Alpha Digital Synthesis was founded in April 1999. [10] [1] On November 28, 2000, broadcast licenses were first given to Alpha Digital Synthesis, regarding the then-upcoming platform, for its featured stations be later transmitted through satellites Eutelsat 16B and Hot Bird 1. [11] [12] Conditional access system Viaccess PC2.4 was used by Sagem, in manufacturing the decoders. In early 2001, Alpha Digital Synthesis would first launch on Hot Bird test cards for its then-upcoming original channels, plus the free-to-air channels Alpha TV, Polis and Vouli Tileorasi, as well as the radio stations Alpha News (now Alpha 98.9), Polis 88.6 FM (now Kids Radio 88.6), Alpha Sports 107.4 FM (now Music 89.2) and Gold 103.3 (now Sport24 Radio). [13]

Prior its launch, football clubs would be offered 24 billion drachmas in total, to abandon rival platform Nova in favor of Alpha Digital. [14] [15] As a result, P.A.O.K., Panathinaikos, Panachaiki, Panionios, Proodeftiki, PAS Giannina, A.E.K., Olympiacos, Aris, Xanthi, Ethnikos Asteras, Kavala, Panserraikos, Kassandra, Olympiacos Volos, Fostiras, Panegialios, Atromitos and Apollon Pontou signed up 3-to-5 year contracts. [16] [17] NetMed, the parent firm of NOVA, would initially accuse Alpha Digital Synthesis of lying to its viewers, claiming that the contracts made with NOVA hadn't expired yet. [18] [19] AEK on the other hand, sued NetMed because of the terms of the agreement made between the two in summer 2001, which the football club itself decided to cancel. [20] [21] Following the closure of the platform, the latter four clubs were sued by Alpha TV, regarding the agreements made. [22]

The platform started operating commercially on December 1, 2001. In four months, it surpassed a total of 35.000 subscribers. [23] One of the channels featured, PAOK Channel, which would operate daily from 5pm, [24] was the first Greek Football Club channel. Alpha TV bought the rights to Nickelodeon cartoons, to be broadcast on a block on Alpha Cinema 1, [25] which would later become a 12-hour station on its own; [26] sister stations Alpha TV [27] and Channel 9 would later also broadcast these cartoons, thus gaining popularity in the latter. The European feeds of MTV and VH1 were added on the platform on July 1, 2002. [28] Nine days later, a party was held on the New York Summer Club, over the Peace and Friendship Stadium, celebrating that addition. [29]

After the closure of the platform, subscribers would be offered by the owner company to become NOVA subscribers, by distributing free software for installation on the Alpha Digital decoders. 220 employees were fired and also got a refund, with a few others attending Alpha TV's radio counterpart. [30] All of Alpha Digital's channels had stopped transmitting on October 9, 2002. [31] Shareholders of Alpha Digital would become shareholders of NetMed. [32] There was also the prospect of Alpha Digital Synthesis (which was now managed by the Onassis Foundation, as a result of an agreement in exchange for its departure from the channel's owner) [1] merging with NetMed. [30] The decision of the Competition Committee on Alpha Digital and NetMed NV's shareholding co-operation was delayed by two hours and consequently, the latter denied any co-operation with Alpha Digital. [33] [1] The National Television Council recalled the broadcasting license on October 22, 2002. [1]

In August 2008, prosecution to the degree of felony was done by the Public Prosecutor's Office of First Instance Court, following an order by the Public Prosecutor's Office of Appeals, against Dimitris Kontominas and other people sued by Stathis Tsotsoros, regarding the case of transfer of 25% shares from the Onassis Foundation to George Psarras, a close partner of Dimitris Kontominas. [34] [1] The losses from Alpha Digital Synthesis's involvement in pay-TV were estimated to be in 2008, about €185 million, along with liabilities of €26 million. [1]

Channels

Original channels that were expected to broadcast included Alpha Life, Alpha News, Alpha Classic, Alpha Documentaries and Alpha Cinema 2. [35]

Related Research Articles

Television broadcasting in Greece began in 1966 and this was preceded in 1951 by statute 1963 permitting television broadcasting.

Aegean dispute

The Aegean dispute is a set of interrelated controversies between Greece and Turkey over sovereignty and related rights in the region of the Aegean Sea. This set of conflicts has strongly affected Greek-Turkish relations since the 1970s, and has twice led to crises coming close to the outbreak of military hostilities, in 1987 and in early 1996. The issues in the Aegean fall into several categories:

Akratitos F.C.

