Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

Last updated
Thornbury Township,
Delaware County,
Pennsylvania
Township
ThornburyTwp.JPG
Locksley Mill
Delaware County Pennsylvania incorporated and unincorporated areas Thornbury highlighted.svg
Location in Delaware County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°55′37″N75°29′55″W / 39.92694°N 75.49861°W / 39.92694; -75.49861 Coordinates: 39°55′37″N75°29′55″W / 39.92694°N 75.49861°W / 39.92694; -75.49861
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Delaware
Established 1685
Area [1]
  Total 9.27 sq mi (24.00 km2)
  Land 9.24 sq mi (23.92 km2)
  Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 335 ft (102 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 8,028
  Estimate (2016) [2] 7,670
  Density 830.45/sq mi (320.64/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 610
Website www.thornbury.org

Thornbury Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 8,028 at the 2010 census, [3] up from 7,093 at the 2000 census. It is adjacent to, and was once joined with, Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It contains part of the census designated place of Cheyney University.

Township (Pennsylvania) township in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania

A Pennsylvania township or township under Pennsylvania laws is one class of the three types of municipalities codified, in Pennsylvania—smaller municipal class legal entities providing local self-government functions in the majority of land areas in the more rural regions. Townships act as the lowest level municipal corporations of governance of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a U.S. state of the United States of America.

Delaware County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. With a population of 562,960, it is the fifth most populous county in Pennsylvania, and the third smallest in area. The county was created on September 26, 1789, from part of Chester County, and named for the Delaware River.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Contents

Geography

Thornbury Township is in western Delaware County. It is bordered by Thornbury Township, Chester County to the north and northwest, Edgmont Township to the east, Middletown Township to the southeast, Concord Township and Chester Heights to the south and Chadds Ford Township to the southwest. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.0 km2), of which 9.2 square miles (23.9 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.34%, is water. [3]

Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Thornbury Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,017 at the 2010 census. It is adjacent to, and was once joined with, Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

Chester County, Pennsylvania County in Pennsylvania, United States

Chester County (Chesco) is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 498,886, increasing by 4.1% to a census-estimated 519,293 residents as of 2017. The county seat is West Chester. Chester County was one of the three original Pennsylvania counties created by William Penn in 1682. It was named for Chester, England.

Middletown Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania Home Rule Municipality in Pennsylvania, United States

Middletown Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 15,807 at the 2010 census. The Pennsylvania State University has an undergraduate satellite campus called Penn State Brandywine located in the north-central portion of the township, while Neumann University, a private co-educational Franciscan university, is located in nearby Aston Township.

Waterways in Thornbury Township include Brinton Lake and Chester Creek.

Chester Creek

Chester Creek is a 9.4-mile-long (15.1 km) tributary of the Delaware River in Delaware County, Pennsylvania in the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1930 1,504
1940 1,466−2.5%
1950 2,10143.3%
1960 2,035−3.1%
1970 3,28461.4%
1980 3,65311.2%
1990 5,05638.4%
2000 7,09340.3%
2010 8,02813.2%
Est. 20167,670 [2] −4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [4]

As of Census 2010, the racial makeup of the township was 72.4% White, 20.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population .

As of the census [5] of 2000, there were 7,093 people, 1,360 households, and 1,153 families residing in the township. The population density was 769.1 people per square mile (297.0/km²). There were 1,387 housing units at an average density of 150.4/sq mi (58.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 64.68% White, 31.09% African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 1,360 households, out of which 44.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.9% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.2% were non-families. 12.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.33.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the township the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 20.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 172.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 160.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $82,441, and the median income for a family was $91,179. Males had a median income of $65,671 versus $36,750 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,987. About 0.9% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

Thornbury Township lies in the drainage area of the Delaware River, named in honor of Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, governor of the colony of Virginia. The river and its bay were explored by Henry Hudson in 1609, and over the next several decades the region was variously claimed by the Swedes, the Dutch, and the English. Its original human inhabitants were the Lenni-Lenape tribe of American Indians.

Once the Dutch were defeated, King Charles II of England made his grant to William Penn in order to found the colony which came to be named Pennsylvania. The land within the present boundaries of Thornbury Township was taken up by "first purchasers" from William Penn. The original grant documents were copper-plate prints on parchment; some still survive and show a price of 100 English pounds for 5,000 acres (2,000 ha).

The Court of Equity in Chester recognized a separate Thornbury Township in 1687, and appointed township officers. At the time, the area was in Chester County, one of the original counties chartered by William Penn; Delaware County had not yet been formed. Thornbury was named after the English birthplace of the wife of George Pearce, who in 1685 had been granted title to 490 acres (200 ha) in the township. [6]

The Battle of Brandywine, the only major battle of the American Revolution fought in Pennsylvania, was within sight and sound of the western part of the township; follow-up military operations took place in the township (see below).

