Gateshead (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Gateshead
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Gateshead2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Gateshead in Tyne and Wearfor the 2010 general election
EnglandTyneWear.svg
Location of Tyne and Wear within England
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 66,066 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Gateshead
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Ian Mearns (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from Gateshead East & Washington West, and Tyne Bridge
18321950
Number of membersOne
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from County Durham

Gateshead is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Ian Mearns of the Labour Party. [n 2]

Contents

History

First creation

The previous incarnation of the seat existed from 1832 to 1950. Among famous representatives are James Melville KC who was Solicitor General for England and Wales before he died, while holding the seat, and international statesman Konni Zilliacus who assisted in creating peaceful bilateral relations during the Cold War, including though work at the United Nations.

Second creation, current creation

Revival

The constituency was re-established to be fought from the 2010 general election.

Results of winning party

The 2015 result made the seat the 33rd-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. [2] The majority increased by taking 2.6% more of the total votes cast compared with the percentage taken in the previous election (a measure known as single party swing).

Boundaries

Gateshead (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of present boundaries

2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bridges, Chowdene, Deckham, Dunston and Teams, Felling, High Fell, Lobley Hill and Bensham, Low Fell, Saltwell, and Windy Nook and Whitehills.

The Boundary Commission's 2007-08 review led to a revived constituency of Gateshead, using parts of the abolished Gateshead East and Washington West and Tyne Bridge seats.

Under the current boundaries, the constituency is overwhelmingly White, and working-class; with 95% of its electorate identifying as White British and being in the top decile of constituencies for routine work. The area's politics are influenced by these demographics; with the exception of Low Fell, all of the wards that make up the constituency are safely Labour areas, and the constituency voted overwhelmingly to leave the European Union, like the borough as a whole.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1832–1950

ElectionMember [3] Party
1832 Cuthbert Rippon Radical [4] [5] [6]
1841 Sir William Hutt Radical [7] [8]
1859 Liberal
1874 Walter James Liberal
1893 Sir William Allan Liberal
1904 John Johnson Liberal
1910 Sir Harold Elverston Liberal
1918 Herbert Surtees Coalition Conservative
1922 John Brotherton Labour
1923 John Dickie Liberal
1924 John Beckett Labour
1929 Sir James Melville Labour
1931 Herbert Evans Labour
1931 Thomas Magnay National Liberal
1945 Konni Zilliacus Labour (1945–49)
Labour Independent Group (1949)
Independent Labour (1949–50)
1950 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010

ElectionMember [3] Party
2010 Ian Mearns Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Gateshead [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Mearns 20,450 53.6 -11.5
Conservative Jane MacBean13,25034.7+10.8
Liberal Democrats Peter Maughan2,7927.3+3.2
Green Rachael Cabral1,6534.3+2.8
Majority7,20018.9-22.3
Turnout 38,14559.2-5.4
Labour hold Swing -11.2
General election 2017: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Mearns 27,426 65.1 +8.3
Conservative Lauren Hankinson10,07623.9+9.4
UKIP Mark Bell2,2815.4-12.4
Liberal Democrats Frank Hindle1,7094.1-2.7
Green Andy Redfern6111.5-2.6
Majority17,35041.2+3.2
Turnout 42,10364.6+5.2
Labour hold Swing -0.5
General election 2015: Gateshead [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Mearns 21,549 56.8 +2.7
UKIP John Tennant6,76517.8+14.9
Conservative Thomas Smith5,50214.5−0.4
Liberal Democrats Frank Hindle2,5856.8−14.5
Green Andy Redfern [11] 1,5484.1+3.1
Majority14,78439.0+6.2
Turnout 37,94959.4+1.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 2010: Gateshead [12] [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Mearns 20,712 54.1 7.3
Liberal Democrats Frank Hindle8,16321.3+0.6
Conservative Hazel Anderson5,71614.9+4.8
BNP Kevin Scott1,7874.7+1.6
UKIP John Tennant1,1032.9−0.4
Green Andy Redfern3791.0New
TUSC Elaine Brunskill2660.7New
Christian David Walton1310.3New
Majority12,54932.8-7.9
Turnout 38,25757.5+3.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Konni Zilliacus 36,736 67.5 +20.2
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 17,71932.5-20.2
Majority19,01735.0N/A
Turnout 54,45576.0+1.3
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 28,77252.72
Labour James Wilson 25,80447.28
Majority2,9685.44
Turnout 54,57674.68
Liberal National hold Swing
General election 1931: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal National Thomas Magnay 34,76460.09
Labour Ernest Bevin 21,82637.73
New Party John Stuart Barr1,0771.86New
National Labour John Fennell1870.32New
Majority12,93822.36N/A
Turnout 57,31478.32
Liberal National gain from Labour Swing

Conservative candidate Charles White withdrew on 15 October 1931. Barr and Fennell also withdrew, but their names remained on the ballot paper.

