|The Cosby Show|
|Theme music composer|
|Ending theme||"Kiss Me" (instrumental; various versions)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||8|
|No. of episodes||201 (plus outtakes special) (list of episodes)|
|Camera setup||Videotape; Multi-camera|
|Running time||23–24 minutes|
|Production company||Carsey-Werner Productions|
|Picture format||480i (NTSC)|
|Original release||September 20, 1984 –|
April 30, 1992
|Preceded by||The Bill Cosby Show|
|Related shows||A Different World|
The Cosby Show is an American television sitcom co-created by and starring Bill Cosby, which aired Thursday nights for eight seasons on NBC between September 20, 1984, until April 30, 1992. The show focuses on an upper middle-class African-American family living in Brooklyn, New York.
The Cosby Show spent five consecutive seasons as the number-one rated show on television. The Cosby Show and All in the Family are the only sitcoms in the history of the Nielsen ratings to be the number-one show for five seasons. It spent all eight of its seasons in the top 20.
According to TV Guide , the show "was TV's biggest hit in the 1980s, and almost single-handedly revived the sitcom genre and NBC's ratings fortunes."TV Guide also ranked it 28th on their list of 50 Greatest Shows. In addition, Cliff Huxtable was named as the "Greatest Television Dad".
In May 1992, Entertainment Weekly stated that The Cosby Show helped to make possible a larger variety of shows with a predominantly black cast, from In Living Color to The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air .The Cosby Show was based on comedy routines in Cosby's stand-up comedy act, which in turn were based on his family life. The show led to the spinoff A Different World , which ran for six seasons from 1987 to 1993.
The show focuses on the Huxtable family, an African-American upper class family, living in a brownstone in Brooklyn Heights, New York, at 10 Stigwood Avenue.The patriarch is Cliff Huxtable, an obstetrician and son of a prominent jazz trombonist. The matriarch is his wife, lawyer Clair Huxtable.
They have four daughters and one son: Sondra, Denise, Theo, Vanessa, and Rudy. Despite its comedic tone, the show sometimes involves serious subjects, like Theo's experiences dealing with dyslexia,inspired by Cosby's dyslexic son, Ennis. The show also deals with teenage pregnancy when Denise's friend Veronica (Lela Rochon) becomes pregnant.
|Season||Episodes||Originally aired||HH rating |
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||24||September 20, 1984||May 9, 1985||3||24.2||N/A|
|2||25||September 26, 1985||May 15, 1986||1||33.7||N/A|
|3||25||September 25, 1986||May 7, 1987||1||34.9||N/A|
|4||24||September 24, 1987||April 28, 1988||1||27.8||N/A|
|5||26||October 6, 1988||May 11, 1989||1||25.6||40.3|
|6||26 + Special||September 21, 1989||May 3, 1990||2||23.1||36.6|
|7||26||September 20, 1990||May 2, 1991||5||17.1||26.7|
|8||25||September 19, 1991||April 30, 1992||18||15.0||24.2|
The Cosby Show pilot episode uses the same title sequence as the rest of the first season, and is widely regarded as the first episode. However, it contains a number of differences from the remainder of the series.
In the pilot, the Huxtables have only four children.Following the pilot, the Huxtables have five children, with the addition of their eldest daughter, Sondra (Sabrina Le Beauf), who is mentioned in episode four and appears first in episode 11. The character was created when Bill Cosby wanted the show to express the accomplishment of successfully raising a child who had graduated from college.
Bill Cosby originally wanted Vanessa Williams to play the part of Sondra due to her college education and background in theater arts. However, Williams had recently been crowned the first black Miss America and pageant officials would not permit her to play the role while she was representing the Miss America pageant. Whitney Houston was also considered for the role of Sondra Huxtable, but was unable to commit to the full-time television production schedule in the NBC contract, as she intended to become a full-time music recording artist.
