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Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°30′N77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47 Coordinates: 27°30′N77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Mathura
179 m (587 ft)
 (2011) [1]
  Official Hindi
  Native Braj Bhasha dialect
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
281502 [2]
Vehicle registration UP-85

Govardhan also called Giriraj, is a key pilgrimage centre in India and a municipal town; a nagar panchayat; seat of a MLA Member of Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh; a Tehsil, in Mathura district in the India in state of Uttar Pradesh. About 23 kilometres from Mathura, the town is on the road link between Mathura and Deeg. [3]



Govardhana is located at 27°30′N77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47 . [4] It has an average elevation of 179 metres (587 feet). Govardhana has been made Tehsil in Mathura District by the Uttar Pradesh government.


In the 2011 Indian Census, Govardhana had a population of 22,576. Males constituted 55% of the population and females 45%. Govardhana has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 52%. In Govardhana, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. [1]

Govardhan Hill

Govardhan hill, Govardhan. Govardhan hill, Govardhan.jpg
Govardhan hill, Govardhan.
Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill Shahadin 001.jpg
Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill


Each year Hindus and other people make pilgrimage to Govardhan, and its sacred Govardhan Hill, from different places in India and other parts of the world. They circumambulate Govardhan and offer their obeisances to Krishna and Radha, key deities in Hinduism. One of the main festivals celebrated at Govardhan is Govardhan Puja, that commemorates the lifting of Govardhan Hill (Giriraj Parvat) to protect the villagers of Braj from the flood caused by the Lord of thunder and rain, Indra. [5] [3] One of the most important day celebrated at Govardhan is Guru Poornima (also called "Mudia Poono").[ citation needed ] Following the festival of lights, or Diwali, the previous day, devotees come to Govardhan for parikrama. [5]

Historic religious sites

Sites on the hill include Kusum Sarovar, Haridev Temple, [3] and other temples like Daan-Ghati Temple and Mukharbind Temple. The town is also famous for its 21 kilometers long Parikrama of the famous Govardhan Hill.

Shri Govardhan Giriraj Ji Temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna. aashiiss(tm) govrdhn.jpg
Shri Govardhan Giriraj Ji Temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna.
Shri Govardhan Giriraj Ji Temple, Govardhan Hill, Mathura aashiiss(tm) govrdhn 0119.jpg
Shri Govardhan Giriraj Ji Temple, Govardhan Hill, Mathura

Mansi Ganga sacred lake

Mansi Ganga Mansi Ganga near shri Girraj Mandir ,Mathura - panoramio.jpg
Mansi Ganga

The town also houses Mansi Ganga, a close-ended lake. [3] On the banks of this sacred lake, there are quite a few temples, prominent among them the Mukharbind temple.[ citation needed ]

Kusum sarovar and Samadhi of Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal

On the Govardhan Parikrama path on the western bank of 130 sqm sacred artificial lake Kusum Sarovar (Kusum kund) there are three Chhatris housing the samadhis of Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal (r. 1755 – 25 December 1763) and 2 his wives, all of these memorials were built by his son and successor Maharaja Jawahar Singh. [6] [7] The architecture and carving is in the pierced stone style and the ceiling of cenotaphs are adorned with the beautiful painting of life of lord Krishna and Maharajs Suraj Mal's court. [6] [7] Most imposing chattri is of Mahara Suraj Mal, flanked on either side by two smaller chattris of his two wives, "Maharani Hansiya" and "Maharani Kishori". [7] Maharaj Suraj Mal is well known for capturing Red Fort in 1754 CE after defetaing the forces of Mughal king Ahmad Shah Bahadur. [8] [9]


Govardhan is located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Delhi, where the airport is located. A railway station is located at Mathura, where taxis can be hired to reach the town, [5] which is about 23 kilometres (14 mi) away. There are also tourist buses [3] and a single line electric train for the journey from Mathura. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

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  4. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Govardhana
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  6. 1 2 Madan Prasad Bezbaruah, Dr. Krishna Gopal, Phal S. Girota, 2003, Fairs and Festivals of India: Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, p. 480-494.
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  8. Jat Kingdom of Bharatpur
  9. "Haryana Revenue Gazeteer of Gurgaon 1910, Section B - History" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
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