Survivor (American TV series)

Last updated

Survivor
400px-Survivor.borneo.logo.png
Logo used for the first season
Genre Reality competition
Created by Charlie Parsons
Presented by Jeff Probst
Starring Survivor contestants
Theme music composer Russ Landau
Composer David Vanacore
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons40
No. of episodes596 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
Production location see below
Running time43 minutes
Production companies
Distributor
Release
Original network CBS
Picture format 480i (SDTV) (2000–08)
1080i (HDTV) (2008–present)
Original releaseMay 31, 2000 (2000-05-31) 
present
Chronology
Related shows Expedition Robinson
International versions
External links
Website

Survivor is the American version of the international Survivor reality competition television franchise, itself derived from the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson created by Charlie Parsons which premiered in 1997. The American series premiered on May 31, 2000, on CBS. It is hosted by television personality Jeff Probst, who is also an executive producer along with Mark Burnett and the original creator, Parsons. The television show places a group of strangers in an isolated location, where they must provide food, fire, and shelter for themselves. The contestants compete in challenges including testing the contestants' physical ability like running and swimming or their mental abilities like puzzles and endurance challenges for rewards and immunity from elimination. The contestants are progressively eliminated from the game as they are voted out by their fellow contestants until only one remains and is given the title of "Sole Survivor" and is awarded the grand prize of US$1,000,000 ($2,000,000 in Winners at War ).

Contents

The American version has been very successful. From the 2000–01 through the 2005–06 television seasons, its first eleven seasons (competitions) rated among the top ten most-watched shows. It is commonly considered the leader of American reality TV because it was the first highly-rated and profitable reality show on broadcast television in the U.S., and is considered one of the best shows of the 2000s (decade). [1] [2] [3] The series has been nominated for several Emmy Awards, including winning for Outstanding Sound Mixing in 2001, Outstanding Special Class Program in 2002, and was subsequently nominated four times for Outstanding Reality-Competition Program when the category was introduced in 2003. Probst won the award for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program four consecutive times after the award was introduced in 2008. In 2007, the series was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all time. [4] In 2013, TV Guide ranked it at #39 on its list of the "60 Best Series of All Time". [5]

The series' 40th season Survivor: Winners at War premiered on February 12, 2020, during the 20th anniversary of the show, and finished airing on May 13, 2020. [6] Production for the 41st and 42nd seasons was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, [7] and instead began production in spring 2021, with a fall 2021 premiere date for season 41. [8] Season 41 will once again be filmed in the Mamanuca Islands, Fiji. [9] [10] [11]

Format and rules

The first U.S. season of Survivor followed the same general format as the Swedish series. Sixteen or more players, split between two or more "tribes", are taken to a remote isolated location (usually in a tropical climate) and are forced to live off the land with meager supplies for 39 days (42 in The Australian Outback ). Frequent physical and mental challenges are used to pit the teams against each other for rewards, such as food or luxuries, or for "immunity", forcing the other tribe to attend "Tribal Council", where they must vote off one of their tribemates.

Signaling the halfway point in the game, survivors from both tribes come together to live as one, making it to the "merge". At this point, survivors will compete against each other to win individual immunity; winning immunity prevents that player from being voted out at Tribal Council. Most players that are voted out after the merge form the game's "jury". Once the group gets down to two or three people, a Final Tribal Council is held where the remaining players plead their case to the jury members. The jury then votes for which player should be considered the "Sole Survivor" and win the show's grand prize. In all seasons for the United States version (excluding Survivor: Winners at War ), this has included a $1-million prize in addition to the Sole Survivor title; some seasons (particularly earlier seasons) have included additional prizes offered during the game, such as a car, as well as fan-favorite prizes awarded at the finale. All contestants are paid on a sliding scale based on the order they were voted out: the first player voted out has been given US$2,500 and the amount increases from there. Some of the seasons that have featured returning players have increased these amounts: Survivor: All-Stars featured payouts starting at US$5,000, while Winners at War had a minimum US$25,000 payout. All players are offered US$10,000 for participating in the finale show. [12]

The U.S. version has introduced numerous modifications, or "twists", on the core rules in order to keep the players on their toes and to prevent players from relying on strategies that succeeded in prior seasons. These changes have included tribal switches, seasons starting with more than two tribes, the ability to exile a player from a tribe for a short time, unannounced returning players, hidden immunity idols that players can use to save themselves or others at Tribal Council, special voting powers which can be used to influence the result at Tribal Council, chance to return to regular gameplay after elimination through the "Redemption Island," "Edge of Extinction" or "The Outcast Tribe" twists, and a final four fire-making challenge as of season 35.

Series overview

The United States version is produced by Mark Burnett and hosted by Jeff Probst, who also serves as an executive producer. Each competition is called a season, has a unique name, and lasts from 13 to 16 episodes. The first season, Survivor: Borneo , was broadcast as a summer replacement show in 2000. Starting with Survivor: Africa , there have been two seasons aired during each U.S. television season.

In the first season, there was a 75-person crew. By season 22, the crew had grown to 325 people. [13]

A total of 590 contestants have competed on Survivor's 40 seasons.

