Taloqan

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Taloqan
تالقان
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Taloqan
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 36°43′N69°31′E / 36.717°N 69.517°E / 36.717; 69.517 Coordinates: 36°43′N69°31′E / 36.717°N 69.517°E / 36.717; 69.517
Country Flag of Taliban.svg Afghanistan
Province Takhar
Elevation
876 m (2,874 ft)
Population
 (2006)
  Total196,400
Time zone UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Standard Time)

Taloqan (Persian, also transcribed Taleqan or Taluqan) is the capital of Takhar Province, in northeastern Afghanistan. It is located in the Taluqan District. The population was estimated as 196,400 in 2006. [1]

Contents

In 2021, the Taliban gained control of the province during the 2021 Taliban offensive.

History

A coin minted in Taloqan during the reign of 'Ala ed-Din Mohammad ibn Tekesh (1200-1220), the ruler who suffered Genghis Khan's invasion. Khwarezmshahs jital 1200-1220 Taliqan.jpg
A coin minted in Taloqan during the reign of ’Ala ed-Din Mohammad ibn Tekesh (1200–1220), the ruler who suffered Genghis Khan's invasion.

The old city to the west on the riverside was described by Marco Polo in 1275 CE as:

"a castle called Taikhan, where there is a great corn-market, and the country round is fine and fruitful. The hills that lie to the south of it are large and lofty. They all consist of white salt, extremely hard, with which the people for a distance of thirty days' journey round, come to provide themselves, for it is esteemed the purest that is found in the world. It is so hard, that it can be broken only with great iron hammers. The quantity is so great that all the countries of the earth might be supplied from thence." [2]

In 1603, Taloqan ("Talhan") was visited by another European explorer, Bento de Góis, who was traveling with a caravan from Kabul to Yarkand (then the capital of Kashgaria). [3]

Recent history

Takhar Provincial Governor Office in Taloqan Gouverneurssitz Taloqan.JPG
Takhar Provincial Governor Office in Taloqan

The mujahideen headquarters of Ahmad Shah Massoud were located in Taloqan during his campaign against the Soviet Army and the Taliban. Taloqan was the last major city to fall to the Taliban, on 5 September 2000, [4] after a siege which claimed the lives of hundreds of civilians. [5] A bloody capture by the Taliban also triggered a mass exodus in the population, with civilians fleeing towards Imam Sahib and the Panjshir Valley. Northern Alliance soldiers managed to stop the Taliban advance to the north and to the east of the city, but weren't able to retake it. Taloqan was liberated in November 2001 by Northern Alliance soldiers following the United States invasion of Afghanistan.

The city was attacked during the 2021 Taliban offensive (which coincided with the withdrawal of United States troops). The Taliban tried to take the city in July 2021, however the attack was repulsed. [6] It was captured by the Taliban on 8 August 2021. [7]

Taloqan in Islamic sources

The testament of the Islamic prophet Muhammad indicates that the city will play a major role regarding the Mahdi. A narration by chain, Imam Baqir states: "Allah Almighty has a treasure in Talaqan which is of neither gold nor silver, but consists of twelve thousand (people), having “Ahmad, Ahmad” for their slogan. They will be led by a young Hashemite man riding a gray mule and wearing a red headband. It is as if I can see him crossing the Euphrates. Should you hear of his coming, rush to him even if you have to crawl over the snow. [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] Another narration states: "Talaqan is a place of treasures of Allah. These treasures are not of gold and silver, but consist of people who have recognised Allah as they should have." [15]

Climate

Taloqan has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). In winter there is more rainfall than in summer. The average annual temperature in Taloqan is 15.4 °C (59.7 °F). About 434 mm (17.09 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Taloqan
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)7.3
(45.1)
9.9
(49.8)
15.4
(59.7)
21.0
(69.8)
27.2
(81.0)
34.6
(94.3)
36.5
(97.7)
35.4
(95.7)
30.6
(87.1)
23.6
(74.5)
15.5
(59.9)
9.4
(48.9)
22.2
(72.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.3
(36.1)
4.9
(40.8)
10.0
(50.0)
15.2
(59.4)
20.1
(68.2)
26.1
(79.0)
28.2
(82.8)
27.0
(80.6)
21.9
(71.4)
16.0
(60.8)
9.1
(48.4)
4.2
(39.6)
15.4
(59.8)
Average low °C (°F)−2.6
(27.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.6
(40.3)
9.4
(48.9)
13.0
(55.4)
17.7
(63.9)
20.0
(68.0)
18.6
(65.5)
13.3
(55.9)
8.4
(47.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
8.7
(47.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)39
(1.5)
68
(2.7)
92
(3.6)
93
(3.7)
58
(2.3)
2
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(0.6)
28
(1.1)
37
(1.5)
433
(17.0)
Source: [16]

See also

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References

  1. "Tāloqān". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  2. Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977) [1st Edition: 1970]. An Historical Guide to Afghanistan (2nd Edition, Revised and Enlarged ed.). Afghan Tourist Organization.
  3. "The Journey of Benedict Goës from Agra to Cathay" - Henry Yule's translation of the relevant chapters of De Christiana expeditione apud Sinas , with detailed notes and an introduction. In: Yule (translator and editor), Sir Henry (1866). Cathay and the way thither: being a collection of medieval notices of China. Issue 37 of Works issued by the Hakluyt Society. Printed for the Hakluyt society. pp. 558–559. Archived from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  4. "U.S. Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 2001 - Afghanistan". United States Department of State. 4 March 2002. Archived from the original on 9 October 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. Filipov, David (6 October 2002). "Amid the ruins of war, Afghans tread warily". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  6. "Afghan forces repel Taliban assault on provincial capital, governor says". Reuters. 11 July 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  7. Kakar, Ajmal (8 August 2021). "Most areas of Taloqan fall to Taliban: Sources" . Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  8. Al-Yamani, the First of the Mahdis - A-Name Correspondence http://the-savior.com/home/muslims/shiaa-muslims/al-yamani-the-first-of-the-mahdis/Page-2.html Archived 2012-02-08 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. The Narrations of Imam Ali and several Companions of the Holy Prophet praise and peace be upon him concerning Al Mahdi http://kawansejati.ee.itb.ac.id/0321-the-narrations-of-imam-ali-and-several-companions-of-the-holy-prophet-praise-and-peace-be-upon-him-concerning-al-mahdi Archived 2011-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Hadis Al-Mahdiyul Muntazar:"Good for Al Talakan! Surely, for Allah in it are treasures, not of gold or silver but men who know Allah through truthful knowledge and they will support Al Mahdi at the end of Time."
  12. E-Book: AL MAHDI, JESUS and MOSHAIKH [theANTI-CHRIST] https://www.scribd.com/doc/55997507/AL-MAHDI Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 May 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, al-Burhan fee Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 59)
  16. "Climate: Taloqan". Climate-Data.org. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2018.