Game Show Network

Last updated

Game Show Network
Game Show Network 2018.svg
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaUnited States
Canada
Headquarters Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
(HD feed downgraded to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
Owner Sony Pictures Television
ParentGame Show Network, LLC
Sister channels
History
LaunchedDecember 1, 1994;27 years ago (1994-12-01)
Former namesGSN (2004–2018)
Links
Website www.gameshownetwork.com

Game Show Network (also known as GSN) is an American basic cable channel owned by Sony Pictures Television. [1] The channel's programming is primarily dedicated to game shows, including reruns of acquired game shows, along with new, first-run original and revived game shows. The network has also previously aired reality competition series and televised poker.

Contents

As of October 2019, Game Show Network claimed that it was available to "nearly 75 million" households in America, primarily through traditional cable and satellite services. [2] The network and its original programming are also available on streaming and Internet television services, including Philo, fuboTV, Sling TV, Plex, and Pluto TV. [3]

History

1994–2004: As "Game Show Network"

On May 7, 1992, Sony Pictures Entertainment joined forces with the United Video Satellite Group to launch the Game Show Channel, which was set to begin in 1993. The announcement of the channel was made by SPE president Mel Harris. [4]

On December 2, 1992, Sony Pictures Entertainment made a deal to acquire the Barry & Enright game show library, and in a separate deal, struck a 10-year licensing agreement for the rights to the Mark Goodson game show library of more than 20,000 episodes including among others, What's My Line? , Family Feud , and To Tell the Truth . Upon the deal, Sony said it would sell an equity stake in the network to Mark Goodson Productions, including the production of new original series by Jonathan Goodson Productions. [5] Both deals were completed on December 7, 1992, eleven days before Mark Goodson's death. [6] On June 6, 1994, Mark Goodson Productions pulled out of the venture. [7] GSN's launch time was intended to be at 10:00 p.m. ET, but at the time, it was pushed back to 7:00 p.m. ET.

Game Show Network launched at 7:00 p.m. on December 1, 1994. [8] The first aired game show to be on GSN was What's My Line? . [9] By the launch date, the network had secured rights to over 40,000 episodes from the libraries of several game show production companies and corporate parent Sony. The initial lineup was exclusively acquired programming such as Match Game , Family Feud , Newlywed Game , Jeopardy! , and Wheel of Fortune . The network eventually began producing original game shows such as Lingo , Burt Luddin's Love Buffet, Whammy! , Inquizition , and Extreme Gong . [10]

In 2001, a massive change in both leadership and programming at the network took place when Liberty Media acquired a 50% stake. Both president Michael Fleming and vice president Jake Tauber departed, and former ABC Family/Fox Family Channel president Rich Cronin was hired to head the network. [11]

2004–2017: As "GSN"

On March 15, 2004, Game Show Network began using the abbreviation "GSN" and introduced the tagline "The Network for Games." GSN began expanding its programming to include reality television games and various competition-based programs. [12] [13] [14] GSN would also air reruns of reality competitions (for example, Spy TV and The Mole). [15] Along with its new format, GSN would continue to produce traditional game shows, including new seasons of Lingo and a revival of Chain Reaction . [16] [17]

David Goldhill succeeded Rich Cronin as GSN president on August 1, 2007. [18] A high definition simulcast feed of the network was launched on September 15, 2010. [19]

Some notable acquisitions for the network included Who Wants to Be a Millionaire [20] and the Steve Harvey-hosted Family Feud , [21] both of which would headline the network's prime time lineup. Notable original game shows produced during this time were Catch 21 (which would be revived in 2018), Baggage (hosted by Jerry Springer), the first U.S. incarnation of The Chase , [22] [23] [24] American Bible Challenge (the premiere of which drew an audience of nearly two million viewers), [25] and Skin Wars (which would later move to Syfy). [26] The network produced interactive program blocks, such as GSN Live and Playmania . [27] [28]

