This is a list of wetlands in Australia that are designated by the Ramsar Convention as sites of international importance. Under the convention, the wetlands are considered as being of significant value not only for the Australian community, but for humanity as a whole.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands came into force for Australia on 21 December 1975. As of 28 February 2018, Australia has 66 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance, with a total area of 8,342,175 hectares (20,613,960 acres).
The management of Ramsar sites listed within Australia is controlled at national level by the Australian government via the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and its accompanying regulations, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations 2000.
The act, as of 2015, lists the principles required for meeting treaty obligations in respect to "wetlands of international importance" including "environmental approvals" (i.e. sections 16-17B), the prerequisites for the making of both "declarations" and "bilateral agreements" (i.e. sections 34C and 37F, and 52 respectively), the approval process (i.e. section 138), "strategic assessments" (i.e. section 134J), and the management approach (i.e. sections 325 to 336 inclusive).
The applicable regulation (i.e. regulation 10.02) lists three requirements as of 2015. Firstly, a set of general principles for management is described including the need for "public consultation," the involvement of parties with an interest and/or who may be affected by the management of wetland, as well as allowing for "continuing community and technical input." Secondly, the requirements for the management plan to be prepared for each listed wetland are described. Thirdly, the requirements for the "environmental impact assessment and approval" are described for parties wishing to undertake activities that are likely to have "a significant impact on the ecological character of a Ramsar wetland."
The following wetlands are located in the Australian Capital Territory:
|Ginini Flats Subalpine Bog Complex||Namadgi National Park||125 ha (309 acres)||11 March 1996||RS793|
The following wetlands are located in New South Wales:
|Blue Lake||Kosciuszko National Park||320 hectares (790 acres)||17 March 1996||RS800|
|Fivebough and Tuckerbil Swamps||Riverina||689 hectares (1,700 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1224|
|Gwydir Wetlands||North West Slopes||823 hectares (2,030 acres)||14 June 1999||RS993|
|Hunter Estuary Wetlands||Newcastle||2,971 hectares (7,340 acres)||21 February 1984||RS287|
|Little Llangothlin Lagoon||Northern Tablelands||258 hectares (640 acres)||17 March 1996||RS798|
|Lake Pinaroo||Sturt National Park, Far West||800 hectares (2,000 acres)||17 March 1996||RS799|
|Macquarie Marshes||North West Slopes||18,726 hectares (46,270 acres)||1 August 1986||RS337|
|Myall Lakes||Mid North Coast||44,612 hectares (110,240 acres)||14 June 1999||RS994|
|Narran Wetlands||North West Slopes||5,530 hectares (13,700 acres)||14 June 1999||RS995|
|Central Murray Forests||Riverina||84,028 hectares (207,640 acres)||20 May 2003||RS1291|
|Paroo River Wetlands||Far West||138,304 hectares (341,760 acres)||13 September 2007||RS1716|
|Towra Point Nature Reserve||Sutherland Shire, Sydney||386 hectares (950 acres)||21 February 1984||RS286|
The following wetlands are located in the Northern Territory:
|Cobourg Peninsula||Garig Gunak Barlu National Park||220,700 hectares (545,000 acres)||8 May 1974||RS1|
|Kakadu National Park (Stage 1)|| Alligator Rivers,|
Kakadu National Park
|683,000 hectares (1,690,000 acres)||12 June 1980||RS204|
|Kakadu National Park (Stage 2)||692,940 hectares (1,712,300 acres)||15 September 1989||RS441|
The following wetlands are located in Queensland:
|Bowling Green Bay||North Queensland||35,500 hectares (88,000 acres)||22 October 1993||RS632|
|Currawinya Lakes||South West Queensland||151,300 hectares (374,000 acres)||11 March 1996||RS791|
|Great Sandy Strait||Wide Bay–Burnett||93,160 hectares (230,200 acres)||14 June 1999||RS992|
|Moreton Bay||South East Queensland||113,314 hectares (280,000 acres)||22 October 1993||RS631|
|Shoalwater and Corio Bays||Central Queensland||239,100 hectares (591,000 acres)||11 March 1996||RS792|
The following wetlands are located in South Australia:
|Banrock Station Wetland Complex||Riverland||1,375 hectares (3,400 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1221|
|Bool and Hacks Lagoons||Limestone Coast||3,200 hectares (7,900 acres)||1 November 1985||RS322|
|Coongie Lakes||Lake Eyre Basin||1,980,000 hectares (4,900,000 acres)||1 June 1987||RS376|
|Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert Wetland||Lake Alexandrina||140,500 hectares (347,000 acres)||1 November 1985||RS321|
|Piccaninnie Ponds Karst Wetlands||Limestone Coast||862 hectares (2,130 acres)||21 December 2012||RS2136|
|Riverland Ramsar site||Riverland||30,600 hectares (76,000 acres)||23 September 1987||RS377|