List of Survivor (U.S.) seasons
#Season titleLocationOriginal tribesWinnerRunner(s)-upFinal vote
1 Survivor: Borneo Pulau Tiga, Sabah, MalaysiaTwo tribes of eight new players Richard Hatch Kelly Wiglesworth4–3
2 Survivor: The Australian Outback Herbert River at Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia Tina Wesson Colby Donaldson
3 Survivor: Africa Shaba National Reserve, Kenya [14] Ethan Zohn Kim Johnson5–2
4 Survivor: Marquesas Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia Vecepia Towery Neleh Dennis4–3
5 Survivor: Thailand Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, ThailandTwo tribes of eight new players; picked by the two oldest players Brian Heidik Clay Jordan
6 Survivor: The Amazon Rio Negro, Amazonas, BrazilTwo tribes of eight new players divided by gender Jenna Morasca Matthew Von Ertfelda6–1
7 Survivor: Pearl Islands Pearl Islands, PanamaTwo tribes of eight new players Sandra Diaz-Twine Lillian Morris
8 Survivor: All-Stars Three tribes of six returning players Amber Brkich Rob Mariano 4–3
9 Survivor: Vanuatu Efate, Shefa, VanuatuTwo tribes of nine new players divided by gender Chris Daugherty Twila Tanner5–2
10 Survivor: Palau Koror, PalauA schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine new players each; two eliminated without a tribe Tom Westman Katie Gallagher6–1
11 Survivor: Guatemala Laguna Yaxhá, Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, GuatemalaTwo tribes of nine, including two returning players Danni Boatwright Stephenie LaGrossa
12 Survivor: Panama Pearl Islands, PanamaFour tribes of four new players divided by age and gender Aras Baskauskas Danielle DiLorenzo5–2
13 Survivor: Cook Islands Aitutaki, Cook IslandsFour tribes of five new players divided by ethnicity: African Americans, Whites, Hispanics, and Asians Yul Kwon Ozzy Lusth Becky Lee5–4–0
14 Survivor: Fiji Macuata, Vanua Levu, FijiTwo tribes of nine new players divided by one selected castaway, who would replace the first person voted out Earl Cole Cassandra Franklin &
Andria "Dreamz" Herd
9–0–0
15 Survivor: China Zhelin, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, ChinaTwo tribes of eight new players Todd Herzog Courtney Yates Amanda Kimmel 4–2–1
16 Survivor: Micronesia Koror, PalauTwo tribes of ten: new players against past contestants Parvati Shallow Amanda Kimmel 5–3
17 Survivor: Gabon Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire, GabonA schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine new players, starting with the oldest players Robert "Bob" Crowley Susie Smith Jessica "Sugar" Kiper 4–3–0
18 Survivor: Tocantins Jalapão, Tocantins, BrazilTwo tribes of eight new players James "J.T." Thomas Jr. Stephen Fishbach 7–0
19 Survivor: Samoa Upolu, SamoaTwo tribes of ten new players Natalie White Russell Hantz Mick Trimming7–2–0
20 Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains Two tribes of ten returning players divided by reputation: "heroes" vs. "villains" Sandra Diaz-Twine Parvati Shallow Russell Hantz 6–3–0
21 Survivor: Nicaragua San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua [15] Two tribes of ten new players divided by age Jud "Fabio" Birza Chase Rice Matthew "Sash" Lenahan5–4–0
22 Survivor: Redemption Island Two tribes of nine, including two returning players Rob Mariano Phillip Sheppard Natalie Tenerelli8–1–0
23 Survivor: South Pacific Upolu, Samoa Sophie Clarke Benjamin "Coach" Wade Albert Destrade6–3–0
24 Survivor: One World Two tribes of nine new players divided by gender living on the same beach Kim Spradlin Sabrina ThompsonChelsea Meissner7–2–0
25 Survivor: Philippines Caramoan, Camarines Sur, PhilippinesThree tribes of six, including three returning players who had been medically evacuated in a previous season Denise Stapley Lisa Whelchel &
Michael Skupin
6–1–1
26 Survivor: Caramoan Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants John Cochran Dawn Meehan &
Sherri Biethman
8–0–0
27 Survivor: Blood vs. Water Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines [16] Two tribes of ten: returning contestants against their loved ones [17] Tyson Apostol Monica Culpepper Gervase Peterson 7–1–0
28 Survivor: Cagayan Three tribes of six new players divided by primary attribute: "brawn" vs. "brains" vs. "beauty" [18] Tony Vlachos Yung "Woo" Hwang8–1
29 Survivor: San Juan del Sur San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua Nine pairs of new players, each with a pre-existing relationship, divided into two tribes of nine [19] Natalie Anderson Jaclyn SchultzMissy Payne5–2–1
30 Survivor: Worlds Apart Three tribes of six new players divided by social class: "white collar" vs. "blue collar" vs. "no collar" [20] Mike Holloway Carolyn Rivera &
Will Sims II
6–1–1
31 Survivor: Cambodia Koh Rong, Cambodia [21] Two tribes of ten returning players who only played once before, have not won, and were selected by public vote [22] Jeremy Collins Spencer Bledsoe &
Tasha Fox
10–0–0
32 Survivor: Kaôh Rōng Three tribes of six new players divided by primary attribute: "brains" vs. "brawn" vs. "beauty" [23] Michele Fitzgerald Aubry BraccoTai Trang5–2–0
33 Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X Mamanuca Islands, FijiTwo tribes of ten new players divided by generation: millennials vs. Generation X [24] Adam Klein Hannah Shapiro &
Ken McNickle
10–0–0
34 Survivor: Game Changers Two tribes of ten returning players [25] Sarah Lacina Brad Culpepper Troy "Troyzan" Robertson7–3–0
35 Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers Three tribes of six new players divided by dominant perceived trait: "heroes" vs. "healers" vs. "hustlers" [26] Ben Driebergen Chrissy HofbeckRyan Ulrich5–2–1
36 Survivor: Ghost Island Two tribes of ten new players Wendell Holland Domenick AbbateLaurel Johnson5–5–0
1–0 [lower-alpha 1]
37 Survivor: David vs. Goliath Two tribes of ten new players divided by adversity: "David" (underdogs) vs. "Goliath" (overachievers) Nick Wilson Mike White Angelina Keeley 7–3–0
38 Survivor: Edge of Extinction Two tribes of nine, including four returning players [27] Chris Underwood Gavin WhitsonJulie Rosenberg9–4–0
39 Survivor: Island of the Idols Two tribes of ten new players. Past winners Rob Mariano and Sandra Diaz-Twine feature as non-playing mentors Tommy Sheehan Dean KowalskiNoura Salman8–2–0
40 Survivor: Winners at War Two tribes of ten winners of past Survivor seasons. Tony Vlachos Natalie Anderson Michele Fitzgerald 12–4–0
41Survivor 41Production postponed to summer 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic and travel restrictions [8]
Notes
  1. The final vote was initially tied for Holland and Abbate. Johnson, who received no votes, was then tasked with casting the final tie-breaking vote.

