|Elevation||876 m (2,874 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Standard Time)|
Taloqan (Persian, also transcribed Taleqan or Taluqan) is the capital of Takhar Province, in northeastern Afghanistan. It is located in the Taluqan District. The population was estimated as 196,400 in 2006.
In 2021, the Taliban gained control of the province during the 2021 Taliban offensive.
The old city to the west on the riverside was described by Marco Polo in 1275 CE as:
In 1603, Taloqan ("Talhan") was visited by another European explorer, Bento de Góis, who was traveling with a caravan from Kabul to Yarkand (then the capital of Kashgaria).
The mujahideen headquarters of Ahmad Shah Massoud were located in Taloqan during his campaign against the Soviet Army and the Taliban. Taloqan was the last major city to fall to the Taliban, on 5 September 2000,after a siege which claimed the lives of hundreds of civilians. A bloody capture by the Taliban also triggered a mass exodus in the population, with civilians fleeing towards Imam Sahib and the Panjshir Valley. Northern Alliance soldiers managed to stop the Taliban advance to the north and to the east of the city, but weren't able to retake it. Taloqan was liberated in November 2001 by Northern Alliance soldiers following the United States invasion of Afghanistan.
The city was attacked during the 2021 Taliban offensive (which coincided with the withdrawal of United States troops). The Taliban tried to take the city in July 2021, however the attack was repulsed.It was captured by the Taliban on 8 August 2021.
The testament of the Islamic prophet Muhammad indicates that the city will play a major role regarding the Mahdi. A narration by chain, Imam Baqir states: "Allah Almighty has a treasure in Talaqan which is of neither gold nor silver, but consists of twelve thousand (people), having “Ahmad, Ahmad” for their slogan. They will be led by a young Hashemite man riding a gray mule and wearing a red headband. It is as if I can see him crossing the Euphrates. Should you hear of his coming, rush to him even if you have to crawl over the snow.Another narration states: "Talaqan is a place of treasures of Allah. These treasures are not of gold and silver, but consist of people who have recognised Allah as they should have."
Taloqan has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). In winter there is more rainfall than in summer. The average annual temperature in Taloqan is 15.4 °C (59.7 °F). About 434 mm (17.09 in) of precipitation falls annually.
|Climate data for Taloqan|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.6|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||39|
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