Bowland-with-Leagram

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Bowland-with-Leagram
Leagram Hall - geograph.org.uk - 136139.jpg
Leagram Hall
Location map United Kingdom Borough of Ribble Valley.svg
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Bowland-with-Leagram
Location in Ribble Valley
Location map United Kingdom Forest of Bowland.svg
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Bowland-with-Leagram
Location in the Forest of Bowland
Lancashire UK location map.svg
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Bowland-with-Leagram
Location within Lancashire
Population169 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SD635455
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR3
Post townClitheroe
Postcode district BB7
Dialling code 01995
01254
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°54′00″N2°33′36″W / 53.900°N 2.560°W / 53.900; -2.560 Coordinates: 53°54′00″N2°33′36″W / 53.900°N 2.560°W / 53.900; -2.560

Bowland-with-Leagram is a civil parish in the Ribble Valley district of Lancashire, England, covering part of the Forest of Bowland. According to the census, the parish had a population of 181 in 1951, 128 in 2001 and 169 at the Census 2011. [1] [2]

Contents

As the only part of the historical Forest of Bowland that lay within the historical bounds of Lancashire, the area was known for many centuries by the name of Little Bowland and this name remains in common use today.

History

Leagram was a hunting park from at least the early twelfth century, being part of the ancient Lordship of Bowland [3] which comprised a Royal Forest and a Liberty of ten manors spanning eight townships and four parishes and covered an area of almost 300 square miles (800 km2) on the historic borders of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The manors within the Liberty were Leagram, Slaidburn (Newton-in-Bowland, West Bradford, Grindleton), Knowlmere, Waddington, Easington, Bashall Eaves, Mitton, Withgill (Crook),Hammerton and Dunnow (Battersby). [4]

As Lady Queen of Bowland, Elizabeth I alienated the park and granted the manor of Leagram to her favourite, the Earl of Leicester, in 1563. It was purchased shortly afterwards by Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst. Shireburne served as Master Forester of Bowland until 1594. The Shireburnes held the manor until 1754 before it passed to their cousins, the Welds. [5] The Shireburne family tombs are at All Hallows' Church, Great Mitton. John Weld-Blundell is the present-day Lord of the Manor of Chipping (Lawn).

Some of the earliest evidence of human settlement in eastern Lancashire has come from this corner of Bowland. In 1946, archaeologists uncovered artefacts, including pottery, indicating Bronze Age occupation at Fairy Holes, a cave situated on New Laund Farm, near Whitewell. [6]

Governance

The civil parish of Bowland-with-Leagram was created from the civil parishes of Little Bowland and Leagram in 1935 [7] (both created from townships in the ancient parish of Whalley in 1866 [8] [9] ).

See also

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Waddington, Lancashire Human settlement in England

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Roughlee Human settlement in England

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West Bradford, Lancashire Human settlement in England

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Pendleton, Lancashire Human settlement in England

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Grindleton Human settlement in England

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Great Mitton Human settlement in England

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Horton, Lancashire Human settlement in England

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Easington, Lancashire Human settlement in England

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Little Mitton civil parish in Lancashire, England

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Old Laund Booth Human settlement in England

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References

  1. "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  2. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Bowland-with-Leagram Parish (1170215099)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  3. "Lord of the Fells, Guardian of History" (PDF). Rural Life. November 2014.
  4. Forest of Bowland official website
  5. John Weld, A History of Leagram: The Park and the Manor (Chetham Society: Manchester 1913)
  6. RC Musson, "A Bronze Age Cave Site in the Little Bolland Area of Lancashire", Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, Vol 59: 161-170 (1948)
  7. "History of BOWLAND WITH LEAGRAM". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  8. "History of LITTLE BOWLAND". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  9. "History of LEAGRAM". visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2018.