Production

Concept

The original idea of Survivor was developed by Charlie Parsons in 1994 under the name Castaway. Parsons formed Planet24 with Bob Geldof to produce the show and tried to have the BBC broadcast it, but the network turned it down. Parsons went to Swedish television and was able to find a broadcaster, ultimately producing Expedition Robinson in 1997. The show was a success, and plans for international versions were made. [28]

Mark Burnett intended to be the person to bring the show to the United States, though he recognized that the Swedish version was a bit crude and mean-spirited. Burnett retooled the concept to use better production values, based on his prior Eco-Challenge show, and wanted to focus more on the human drama experienced while under pressure. Burnett spent about a year trying to find a broadcaster that would take the show, retooling the concept based on feedback. On November 24, 1999, Burnett made his pitch to Les Moonves of CBS, and Moonves agreed to pick up the show. [28] The first season, Survivor: Borneo , was filmed during March and April 2000, and was first broadcast on May 31, 2000. The first season became a ratings success, leading to its current ongoing run. [28]

Locations

The American version of Survivor has been shot in many locations around the world since the first season, usually favoring warm and tropical climates. Starting with season 19, two seasons have filmed back-to-back in the same location, to be aired in the same broadcast year. Since season 33, the show has been filmed in the Mamanuca Islands of Fiji.

Continent/RegionLocations (season number)
Africa Gabon (17), Kenya (3)
Asia Cambodia (31, 32), China (15), Malaysia (1), Philippines (25, 26, 27, 28), Thailand (5)
Oceania Australia (2), Cook Islands (13), Fiji (14, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42), French Polynesia (4), Palau (10, 16), Samoa (19, 20, 23, 24), Vanuatu (9)
Central America Guatemala (11), Nicaragua (21, 22, 29, 30), Panama (7, 8, 12)
South America Brazil (6, 18)

Since The Australian Outback, the show's run has ended with a live reveal of the winner with votes read in front of a live studio audience, followed by a reunion show, hosted by Jeff Probst. Reunion shows for the first three seasons were hosted by Bryant Gumbel and the fourth season by Rosie O'Donnell. Between Africa and One World the reunion locations alternated between Central Park, Madison Square Garden and the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City (home to the CBS' Late Show franchise) and CBS Television City or the CBS Studio Center in Los Angeles. The reunion show has continued to be filmed at CBS Television City since Philippines.

The exceptions to the above outlined live reunion were for Survivor: Island of the Idols , which was filmed in front of a live studio audience but taped four hours in advance due to the controversy surrounding contestant Dan Spilo's behavior, [29] and Survivor: Winners at War , where a video conferencing event was used during the broadcast of the final episode due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [30] [31] The final episode of the latter did not include the live reunion, except for a brief moment at the beginning of the episode where all 20 contestants appeared together on screen from their homes, [31] and promo for the upcoming 41st season, as the 41st season had not filmed at that time.

As part of this, up through Survivor: Cagayan , the production of the last part of the recorded final Tribal Council showed Probst taking the urn or container containing the votes and travelling with it by some means, transitioning this to the live show and suggesting a type of continuity between events; for example Survivor: The Amazon appeared to have Probst jet-ski from the Amazon rainforest directly to New York City where the live show was held. According to Probst, they had also filmed a similar sequence for the 29th season Survivor: San Juan del Sur : he had paddled out on a canoe from the location in Nicaragua, and then paddling into Venice, California from a nearby island. Once on the beach, he would have asked a teenager to borrow his skateboard in the same manner as the "Hey Kid, Catch!" Coke commercial with Mean Joe Greene, with Probst doing some tricks on the skateboard before tossing it back. However, Probst had no idea how to ride a skateboard and even after some basic training, he could not complete the trick for filming. Production opted to eliminate that transition for San Juan del Sur, and they eliminated any similar transitions for future seasons. [32] [33]

Reception

U.S. television ratings

Survivor had consistently been one of the top 20 most watched shows through its first 23 seasons. [34] It has not broken the top 20 since. Probst acknowledged that Kelly Kahl, the current president of CBS, had been a significant proponent of the show. When Survivor had launched, Kahl, then vice-president of scheduling, took a risk and moved the show's second season to Thursdays in competition with NBC's Friends . Survivor won viewership numbers over Friends, giving Kahl significant sway within CBS to continue supporting Survivor. [35]

Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of the United States version of Survivor on CBS.