In March 2011, DirecTV (which by this point had taken over Liberty Media's then-65% stake in the network) sold a 5% stake in the network back to Sony Pictures Entertainment. Although DirecTV nominally remained the majority owner, it had ceded control of the network to Sony, and had the right to force Sony to increase its stake in GSN to 58%. [29] On November 8, 2012, DirecTV sold an 18% interest in GSN to Sony. [30] GSN partnered with Vubiquity to launch "GSN On Demand" on August 15, 2013. [31]

2017–present: Return to "Game Show Network"

GSN Logo from June 3, 2015, to September 30, 2018 GSN logo 2015.svg
GSN Logo from June 3, 2015, to September 30, 2018

In April 2017, David Goldhill stepped down after nearly 10 years as GSN president, the longest tenure for any president to date. He was succeeded by Mark Feldman in August 2017. [32] Later that year, the network would begin to refer to itself in promos by its full name. [33] By 2018, the network's programming returned to focus on traditional game show formats, culminating in a rebranding that restored the network's full name. [34]

The network's daily schedule would consist almost entirely of original programming, including new shows like America Says , Common Knowledge , and People Puzzler . [35] In April 2020, Game Show Network re-introduced Master Minds , a retool of an earlier original show called Best Ever Trivia Show featuring Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings, and now hosted by the returning Brooke Burns of the GSN version of The Chase . [36]

DirecTV's stake in Game Show Network would move to AT&T when it acquired the service in 2015. [37] On November 18, 2019, it was announced that Sony had acquired AT&T's 42% stake and thus resumed full ownership of GSN. [38] A list of 2020 Nielsen ratings published by Variety indicated that Game Show Network averaged 432,000 viewers in prime time, up 6% from the 2019 average. [39]

In December 2021, Mark Feldman resigned after four years as Game Show Network president, to join the video game firm Scopely amid the gaming unit sale from Sony. He was succeeded by John Zaccario, who took over the duties. [40]

Programming

Current original programming, as of May 2022, includes Master Minds , America Says , Common Knowledge , Tug of Words , People Puzzler and Chain Reaction . Other shows airing on the network include Catch 21 , Match Game , Family Feud , Deal or No Deal , 25 Words or Less . and Funny You Should Ask . [41] [42]

Syndication and digital streaming

GSN began syndicating some of its original programming to other channels in the early 2010s. On June 24, 2013, the channel entered into an agreement with Bounce TV, giving it the broadcast rights to The Newlywed Game , Catch 21 , and The American Bible Challenge . [43] [44] The American Bible Challenge aired in reruns on UP in fall 2013 and again in spring 2015. Drew Carey's Improv-A-Ganza aired on Laff in 2015. [45] Reruns of America Says aired in syndication during the 2019–20 season. [46]

In March 2020, the network launched Game Show Central, a digital streaming channel broadcasting archived original programming. The network is currently available on Samsung and Vizio smart television sets and Paramount Global-owned AVOD platform Pluto TV (which also carries rival network Buzzr). Game Show Central features both current GSN originals like America Says and older shows such as Cram, Friend or Foe?, Minute To Win It, and Baggage. [47] The Roku Channel picked up the service (with a somewhat different schedule and roster of shows compared to the Pluto TV stream) later in 2020. [48] The service was made available globally via Plex in late July 2020. [49]

Sport broadcast

In January 1995, Formula One launched from GSN Sports, the Grand Prix racing legends began in 28 January 1995 by 1976 British Grand Prix by Brands Hatch for 1994 graphics.

On 5 March 2003, the 2003 graphic in new Formula One logo starting in 1981 Monaco Grand Prix. On 2 February 2004, new graphic starting in 1979 Brazilian Grand Prix.

On 2 March 2009, the 2009 graphic began in 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, Ayrton Senna died after accident in corner for high-speed. On 12 February 2010, new graphic began to 1991 Monaco Grand Prix, On 19 March 2015, all-new graphic starting from 1997 European Grand Prix, Michael Schumacher was disqualified from championship after colliding in Villeneuve.