The following wetlands are located in Tasmania:
|Apsley Marshes||Freycinet Peninsula||880 hectares (2,200 acres)||16 November 1982||RS255|
|Cape Barren Island, east coast lagoons||Furneaux Group||4,370 hectares (10,800 acres)||16 November 1982||RS255|
|Interlaken Lakeside Reserve||Central Highlands||520 hectares (1,300 acres)||16 November 1982||RS259|
|Jocks Lagoon||St Helens||18 hectares (44 acres)||16 November 1982||RS258|
|Lavinia||King Island||7,020 hectares (17,300 acres)||16 November 1982||RS253|
|Little Waterhouse Lake||North East||57 hectares (140 acres)||16 November 1982||RS260|
|Logan Lagoon|| Flinders Island,|
|2,320 hectares (5,700 acres)||16 November 1982||RS252|
|Lower Ringarooma River||North East||4,160 hectares (10,300 acres)||16 November 1982||RS257|
|Moulting Lagoon Nature Reserve||Freycinet Peninsula||4,580 hectares (11,300 acres)||16 November 1982||RS251|
|Pittwater-Orielton Lagoon||Southern Tasmania||3,175 hectares (7,850 acres)||16 November 1982||RS254|
The following wetlands are located in Victoria:
|Barmah Forest||Goulburn Valley, Hume||28,515 hectares (70,460 acres)||15 December 1982||RS262|
|Corner Inlet||South Gippsland||67,186 hectares (166,020 acres)||15 December 1982||RS261|
|Glenelg Estuary and Discovery Bay Ramsar Site||Glenelg Shire||22,289 hectares (55,080 acres)||28 February 2018||RS2344|
|Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands||Port Phillip||261 hectares (640 acres)||29 August 2001||RS1096|
|Gippsland Lakes||East Gippsland||60,015 hectares (148,300 acres)||15 December 1982||RS269|
|Gunbower Forest||19,931 hectares (49,250 acres)||15 December 1982||RS263|
|Hattah-Kulkyne Lakes||Murray Mallee||955 hectares (2,360 acres)||15 December 1982||RS264|
|Kerang Wetlands||Murray Mallee||9,419 hectares (23,270 acres)||15 December 1982||RS265|
|Lake Albacutya||Wimmera||5,731 hectares (14,160 acres)||15 December 1982||RS270|
|Port Phillip Bay and Bellarine Peninsula||Port Phillip,|
|22,897 hectares (56,580 acres)||15 December 1982||RS266|
|Western District Lakes||Western District||32,898 hectares (81,290 acres)||15 December 1982||RS268|
|Western Port Bay||Western Port||59,297 hectares (146,530 acres)||15 December 1982||RS267|
The following wetlands are located in Western Australia:
|Becher Point Wetlands||Swan Coastal Plain||677 hectares (1,670 acres)||5 January 2001||RS1048|
|Eighty Mile Beach||Kimberley||125,000 hectares (310,000 acres)||7 June 1990||RS480|
|Forrestdale and Thomsons Lakes||Swan Coastal Plain||754 hectares (1,860 acres)||7 June 1990||RS481|
|Lake Gore||Goldfields-Esperance||4,017 hectares (9,930 acres)||5 January 2001||RS1049|
|Lake Warden System||Goldfields-Esperance||2,300 hectares (5,700 acres)||7 June 1990||RS485|
|Lakes Argyle and Kununurra||Kimberley||150,000 hectares (370,000 acres)||7 June 1990||RS478|
|Muir-Byenup System||South West||10,631 hectares (26,270 acres)||5 January 2001||RS1050|
|Ord River Floodplain||Kimberley||141,453 hectares (349,540 acres)||7 June 1990||RS477|
|Peel-Yalgorup System||Swan Coastal Plain||26,530 hectares (65,600 acres)||7 June 1990||RS482|
|Roebuck Bay||Kimberley||55,000 hectares (140,000 acres)||7 June 1990||RS479|
|Toolibin Lake||Wheatbelt||493 hectares (1,220 acres)||7 June 1990||RS483|
|Vasse-Wonnerup System||South West||1,115 hectares (2,760 acres)||7 June 1990||RS484|
The following wetlands are located in the External territories:
|Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve||Ashmore and Cartier Islands||58,300 hectares (144,000 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1220|
|Coral Sea Reserves (Coringa-Herald and Lihou Reef and Cays)||Coral Sea Islands Territory||1,729,200 hectares (4,273,000 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1222|
|The Dales||Christmas Island||57 hectares (140 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1225|
|Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve||Coral Sea Islands Territory||188,000 hectares (460,000 acres)||21 October 2002||RS1223|
|Hosnies Spring||Christmas Island||1 hectare (2.5 acres)||11 December 1990||RS512|
|Pulu Keeling National Park||Cocos (Keeling) Islands||122 hectares (300 acres)||17 March 1996||RS797|
Protected areas of Australia include Commonwealth and off-shore protected areas managed by the Australian government, as well as protected areas within each of the six states of Australia and two self-governing territories, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory, which are managed by the eight state and territory governments.
Protected areas of South Australia consists of protected areas located within South Australia and its immediate onshore waters and which are managed by South Australian Government agencies. As of March 2018, South Australia contains 359 separate protected areas declared under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972, the Crown Land Management Act 2009 and the Wilderness Protection Act 1992 which have a total land area of 211,387.48 km2 (81,617.16 sq mi) or 21.5% of the state's area.