Most of the story in the pilot presentation is taken from Bill Cosby's 1983 comedy film Bill Cosby: Himself . Cosby's character is called "Clifford" in the early episodes of the first season, but his name was later switched to "Heathcliff".
Additionally, Vanessa refers to Theo as "Teddy" twice in the dining room scene. The interior of the Huxtables' home features an entirely different living room from subsequent episodes, and different color schemes in the dining room and the master bedroom. Throughout the remainder of the series, the dining room is reserved for more formal occasions.
In the early 1980s, Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner, two former executives at ABC, left the network to start their own production company.At ABC, they had overseen sitcoms such as Mork & Mindy , Three's Company , and Welcome Back, Kotter . The two partners decided that to get a sitcom to sell for their fledgling company, they needed a big name behind it. The career of Bill Cosby, who starred in two failed sitcoms during the 1970s, produced award-winning stand-up comedy albums, and had roles in several different films, was relatively static during the early 1980s. According to a Chicago Tribune article from July 1985, despite Carsey and Werner's connection to the network, Lewis Erlicht, president of ABC Entertainment, passed on the show, prompting a pitch to rival network, NBC.
Outside of his work on his cartoon series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids , Cosby was doing little in film or television, but Carsey and Werner were fans of Cosby's stand-up comedy and thought it would be the perfect material for a family sitcom.
Cosby originally proposed that the couple should both have blue-collar worker jobs, with the father a limousine driver,who owned his own car, and the mother an electrician. With advice from his wife Camille Cosby, though, the concept was changed so that the family was well-off financially, with the mother a lawyer and the father a physician.
Cosby wanted the program to be educational, reflecting his own background in education. He also insisted that the program be taped in New York City instead of Los Angeles, where most television programs were taped.The Huxtable home exterior was filmed at 10 St. Luke's Place near 7th Avenue in Manhattan's Greenwich Village (although in the show, the residence was the fictional "10 Stigwood Avenue").
Early episodes were videotaped at NBC's Brooklyn studios (subsequently JC Studios).The network later sold that building, and production moved to the Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens. Even though the show was set to take place in Brooklyn, the exterior façade was actually of a brownstone townhouse located in Manhattan's Greenwich Village at 10 Leroy Street/ 10 St. Luke's Place. The pilot was filmed in May 1984, with season one's production commencing that July, and the first taping on August 1 (Goodbye Mr. Goldfish).
During its original NBC run, it was one of five successful sitcoms on the network that featured predominantly African-American casts. The others were 227 (1985–90), Amen (1986–91), Cosby Show spin-off A Different World (1987–93) and The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (1990–96).
Although the cast and characters were predominantly African-American,the program was unusual in that issues of race were rarely mentioned when compared to other situation comedies of the time, such as The Jeffersons . However, The Cosby Show had African-American themes, such as the Civil rights movement, and it frequently promoted African-American culture and culture of Africa represented by artists and musicians such as Jacob Lawrence, Miles Davis, James Brown, B.B. King, Stevie Wonder, Sammy Davis Jr., Lena Horne, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie and Miriam Makeba.
The spin-off, A Different World, dealt with racial issues more often.The series finale (taped March 6, 1992) aired during the 1992 Los Angeles riots, with Cosby quoted in media at the time pleading for peace.
During the third season, Rashad was pregnant with her daughter Condola. Rather than write this pregnancy in, the producers simply greatly reduced Rashad's scenes or filmed in such a way that her pregnancy was not noticeable.
Another main cast member pregnancy, that of Bonet, almost caused the actress to be fired, especially coming in the wake of appearing in the film Angel Heart , which contained explicit sexual scenes with actor Mickey Rourke. Cosby strongly disapproved of Bonet's role, but allowed her to continue on World until returning to Cosby after her pregnancy. Tensions remained, however, and Bonet was eventually fired in April 1991.
The show's theme music, "Kiss Me", was composed by Stu Gardner and Bill Cosby.Seven versions of this theme were used during the run of the series, making it one of the few television series to use multiple versions of the same theme song over the course of a series. For season four, the theme song music was performed by musician Bobby McFerrin.