Note: Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps.

SeasonTimeslot (ET) [lower-alpha 1] PremieredEndedTV seasonRankViewers
(in millions)
DatePremiere
viewers
(in millions)
DateFinale
viewers
(in millions)
Reunion
viewers
(in millions)
Survivor: Borneo Wednesday
8:00 pm
May 31, 2000 [36] 15.51August 23, 200051.69 [36] 36.70 [37] 1999–2000228.30 [38]
Survivor: The Australian Outback Thursday
8:00 pm
January 28, 2001 [39] 45.37 [lower-alpha 2] May 3, 2001 [40] 36.3528.012000–01129.80 [41]
Survivor: Africa October 11, 2001 [42] 23.84January 10, 2002 [43] 27.2619.052001–02820.69 [44]
Survivor: Marquesas February 28, 2002 [45] 23.19May 19, 2002 [46] 25.8717.89620.77 [47]
Survivor: Thailand September 19, 2002 [48] 23.05December 19, 2002 [49] 24.0820.432002–03421.21 [50]
Survivor: The Amazon February 13, 2003 [51] 23.26May 11, 2003 [52] 22.2917.65919.97 [50]
Survivor: Pearl Islands September 18, 200321.50December 14, 2003 [53] 25.2321.872003–04720.72 [54]
Survivor: All-Stars February 1, 200433.53 [lower-alpha 2] May 9, 2004 [55] 24.7623.92321.49 [56]
Survivor: Vanuatu September 16, 2004 [57] 20.06December 12, 2004 [58] 19.7215.232004–051019.64 [59]
Survivor: Palau February 17, 2005 [59] 23.66May 15, 2005 [60] 20.8015.48520.91 [61]
Survivor: Guatemala September 15, 2005 [62] 18.41December 11, 2005 [63] 21.1815.212005–068 [64] 18.30 [61]
Survivor: Panama February 2, 2006 [65] 19.20May 14, 200617.0711.6511 [64] 16.82 [66]
Survivor: Cook Islands September 14, 2006 [67] 18.00December 17, 200616.4213.532006–071315.75 [68]
Survivor: Fiji February 8, 2007 [69] 16.68May 13, 200713.6311.431514.83 [68]
Survivor: China September 20, 2007 [70] 15.35December 16, 200715.1012.222007–08815.18 [71]
Survivor: Micronesia February 7, 2008 [72] 14.02May 11, 200812.9210.841113.61 [71]
Survivor: Gabon September 25, 200813.05 [73] December 14, 200813.7711.742008–091513.81 [74]
Survivor: Tocantins February 12, 200913.63 [75] May 17, 200912.94 [76] 11.59 [76] 1912.86 [74]
Survivor: Samoa September 17, 2009 [77] 11.66 [78] December 20, 200913.97 [79] 11.68 [79] 2009–101712.34 [80]
Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains February 11, 2010 [81] 14.15 [82] May 16, 201013.46 [83] 10.65 [83] 1412.60 [80]
Survivor: Nicaragua Wednesday
8:00 pm
September 15, 2010 [84] 12.23 [85] December 19, 201013.58 [86] 11.19 [86] 2010–111113.61 [87]
Survivor: Redemption Island February 16, 201111.17 [88] May 15, 201113.30 [89] 10.97 [89] 1812.59 [87]
Survivor: South Pacific September 14, 2011 [90] 10.74 [91] December 18, 201113.07 [92] 9.92 [92] 2011–121812.77 [93]
Survivor: One World February 15, 201210.79 [94] May 13, 201210.34 [95] 7.72 [95] 2611.64 [93]
Survivor: Philippines September 19, 2012 [96] 11.37 [97] December 16, 201211.46 [98] 8.77 [99] 2012–132111.85 [100]
Survivor: Caramoan February 13, 20138.94 [101] May 12, 201310.16 [102] 8.13 [102] 2810.82 [100]
Survivor: Blood vs. Water September 18, 20139.73 [103] December 15, 201310.19 [104] 7.46 [104] 2013–1425 [lower-alpha 3] 11.30 [105]
Survivor: Cagayan February 26, 20149.40 [106] May 21, 20149.58 [107] 7.14 [107]
Survivor: San Juan del Sur September 24, 20149.75 [108] December 17, 20149.79 [109] 7.31 [109] 2014–153111.35 [110]
Survivor: Worlds Apart February 25, 201510.04 [111] May 20, 20159.74 [112] 7.21 [112]
Survivor: Cambodia September 23, 20159.70 [113] December 16, 20159.45 [114] 6.49 [114] 2015–162610.99 [115]
Survivor: Kaôh Rōng February 17, 20168.30 [116] May 18, 20169.54 [117] 6.42 [117]
Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X September 21, 20169.46 [118] December 14, 20169.09 [119] 6.40 [119] 2016–1724 [120] 10.32 [120]
Survivor: Game Changers March 8, 20177.64 [121] May 24, 2017 [122] 8.48 [123] 5.84 [123]
Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers September 27, 20178.33 [124] December 20, 20178.70 [125] 5.97 [125] 2017–1825 [126] 10.28 [126]
Survivor: Ghost Island February 28, 20188.19 [127] May 23, 20187.31 [128] 4.62 [128]
Survivor: David vs. Goliath September 26, 20187.83 [129] December 19, 20187.72 [130] 5.17 [130] 2018–1932 [131] 9.43 [131]
Survivor: Edge of Extinction February 20, 20197.75 [132] May 15, 20197.21 [133] 4.64 [133]
Survivor: Island of the Idols September 25, 20196.29 [134] December 18, 20196.52 [135] 4.61 [135] 2019–20
Survivor: Winners at War February 12, 20206.68 [136] May 13, 20207.94 [137] N/A [lower-alpha 4]
Notes
  1. The season finales of Survivor: Marquesas , and Survivor: The Amazon through Survivor: Blood vs. Water , were aired on Sunday at 8:00 pm. Additionally, when Survivor regularly aired on Thursdays, some episodes were moved to Wednesday at 8:00 pm to accommodate broadcasts of the first two weeks of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament.
  2. 1 2 The season premieres of Survivor: The Australian Outback and Survivor: All-Stars each aired after a Super Bowl.
  3. Starting with the 2013–14 TV series ranking, the two seasons aired in that time are listed together as Survivor. Previously, seasons were listed separately.
  4. No reunion show was held due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Awards and nominations

