West Meon

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West Meon
High Street, West Meon - geograph.org.uk - 619938.jpg
Hampshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
West Meon
Location within Hampshire
Population724 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SU640240
Civil parish
  • West Meon
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PETERSFIELD
Postcode district GU32
Dialling code 01730
Police Hampshire and Isle of Wight
Fire Hampshire and Isle of Wight
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
51°00′43″N1°05′16″W / 51.01192°N 1.08773°W / 51.01192; -1.08773 Coordinates: 51°00′43″N1°05′16″W / 51.01192°N 1.08773°W / 51.01192; -1.08773

West Meon is a village and civil parish in Hampshire, England, with a population of 749 people at the 2011 census.

Contents

Geography

It is 2+34 miles (4.4 km) north-west of East Meon, on the headwaters of the River Meon. Its closest town is Petersfield which is 6+12 miles (10.5 km) to the east. [2]

There are a number of walks around the village and surrounding hills along the South Downs Way and the bridleway provided by the, now defunct Meon Valley Railway Line, which leads 11 miles (17.7 km) south from West Meon to Wickham. [2]

History

A charter of 932 in which King Æthelstan granted West Meon to the thegn Æthelweard includes a detailed account of the boundary of the estate which almost coincides with the boundary of the modern parish of West Meon. [3] [4] The Manor of West Meon was listed in the Domesday Book as owned by the Bishop of Winchester. [5] A charter of 1205 confirmed the grant of land to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun, Winchester, in whose hands it remained until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1541 the manor was granted to the Dean and Chapter of Winchester by Henry VIII, and the maintenance of six theology students at each of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge was ordered. In 1544 the king changed this regulation, and the manor was granted to Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, in whose family the manor remained until 1677.

Other lands in West Meon Parish held by the Wriothesley family were the manors of Hall Park, Coombe and Woodlands. Another manor, called Punsholt, was first mentioned in 1341 when it was held by Walter de Ticheborne. Later the manor was combined with that of West Tisted and followed the same descent. Punsholt Farm in the North of the Parish indicates the site of the manor.[ citation needed ]

During the Civil War West Meon was the scene of several skirmishes prior to the Battle of Cheriton, which was fought on 29 March 1644.

The remains of a Roman villa have been uncovered in Lippen Wood, a mile from the village. The outer walls of the villa, some hypocaust pillars and a patterned mosaic floor were found during a 1905 excavation. [6]

Thomas Lord of cricket ground fame retired to the village in 1830. The eponymous pub is in the high street. British spy Guy Burgess lived in the village and his ashes spread in the churchyard. [7] Between West Meon and East Meon is Westbury House which was built in 1904, after the previous Palladian mansion on the estate was destroyed by fire. [8]

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References

  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. 1 2 Google. "West Meon" (Map). Google Maps . Google.
  3. Naismith, Rory (2021). Early Medieval Britain, c. 500-1000. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 362–369. ISBN   978-1-108-44025-7.
  4. Charter S 417
  5. "West Meon village design statement". Winchester City Council. 2002.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. A. Moray Williams (1905). "Report of preliminary excavations, May - August 1905" (PDF).{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. "The Thomas Lord, restaurant review: This cheerleader for Hampshire". Independent.co.uk . 27 January 2015.
  8. "Westbury House". www.eastmeonhistory.net. Retrieved 4 April 2019.