Due to legal complications regarding the background mural, the opening for season seven was filmed on August 17, 1990 at Kaufman Astoria Studios in New York City, New York was replaced with the one from the previous season.The original season-seven opening, with slight modifications, returned to use in the beginning of season eight.
|Bill Cosby||Cliff Huxtable||Main|
|Phylicia Rashad *||Clair Huxtable||Main|
|Lisa Bonet||Denise Huxtable||Main||Recurring||Main|
|Malcolm-Jamal Warner||Theodore Huxtable||Main|
|Tempestt Bledsoe||Vanessa Huxtable||Main|
|Keshia Knight Pulliam||Rudy Huxtable||Main|
|Sabrina Le Beauf||Sondra Huxtable||Recurring||Main|
|Geoffrey Owens||Elvin Tibideaux||Recurring||Main|
|Joseph C. Phillips +||Lt. Martin Kendall||Main||Recurring|
|Erika Alexander||Pamela "Pam" Tucker||Main|
*Phylicia Rashad was credited as "Phylicia Ayers-Allen" during season one and the first fourteen episodes of season two.
+Prior to joining the cast as a regular, Joseph C. Phillips appears as Daryl, a potential boyfriend for Sondra in season two (episode: "Cliff in Love").
The show's portrayal of a successful, stable black family was praised by some for breaking racial stereotypes and showing another part of the African-American experience.However, it was criticized by others, including Henry Louis Gates Jr., for allowing white audiences to think that racism and poverty were problems of the past. As a result of the Bill Cosby sexual assault cases, Malcolm-Jamal Warner has stated that the show's legacy is "tarnished".
The Cosby Show had generated $2.5 billion in television revenue, including $1 billion from television advertisement, and $1.5 billion from syndication.
The Cosby Show aired on Thursdays at 8:00 pm for all eight seasons.In its first season, the show was the beginning of a Thursday NBC schedule that was followed by Family Ties , Cheers , Night Court , and Hill Street Blues .
The Cosby Show is one of three television programs ( All in the Family and American Idol being the others) that were number one in the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive seasons.
|Season||Time slot (ET)||Episodes||First aired||Last aired||TV season||Rank||Avg. HH|
|1||Thursday 8:00 pm||24||September 20, 1984||21.6||N/A||May 9, 1985||24.1||N/A||1984–85||3||24.2|
|2||25||September 26, 1985||31.6||N/A||May 15, 1986||31.8||N/A||1985–86||1||33.7|
|3||25||September 25, 1986||33.5||N/A||May 7, 1987||26.4||N/A||1986–87||1||34.9|
|4||24||September 24, 1987||31.5||N/A||April 28, 1988||23.2||N/A||1987–88||1||27.8|
|5||26||October 6, 1988||24.2||37.6||May 11, 1989||20.4||31.5||1988–89||1||25.6|
|6||26||September 21, 1989||26.1||39.3||May 3, 1990||18.5||28.3||1989–90||1||23.1|
|7||26||September 20, 1990||19.8||30.5||May 2, 1991||15.2||22.1||1990–91||5||17.1|
|8||25||September 19, 1991||18.6||28.1||April 30, 1992||28.0||44.4||1991–92||18||15.0|
The Carsey-Werner Company handles domestic distribution, while CBS Television Distribution handles international distribution of the series, and has done so since 1997. In the United States, The Cosby Show began its television syndication run in September 1988 in broadcast syndication, shortly before the show's fifth-season premiere, and was at the time distributed by Viacom; many stations that carried the series were Big Three television networks affiliates. As time went on, this moved to lower-profile timeslots, independent station and minor network affiliates.