In 1769, the Pennsylvania Assembly authorized the division of Chester County and the creation of Delaware County. In plotting the boundary between the two, Thornbury Township was divided. Border landowners were asked if they wished to remain in Chester County or be in Delaware County. The line thus drawn was quite irregular, and as a result, the northern boundary of the Delaware County township (like the southern boundary of its Chester County counterpart) is distinctly jagged (see map).

Thornbury Township was enlarged by annexing the northern portion of Aston Township in 1837; that township was dissolved. The boundaries of Thornbury have remained unchanged since. The township is the location of "Thornbury" house, home of Revolutionary War figure Persifor Frazer. After the Battle of Brandywine, his wife Mary stood down a British raiding party in a celebrated incident. [7] The house and barn survived the war, but are now in ruins.

The Chester Creek Historic District, John Cheney Log Tenant House and Farm, Melrose and Thornton Village Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [8]

In September 2000 the Delaware Nation of Oklahoma received 11.5 acres of land in Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania [9]

Government and infrastructure

The George W. Hill Correctional Facility (Delaware County Prison), operated by GEO Group, is partially located in the township. [10] [11] Another section is in Concord Township. [12]

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Cheyney, Glen Mils, and Thornton post offices. [13]

Education

Cheyney University of Pennsylvania is partially located in Thornbury Township, Delaware County, [10] and partially in Thornbury Township, Chester County. [14]

The West Chester Area School District serves the township. [15] Three elementary schools serve sections of the township: Penn Wood, Sarah Starkweather, and Westtown-Thornbury. [16] All residents are zoned to Stetson Middle School and Bayard Rustin High School. [17]

The area library is the Rachel Kohl Library. [18]

Transportation

Thorbury Township is bordered by US Route 202 to the west and PA Route 926 to the north. PA Route 352 cuts through the northeast section of Thornbury Township.

Notable people

Community

Glen Mills Schools, a residential facility for male juvenile delinquents, is in Thornbury Township. [10] [19] [20] [21]

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The Glen Mills Schools (GMS) is a residential educational facility for juvenile delinquents located near Glen Mills in Thornbury Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania for boys between 12 and 21 years of age. It has been described as, "the country's most radical and, some say, its most effective answer yet to juvenile crime." It is also the subject of an ongoing investigation or law enforcement proceeding at the U.S. Department of Justice. The City of Philadelphia was in the process of removing all of its students from the school in February 2019.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Thornbury township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  4. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 702. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  7. POLLY FRAZER - An Unsung Heroine’s Story
  8. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  9. "Delaware Indians may use land donated by couple as burial ground". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. September 19, 2000. p. B-10. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  10. 1 2 3 "Chapter 7 7-11 Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine .." Comprehensive Zoning Plan. Thornbury Township. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "The three major institutions found in the Township, the Delaware County Prison, Glen Mills Schools and Cheyney University[...]"
  11. "Delaware County Prison Archived 2011-09-02 at the Wayback Machine .." Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved on September 6, 2011. "George W. Hill Correctional Facility (Delaware County Prison), which is located on 500 Cheyney Road in Thornbury Township[...]"
  12. "Delaware County Open Space, Recreation, and Greenway Plan Volume III: County Parks and Recreation Plan" (PDF). Delaware County, Pennsylvania. April 2015. p. 1-13 (PDF p. 31). Retrieved 2018-09-26. For example, the County Prison in Thornbury and Concord Townships,[...]
  13. "Post Offices." Thornbury Township, Delaware County. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  14. U.S. Geological Survey 7.5-minute topographic map series, ACME Mapper
  15. "West Chester Area Council of Governments Map." On the website of West Goshen Township. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  16. "School Boundary Adjustment Draft SK8C - Current Boundaries with Zones of Change" (Elementary). West Chester Area School District. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  17. "School Boundary Adjustment Draft SK8C - Current Boundaries with Zones of Change" (Secondary). West Chester Area School District. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  18. "Libraries." Thornbury Township, Delaware County. Retrieved on September 26, 2018.
  19. "Telephone/ Address/Emails Archived 2010-11-23 at the Wayback Machine .." "Physical address: Glen Mills Schools 185 Glen Mills Road Glen Mills, PA 19342 "
  20. "Directions Archived 2010-11-23 at the Wayback Machine .." Glen Mills Schools. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.
  21. "Thornbury township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania [ permanent dead link ]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 6, 2011.