Akratitos Football Club is a Greek football club from Ano Liosia, Athens, Greece. They currently play in the Alpha Division of the Gamma Ethniki championship, which is the fourth level of the Greek football pyramid. They maintain a quite strong academy of youngsters.

Channel 9 (Greece)

Channel 9 is a Greek television channel that broadcasts in the region of Attica. Despite being declared to be a news-based channel, the majority of the channel's programming since the early 2010s, consists of telemarketing.

Nova (Forthnet)

Forthnet S.A. is a telecommunication company in Greece which provides broadband, television and fixed telephony. It also offers satellite services in Cyprus. It is traded on the Athens Exchange.

Katy Garbi

Katerina "Katy" Garbi is a Greek singer active in Greece and Cyprus, with some popularity in Turkey. Her career has spanned over 30 years with over 1.5 million records sold in Greece and abroad. Garbi's discography is marked by several multi-platinum releases, including Arhizo Polemo (1996) and Evaisthisies (1997), two of the best-selling albums of the decade. Garbi represented Greece in the annual Eurovision Song Contest in 1993 with the song "Ellada, Hora Tou Fotos", taking ninth place. She later struck her biggest commercial success with To Kati (2000) in terms of unit sales. Over the years, Garbi has won 11 Pop Corn Music Awards, including three for Album of the Year, and one Arion Music Award. On 14 March 2010, Alpha TV ranked her among the top-certified female artists in Greece's phonographic era, at 8th place.

Cosmote TV is the corporate name for two pay television services in Greece, owned by Greek telecommunication operator OTE. The two services are as follows:

Aspioti-ELKA

Aspioti-ELKA was one of the largest publishing and printing enterprises of Greece. Founded in 1873 in Corfu by Gerasimos Aspiotis as a factory manufacturing playing cards under the name Elpis it eventually merged with the Etairia Lithographias kai Kytiopoieias Athenon (ELKA) and finally became Aspioti-ELKA.

Thomas "Themis" Khatzis is a Greek former water polo player who competed in the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2000 Summer Olympics with the Greek national team.

Dimosia Tileorasi

Public Television (DT) was a temporary, state television broadcaster in Greece. From 27 January 2014, the management of the DT has gone to the Board of NERIT, to operate the new, permanent broadcaster.

September 2015 Greek legislative election

The September 2015 Greek legislative election was held in Greece on Sunday, 20 September, following Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' announced resignation on 20 August. At stake were all 300 seats in the Hellenic Parliament. This was a snap election, the sixth since 2007, since new elections were not due until February 2019.

Dimitra Galani

Dimitra Galani [gr: Δήμητρα Γαλάνη] is a Greek singer and composer.

South Greek TV

A.NET is a television station based in Kalamata. It broadcasts digitally in Peloponnese, in southern Central Greece, in Aetolia, in Kythira, in Phocis, in Corinthian gulf, in islands of Argosaronic, in southern Ionian islands, in Boeotia and in western Attica. It airs programming from New Epsilon TV, the successor of Philippe Briones' Epsilon TV, hence its logo. The station previously had its own radio station, Radio South, which is no longer operational. The original station was called State NET, and it started broadcasting in September 1993 in Kalamata. In March 2001, the ownership and management of the station were changed, and started airing original productions, as well as programming from Channel 9. The channel was temporarily closed due to the ESR's decision on December 4, 2012, which stated that 2003-2006 depreciation was not filed and did not submit the appropriate data to transfer of shares.

Prespa agreement June 2018 agreement between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia

The Prespa agreement, also known as the Prespes agreement, Prespa accord or Treaty of Prespa, is an agreement reached on 12 June 2018 between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, under the United Nations' auspices, resolving a long-standing dispute over the latter's name.

Alpha TV Cyprus

Alpha Cyprus is a Cypriot Channel, created in 2015, a Sister-Channel of Alpha TV Greece, & operates its programs. The general manager is Petros Petrou. Alpha Cyprus is one of the Highest-rated channels in Cyprus.

Roula (Theodora) Koromila was born on February 16, 1957 is a Greek television and talk show presenter.