Primetime Emmy Awards

YearCategoryNominee/EpisodeResult [138]
2001Outstanding Non-Fiction Program (Special Class)Won
Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Non-Fiction ProgramTerrance Dwyer "The Marooning"Won
Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming"Honeymoon or Not?"Nominated
Outstanding Main Title Theme Music Russ Landau Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming"Trial by Fire"Nominated
Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special"Survivor: The Reunion"Nominated
2002Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-Camera) for VMC Programming"Finale and the Reunion"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Two Peas in a Pod"Nominated
Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Series"Finale and the Reunion"Nominated
2003Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety or Music ProgramNominated
Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"The Importance of Being Earnest"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"More Than Meats the Eye"Nominated
Outstanding Reality/Competition ProgramNominated
2004Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Beg, Barter and Steal"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Swimming with Sharks"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Shark Attack"Nominated
Outstanding Reality/Competition ProgramNominated
Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"They're Back"Nominated
2005Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"This Has Never Happened Before"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Culture Shock and Violent Storms"Nominated
Outstanding Reality/Competition ProgramNominated
Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Love is in the Air, Rats are Everywhere"Nominated
2006Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Starvation and Lunacy"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Salvation and Desertion"Nominated
Outstanding Reality/Competition ProgramNominated
Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise"Nominated
Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)Nominated
2007Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"An Evil Thought"Nominated
2008Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"He's a Ball of Goo!"Nominated
Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff ProbstWon
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming"Just Don't Eat the Apple"Nominated
2009Outstanding Sound Mixing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"The Poison Apple Needs to Go"Nominated
Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition ProgramJeff ProbstWon
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming"This Camp is Cursed"Nominated
2010Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera)"Tonight, We Make Our Move"Nominated
Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff ProbstWon
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming"Slay Everyone, Trust No One"Won
2011 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Don't You Work for Me?"Nominated
Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff ProbstWon
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Rice Wars"Nominated
2012 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Cult-Like"Nominated
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Running the Show"Nominated
2013 Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Create a Little Chaos"Nominated
Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction ProgrammingNominated
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality ProgrammingNominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming"Zipping Over the Cuckoo's Nest"Nominated
Outstanding Directing for Nonfiction Programming "Live Finale and Reunion" (Survivor: Caramoan)Nominated
"Live Finale and Reunion" (Survivor: Philippines)Nominated
2014 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Mad Treasure Hunt"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming Nominated
2015 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "It's Survivor Warfare"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming Nominated
2016 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Second Chance"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming "Signed, Sealed and Delivered"Nominated
2017 Outstanding Casting for Reality Programming Lynne Spiegel SpillmanNominated
Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "The Stakes Have Been Raised"Nominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming "About to Have a Rumble"Nominated
2019 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming Series Body of WorkNominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming "Appearances Are Deceiving"Nominated
2020 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming Series Body of WorkNominated
Outstanding Picture Editing for Reality Programming "It's Like a Survivor Economy"Nominated

Other awards

YearAssociationCategoryResultRef.
2001 TCA Awards Program of the Year Nominated [139]
2001 Outstanding New Program Nominated [139]
2011 Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming Nominated [140]
2013 Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming Nominated [141]
2013 Critics' Choice Television Awards Best Reality Series – Competition Nominated [142]
2014 Best Reality Series – Competition Nominated [143]
2014TCA Awards Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming Nominated [144]
2016 Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming Nominated [145]
2017 Outstanding Achievement in Reality Programming Nominated [146]
2018 GLAAD Media Awards Outstanding Reality Program Won [147]

Post-show auctions

At the end of each U.S. Survivor season from Survivor: Africa onward, various Survivor props and memorabilia are auctioned online for charity. The most common recipient has been the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. [148] Most recently, proceeds have gone toward The Serpentine Project, a charity founded by Jeff Probst, dedicated to helping those transitioning out of foster care upon emancipation at 18 years of age. [149] Items up for auction have included flags, mats, tree mails, contestant torches, contestant clothing, autographed items, immunity idols and the voting urn. [150]

Merchandise

The success of Survivor spawned a wide range of merchandise from the very first season. While early items available were limited to buffs, water bottles, hats, T-shirts, and other typical souvenir items, the marketability of the franchise has grown tremendously. Today, fans can find innumerable items, including computer and board games, interactive online games, mugs, tribal-themed jewelry, beach towels, dog tags, magnets, multi-function tools, DVD seasons, Survivor party kits, insider books, soundtracks, and more.