On 9 March 2018, new graphic starting by 1986 Australian Grand Prix. On 17 March 2022, all-new graphics starting by 1989 San Marino Grand Prix, Gerhard Berger survived after fireball accident during four-laps.

Online gaming

In 2007, Liberty Media acquired the Toronto-based FUN Technologies, operator of the popular online tournament casual game website WorldWinner. Following the acquisition, Liberty began to extend the GSN brand into online gaming by re-branding WorldWinner as a GSN service. [50] GSN also launched a social gaming app on Facebook, now known as GSN Casino, featuring skill and casino games along with competitive tournaments. By October 2010, GSN Casino had over 8 million active users. GSN also developed a Wheel of Fortune app for Facebook, released in 2010. [51]

GSN also published GSN Casino mobile apps, featuring various slot machine and bingo games in 2013, GSN Casino was the 10th highest-grossing app for iPad on the App Store. In January 2014, GSN acquired Bitrhymes Inc., developers of the social and mobile games Bingo Bash and Slots Bash, for an undisclosed amount. GSN had sued Bitrhymes in November 2013 following its prior offer to acquire the company, arguing that it had attempted to back out of its offer and accept a different one during GSN's exclusive negotiation period. [52] [53]

In November 2014, the network announced that a show based on Bingo Bash was in development for Game Show Network's 2015 slate of original programming. [54]

In October 2021, Sony sold the GSN Games subsidiary to mobile game developer Scopely in a $1 billion cash and stock deal. Sony will take a minority stake in Scopely. [55] [56]

See also

Related Research Articles

Fox Sports Networks Sports channel group in the US

Fox Sports Networks (FSN), formerly known as Fox Sports Net, was the collective name for a group of regional sports channels in the United States. Formed in 1996 by News Corporation, the networks were acquired by The Walt Disney Company on March 20, 2019, following its acquisition of 21st Century Fox. A condition of that acquisition imposed by the U.S. Department of Justice required Disney to sell the regional networks by June 18, 2019, 90 days after the completion of its acquisition. Disney subsequently agreed to sell the networks to Sinclair; the transaction was completed on August 22, 2019. The networks continued to use the Fox Sports name only under a transitional license agreement while rebranding options were explored. A rebranding cross-partnership with Bally's Corporation took effect on March 31, 2021, and the networks were rebranded as Bally Sports, ending the Fox Sports Networks branding after 25 years.

Lifetime is an American basic cable channel that is part of Lifetime Entertainment Services, a subsidiary of A&E Networks, which is jointly owned by Hearst Communications and The Walt Disney Company. It features programming that is geared toward women or features women in lead roles. As of January 2016, it is received by 93.8 million households in America.

Liberty Media American mass media company

Liberty Media Corporation is an American mass media company controlled by chairman John C. Malone. The company has three divisions, reflecting the company's ownership stakes in Formula One, SiriusXM, and the Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball team.

G4 (American TV network) American television channel

G4 is an American pay television and digital network owned by Comcast Spectacor that is primarily focused on video games.

Sony Pictures Television Inc. is an American television production and distribution studio. Based at the Sony Pictures Studios complex in Culver City, it is a division of Sony Entertainment's unit Sony Pictures Entertainment and a subsidiary of the Japanese conglomerate Sony Group Corporation.

