Clarkson, Western Australia

Last updated

Clarkson
Perth,  Western Australia
ClarksonRenshawBlvd.jpg
Renshaw Boulevard, Clarkson, facing east
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Clarkson
Coordinates 31°41′02″S115°43′41″E / 31.684°S 115.728°E / -31.684; 115.728 Coordinates: 31°41′02″S115°43′41″E / 31.684°S 115.728°E / -31.684; 115.728
Population12,967 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density1,965/km2 (5,090/sq mi)
Established1990s
Postcode(s) 6030
Area6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Location34 km (21 mi) NNW of Perth CBD
LGA(s) City of Wanneroo
State electorate(s) Burns Beach
Federal Division(s) Pearce
Suburbs around Clarkson:
Quinns Rocks Merriwa
Ridgewood
Nowergup
Mindarie Clarkson Neerabup
Tamala Park Tamala Park Neerabup

Clarkson is an outer northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 34 kilometres north of Perth's central business district in the City of Wanneroo.

Contents

While mostly a residential area, it also functions as a town centre, serving many surrounding areas with a vast amount of amenities and facilities. The suburb has a railway station on the Joondalup railway line and also is a major public transport hub for surrounding suburbs.

Geography

Clarkson is bounded to the west by Mindarie (Marmion Avenue) and to the north by Merriwa and Ridgewood (Hester Avenue). The Joondalup railway line divides Clarkson from the Neerabup National Park in the east. South of Clarkson is Tamala Park, which is uninhabited. [2]

It is approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the Indian Ocean and the coastlines of Claytons Beach and Quinns Beach.

History

Name

The suburb's name refers to the Clarksons, a family of sheep farmers who had held leases of land in the area since the 19th century. [3] Clarkson was originally gazetted as "Mindarie" by the Shire of Wanneroo in 1979, but the two names were transposed in 1985 at the request of Smith Corporation, who went on to develop the Mindarie Keys Marina three years later. [4]

Early use

The first permanent settler with European ancestry in the area was the Barnard Drummond Clarkson, a sheep-farmer who also held land in Toodyay. Clarkson first acquired a pastoral lease in 1888 of 13,000 acres in the areas comprising modern-day Mindarie, Clarkson, Quinns Rocks and Merriwa. [5] The leases were known as the Mindarie Pastoral Company, and the lands were primarily used for sheep-herding by subsequent generations of the Clarkson family. [6]

The ruins of the Clarksons' first homestead and home of the Mindarie Pastoral Company are today preserved in Riverlinks Park on Connolly Drive. [7]

Suburban development

The Mindarie Pastoral Company leases were sold by John Clarkson in 1952. The land subsequently saw no development or settlement until the early 1990s, naturally following the completion of the adjacent Mindarie Marina and subsequent residential dwellings in the area. The north-eastern portion of Clarkson around the high school was developed later in 1995. The suburb continued to be built throughout the 2000s, with a steadily growing population.

Outside of Clarkson's main commercial zone in the south-west, the suburb consists mostly of residential, detached bungalow housing with vast amounts of parkland. There is a strip of two-storey apartment blocks along Ocean Keys Boulevard, immediately opposite the railway station, and another strip of apartments closer to the shopping centre on Ningaloo Bend. The suburb also contains a lot of Keystart homes. [8]

Ocean Keys Boulevard leading to Clarkson railway station ClarksonSomerlyOceanKeys.jpg
Ocean Keys Boulevard leading to Clarkson railway station

Somerly

Somerly is a commercial and housing development in south-east Clarkson, principally surrounding the railway station, that was completed in 2008. [9] The 1,800-lot community was built on a 162-hectare (400-acre) area in a partnership between development company Urban Pacific and the Western Australia Government Department of Housing and Works land development agency Landstart. [10] The project aimed to provide a community-within-a-community with commercial enterprise, fibre-optic to the home internet, and a landscaping package (totaling at A$8,000) at no extra cost to new home-buyers. [11]

The development of the Somerly area made Clarkson one of the largest, most densely populated suburbs in Perth's northern corridor, with a population now approaching 12,000. It is roughly delineated from the older, established parts of Clarkson by Liberty Drive to the north, Connolly Drive to the west and Polglase Fairway to the south-west.