Home media releases

Best of
DVD nameRelease date
Season One: The Greatest and Most Outrageous MomentsJanuary 9, 2001
Season Two: The Greatest and Most Outrageous MomentsSeptember 25, 2001
Full seasons

Seasons 1, 2, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were released in stores. The remaining seasons have been released exclusively on Amazon.com through their CreateSpace manufacture on demand program. Select seasons have also been released on Blu-ray.

DVD nameDVD release date [172] Blu-ray release date
The Complete First Season: BorneoMay 11, 2004n/a
The Complete Second Season: The Australian OutbackApril 26, 2005n/a
The Complete Third Season: AfricaOctober 5, 2010n/a
The Complete Fourth Season: MarquesasOctober 5, 2010n/a
The Complete Fifth Season: ThailandOctober 25, 2011n/a
The Complete Sixth Season: The AmazonNovember 22, 2011n/a
The Complete Seventh Season: Pearl IslandsFebruary 7, 2006n/a
The Complete Eighth Season: All-StarsSeptember 14, 2004n/a
The Complete Ninth Season: Vanuatu – Islands of FireDecember 5, 2006n/a
The Complete Tenth Season: PalauAugust 29, 2006n/a
The Complete Eleventh Season: Guatemala – The Maya EmpireMay 22, 2012n/a
The Complete Twelfth Season: Panama – Exile IslandMay 22, 2012n/a
The Complete Thirteenth Season: Cook IslandsDecember 11, 2012n/a
The Complete Fourteenth Season: FijiDecember 11, 2012n/a
The Complete Fifteenth Season: ChinaJanuary 27, 2014n/a
The Complete Sixteenth Season: Micronesia – Fans vs. FavoritesJanuary 31, 2014n/a
The Complete Seventeenth Season: Gabon – Earth's Last EdenSeptember 11, 2014TBA
The Complete Eighteenth Season: Tocantins – The Brazilian HighlandsAugust 5, 2014TBA
The Complete Nineteenth Season: SamoaNovember 18, 2014TBA
The Complete Twentieth Season: Heroes vs. VillainsFebruary 22, 2011TBA
The Complete Twenty-First Season: NicaraguaNovember 18, 2014TBA
The Complete Twenty-Second Season: Redemption IslandOctober 7, 2015TBA
The Complete Twenty-Third Season: South PacificOctober 7, 2015TBA
The Complete Twenty-Fourth Season: One WorldSeptember 23, 2016July 11, 2017
The Complete Twenty-Fifth Season: PhilippinesSeptember 23, 2016July 11, 2017
The Complete Twenty-Sixth Season: Caramoan – Fans vs. FavoritesOctober 26, 2017December 22, 2017
The Complete Twenty-Seventh Season: Blood vs. WaterNovember 13, 2017November 1, 2017
The Complete Twenty-Eighth Season: CagayanDecember 22, 2017November 1, 2017
The Complete Twenty-Ninth Season: San Juan del Sur – Blood vs. WaterOctober 15, 2018TBA
The Complete Thirtieth Season: Worlds ApartNovember 13, 2018TBA
The Complete Thirty-First Season: Cambodia – Second ChanceNovember 13, 2018TBA
The Complete Thirty-Second Season: Kaôh RōngNovember 21, 2018TBA
The Complete Thirty-Third Season: Millennials vs. Gen XNovember 21, 2018TBA
The Complete Thirty-Fourth Season: Game Changers – Mamanuca IslandsFebruary 22, 2019TBA
The Complete Thirty-Fifth Season: Heroes vs. Healers vs. HustlersMay 9, 2019TBA
The Complete Thirty-Sixth Season: Ghost IslandJune 12, 2019TBA
The Complete Thirty-Seventh Season: David vs. GoliathJuly 17, 2019TBA
The Complete Thirty-Eighth Season: Edge of ExtinctionJanuary 31, 2020TBA
The Complete Thirty-Ninth Season: Island of the IdolsDecember 15, 2020TBA
The Complete Fortieth Season: Winners at WarApril 13, 2021TBA
Paramount+

All seasons are available on Paramount+, ViacomCBS's over-the-top subscription streaming service in the United States, Canada and Australia (where the service is branded as 10 All-Access – due to the service's affiliation to the CBS owned Network 10).

Pluto TV

Survivor was added to Pluto TV, ViacomCBS's free Internet television service, as a standalone channel along on September 1, 2020. [173]

Other media

Video games

In the 2001 PC video game Survivor: The Interactive Game , developed by Magic Lantern and published by Infogrames, it allows players to play and create characters for the game based on the Borneo or Australian Outback cast members. The game also includes a character creation system for making custom characters.

Gameplay consists of choosing survivors' skills (fishing, cooking, etc.), forming alliances, developing relationships with other tribe members, and voting off competitors at tribal council.