NBC Sports Regional Networks Group of regional sports networks in the United States

NBC Sports Regional Networks is the collective name for a group of regional sports networks in the United States that are primarily owned and operated by the NBCUniversal division of the cable television company Comcast. The networks were originally established as Comcast SportsNet (CSN), a unit of Comcast's cable television business, beginning with a network in Philadelphia which launched in 1997. Their operations were aligned with the national NBC Sports division following the 2011 acquisition of NBC Universal by Comcast. NBC Sports Regional Networks' business and master control operations are based in Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

YES Network American regional sports network

The Yankee Entertainment and Sports Network (YES) is an American pay television regional sports network owned by Yankee Global Enterprises, Sinclair Broadcast Group and Entertainment Studios, Amazon, and The Blackstone Group, RedBird Capital and Mubadala Investment Company, which each own 13%. Primarily serving New York City, New York and the surrounding metropolitan area, it broadcasts a variety of sports events, as well as magazine, documentary and discussion programs; however, its main emphasis is focused on games and team-related programs involving the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball, the NBA's Brooklyn Nets, the WNBA's New York Liberty and New York City FC of Major League Soccer.

Bob Stewart (television producer) American television producer (1920–2012)

Bob Stewart was an American television game show producer. He was active in the TV industry from 1956 until his retirement in 1991.

Bally Sports Ohio is an American regional sports network owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group and is operated as an affiliate of Bally Sports. The channel broadcasts regional coverage of sports events in the state of Ohio, with a focus on professional sports teams based in Cleveland and Cincinnati, which are broadcast on separate programming feeds, as well as Columbus.

CBS Sports Network is an American pay television network owned by the CBS Entertainment Group unit of Paramount Global. When it launched in 2002 as the National College Sports Network, it operated as a multi-platform media brand which also included its primary website, collegesports.com, and a network of websites operated for the athletic departments of 215 colleges and universities.

AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh is an American regional sports network owned by Warner Bros. Discovery as part of the AT&T SportsNet brand of networks and is an affiliate of Bally Sports. Headquartered in Pittsburgh, the channel broadcasts local coverage of sports events throughout Greater Pittsburgh and western Pennsylvania, as well as national programs from Bally Sports including college sports, and magazine, entertainment and documentary programs. It is the exclusive home of the Pittsburgh Pirates and Pittsburgh Penguins, and the cable home of the Pittsburgh Steelers.

Root Sports Northwest Regional sports television network

Root Sports Northwest is an American regional sports network owned as a 60/40 joint venture between the Seattle Mariners and Warner Bros. Discovery respectively, the latter of which operates it as part of the AT&T SportsNet chain of regional networks and as an affiliate of Bally Sports. Headquartered near Seattle in the city of Bellevue, Washington, the channel broadcasts regional coverage of sports events throughout the Pacific Northwest, with a focus on professional sports teams based in Seattle and Portland. It is available on cable providers throughout Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, and Alaska and nationwide on satellite via DirecTV.

Audience Network was an American pay television channel that was owned by AT&T. It featured a mix of original and acquired series, specials, and feature films. The network operated as a commercial-free service and broadcast its programming without editing for content. It was originally exclusive to DirecTV, though it was also added to AT&T U-verse after AT&T's 2015 acquisition of DirecTV. It was also made available on later AT&T streaming efforts, including AT&T TV and AT&T Watch TV, a lower-cost option available to AT&T Mobility customers. As of 2019, the channel had a subscription base of 26 million. The channel ceased operations on May 22, 2020.

DirecTV American direct broadcast satellite and streaming TV company

DirecTV is an American multichannel video programming distributor based in El Segundo, California. Originally launched on June 17, 1994, its primary service is a digital satellite service serving the United States. It also provides traditional linear television service delivered by IP through its U-verse TV brand and a Virtual MVPD service through its DirecTV Stream brand. Its primary competitors are Dish Network, traditional cable television providers, IP-based television services, and other over-the-top video services.

NBC Sports Philadelphia is an American regional sports network owned by the NBC Sports Group unit of NBCUniversal, which in turn is owned by locally based cable television provider Comcast, and the Philadelphia Phillies. It is the flagship owned-and-operated outlet of NBC Sports Regional Networks. The channel broadcasts regional coverage of professional sports teams in the Philadelphia metropolitan area, as well as college sports events and original sports-related news, discussion and entertainment programming.