1931 Gateshead by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Herbert Evans 22,893 51.6 1.0
Conservative Cuthbert Headlam 21,50148.4+26.9
Majority1,3923.227.9
Turnout 44,39460.813.1
Labour hold Swing

Sir James Melville passed away on 1 May 1931, leading to a by-election on 8 June. The winner of the by-election, Herbert Evans, himself died on 7 October, the day parliament was dissolved for the 1931 general election.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Melville 28,393 52.6 +2.4
Unionist Ian Orr-Ewing 11,64421.5-8.7
Liberal John Fennell10,31419.1-0.5
Independent Liberal John Leonard Watson3,6886.8New
Majority16,74931.1+11.1
Turnout 54,03973.9-8.8
Labour hold Swing +5.5
General election 1924: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Beckett 23,514 50.2 +9.1
Unionist Hilton Philipson 14,17830.2+14.0
Liberal John Dickie 9,18519.6-23.1
Majority9,33620.0N/A
Turnout 46,87782.7+9.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing -2.5
General election 1923: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Dickie 17,344 42.7 +17.8
Labour John Brotherton 16,68941.1-2.7
Unionist George Francis Stephen Christie6,59216.2-15.1
Majority3551.6N/A
Turnout 40,62573.2-5.2
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +10.3
General election 1922: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Brotherton 18,795 43.8 +20.0
Unionist Herbert Surtees 13,42431.3-25.6
Liberal John Dickie 10,67924.9+5.6
Majority5,37112.5N/A
Turnout 42,89878.4+23.8
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +22.8

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Herbert Surtees 17,21556.9+17.9
Labour John Brotherton 7,21223.8New
Liberal Harold Elverston 5,83319.3-41.7
Majority10,00333.1N/A
Turnout 30,26054.6-20.5
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General election December 1910: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Harold Elverston 8,763 61.0 +20.3
Conservative Herbert Surtees 5,60839.0+1.1
Majority3,15522.0+19.2
Turnout 14,37175.1-12.1
Liberal hold Swing
John Johnson 1906 John Johnson MP.jpg
John Johnson
General election January 1910: Gateshead
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Harold Elverston 6,800 40.7 +40.7
Liberal Unionist Nicholas Grattan-Doyle 6,32337.9+3.2
Labour John Johnson 3,57221.4-43.9
Majority4772.8-27.8
Turnout 16,69587.2+7.8
Liberal hold Swing +42.3

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab John Johnson 9,651 65.3 +11.5
Liberal Unionist Theodore Angier5,12634.711.5
Majority4,52530.6+23.0
Turnout 14,77779.4+5.1
Registered electors 18,614
Lib-Lab hold Swing +11.5
Morpeth 1910 Viscount Morpeth.jpg
Morpeth
1904 Gateshead by-election [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab John Johnson 8,220 54.0 +0.2
Liberal Unionist Charles Howard 7,01546.00.2
Majority1,2058.0+0.4
Turnout 15,23584.9+10.6
Registered electors 17,951
Lib-Lab hold Swing +0.2
Allan 1895 William Allan.jpg
Allan
General election 1900: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Allan 6,657 53.8 +1.8
Liberal Unionist John Sherburn5,71146.21.8
Majority9467.6+3.6
Turnout 12,36874.37.7
Registered electors 16,635
Liberal hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Allan 6,137 52.0 +0.6
Liberal Unionist J. Lucas5,65448.00.6
Majority4834.0+1.2
Turnout 11,79182.0+5.6
Registered electors 14,383
Liberal hold Swing +0.6
By-election, 1893: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Allan 6,434 53.6 +2.2
Liberal Unionist Pandeli Ralli 5,56646.42.2
Majority8687.2+4.4
Turnout 12,00085.2+8.8
Registered electors 14,090
Liberal hold Swing +2.2
General election 1892: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Walter James 5,336 51.4 N/A
Liberal Unionist Pandeli Ralli 5,04348.5New
Majority2932.8N/A
Turnout 10,37976.4N/A
Registered electors 13,581
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Walter James Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Gateshead [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Walter James 5,756 65.6 12.9
Conservative James Henry Bottomley [15] 3,02434.4+12.9
Majority2,73231.225.8
Turnout 8,78066.5+3.1
Registered electors 13,206
Liberal hold Swing 12.9
General election 1880: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Walter James 5,749 78.5 +3.4
Conservative Gainsford Bruce [17] 1,57021.53.2
Majority4,17957.0+6.6
Turnout 7,31963.4+13.0
Registered electors 11,551
Liberal hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Gateshead [16] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Walter James 4,250 75.1 +11.6
Conservative Richard Forster1,39624.7New
Independent Liberal William Arbuthnot [19] 120.236.3
Majority2,85450.4+23.4
Turnout 5,65857.811.2
Registered electors 9,782
Liberal hold Swing +24.0