Fort Worth, Texas-based independent station, KTVT, carried the series until 1995, when it ceased operating as a regional cable superstation and became an affiliate of CBS. TBS, then a national cable superstation, carried the series for nearly a decade beginning in 1999. Fellow superstation WGN America began carrying the series shortly thereafter, and continued to until September 2010. Viacom's Nick at Nite began airing reruns of the series in March 2002, and its sister network TV Land began airing reruns in 2004, making The Cosby Show one of the few series that were shown on both Nick at Nite and TV Land at the same time. The series was also available to stream on Hulu.
Reruns of The Cosby Show have been pulled from several networks and venues as a result of Bill Cosby sexual assault cases. In November 2014, TV Land pulled the series from its lineup."(E)pisodes have been pulled immediately for the foreseeable future…TV Land even removed references to The Cosby Show from its website on Wednesday afternoon as the scandal accelerated." In December 2014, the Magic Johnson-owned network Aspire removed the show from its lineup.
BET's Centric (another Viacom unit), along with Bounce TV, ceased airing reruns of The Cosby Show. At the same time, barter syndicator The Program Exchange ceased distributing the show.Bounce TV resumed airing the series in December 2016 but pulled the show on April 26, 2018 — the day Cosby was convicted of sexual assault. TV One began airing reruns of the show in May 2017. It is currently the only American network to offer the series. The series is also available on FilmRise, Amazon Prime Video, and Sling TV.
The Cosby Show's producers created a spin-off series called A Different World that was built around the "Denise" character (portrayed by actress Lisa Bonet), the second of the Huxtables' four daughters. Initially, the new program dealt with Denise's life at Hillman College, the fictional historically black college from which her father, mother, and paternal grandfather had graduated.
Denise was written out of A Different World after its inaugural season, due to Bonet's pregnancy, and the following season was revamped, with the addition of director Debbie Allen (Phylicia Rashad's sister) and new characters.Denise later became a recurring character on The Cosby Show for seasons four and five, and a regular again in seasons six and seven.
Golden Globe Awards
NAACP Image Awards
Peabody Award (1986)
People's Choice Awards
Golden Globe Awards
Two albums were produced that included various theme and background music from the show. The albums were presented by longtime Cosby collaborator Stu Gardner. They were:
All eight seasons of The Cosby Show have been released on DVD in Region 1. Seasons one and two were released by UrbanWorks which was subsequently acquired by First Look Studios, who then released the remaining six seasons. Seasons One and Two contain special features, including the ninety minute retrospective documentary entitled The Cosby Show: A Look Back, which aired on NBC in May 2002.
It contains interviews with cast members, bloopers, deleted scenes and audition footage. In December 2010, First Look Studios filed bankruptcy, and all its assets were subsequently acquired by Millennium Entertainment, who also took over distribution of The Cosby Show DVD releases. As of 2013, these releases have been discontinued, and are now out of print.
On November 5, 2013, it was announced that Mill Creek Entertainment had acquired the rights to the series. They have subsequently re released all eight seasons on DVD.On September 1, 2015, Mill Creek released a sixteen disc complete series set entitled The Cosby Show – The Complete Series.
In Region 4, Magna Pacific has released all eight seasons on DVD in Australia and New Zealand. The first two seasons have similar artwork to the North American copies, although season two is red rather than blue. Each Australian cover also features the tagline "In a house full of love, there is always room for more".
Universal Studios Home Entertainment has released Seasons 1 to 4 in Region 2 (United Kingdom).
