Wellington Citizens' Association

Last updated

Citizens' Association
Founded1911
Dissolved1995
Ideology Fiscal conservatism
Political position Centre-right
ColoursBlue & White
SloganAdvance Wellington! [1]

The Citizens' Association (CA), was a right-leaning local body electoral ticket in Wellington, New Zealand. It was formed in 1911 by merging the selection process of council candidates of several civic interest groups and business lobby groups. Its main ambitions were to continue to control the Wellington City Council, reduce local spending and deny left-leaning Labour Party candidates being elected.

Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics, or tradition. Hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences or the competition in market economies. The term right-wing can generally refer to "the conservative or reactionary section of a political party or system".

A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.

Ticket (election)

A ticket refers to a single election choice which fills more than one political office or seat. For example, in Guyana, the candidates for President and Parliament run on the same "ticket", because they are elected together on a single ballot question — as a vote for a given party-list in the Parliamentary election counts as a vote for the party's corresponding presidential candidate — rather than separately.

Contents

History

The Citizens' Association was founded in 1911 under the name of the Wellington Citizens League, created with the goal of electing "desirable" candidates to the Wellington City Council to represent the needs of businessmen in the local community. [2] In 1921 the Citizens League was renamed as the Civic League a name it would retain until changing names again to the Citizens' Association in the lead up to the 1933 civic elections. The body grew from the earlier Civic League organisation and also absorbed the Greater Wellington Electors' Association and Ratepayers' Association to jointly nominate and endorse candidates for local government. It picked candidates from applicants for Wellington's mayoralty, City Council, Harbour Board and Hospital Board. Despite several publicly embarrassing selection controversies (such as in 1950, 1956 and 1965), [3] the Citizens' Association controlled the council from the time of its inception until finally losing its decades long majority in 1986 when the Labour Party won its first ever majority with Labour's Jim Belich also capturing the mayoralty for Labour. [4] It was less successful in controlling the Mayoralty particularly during the 18 year period of 1956–74 when Labour's Frank Kitts was Mayor. [5]

Wellington City Council territorial authority in the Wellington urban area of New Zealand

Wellington City Council is a territorial authority in New Zealand, governing the country's third-largest city by population, behind Auckland and Christchurch. Wellington City consists of the central historic town and certain additional areas within the Wellington metropolitan area, extending as far north as Linden and covering rural areas such as Makara and Ohariu. The city adjoins Porirua in the north and Hutt City in the north-east. It is one of nine territorial authorities in the Wellington Region.

1933 Wellington City mayoral election

The 1933 Wellington City mayoral election was part of the New Zealand local elections held that same year. In 1933, elections were held for the Mayor of Wellington plus other local government positions including the fifteen city councillors, also elected biannually. Thomas Hislop, the incumbent Mayor sought re-election and retained office unopposed with no other candidates emerging. The polling was conducted using the standard first-past-the-post electoral method.

Wellington Harbour Board

The Wellington Harbour Board was constituted by act of parliament which took effect on 1 January 1880. Shipowners, those paying harbour dues, Wellington City, Hutt County, Wairarapa County, and Wellington's Chamber of Commerce all elected representatives to the board. The Mayor of Wellington was a member as was one further direct government appointment.

Electoral esults

Council seats

Yearno. of seats won% of seats±
1911
10 / 15
66.6%Increase2.svg 10
1913
9 / 15
60.0%Decrease2.svg 1
1915
13 / 15
86.6%Increase2.svg 4
1917
14 / 15
93.3%Increase2.svg 1
1919
9 / 15
60.0%Decrease2.svg 5
1921
13 / 15
86.6%Increase2.svg 4
1923
13 / 15
86.6%Steady2.svg 0
1925
12 / 15
80.0%Decrease2.svg 1
1927
11 / 15
73.3%Decrease2.svg 1
1929
12 / 15
80.0%Increase2.svg 1
1931
11 / 15
73.3%Decrease2.svg 1
1933
7 / 15
46.6%Decrease2.svg 4
1935
9 / 15
60.0%Increase2.svg 2
1938
9 / 15
60.0%Steady2.svg 0
1941
15 / 15
100.0%Increase2.svg 6
1944
15 / 15
100.0%Steady2.svg 0
1947
15 / 15
100.0%Steady2.svg 0
1950
9 / 15
60.0%Decrease2.svg 6
1953
9 / 15
60.0%Steady2.svg 0
1956
12 / 15
80.0%Increase2.svg 3
1959
12 / 15
80.0%Steady2.svg 0
1962
11 / 15
73.3%Decrease2.svg 1
1965
10 / 15
66.6%Decrease2.svg 1
1968
10 / 15
66.6%Steady2.svg 0
1971
8 / 15
53.3%Decrease2.svg 2
1974
12 / 18
66.6%Increase2.svg 4
1977
10 / 18
55.5%Decrease2.svg 2
1980
10 / 18
55.5%Steady2.svg 0
1983
9 / 18
50.0%Decrease2.svg 1
1986
9 / 21
42.8%Steady2.svg 0
1989
9 / 21
42.8%Steady2.svg 0
1992
6 / 21
28.5%Decrease2.svg 3
1995
4 / 18
22.2%Decrease2.svg 2

Mayoralty

YearCandidatePopular votePercentageResult+/-
1911 Thomas Wilford UnopposedElected1st
1912 John Smith1,90718.45Unelected3rd
1913 John Luke 9,99751.29Elected1st
1914 John Luke 11,55556.44Elected1st
1915 John Luke 9,98753.56Elected1st
1917 John Luke UnopposedElected1st
1919 John Luke 7,36142.57Elected1st
1921 Robert Wright 13,40565.33Elected1st
1923 Robert Wright 10,87642.30Elected1st
1925 Charles Norwood 13,18052.87Elected1st
1927 George Troup 12,54954.45Elected1st
1929 George Troup 14,40760.97Elected1st
1931 Thomas Hislop 13,59352.68Elected1st
1933 Thomas Hislop UnopposedElected1st
1935 Thomas Hislop 21,50553.08Elected1st
1938 Thomas Hislop 24,36856.85Elected1st
1941 Thomas Hislop 19,91963.92Elected1st
1944 Will Appleton 29,89958.80Elected1st
1947 Will Appleton 27,00054.17Elected1st
1950 Robert Macalister 17,58252.02Elected1st
1953 Robert Macalister 21,80948.78Elected1st
1956 Ernest Toop 11,92031.28Unelected2nd
1959 Ernest Toop 17,68048.47Unelected2nd
1962 William Arcus10,82131.79Unelected2nd
1965 Cecil Henry Benny11,96638.64Unelected2nd
1968 Robert Archibald9,56933.91Unelected2nd
1971 Alexander O'Shea 9,91531.37Unelected2nd
1974 Michael Fowler 14,98041.36Elected1st
1977 Michael Fowler 17,04140.92Elected1st
1980 Michael Fowler 17,96451.63Elected1st
1983 Ian Lawrence 19,95249.28Elected1st
1986 Ian Lawrence 16,51944.62Unelected2nd
1989 Rex Nicholls14,18327.70Unelected3rd
1992 Ken Comber 8,75115.31Unelected3rd
1995 Nigel Gould4,4147.08Unelected4th

Notes

  1. "Advance Wellington!". Evening Post. CII (49). 26 August 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  2. Betts 1970, pp. 132.
  3. Betts 1970, pp. 156–7, 184–6.
  4. Franks & McAloon 2016, p. 225.
  5. Betts 1970, pp. 262.

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