This is an index of conservation topics. It is an alphabetical index of articles relating to conservation biology and conservation of the natural environment.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed in 1971.
The China–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA) is a bilateral treaty between Australia and China that aims to protect migratory birds and their environment between the two countries. Throughout all six Articles, the treaty defines what a migratory bird is, outlines key prohibitions for both contracting parties and determines the responsibilities of both nations to protect migratory birds and their habitats. The CAMBA was first developed on 20 October, 1986, and came into force on 1 September, 1988. Eighty-one bird species are listed in the agreement, as shown in the CAMBA Annex listed below.
The Towra Point Nature Reserve is a protected nature reserve that is located in Sutherland Shire, southern Sydney, New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 603-hectare (1,490-acre) reserve is situated on the southern shores of Botany Bay at Kurnell, within the Sutherland Shire. The reserve is protected under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance as an important breeding ground for many vulnerable, protected, or endangered species. The Towra Point Aquatic Nature Reserve is located in the surrounding waterways.
The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, long title An Act relating to the protection of the environment and the conservation of biodiversity, and for related purposes, is an Act of the Parliament of Australia that provides a framework for protection of the Australian environment, including its biodiversity and its natural and culturally significant places. Enacted on 17 July 2000, it established a range of processes to help protect and promote the recovery of threatened species and ecological communities, and preserve significant places from decline. The EPBC Act is as of June 2020 administered by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. Lists of threatened species are drawn up under the Act, and these lists, the primary reference to threatened species in Australia, are available online through the Species Profile and Threats Database (SPRAT).
The Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area is a Canadian river delta wetland and Wildlife Management Area near Creston in south-central British Columbia, on the floodplain of the Kootenay River at the south end of Kootenay Lake. Predominantly marshland, it was classified as a wetland of international importance on February 21, 1994, and is also a globally significant Important Bird Area. It is one of the "few significant agricultural areas of the province", and is in the Montane Cordillera. It stretches north along Kootenay Lake for approximately 20 km, and south to the United States border. It is both the only breeding site of the Forster's tern and the only site with leopard frogs in the province, as well as one of the few Canadian habitats for the Coeur D'Alene salamander. Creston Valley provides staging and nesting areas for migratory birds on the Pacific Flyway.
The Riverland Biosphere Reserve, formerly the Bookmark Biosphere Reserve, is a 9,000 square kilometres area of land in eastern South Australia, adjoining the states of New South Wales and Victoria. It is one of 14 biosphere reserves in Australia and is part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, being officially recognized and listed by UNESCO in 1977.
The Paroo-Darling National Park is a protected national park that is located in the Far West region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 178,053-hectare (439,980-acre) national park spans two distinct regions in the outback area. This region covers the arid catchments of the Paroo River and the Paroo-Darling confluence to the south.
The Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands are a group of two principally freshwater swamps, totalling 261 hectares, lying in the suburbs of Aspendale, Edithvale, Chelsea Heights, and Seaford in south-eastern Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Together they form the Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands Ramsar Site. With the nearby Eastern Treatment Plant, they form the Carrum Wetlands Important Bird Area.
Toolibin Lake is a seasonal fresh to brackish water perched lake or wooded swamp, in south-western Australia. The lake is contained with a 493-hectare (1,218-acre) nature reserve and it is located about 200 kilometres (124 mi) south-east of Perth, in the Shire of Narrogin, and 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of the town of Narrogin, in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. The lake is listed by the Australian Government as a threatened ecological community under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is the largest assembly of data on the world's terrestrial and marine protected areas, containing more than 260,000 protected areas as of August 2020, with records covering 245 countries and territories throughout the world. The WDPA is a joint venture between the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the International Union for Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas.
Banrock Station Wetland Complex is a wetland complex located in South Australia which has been recognised as being of international importance by designation under the Ramsar Convention. It was listed on 21 October 2002 as Ramsar site 1221. It lies in the Riverland region of south-eastern South Australia and is adjacent to the Murray River. It is a floodplain wetland subject to an ongoing environmental restoration program by a commercial organisation which manages the wetlands and promotes ecologically sustainable land use practices. In 2002 Banrock Station Wines received the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award in recognition of its conservation efforts.
Chowilla Regional Reserve is protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located in the gazetted locality of Chowilla about 250 kilometres (160 mi) north-east of the state capital of Adelaide.
Chowilla Game Reserve is a protected area covering the floodplain on the north side of the River Murray in South Australia from about 8 kilometres north-east of Renmark to the New South Wales border. It was proclaimed 8 April 1993 in conjunction with the Chowilla Regional Reserve, after a community consultation process which recommended that "hunting of waterfowl be a permitted activity in selected areas of the Chowilla floodplain". The game reserve is classified as an IUCN Category VI protected area.
Calperum Station, also known as Calperum Reserve, is a nature reserve located in the east of the Australian state of South Australia about 10 kilometres north-west of the town of Renmark and about 250 kilometres east of the state capital of Adelaide. Calperum Station consists of three separate pastoral leases - Calperum, Calperum Road and Yubalia.