Catalina

A new residential estate under the preliminary name of "Catalina" is being planned for development in 2012. The estate's proposed boundaries lay south of Neerabup Road (which is presently bushland blending into Tamala Park) and extend from the Joondalup rail line in the east, to the coast of Mindarie Beach and Claytons Beach to the west. [12] Although the land is part of Clarkson and Mindarie at present, Satterley, the developers, intend for the estate to eventually be re-gazetted as its own suburb.

Demographics

Clarkson had a population of 7,082 at the 2006 census, an increase of 1,214 persons since the 2001 census. [13] The population of Clarkson is predicted to continue to grow at an exponential rate, peaking at 18,645 in 2026. [14] Only 58.9% of Clarkson's population were born in Australia compared to a nationwide average of 70.9%. The suburb has a significant British-born population, comprising 15.4%, although this figure is minor compared to British populations in neighbouring suburbs, such as Mindarie. Most other major immigrant groups in Clarkson hail from Anglophone countries, such as New Zealand and South Africa.

Clarkson has a very young population, with an average age of 28, a figure drastically lower than all surrounding suburbs, as well as the national average age of 37. Income levels in Clarkson are generally in line with the Australian national average, with an average household income of $1,049 per week, compared to $1,027 per week nationally. [15]

Christianity is the predominant religious affiliation declared by Clarkson's residents, at 44% of the population, across various denominations. Several churches are scattered throughout the suburb; Clarkson Seventh-day Adventist Community Church, St. Andrew's Catholic Church and Ocean Keys Community Church (Lutheran). 28% of the suburb declared no religion.

2.8% of Clarkson's population is composed of Indigenous Australians, compared to 2.3% nationwide. Only neighbouring Merriwa reflects this trend; the Aboriginal population is much less significant in the suburbs surrounding Clarkson.

Amenities and facilities

Ocean Keys Shopping Centre, Clarkson Ocean Keys Shopping Centre 1.jpg
Ocean Keys Shopping Centre, Clarkson

Compared to surrounding suburbs, Clarkson is a very mixed-use area with an abundance of facilities and a very large shopping and retail district, establishing it as a commercial town centre for the northern suburbs beyond the nearby city of Joondalup. The main road, Ocean Keys Boulevard, is home to the Ocean Keys Shopping Centre, a major shopping mall with a large number of major retail outlets, including Kmart, Coles, Woolworths, JB Hi-Fi, City Beach and 115 specialty retailers. [16]

Many more commercial outlets surround the centre, including a large Bunnings Warehouse, a post office, two service stations and Toyota, Ford, Holden and Nissan car dealerships. Just east of Bunnings Warehouse is a McDonald's.

A strip of restaurants and take-away outlets are situated directly west of the Shopping Centre, including branches of KFC, Hungry Jack's, Wokinabox, Subway, Pizza Hut, Sushi Noodle World, Masala Indian Restaurant and The Cheesecake Factory. There are also other restaurants located within the suburb, such as Nando's, Cold Rock Ice Creamery and a kebab shop that are both located on the external perimeter of the shopping centre (north-east corner), new Indian restaurants opening near the train station, and a fish and chip shop located at the Clarkson Mini-Mart. The Whale+Ale pub and restaurant is located on the north side of Ocean Keys Boulevard, opposite the shopping centre. It is the only pub and main hub for nightlife in the suburb. There are 3 medical centres in the suburb, which are the Clarkson Family Practice, Ocean Keys Family Practice and The Somerly Central Medical Centre. Opposite Ocean Keys Shopping Centre is Clarkson Library.

Clarkson also has a smaller shopping market built in the first area of Clarkson developed. It is located opposite the Clarkson Primary School on the corner of Renshaw Boulevard and Ainsbury Parade. It features the mini-mart store, dentist, bottle shop, fish supply (plus fish and chips) and other small businesses.

There is an abundance of entertainment and leisure facilities around Clarkson. Over ten parks are located throughout the suburb, [17] the two main ones being Anthony Waring Park and Richard Aldersea Park in the centre of the suburb. Anthony Waring Park is the largest by area and features sporting facilities. Many smaller parks around Somerly include playgrounds and free barbecue areas for families. The Clarkson Youth Centre, near Ocean Keys Shopping Centre, functions as a community centre and is also part of a wider youth precinct, incorporating a skate park and BMX tracks. [18] Nearby is also the Clarkson Library, one of four public libraries in the Wanneroo area.

