Attock District

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Attock

ضِلع اٹک
Pakistan - Punjab - Attock.svg
Attock District highlighted within Punjab Province
Coordinates: 33°45′57.6″N72°21′39.2″E / 33.766000°N 72.360889°E / 33.766000; 72.360889
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarter Attock
Government
  Chairperson District CouncilMs Eman Tahir [1]
Area
  Total6,857 km2 (2,648 sq mi)
Elevation
355 m (1,165 ft)
Population
 (2017) [2]
  Total1,883,556
  Density270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PKT)
Languages English, Punjabi, Hindko, Urdu and Pashto
No. of Tehsils6
Tehsils Attock
Fateh Jang
Hazro
Hassan Abdal
Jand
Pindi Gheb

Attock District (ضِلع اٹک) is a district in Pothohar Plateau of the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Its capital is Attock city.

Contents

The district was created in April 1904 [3] by the merging of tehsils of nearby districts. Its former name was Campbellpur. Today the district consists of 6 tehsils: Attock, Fateh Jang, Hazro, Hassan Abdal, Jand and Pindi Gheb.

It is located in the north of the Punjab province, bordered by Chakwal to the south, Mianwali to the southwest, Rawalpindi to the east, Kohat to the west, Nowshera to the northwest, and Swabi and Haripur to the north.

History

The original name of Attock District was Attock. It was changed to Campbellpur after the Commander-in-Chief of British forces Sir Colin Campbell, who rebuilt the city of Campbellpur. The name Attock was restored in 1978. [4]

Demography

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 1,274,935 of which 20.45% were urban. [5] The estimated population in 2008 was 1.58 million.

In the 1998 census, 87% of the population identified their language as Punjabi. Pashto was the language of 8.3% and Urdu – of 1.1%. [6] The Punjabi dialect of the eastern Fateh Jang Tehsil is called Sohāī̃ and belongs to the Dhanni dialect group. The dialects of Pindi Gheb Tehsil (called Ghebi) and of Attock (sometimes called Chacchi) have been classified as part of Hindko. [7]

Tehsils

The district of Attock is divided into six tehsils [8]

  1. Attock
  2. Fateh Jang
  3. HasanAbdal
  4. Hazro
  5. Jand
  6. Pindi Gheb

Union Councils

District contain a total of 72 Union Councils. [9]

Education

Attock has a total of 1,287 government schools out of which 51 percent (657 schools) are for female students. The district has an enrolment of 224,487 in public sector schools, having literacy rate of 26.3%. Attock is considered as most under developed district of Punjab. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Attock City in Punjab, Pakistan

Attock, formerly known as Campbellpur, is a city founded during the British era located in the north of Pakistan's Punjab Province, not far from the country's capital Islamabad. It is the headquarters of the Attock District and is 61st largest city of Pakistan by population. The city was founded in 1908 several miles southeast of the older city of Attock Khurd, which had been established by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century, and was initially named in honour of Sir Colin Campbell.

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Fateh Jang City in Punjab, Pakistan

Fateh Jang is a city in Attock District of Punjab Province, Pakistan. It is located 40 km (25 mi) from Attock City, and nearly 40 kilometres southwest of Islamabad, Pakistan's capital near M1 motorway.

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Pindigheb, is a town in Punjab province Pakistan and seat of Pindi Gheb Tehsil of Attock District. Western route of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) passes through Pindigheb.

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Fateh Jang Tehsil is an administrative subdivision (tehsil), of Attock District in the Punjab province of Pakistan lying between 33°10′ and 33°45′ North, and 72°23′ and 73°1′ East. The tehsil is administratively subdivided into 14 Union Councils. A notable Kharosthi inscription is located near the main town of Fateh Jang, which is also the headquarters of the tehsil.

Pindi Gheb Tehsil Tehsil in Punjab, Pakistan

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Hazro Tehsil Tehsil in Punjab, Pakistan

Hazro Tehsil is a tehsil of Attock District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan about 85km away from islamabad & 7km from GT road. Hazro city also connected to Islambad motorway through Chach Interchange. Hazro city is a trading hub for approximately 90 villages and spoken languages are Hindko, Pashto, Urdu, and English. It is newly created tehsil from parts of the NA-57 constituency of Attock with the capital of Hazro.

Tarap is a village and Union Council situated on the bank of river Sawan in the Attock District of Punjab province in Pakistan. It is administered by Jand Tehsil and Attock District. Previously, it was administered by Tehsil Talagang and District Campbellpur, now Attock. It is situated on the river bank of River Sawan, emerging from the Potohar Region and Nullah Lai of Rawalpindi. There is one high school for boys and also for girls. A basic health unit is also situated. Tarap union council is biggest union council of Tehsil Jand but far from Jand and District Complex Attock, Tarap union council have 4 villages and 10 sub villages with 20000 population. Actually Tarap Town is very nearby Tehsil Talagang only 45 km distance and Tarap distance from Tehsil Complex Jand is 60 km and 150 km from District Complex Attock. Actually Tarap Town is administratively attached with District Attock due to political benefit of local politician otherwise for middle class and poor peoples the administratively attachment with Tehsil Complex Talagang is most fruitful useful and economical in education courts and business matters for middle class community.

Dhani, or Dhanni, is a group of Western Punjabi dialects spoken in parts of Rawalpindi Division (Pothohar) of Pakistani Punjab. They are spoken throughout a widespread area, including Chakwal and Jhelum Districts, as well as in neighbouring Attock District. Its name is derived from Dhan valley where its spoken. The closely related dialect Sohāī̃ is spoken in the Fateh Jang Tehsil of Attock District.

Ghebi

Ghebī is a dialect of Hindko spoken in Punjab, Pakistan. In the early 20th century Grierson assigned it to his "North-Eastern Lahnda" group, whereas Shackle writing in 1980 placed it within Hindko "proper" alongside Chacchī and Avāṅkārī.

Dhok Mohammad Village in Punjab, Pakistan

Dhok Muhammad is a village situated in Pindi Gheb Tehsil of Attock District in Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is 40 km from Pindigheb.

The Khushalgarh–Kohat–Thal Railway is one of several railway lines in Pakistan, operated and maintained by Pakistan Railways. The line originally ran from Golra Sharif Junction railway station to Khushalgarh station and onward to Thal station, however the line now ends at Kohat Cantonment station. The total length of this railway line is 272 kilometers (169 mi) to Thal station and 176 kilometers (109 mi) to Kohat. There are 16 railway stations from Golra Sharif Junction to Thal. In 1991, the Kohat-Thal section was abandoned by Pakistan Railways.

References

  1. "Heads of local governments take oath across Punjab". Radio Pakistan. Radio Pakistan. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  2. "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  3. Gazetteer of the Attock District 1930, Punjab Government, Lahore 1932. Reprinted version: Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore, 1989
  4. "Official Website". Attock Police. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  5. "Pakistan: Population 1901–98". Urban Resource Centre. Archived from the original on 13 April 2003. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  6. 1998 District Census report of Attock. Census publication. 12. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  7. Shackle, Christopher (1980). "Hindko in Kohat and Peshawar". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 43 (3): 484–86. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00137401. ISSN   0041-977X.
  8. "Tehsils of district Attock" . Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  9. "Union Councils of district Attock" . Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  10. "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014-15". Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.