The game was very poorly received by critics. GameSpot gave the game a 'Terrible' score of 2.0 out of 10, saying "If you're harboring even a tiny urge to buy this game, please listen very carefully to this advice: Don't do it." [174] Likewise, IGN gave the game a 'Painful' 2.4 out of 10, stating "It is horribly boring and repetitive. The graphics are weak and even the greatest Survivor fan would break the CD in two after playing it for 20 minutes." [175] The game was the recipient of Game Revolution's lowest score of all time, an F-. [176] An 'interactive review' was created specially for the game, and features interactive comments like "The Survival periods are about as much fun as" followed by a drop-down menu, "watching paint dry/throbbing hemorrhoids/staring at air/being buried alive." [176]

On November 4, 2009, it was announced that a second video game adaptation would be released for the Wii and Nintendo DS. The game would require players to participate in various challenges like those in the reality shows in order to win. [177]

Soundtracks

Various soundtracks have been released featuring music composed by Russ Landau, including soundtracks for seasons 9 through 27 (with the exception of season 14). [178]

Thrill ride

The Tiki Twirl thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California was originally called Survivor: The Ride. The ride includes a rotating platform that moves along an undulating track. Riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks. Theme elements included drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents playing in the background, Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops. [179]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Survivor: Nicaragua</i>

Survivor: Nicaragua is the 21st season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. It premiered on September 15, 2010 at 8:00pm, moving to the Wednesday timeslot for the first time since Survivor: Borneo. Applications were due in January 2010, filming started from June and ended in July 2010. Nicaragua and the following season, Survivor: Redemption Island, were filmed near San Juan del Sur in Rivas Department on the Pacific coast of Nicaragua.

<i>Survivor: Redemption Island</i>

Survivor: Redemption Island is the twenty-second season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. It premiered on February 16, 2011. Applications were due in January 2010, and filming lasted from August to September 2010. The season was filmed near San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, the same location as the previous season. The show featured returning players Russell Hantz and Rob Mariano and 16 new players to Survivor.

<i>Survivor: South Pacific</i>

Survivor: South Pacific is the twenty-third season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season was filmed from May 30 through July 7, 2011 and premiered on September 14, 2011. Applications were due on January 11, 2011, approximately 800 applicants visited in various states, from there 16 contestants were chosen as participants.

<i>Survivor: One World</i>

Survivor: One World is the 24th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor, featuring 18 new castaways divided by gender into two tribes of nine. The season was filmed from August 1 through September 8, 2011 in the vicinity of Upolu, Samoa, which is the same filming location used for seasons 19, 20, and 23, surpassed Panama as the most Survivor seasons have filmed. The season aired weekly from February 15, 2012 until May 13, 2012, when Kim Spradlin was named the winner over Sabrina Thompson and Chelsea Meissner by a 7–2–0 vote. In addition, Spradlin won $100,000 as the "Sprint Player of the Season", earning the fans' vote over runners-up Meissner, Greg "Tarzan" Smith and Troy "Troyzan" Robertson.

<i>Survivor: Philippines</i>

Survivor: Philippines is the twenty-fifth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season was filmed March 18–April 25, 2012 and premiered on September 19, 2012 with a special 90-minute episode. It is the first season since Survivor: All-Stars to begin with three tribes and the seventh season overall to feature returning castaways.

<i>Survivor: Caramoan</i>

Survivor: Caramoan — Fans vs. Favorites is the 26th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season filmed from May 21 to June 28, 2012, and premiered on February 13, 2013, with a special 90-minute episode. As with Survivor: Micronesia, the first season to have the "Fans vs. Favorites" subtitle, this season initially featured a tribe of 10 returning contestants from previous seasons opposing a tribe of 10 new players. It was the eighth season overall to feature returning players. Production of the show took place in the Caramoan Islands in the Philippines, the same location as the previous season. Participants' applications were due on October 4, 2011, with about 800 chosen for interviews in various states. From these semifinalists, 10 contestants were selected to participate in the show as fans.

<i>Survivor: Blood vs. Water</i>

Survivor: Blood vs. Water is the 27th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season filmed in May–June 2013 and premiered on Wednesday, September 18, 2013, featuring returning castaways and their loved ones competing against each other. It was the third consecutive season, and the ninth season overall, to feature returning contestants. As with the previous two seasons, the season was filmed in the Philippines and this was the third season filmed in the country, but this time at Palaui Island, Cagayan. The tribe names were Galang and Tadhana, which means "respect" and "destiny", respectively, in Tagalog. Tyson Apostol was named the Sole Survivor in the season finale on December 15, 2013, defeating runners-up Monica Culpepper and Gervase Peterson in a 7–1–0 vote.

<i>Survivor: Cagayan</i> Twenty-eighth season of the reality television series

Survivor: Cagayan — Brains vs. Brawn vs. Beauty is the 28th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season was filmed in Cagayan from July 11 to August 18, 2013, and premiered on February 26, 2014 with a two-hour episode, featuring 18 new players, divided into three tribes of six based on their dominant attribute: "Brawn", "Brains" and "Beauty". For the first time since Survivor: Thailand, the finale and reunion did not take place on a Sunday but instead aired on Wednesday, May 21, 2014, in the show's regular time slot. That night, Tony Vlachos was named the Sole Survivor by a vote of 8–1 over Yung "Woo" Hwang.

<i>Survivor: San Juan del Sur</i>

Survivor: San Juan del Sur — Blood vs. Water is the twenty-ninth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor, which premiered on September 24, 2014. Similar to Survivor: Blood vs. Water, the season features pairs of loved ones competing against each other but, unlike Blood vs. Water, all the players are new. The season was filmed in San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, the same location as Survivor: Nicaragua and Survivor: Redemption Island. The two-hour finale and one-hour reunion show aired on December 17, 2014, where Natalie Anderson was named the winner over Jaclyn Schultz and Missy Payne.

<i>Survivor: Worlds Apart</i>

Survivor: Worlds Apart — White Collar vs. Blue Collar vs. No Collar is the 30th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor, which premiered on February 25, 2015, with the season finale on May 20, 2015. It was the fourth Survivor season filmed in San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, the same location as Survivor: Nicaragua, Survivor: Redemption Island, and Survivor: San Juan del Sur, and features three tribes of six new players divided by social class: white collar, blue collar, and no collar. This season introduced the concept of an extra vote, in which one player can vote twice at a single Tribal Council, which was offered during the season's Survivor Auction. This season also saw the return of the firemaking tiebreaker challenge, last used in Survivor: Gabon.