|DVD title||Ep #||Release dates|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 4|
|Season 1||24||August 2, 2005|
January 21, 2014 (re release)
|May 19, 2008||October 4, 2006|
|Season 2||25||March 7, 2006|
January 21, 2014 (re release)
|August 25, 2008||February 7, 2007|
|Season 3||25||June 5, 2007|
April 15, 2014 (re release)
|October 13, 2008||April 4, 2007|
|Season 4||24||June 5, 2007|
April 15, 2014 (re release)
|February 9, 2009||November 7, 2007|
|Season 5||26||November 6, 2007|
January 6, 2015 (re release)
|March 5, 2008|
|Season 6||26||November 6, 2007|
January 6, 2015 (re release)
|July 9, 2008|
|Season 7||26||April 8, 2008|
June 16, 2015 (re release)
|January 13, 2010|
|Season 8||25||April 8, 2008|
June 16, 2015 (re release)
|January 13, 2010|
|202||November 11, 2008|
September 1, 2015 (re release)
|Collector's Edition||202||August 6, 2014|
Note: The Millennium Entertainment release of season one contains the edited versions of the episodes aired in syndication. However, all subsequent DVD releases (including the complete series set) contain the original, uncut broadcast versions. In 2011, Millennium quietly released season one uncut in Region 1, which featured the special features from The Complete Series set.
William Henry Cosby Jr. is an American stand-up comedian, actor, and author who held an active career for over six decades before being convicted of a number of sex offenses in 2018.
Cosby is an American television sitcom that aired on CBS from September 16, 1996, to April 28, 2000. The program starred Bill Cosby and Phylicia Rashad, who had previously worked together in the NBC sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–1992). Madeline Kahn portrayed their neighborly friend, Pauline, until her death in 1999. The series is loosely based on the British sitcom One Foot in the Grave airing on BBC from 1990 to 2001. This was also the second and final sitcom that Madeline Kahn made for The Carsey-Werner Company, her first being Oh Madeline in 1983.
A Different World is an American sitcom television series that aired for six seasons on NBC from September 24, 1987 to July 9, 1993. The series originally centered on Denise Huxtable and the life of students at Hillman College, a fictional historically black college in Virginia. It was inspired by student life at historically black colleges and universities. After Bonet's departure in the first season, the remainder of the series primarily focused more on Southern belle Whitley Gilbert-Wayne and math whiz Dwayne Cleofis Wayne.
Phylicia Rashād is an American actress, singer and stage director. She is known for her role as Clair Huxtable on the NBC sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–92) which earned her Emmy Award nominations in 1985 and 1986. She was dubbed "The Mother Of The Black Community" at the 2010 NAACP Image Awards and played Ruth Lucas on Cosby (1996-2000).
Malcolm-Jamal Warner is an American actor, director, producer, musician, and writer. He is best known for his roles as Theodore Huxtable on the NBC sitcom The Cosby Show and as Malcolm McGee on the UPN sitcom Malcolm & Eddie. He also starred as Dr. Alex Reed in the sitcom Reed Between the Lines. He currently stars as Dr. AJ Austin on the FOX medical drama The Resident. He also became the producer for the PBS Kids series The Magic School Bus, produced by Nelvana, Scholastic, and South Carolina Educational Television.
Keshia Knight Pulliam is an American actress. She is known for her childhood role as Rudy Huxtable, the youngest daughter of Cliff and Clair Huxtable from the ages of 5 to 13, on the NBC sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–1992) and as an adult as Miranda Lucas-Payne on the TBS comedy-drama Tyler Perry's House of Payne (2007–present).
Sabrina Marie Le Beauf is an American actress best known for her portrayal of Sondra Huxtable on the NBC situation comedy The Cosby Show. She has voiced the character Norma Bindlebeep on the Nick at Nite animated series Fatherhood, a show based on Bill Cosby's book of the same name.
The Bill Cosby Show is an American sitcom television series, that aired for two seasons on NBC's Sunday night schedule from 1969 until 1971, under the sponsorship of Procter & Gamble. There were 52 episodes made in the series. It marked Bill Cosby's first solo foray in television, after his co-starring role with Robert Culp in I Spy.