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Hutt 2,442 63.5 N/A
Independent Liberal William Arbuthnot [21] 1,40636.5New
Majority1,03627.0N/A
Turnout 3,84869.0N/A
Registered electors 5,578
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Hutt Unopposed
Registered electors 1,165
Liberal hold
By-election, 13 February 1860: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Hutt Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Hutt Unopposed
Registered electors 913
Liberal hold
General election 1857: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Hutt Unopposed
Registered electors 895
Radical hold
General election 1852: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Hutt 270 45.3 N/A
Conservative Adolphus Frederick Octavius Liddell [22] 19031.9New
Independent Liberal Ralph Walters [23] [24] 13622.8New
Majority8013.4N/A
Turnout 59683.8N/A
Registered electors 711
Radical hold

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Hutt Unopposed
Registered electors 656
Radical hold
General election 1841: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Radical William Hutt Unopposed
Registered electors 554
Radical hold

Elections in the 1830s

General election 1837: Gateshead [16] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Radical Cuthbert Rippon 236 61.0
Radical John William Williamson15139.0
Majority8522.0
Turnout 38772.5
Registered electors 534
Radical hold
General election 1835: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Radical Cuthbert RipponUnopposed
Registered electors 506
Radical hold
General election 1832: Gateshead [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Radical Cuthbert RipponUnopposed
Registered electors 454
Radical win (new seat)

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all current constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN   0-900178-06-X.

  1. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. 1 2 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
  4. Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 194. Retrieved 5 November 2018 via Google Books.
  5. English Heritage (2013). "Battersea High Street area" (PDF). University College London. p. 34. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  6. Coohill, Joseph (17 October 2011). "Chapter 5. Appropriation and the Formation of the Parliamentary Liberal Party". Parliamentary History. 30 (s2): 113–130. doi:10.1111/j.1750-0206.2011.00259.x.
  7. Quinault, Roland; Swift, Roger; Windscheffel, Ruth Clayton, eds. (2016). "Gladstone and the Suppression of the Slave Trade". William Gladstone: New Studies and Perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 255. ISBN   9781315547152 . Retrieved 10 May 2018 via Google Books.
  8. Steele, ED (1991). "Party: Whigs and Liberals". Palmerston and Liberalism: 1855-1865. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 84–85. ISBN   978-0-521-40045-9 . Retrieved 10 May 2018 via Google Books.
  9. "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). 14 November 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 July 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  10. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. "Greens name election candidates".
  12. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. Official results from Gateshead Council
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  15. "Presentation to Mr J. H. Bottomley" . Sheffield Daily Telegraph . 23 April 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 26 November 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  17. "The General Election" . Leicester Chronicle. 3 April 1880. p. 8. Retrieved 26 November 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. "Gateshead" . Sheffield Independent. 31 January 1874. p. 6. Retrieved 30 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. "Gateshead" . Newcastle Journal. 28 January 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 13 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. "Gateshead - Close of the Poll" . Jersey Independent and Daily Telegraph. 5 February 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 30 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. "Gateshead" . Newcastle Chronicle. 31 October 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 13 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. "Gateshead Election" . Newcastle Journal. 10 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 10 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. "Dinner to Ralph Walters, Esq. at Gateshead" . Newcastle Journal. 31 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 10 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. "Election Intelligence" . Morning Chronicle. 7 July 1852. pp. 2–5. Retrieved 10 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. List of Electors of the Borough of Gateshead Arranged as they used their Elective Franchise at the first contested election, July 27, 1837. Gateshead: W. Stephenson. 1837. Retrieved 13 April 2020 via Google Books.

Sources

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