<i>Survivor: Cambodia</i>

Survivor: Cambodia — Second Chance is the 31st season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. Unlike previous seasons, which were completely cast by producers, this season featured 20 returning contestants chosen by an online public vote. The ballot, with the 32 finalists that were considered for this season, was revealed on May 6, 2015, the same day that voting began. The final cast was revealed on May 20, at the reunion of the preceding season. After the reveal occurred, the chosen cast members immediately began the trip to Koh Rong, Cambodia, where the season was filmed. The season premiered on September 23, 2015 and concluded on December 16, 2015 when Jeremy Collins was declared the winner over Spencer Bledsoe and Latasha "Tasha" Fox in a unanimous 10–0–0 jury vote.

<i>Survivor: Kaôh Rōng</i>

Survivor: Kaôh Rōng — Brains vs. Brawn vs. Beauty is the 32nd season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. As with Survivor: Cagayan, the season featured players initially divided into three tribes of six based on dominant attribute: "Brains" (intelligence), "Brawn" (athleticism), and "Beauty". The competition was filmed in Koh Rong, Cambodia during the spring of 2015 and aired from February 17, 2016, until May 18, 2016, when Michele Fitzgerald was named the Sole Survivor over Aubry Bracco and Tai Trang in a vote of 5–2–0.

<i>Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X</i>

Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X is the 33rd season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. It featured two initial tribes of ten new castaways divided by generation: Gen X, born between 1963 and 1982, and Millennials, born between 1984 and 1997. It is the third season to divide the castaways into tribes by age, following Survivor: Panama and Survivor: Nicaragua, and the second season to film in Fiji, following Survivor: Fiji, which was filmed in a different location. The season premiered on September 21, 2016 with a 90-minute episode and ended on December 14, 2016 when Adam Klein was unanimously awarded the title of Sole Survivor over Ken McNickle and Hannah Shapiro by a jury vote of 10–0–0.

<i>Survivor: Game Changers</i> 34th season of the television series Survivor

Survivor: Game Changers — Mamanuca Islands is the 34th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor, featuring 20 returning castaways. The season premiered on March 8, 2017 with a two-hour airing, marking the series' 500th episode, and ended on May 24, 2017, when Sarah Lacina was named the winner over Brad Culpepper and Troy "Troyzan" Robertson in a 7–3–0 vote.

<i>Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers</i>

Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers is the 35th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. This season featured 18 new players divided into three tribes based on a dominant perceived trait: "Heroes" (courage), "Healers" (compassion), and "Hustlers" (tenacity). The season premiered on September 27, 2017, and ended on December 20, 2017, when Ben Driebergen was named the winner over Chrissy Hofbeck and Ryan Ulrich in a 5–2–1 vote.

<i>Survivor: Ghost Island</i>

Survivor: Ghost Island is the 36th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. Ghost Island was filmed in the summer of 2017 and premiered on February 28, 2018, on CBS with a two-hour episode. The season concluded on May 23, 2018. This season was the fifth to be filmed in Fiji, surpassing Nicaragua, the Philippines and Samoa for the highest number of Survivor seasons filmed in a single country.

<i>Survivor: David vs. Goliath</i>

Survivor: David vs. Goliath is the 37th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season features 20 new contestants divided into two tribes embodied by two biblical figures: "David", composed of ten underdogs who constantly have to overcome obstacles, and "Goliath", composed of ten overachievers who have used their advantages in life to excel in their fields. The season premiered on September 26, 2018, with an extended 90-minute episode, and concluded with a live season finale on December 19, 2018, where Nick Wilson was named the winner over Mike White and Angelina Keeley in a 7–3–0 vote.

<i>Survivor: Edge of Extinction</i>

Survivor: Edge of Extinction is the 38th season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season featured 14 new contestants competing with four returning players. The season premiered on February 20, 2019 and concluded on May 15, 2019, when Chris Underwood was named the Sole Survivor over Gavin Whitson and Julie Rosenberg by a vote of 9–4–0, becoming the first person in Survivor history to win the game after being voted out in the same season. It was the 12th season to feature returning players and the seventh to be filmed in Fiji.

<i>Survivor: Island of the Idols</i> American competitive reality television series

Survivor: Island of the Idols is the 39th season of the American competitive reality television series Survivor, The season was filmed in Fiji during April and May 2019, and aired on CBS in the United States and Global in Canada from September 25, 2019 until December 18, 2019, when Tommy Sheehan was named the winner by an 8-2-0 vote over Dean Kowalski and Noura Salman.

<i>Survivor: Winners at War</i> American competitive reality television series

Survivor: Winners at War is the 40th season of the American competitive reality television series Survivor. The season filmed in May and June 2019 and is the eighth consecutive season to be filmed in Fiji. Celebrating the show's twentieth anniversary milestone, the season featured twenty returning winners from past Survivor seasons competing for a US$2 million prize, which was won by Tony Vlachos by a 12–4–0 vote over Natalie Anderson and Michele Fitzgerald, becoming the second two-time winner in Survivor. The season aired on CBS in the United States and Global in Canada from February 12, 2020 to May 13, 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the normal live finale for the winner reveal was forsaken but instead shown through a live teleconference between host Jeff Probst, who was situated in his garage and the finalists in their respective homes.

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