"Pilot" is the pilot and the first episode of the first season of the American sitcom The Cosby Show. "Pilot" originally aired in the United States on NBC on Thursday, September 20, 1984, at 8:00 PM ET. This episode debuted the week before the official start of the 1984–85 United States network television season. They only have 4 children in this episode. Denise, Theo, Vanessa & Rudy. Sondra, the first born, is introduced until later in that season, Episode 4; she however, is not in the featured/mentioned in the intro. The confrontation with Theo in this episode is seen again in a flashback in the series finale "And So We Commence". The episode was directed by Jay Sandrich and written by Ed. Weinberger and Michael J. Leeson. The episode was a critical and commercial success, achieving both high ratings and positive critical feedback.
Rudith Lillian "Rudy" Huxtable is a fictional character who appears on the American sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–1992). Portrayed by actress Keshia Knight Pulliam, Rudy is the youngest child of Cliff and Clair Huxtable. First appearing alongside her family in the pilot episode "Theo's Economic Lesson", which premiered on September 20, 1984, Rudy matures from a precocious five-year-old girl into a teenager longing for independence throughout the course of the series' eight year-long run.
A sitcom, clipping for situational comedy, is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who (mostly) carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found mostly on television as one of its dominant narrative forms.
Tempestt Bledsoe is an American actress. She is best known for her childhood role as Vanessa Huxtable, the fourth child of Cliff and Clair Huxtable on the long-running NBC sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–92). In December 2010, it was announced that Bledsoe would be the host of Clean House on the Style Network, replacing long-time host Niecy Nash. From September 2012 to February 2013, she was one of the stars of the NBC TV sitcom Guys with Kids, portraying Marny.
"Goodbye Mr. Fish" or sometimes "Good-bye Mr. Fish", "Goodbye, Mr. Fish" or just "Mr. Fish" is the second episode of the first season of the American sitcom The Cosby Show. The episode was directed by Jay Sandrich and written by Earl Pomerantz. "Goodbye Mr. Fish" originally aired in the United States on NBC on Thursday September 27, 1984, at 8:00 PM Eastern time.
The fourth season of Cheers, an American television sitcom, originally aired on NBC in the United States between September 26, 1985, and May 15, 1986, as part of the network's Thursday lineup. This season marks Woody Harrelson's television debut as Woody Boyd after Nicholas Colasanto, who portrayed Coach Ernie Pantusso, died during the previous season. The show was created by director James Burrows and writers Glen and Les Charles, under production team Charles Burrows Charles Productions, in association with Paramount Television.
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The first season of the American television comedy series The Golden Girls originally aired on NBC in the United States between September 14, 1985 and May 10, 1986. Created by television writer Susan Harris, the series was produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions and ABC Studios It starred Bea Arthur, Rue McClanahan, Betty White, and Estelle Getty as the main characters Dorothy Zbornak, Blanche Devereaux, Rose Nylund, and Sophia Petrillo. The series revolves around the lives of three middle aged women living together in a house in Miami.
Clair Olivia Hanks Huxtable is a fictional character who appears on the American sitcom The Cosby Show (1984–1992). Portrayed by actress Phylicia Rashad, Clair, the wife of Cliff Huxtable and mother of their five children, is the matriarch of the show's central Huxtable family. Working as a lawyer, Clair values the importance of maintaining a successful career and strong household simultaneously. The character debuted alongside most of her family in the pilot episode, "Theo's Economic Lesson", which premiered on September 20, 1984.
Sondra Huxtable Tibideaux is a fictional character from the 1980s television series, The Cosby Show.
The show that changed forever the way black families are portrayed on television, the show that paved the way for a rainbow of black sensibilities on TV from In Living Color to The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air is getting razzed these days by The Simpsons.
I won't deal with the foolishness of racial undertones on the show.
McFerrin also earned mainstream exposure through his unique performance of the theme song to the television hit The Cosby Show
28. The Cosby Show (NBC)
8. The Cosby Show (1984) This sitcom-savior sparked 20 years of "Must See TV" dominance while spreading a gentle yet powerful message about inclusion, diversity and the universality of real family values.
"Cosby sweater" entered the country's vernacular and came to mean a garment so loud and nauseating that those encountering it would be tempted to reach for earplugs and Dramamine.