AT&T SportsNet Rocky Mountain is an American regional sports network owned by Warner Bros. Discovery as part of the AT&T SportsNet brand of networks, and is an affiliate of Bally Sports. Headquartered in Denver, Colorado, the network broadcasts regional coverage of sports events throughout the Rocky Mountain region, mainly focusing on professional sports teams based in the Denver metropolitan area, Utah and Nevada.

AT&T Sports Networks, LLC (ATTSN) is a group of regional sports networks in the United States that primarily own and operate AT&T Sports Networks. It is a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Discovery. Each of the networks carry regional broadcasts of sporting events from various professional, collegiate and high school sports teams.

Spectrum SportsNet LA and Spectrum Deportes LA is an American regional sports network jointly owned by the Los Angeles Dodgers Major League Baseball team and Charter Communications through its acquisition of Time Warner Cable in May 2016. The channel's programming is devoted completely to the Dodgers, and includes coverage of all Dodgers games not being exclusively televised by MLB's national television partners, along with news, interview, and documentary programming focusing on the team.

Buzzr American digital multicast television network

Buzzr is an American digital broadcast television network owned by Fremantle North America, a unit of the Fremantle subsidiary of RTL Group. The network serves as an outlet for the extensive library of classic game shows owned by Fremantle. Buzzr marks Fremantle's entry into North American television broadcasting; parent company RTL currently operates numerous TV channels in Europe.