Clarkson also accommodates the Clarkson Police Station, which serves all surrounding suburbs from Tamala Park to Butler and Jindalee. [19] A Western Power electricity substation is located off Hester Avenue in the north-east of the suburb, near the Joondalup railway line. Telephone services are provided by the Mindarie & Quinns Rocks telephone exchanges. [20]

Education

Two state K-7 primary schools are established in Clarkson, serving different parts of the suburb. Clarkson Primary School is the oldest established school and caters to western Clarkson, while Somerly Primary School serves the Somerly estate in the east. Students also have the option of St. Andrew's Catholic Primary School, a private Catholic school located next to St. Andrew's Catholic Church.

Clarkson Library ClarksonLibraryOceanKeys.jpg
Clarkson Library

Clarkson also accommodates Clarkson Community High School, a large Year 8-12 state high school established in 1996. As it is the only state high school in the vicinity (other than the 11-12 Mindarie Senior College), it covers a large catchment area, extending up to Butler and Jindalee in the north. [21] In 2010, Trades North, a TAFE campus specializing in skilled trades and apprenticeships, was built next to the high school and opened for the 2011 school year. [22] It is part of the North Metropolitan TAFE.

Transport

Clarkson straddles the western edge of the Mitchell Freeway, linking it to Joondalup and the Perth CBD, with interchanges at Neerabup Road in the south and Hester Avenue in the north. Marmion Avenue and Connolly Drive are major north-south arterial roads that pass through Clarkson on the way to Yanchep and Alkimos, while Neerabup Road and Hester Avenue both run east-west to Wanneroo Road a short distance inland.

Up until the late-2000s, Marmion Avenue and Hester Avenue were the only roads in and out of Clarkson. Connolly Drive was extended to Clarkson from Kinross in 2008, while Neerabup Road was extended from Connolly Drive into southeast Clarkson and across to Wanneroo Road in 2016.

The Clarkson railway station on the Joondalup line was built in 2004 in the suburb's southeast, and was the terminus of the line until 2014, when Butler railway station opened to the north. It provides bus and rail links to Joondalup and Butler, and a direct rail link to Perth and Mandurah. The station sits in the middle of the Mitchell Freeway median strip and is accessed by bridge.

Swan Transit operate the following bus routes from Clarkson station, to all surrounding suburbs. [23] [24]

Politics

There is one polling booth in Clarkson, at Clarkson Community High School. [25] Along with its neighbouring suburbs, Clarkson is part of the Mindarie electoral district. At the federal level it was formerly part of the Pearce federal division, but was transferred to Moore, along with Mindarie and Neerabup, as of 2010. [26]

Clarkson has traditionally been an Australian Labor Party stronghold since the early 2000s (decade) in State elections, in line with many northern Perth suburbs. At federal level, the voting is much less clear-cut, with both major parties gaining consecutive election victories in the suburb since 2001.

Related Research Articles

City of Wanneroo Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Wanneroo is a local government area with city status in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is centred approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) north of Perth's central business district and forms part of the northern boundary of the Perth metropolitan area. Wangara encompasses the federal divisions of Cowan, Moore and Pearce.

Nowergup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Nowergup is a rural locality about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Perth, Western Australia. It is in the local government area of the City of Wanneroo.

Yanchep Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Yanchep is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. Originally a small crayfishing settlement, it was developed by entrepreneur Alan Bond in the 1970s for the 1977 America's Cup. The area covers the urban centre of Yanchep as well as Yanchep National Park in its entirety.

Alkimos, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Alkimos is a coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 42 kilometres (26 mi) north-northwest of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Butler, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Butler is an outer suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 41 kilometres north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. It forms the majority of the Brighton Estate, a large commercial and residential development by Satterley.

Mindarie, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Mindarie is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is located 36 kilometres (22 mi) north of Perth's central business district, and forms part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Quinns Rocks, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Quinns Rocks is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 38 kilometres (24 mi) north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. The suburb was formerly established in 1962 as a rural townsite, focused around Quinns Beach, the area's main amenity.

Ridgewood, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Ridgewood is an outer suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 37 kilometres north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Tamala Park, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Tamala Park is an unpopulated locality in Perth, Western Australia. It sits on the border between the City of Wanneroo and the City of Joondalup local authorities, and separates the Clarkson-Butler region from the suburbs of Joondalup.

