| Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Electorate||66,066 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Ian Mearns (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Gateshead East & Washington West, and Tyne Bridge|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Created from||County Durham|
Gateshead is a constituencyrepresented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Ian Mearns of the Labour Party.
The previous incarnation of the seat existed from 1832 to 1950. Among famous representatives are James Melville KC who was Solicitor General for England and Wales before he died, while holding the seat, and international statesman Konni Zilliacus who assisted in creating peaceful bilateral relations during the Cold War, including though work at the United Nations.
The constituency was re-established to be fought from the 2010 general election.
The 2015 result made the seat the 33rd-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.The majority increased by taking 2.6% more of the total votes cast compared with the percentage taken in the previous election (a measure known as single party swing).
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bridges, Chowdene, Deckham, Dunston and Teams, Felling, High Fell, Lobley Hill and Bensham, Low Fell, Saltwell, and Windy Nook and Whitehills.
The Boundary Commission's 2007-08 review led to a revived constituency of Gateshead, using parts of the abolished Gateshead East and Washington West and Tyne Bridge seats.
Under the current boundaries, the constituency is overwhelmingly White, and working-class; with 95% of its electorate identifying as White British and being in the top decile of constituencies for routine work. The area's politics are influenced by these demographics; with the exception of Low Fell, all of the wards that make up the constituency are safely Labour areas, and the constituency voted overwhelmingly to leave the European Union, like the borough as a whole.
|1841||Sir William Hutt||Radical|
|1893||Sir William Allan||Liberal|
|1910||Sir Harold Elverston||Liberal|
|1918||Herbert Surtees||Coalition Conservative|
|1929||Sir James Melville||Labour|
|1931||Thomas Magnay||National Liberal|
|1945||Konni Zilliacus|| Labour (1945–49)|
Labour Independent Group (1949)
Independent Labour (1949–50)
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Maughan||2,792||7.3||+3.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Frank Hindle||1,709||4.1||-2.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Frank Hindle||2,585||6.8||−14.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Frank Hindle||8,163||21.3||+0.6|
|Liberal National||Thomas Magnay||17,719||32.5||-20.2|
|Labour gain from Liberal National||Swing|
|Liberal National||Thomas Magnay||28,772||52.72|
|Liberal National hold||Swing|
|Liberal National||Thomas Magnay||34,764||60.09|
|New Party||John Stuart Barr||1,077||1.86||New|
|National Labour||John Fennell||187||0.32||New|
|Liberal National gain from Labour||Swing|
Conservative candidate Charles White withdrew on 15 October 1931. Barr and Fennell also withdrew, but their names remained on the ballot paper.
Sir James Melville passed away on 1 May 1931, leading to a by-election on 8 June. The winner of the by-election, Herbert Evans, himself died on 7 October, the day parliament was dissolved for the 1931 general election.
|Independent Liberal||John Leonard Watson||3,688||6.8||New|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||-2.5|
|Unionist||George Francis Stephen Christie||6,592||16.2||-15.1|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing||+10.3|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+22.8|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal Unionist||Nicholas Grattan-Doyle||6,323||37.9||+3.2|
|Liberal Unionist||Theodore Angier||5,126||34.7||−11.5|
|Liberal Unionist||Charles Howard||7,015||46.0||−0.2|
|Liberal Unionist||John Sherburn||5,711||46.2||−1.8|
|Liberal Unionist||J. Lucas||5,654||48.0||−0.6|
|Liberal Unionist||Pandeli Ralli||5,566||46.4||−2.2|
|Liberal Unionist||Pandeli Ralli||5,043||48.5||New|
|Conservative||James Henry Bottomley||3,024||34.4||+12.9|
|Independent Liberal||William Arbuthnot||12||0.2||−36.3|
|Independent Liberal||William Arbuthnot||1,406||36.5||New|
|Conservative||Adolphus Frederick Octavius Liddell||190||31.9||New|
|Independent Liberal||Ralph Walters||136||22.8||New|
|Radical||John William Williamson||151||39.0|
|Radical win (new seat)|
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
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