Wellington Citizens' Association

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Citizens' Association
Founded 1911
Dissolved 1995
Ideology Fiscal conservatism
Political position Centre-right
Colours Blue & White
SloganAdvance Wellington! [1]

The Citizens' Association (CA), was a right-leaning local body electoral ticket in Wellington, New Zealand. It was formed in 1911 by merging the selection process of council candidates of several civic interest groups and business lobby groups. Its main ambitions were to continue to control the Wellington City Council, reduce local spending and deny left-leaning Labour Party candidates being elected.

Contents

History

The Citizens' Association was founded in 1911 under the name of the Wellington Citizens League, created with the goal of electing "desirable" candidates to the Wellington City Council to represent the needs of businessmen in the local community. [2] In 1921 the Citizens League was renamed as the Civic League a name it would retain until changing names again to the Citizens' Association in the lead up to the 1935 civic elections. The body grew from the earlier Civic League organisation and also absorbed the Greater Wellington Electors' Association and Ratepayers' Association to jointly nominate and endorse candidates for local government. It picked candidates from applicants for Wellington's mayoralty, City Council, Harbour Board and Hospital Board. Despite several publicly embarrassing selection controversies (such as in 1950, 1956 and 1965), [3] the Citizens' Association controlled the council from the time of its inception until finally losing its decades long majority in 1986 when the Labour Party won its first ever majority with Labour's Jim Belich also capturing the mayoralty for Labour. [4] It was less successful in controlling the Mayoralty particularly during the 18 year period of 1956–74 when Labour's Frank Kitts was Mayor. [5]

Electoral esults

Council seats

Year no. of seats won % of seats ±
1911
10 / 15
66.6% Increase 10
1913
8 / 15
53.3% Decrease 2
1915
13 / 15
86.6% Increase 5
1917
14 / 15
93.3% Increase 1
1919
9 / 15
60.0% Decrease 5
1921
9 / 15
60.0% Steady 0
1923
13 / 15
86.6% Increase 4
1925
12 / 15
80.0% Decrease 1
1927
11 / 15
73.3% Decrease 1
1929
12 / 15
80.0% Increase 1
1931
11 / 15
73.3% Decrease 1
1933
9 / 15
60.0% Decrease 2
1935
8 / 15
53.3% Decrease 1
1938
9 / 15
60.0%Increase 1
1941
15 / 15
100.0% Increase 6
1944
15 / 15
100.0% Steady 0
1947
15 / 15
100.0% Steady 0
1950
9 / 15
60.0% Decrease 6
1953
9 / 15
60.0% Steady 0
1956
12 / 15
80.0% Increase 3
1959
12 / 15
80.0% Steady 0
1962
11 / 15
73.3% Decrease 1
1965
10 / 15
66.6% Decrease 1
1968
10 / 15
66.6% Steady 0
1971
8 / 15
53.3% Decrease 2
1974
12 / 18
66.6% Increase 4
1977
10 / 18
55.5% Decrease 2
1980
10 / 18
55.5% Steady 0
1983
9 / 18
50.0% Decrease 1
1986
9 / 21
42.8% Steady 0
1989
9 / 21
42.8% Steady 0
1992
6 / 21
28.5% Decrease 3
1995
4 / 18
22.2% Decrease 2

Mayoralty

Year Candidate Popular vote Percentage Result +/-
1911 Thomas Wilford Unopposed Elected 1st
1912 John Smith 1,907 18.45 Unelected 3rd
1913 John Luke 9,997 51.29 Elected 1st
1914 John Luke 11,555 56.44 Elected 1st
1915 John Luke 9,987 53.56 Elected 1st
1917 John Luke Unopposed Elected 1st
1919 John Luke 7,361 42.57 Elected 1st
1921 Robert Wright 13,405 65.33 Elected 1st
1923 Robert Wright 10,876 42.30 Elected 1st
1925 Charles Norwood 13,180 52.87 Elected 1st
1927 George Troup 12,549 54.45 Elected 1st
1929 George Troup 14,407 60.97 Elected 1st
1931 Thomas Hislop 13,593 52.68 Elected 1st
1933 Thomas Hislop Unopposed Elected 1st
1935 Thomas Hislop 21,505 53.08 Elected 1st
1938 Thomas Hislop 24,368 56.85 Elected 1st
1941 Thomas Hislop 19,919 63.92 Elected 1st
1944 Will Appleton 29,884 59.56 Elected 1st
1947 Will Appleton 27,000 54.17 Elected 1st
1950 Robert Macalister 17,582 52.02 Elected 1st
1953 Robert Macalister 21,809 48.78 Elected 1st
1956 Ernest Toop 11,920 31.28 Unelected 2nd
1959 Ernest Toop 17,680 48.47 Unelected 2nd
1962 William Arcus 10,821 31.79 Unelected 2nd
1965 Cecil Henry Benny 11,966 38.64 Unelected 2nd
1968 Robert Archibald 9,569 33.91 Unelected 2nd
1971 Alexander O'Shea 9,915 31.37 Unelected 2nd
1974 Michael Fowler 14,980 41.36 Elected 1st
1977 Michael Fowler 17,041 40.92 Elected 1st
1980 Michael Fowler 17,964 51.63 Elected 1st
1983 Ian Lawrence 19,952 49.28 Elected 1st
1986 Ian Lawrence 16,519 44.62 Unelected 2nd
1989 Rex Nicholls 14,183 27.70 Unelected 3rd
1992 Ken Comber 8,751 15.31 Unelected 3rd
1995 Nigel Gould 4,414 7.08 Unelected 4th

Notes

  1. "Advance Wellington!". Evening Post. CII (49). 26 August 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  2. Betts 1970, pp. 132.
  3. Betts 1970, pp. 156–7, 184–6.
  4. Franks & McAloon 2016, p. 225.
  5. Betts 1970, pp. 262.

References