References

  1. "Sony". Sony.
  2. "Game Show Network Greenlights New Word-Play Game "GET A CLUE," Hosted By Actor Rob Belushi".
  3. "How to Watch the Game Show Network Live Without Cable 2020 – Top 4 Options".
  4. "New York Times" THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Sony Venture to Start Game Show Channel New York Times, May 7, 1992, Retrieved on January 2, 2020,
  5. "Variety" Sony makes a deal for gameshow libraries variety.com December 7, 1992, Retrieved on January 21, 2013,
  6. "Highbeam Research" Sony Pictures' secret: Goodson's price is right. (Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc.'s licensing deal with Mark Goodson Productions) highbeam.com December 7, 1992, Retrieved on January 21, 2013.
  7. "COMPANY TOWN ANNEX". Los Angeles Times. July 27, 1994. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  8. "GSN Corporate - GSN Corporate". Archived from the original on March 9, 2010.
  9. "GSN Official". Facebook. August 29, 2013. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  10. Nedeff, Adam (April 1, 2014). This Day in Game Show History - 365 Commemorations and Celebrations, Vol. 4: October Through December. BearManor Media. p. December 1, 1994 - Game Show Network Launches. ISBN   978-1593935726.
  11. Umstead, R. Thomas (May 6, 2001). "Game Show Lands Cronin". Multichannel News . Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  12. "GSN's World Series of Blackjack Returns with a Stellar Line Up of the World's Top 40 Players" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  13. "Extreme Dodgeball Returns on GSN with a New League, Celebrity Captains and More Intense Action" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  14. "High Stakes Poker is back for Season 4" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  15. Jicha, Tom (March 14, 2004). "Game Show Network Plays The Name Game". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  16. "Lingo's Fifth Season Premieres April 3 Marking a First for GSN, the Network for Games" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  17. "GSN Names Chain Reaction Host". July 11, 2006. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  18. Moss, Linda (July 25, 2007). "Goldhill Succeeds Cronin Atop GSN". Multichannel News . Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  19. "Game Show Network Press Release". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  20. "GSN Renews and Expands Its 'Who Wants to Be a Millionaire' Inventory and Acquires 'Super Millionaire' Series" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  21. "GSN Acquires Another Cycle of FMNA's 'Family Feud'". March 14, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  22. "GSN Premieres 'Catch 21' on July 21, 2008" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  23. "Jerry Springer hosts new dating game series, 'Baggage,' to debut next month on Game Show Network". New York Daily News . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  24. "GSN Renews 'The Chase' Before Its Season One Debut". July 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  25. "GSN Sets Ratings Record With 'Bible Challenge' Debut". August 26, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  26. "GSN's Body-Painting Competition 'Skin Wars' to Launch an Aftershow (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter . August 5, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  27. "GSN Live" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  28. "GSN: Playmania Times Six". September 25, 2006. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  29. Goetzl, David (June 30, 2011). "Sony Gains Control of GSN Even With Minority Stake". TVBlog. MediaPost. Archived from the original on December 29, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  30. "InsideView" Update: DirecTV sells 18% stake in GSN to Sony Archived April 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine insideview.com, Retrieved on November 28, 2012
  31. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. Goldberg, Lesley (August 3, 2017). "GSN Promotes Mark Feldman to CEO". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  33. Saturday Night Classics! GSN, Dec 22, 2017
  34. @gameshownetwork (October 1, 2018). "It's the first day of our new logo! We're going back to our roots to celebrate our favorite thing: game shows. All-day, every day! What do you think?" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  35. "Game Show Network Adds, Renews Series". Multichannel News . April 5, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  36. "Game Show Network's New Expert Trivia Game Show, 'MASTER MINDS' Hosted by Brooke Burns Premieres April 6 at 4 PM ET" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  37. "AT&T INC. filed this 8-K on Sep 21, 2018" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  38. Hayes, Dade (November 18, 2019). "Sony Acquires AT&T's 42% Game Show Network Stake In Deal Worth $500M". Deadline. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  39. Schneider, Michael (December 28, 2020). "Year in Review: Most-Watched Television Networks — Ranking 2020's Winners and Losers". Variety . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  40. Hayes, Dade (December 7, 2021). "Sony-Owned GSN Ups Longtime Exec John Zaccario To President, Succeeding Mark Feldman Amid Mobile Gaming Unit Sale". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  41. "Where to find your favorite game shows" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  42. "Popular Game Shows "Deal Or No Deal" and "1 VS. 100" to Debut on Gsn, June 1 and June 6" . Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  43. C. Daniel Baker "Black Enterprise" Bounce TV Acquires Broadcast Rights To American Bible Challenge & The Newlywed Game blackenterprise.com, Retrieved on July 1, 2013.
  44. "PR Newswire" Bounce TV Acquires Broadcast Network Rights To The American Bible Challenge and Catch 21, prnewswire.com, Retrieved on July 1, 2013.
  45. "LAFF Launch Schedule and Acquires Spin City; Season 4 of Orange Is the New Black Coming to Netflix" . Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  46. Porter, Rick (June 12, 2019). "Sony, Game Show Network Take 'America Says' to Syndication". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved March 7, 2020.
  47. Davis, Alex (March 28, 2020). "So Game Show Network Stealth Dropped a Digital Network and We're Completely On Board". BuzzerBlog. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  48. "Game Show Central". The Roku Channel. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  49. Barnes, Jess (July 23, 2020). "Plex Adds Live TV Service with Over 80 Channels". Cord Cutters News. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  50. Viscarolosaga, Efrain. "WorldWinner's parent plans a whole new game". Mass High Tech. Archived from the original on August 29, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  51. Morrison, Chris. "GSN Quietly Grows Large on Facebook With Game Shows and Tournaments". Inside Social Games. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  52. Alex Ben Block (November 13, 2013). "Game Show Network Sues After Gaming Company Cancels Acquisition". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  53. "That's a Bingo: GSN Gobbles Up Bash Gaming, Ending Lawsuit". Re/code. February 25, 2014. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  54. "GSN BUILDS ON 2014 SUCCESS WITH NEW DEVELOPMENT FOR 2015". Game Show Network Corporate. Archived from the original on February 17, 2015. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  55. Weprin, Alex (October 18, 2021). "Sony Sells GSN Games Studio to Scopely for $1B". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  56. Spangler, Todd (October 18, 2021). "Sony Pictures Entertainment to Sell GSN Games Division to Scopely for $1 Billion". Variety. Retrieved October 18, 2021.