Merriwa, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Merriwa is a coastal, northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 36 kilometres (22 mi) north of the central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. It is a predominantly residential suburb, containing two RAAF retirement villages.

Burns Beach, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Burns Beach is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Perth's central business district at the northern fringe of the City of Joondalup. Burns Beach has maintained much of its original character as a small coastal village even with its loss of isolation, and the beach is popular among hang gliding enthusiasts.

Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road is a 44-kilometre (27 mi) arterial highway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia linking Joondanna and Yokine in the south with Wanneroo and Yanchep in the north. As part of State Route 60, it begins from Charles Street in the inner city and becomes Indian Ocean Drive up to Dongara.

City of Joondalup Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Joondalup is a local government area with City status in Perth, Western Australia. Its central business district is located in the suburb Joondalup, and it includes the town centres of Hillarys and Warwick.

Marmion Avenue

Marmion Avenue is a 40-kilometre (25 mi) arterial road in the northern coastal suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking Trigg in the south with Yanchep in the north. It forms part of State Route 71 along with West Coast Highway, which it joins onto at its southern terminus.

The Electoral district of Mindarie was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district was named for the outer northern Perth suburb of Mindarie which falls within its borders.

Burns Beach Road

Burns Beach Road is an arterial east-west road in Perth, Western Australia, linking the suburbs of Burns Beach and Iluka to the Mitchell Freeway and Joondalup. It forms the entirety of State Route 87 and was the northern terminus of Mitchell Freeway and State Route 2 until 2017, when the freeway was extended to Hester Avenue.

Connolly Drive

Connolly Drive is an arterial road in the outer northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The road takes its name from the Perth suburb of Connolly, which lies just beyond the road's terminus.

Hester Avenue

Hester Avenue is an east-west distributor road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Wanneroo. It primarily links the coastal suburbs of the Clarkson-Butler region to the arterial highway Wanneroo Road in the east, and is the current northern terminus of the Mitchell Freeway.

Electoral district of Butler

Butler is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district is named for the outer northern Perth suburb of Butler which falls within its borders.

Electoral district of Burns Beach State electoral district of Western Australia

Burns Beach is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia. It is located in Perth's northern suburbs, and named after the suburb of Burns Beach.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Clarkson (State Suburb)accessdate=14 January 2018". 2016 Census QuickStats. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. City of Wanneroo. "Suburb Maps". Archived from the original on 18 September 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names". Archived from the original on 19 May 2009.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "A History of Quinns Rocks" by Barbara Arthur & Betty Hunt-Smith
  5. Chambers, Adrian (1991), The Pioneers: A Story of Wanneroo, 1834-1985, ISBN   0-9589452-0-9
  6. City of Wanneroo. "Foreshore Management Plan: Mindarie - Quinns Rocks" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. City of Wanneroo. "Places on City of Wanneroo Municipal Heritage Inventory" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  8. Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute. "Locational advantage and disadvantage in public housing, Rent Assistance and Housing Loan Assistance in Perth".
  9. Urban Pacific (13 October 2008). "Last Available Blocks". Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. "Somerly sets the pace for tomorrow". The Sunday Times (Western Australia). News Corporation. 22 December 2002. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2008.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. Urban Pacific (13 October 2008). "Project". Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. Tamala Park Regional Council. "TPRC Management Committee Meeting". Archived from the original on 22 April 2011.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "2001 Census QuickStats: Clarkson (State Suburb)".
  14. City of Wanneroo Population and Household Forecasts - Clarkson Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , .id
  15. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "2006 Census QuickStats: Clarkson (State Suburb)".
  16. Ocean Keys Shopping Centre. "Our Stores". Archived from the original on 13 October 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  17. City of Wanneroo. "Park Points 20110408" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. City of Wanneroo. "Clarkson Youth Centre". Archived from the original on 8 May 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  19. North West Metropolitan District, Western Australia Police
  20. ADSL2+ for MINDARIE (WA) Exchange
  21. Department of Education. "Clarkson Community High School (4160)".
  22. North Coast Times, 3 June 2009. "Trades centre for Clarkson". Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  23. Bus 78 timetable Archived 17 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine , Transperth, effective from the opening of Butler station.
  24. Bus 85 timetable Archived 17 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine , Transperth, effective from the opening of Butler station.
  25. Western Australian Electoral Commission. "Mindarie Polling Place Locations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  26. Crikey. "Moore: Electorate Form Guide".