<i>30 Hronia Katy Garbi (Live Katrakio 2019)</i> 2020 live album by Katy Garbi

30 Hronia Katy Garbi is a live album by Greek singer Katy Garbi recorded in 2019 and released in 2020 by Panik Records. The album is Garbi's second live album; a three-disc compilation of songs performed during a special concert held at the Katrakeio Theater Nikaia in honour of Garbi's 30 years of discography. The album features performances by Eleni Foureira, Giorgos Papadopoulos, Antonis Remos, Giorgos Sabanis, Dimitris Schinas, Dionysis Schinas and Kostas Tournas.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "ΑΠΟ ΤΟ ΜΠΟΥΚΕΤΟ ΤΗΣ ALPHA DIGITAL ΣΤΙΣ ΖΗΜΙΕΣ ΤΩΝ 185 ΕΚΑΤ. ΕΥΡΩ". Typologies (in Greek). To Paron. September 7, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  2. "Στα 31 δισ. το project της Alpha Digital Synthesis". Naftemporiki.gr (in Greek). October 25, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  3. "Untitled". Alpha Digital Synthesis (in Greek). Archived from the original on September 26, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  4. "Alpha Digital: Ποιος πληρώνει το μάρμαρο;". Kathimerini (in Greek). September 22, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  5. "Συμφωνία ΟΤΕ - ΕΡΤ - ΑLPHA". Rizospastis (in Greek). April 3, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  6. "Lyngemark Satellite Chart". Lyngemark. August 22, 2000. Archived from the original on August 23, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  7. "Τηλεοπτικά και οικονομικά ... ισχυροί". Rizospastis (in Greek). October 4, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  8. "Στα "παράθυρα" η Ελλάδα... αναστενάζει". Rizospastis (in Greek). January 6, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  9. "Hot Bird 1/2/3/4/6 at 13.0°E". Lyngemark. August 11, 2005. Archived from the original on August 13, 2005. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  10. "ΦΕΚ ΑΕ-ΕΠΕ 2192" (in Greek). Government Gazette. April 26, 1999. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  11. "Ο ALPHA στο δρόμο της ψηφιακής". Rizospastis (in Greek). November 30, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  12. "ALPHA Digital Synthesis". Alpha Digital Synthesis (in Greek). Archived from the original on January 18, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  13. "Hot Bird 1-5 at 13.0°E". Lyngemark. April 13, 2001. Archived from the original on April 13, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  14. "Επιστροφή Στη Λογική Της Alpha Digital". Typologies (in Greek). October 6, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  15. Karakousi, Roula; Diamanti, Ifigeneia (September 15, 2002). "H "φούσκα" της συνδρομητικής". Kathimerini (in Greek). Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  16. "Σε κανάλι συγχώνευσης". Καθημερινή. September 7, 2002. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  17. "ΤΕΣΣΕΡΑ ΨΕΜΑΤΑ ΚΑΙ ΜΙΑ ΑΠΟΡΙΑ". NOVA (in Greek). February 21, 2002. Archived from the original on October 18, 2002. Retrieved August 30, 2019. [...]στις περιπτώσεις της Παναχαϊκής και του Πανσεραϊκού[...]
  18. "Ανοιχτές "κόντρες" για την ψηφιακή". Rizospastis (in Greek). October 31, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  19. "ΔΕΛΤΙΟ ΤΥΠΟΥ". NOVA (in Greek). June 7, 2002. Archived from the original on December 30, 2002. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  20. "Με θάρρος στη μάχη". Rizospastis (in Greek). February 21, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  21. "Συμφωνία της ΑΕΚ με τον τηλεοπτικό σταθμό Αlpha Digital". in.gr (in Greek). October 12, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  22. "Μεγάλο το αδιέξοδο στο ελληνικό ποδόσφαιρο μετά και την ανακοίνωση του ΑLPHA Digital". in.gr (in Greek). September 11, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  23. "Company profile". Alpha Digital Synthesis. Archived from the original on August 6, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  24. "ΠΑΟΚ CHANNEL". Alpha Ψηφιακή Σύνθεσις (in Greek). Archived from the original on August 6, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  25. "ΠΑΡΑΣΚΕΥΗ 01/02/02". alpha-digital.gr (in Greek). Archived from the original on February 12, 2002. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  26. "nickelodeon". alpha-digital.gr (in Greek). Archived from the original on June 3, 2002. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  27. "Προγράμματα". Rizospastis (in Greek). December 8, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  28. "News". Alpha Digital Synthesis (in Greek). June 27, 2002. Archived from the original on September 11, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  29. "News". Alpha Digital Synthesis (in Greek). Archived from the original on August 6, 2002. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  30. 1 2 ""Λύση" και ... απολύσεις". Rizospastis (in Greek). September 13, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  31. "Παιχνίδια σε βάρος των συνδρομητών". Rizospastis (in Greek). November 6, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  32. "Από τη "λύση" στη... συμφωνία". Rizospastis (in Greek). September 12, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  33. ""Συνδρομητές" χωρίς... πρόγραμμα". Rizospastis (in Greek). October 26, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  34. "Ρεπορτάζ". Rizospastis (in Greek). August 23, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  35. Kingofsat - Νεκροταφείο Καναλιών