6 (New York City Subway service)

Last updated

NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6d-Std.svg
Lexington Avenue Local
Pelham Bay Park Express
R62A 6 train leaving Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall.jpg
Pelham Bay Park-bound 6 local train of R62As at Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall
MTA NYC Subway 6-express train passing Elder Ave.jpg
Pelham Bay Park-bound 6 express train of R62As passing Elder Avenue
NYCS map 6.svg
Northern end Pelham Bay Park (all times)
Parkchester (weekdays, peak direction)
Southern end Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall
Stations38 (local service)
29 (express service)
Rolling stock370 R62As (37 trains) [1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
Depot Westchester Yard
Started serviceOctober 27, 1904;116 years ago (1904-10-27)
Route map

Contents

Arrow Blue Down 001.svg  6    <6>  
BSicon lcdACC.svg
BSicon uexcSTRc2.svg
BSicon ucKABZ2x3.svg
BSicon ucSTRc3.svg
Pelham Bay Park
BSicon uexcSTR+1.svg
BSicon ucSTRc1.svg
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BSicon uldHST.svg
BSicon ucSTR+4.svg
Buhre Avenue
BSicon uexdSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Middletown Road
BSicon uexdSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Westchester Square–East Tremont Avenue
BSicon uexdSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Zerega Avenue
BSicon ldENDE@F.svg
BSicon uexdSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Castle Hill Avenue
BSicon uvUST.svg
Arrow Blue Down 001.svg  6   (rush hours)
BSicon uvBHF.svg
Parkchester
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
St. Lawrence Avenue
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Morrison Avenue–Soundview
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Elder Avenue
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Whitlock Avenue
BSicon uvACC.svg
Hunts Point Avenue
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Longwood Avenue
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
East 149th Street
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
East 143rd Street –
St. Mary's Street
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Cypress Avenue
BSicon udSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Brook Avenue
BSicon uvBHF.svg
Third Avenue–138th Street
BSicon ldCONTg@F.svg
BSicon uv-SHI2g+r.svg
BSicon GRZq.svg
BSicon mvSTR.svg
BSicon lvINTACC.svg
BSicon mvBHF.svg
125th Street MTA NYC logo.svg
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BSicon dSTR.svg
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116th Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
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110th Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
103rd Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
96th Street
BSicon dBHF.svg
BSicon udBHF.svg
86th Street Wheelchair symbol.svg
northbound local
only
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
77th Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
68th Street–Hunter College
BSicon dBHF.svg
BSicon udBHF.svg
59th Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHSTACC.svg
51st Street
BSicon lvINTACC.svg
BSicon mvBHF.svg
Grand Central–42nd Street MTA NYC logo.svg
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
33rd Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHSTACC.svg
28th Street Wheelchair symbol.svg
southbound
only
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHSTACC.svg
23rd Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon uedHST.svg
BSicon mvBHF.svg
14th Street–Union Square
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Astor Place
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHSTACC.svg
Bleecker Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHST.svg
Spring Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udHSTACC.svg
Canal Street
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon uedHST.svg
BSicon vSHI2g+l-.svg
BSicon uv-STR.svg
BSicon exvSHI2l-.svg
BSicon lACC.svg
BSicon mvBHF.svg
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon udSTR.svg
Arrow Blue Up 001.svg  6    <6>  
BSicon dSTR.svg
BSicon uWSLe.svg
BSicon uexl-HST.svg
BSicon -NULfq.svg
BSicon dCONTf@F.svg
Legend

BSicon uSTRq.svg
Lines used by the NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
Other services sharingtracks with the NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg
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BSicon excdSTRq.svg
Unused lines, connections,or service patterns
  6  
Termini of services

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Cross-platform interchange

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Platforms on different levels

The 6 Lexington Avenue Local and <6> Pelham Bay Park Express [2] are two rapid transit services in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Their route emblems, or "bullets", are colored forest green since they use the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan. [3]

Local service is denoted by a (6) in a circular bullet, and express service is denoted by a <6> in a diamond-shaped bullet; on the R62A rolling stock, this is often indicated by LED signs around the service logo to indicate local or express service to riders; a green circle for 6 local trains, and a red diamond for <6> trains.

6 trains operate local at all times between Pelham Bay Park in the Bronx and Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall in Lower Manhattan. During weekdays in the peak direction, <6> Pelham Express trains replace 6 local ones north of Parkchester, and run express between that station and Third Avenue–138th Street. During this time, 6 Pelham Local trains short turn at Parkchester (except for peak-direction <6> Express trains that return in the opposite direction as 6 Local trains). Weekdays from 9:00 to 11:00 a.m., select Manhattan-bound <6> trains run local from Parkchester to Hunts Point Avenue while select Parkchester-bound 6 trains run express in that section.

The 6 in its current format has run since the implementation of the IRT "H" system in 1918. Since 1920, it has remained largely unchanged, running between Pelham Bay Park and City Hall with a peak-express variant in the Bronx. In 1945, the city closed the City Hall Loop station, the 6's former southern terminal in Manhattan. Since then, most 6 trains have terminated at Brooklyn Bridge, with a few exceptions in later years.

History

On October 27, 1904, local and express service opened on the original subway in Manhattan, following the route of the present IRT Lexington Avenue Line from City Hall to Grand Central–42nd Street. From there, the service traveled west on 42nd Street on the route of the present 42nd Street Shuttle, and then north on the present IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line to 145th Street.

The current "H" configuration, with separate services along Lexington Avenue and Broadway/Seventh Avenue, was introduced in 1917. [4] Full Lexington Avenue local service from City Hall to 125th Street opened on July 17, 1918. On August 1, 1918, Third Avenue–138th Street opened with trains running between there and City Hall, making all stops. [5]

On January 17, 1919, trains were extended from 138th Street to Hunts Point Avenue, and on May 30, 1920, 6 service was extended to East 177th Street. [5] On October 24, 1920, 6 service was extended again to Westchester Square. [5] On December 20, 1920, 6 service was extended to Pelham Bay Park. [5]

On December 21, 1925, the number of Manhattan-bound through trains in the morning rush hour, between 7 a.m. and 8 a.m., were increased from thirteen to eighteen, a 38% increase in service. The remainder of trains continued operating as a shuttle service to Hunts Point Avenue. [6]

On January 28, 1931, two southbound morning rush hour trips began starting at Pelham Bay Park instead of Hunts Point Avenue. On April 13, 1931, service to Pelham Bay Park was increased. Two additional southbound trips were added, starting at Pelham Bay Park at 5:50 and 6:10 a.m., reducing headways from ten to five minutes. Four northbound trips that terminated at Hunts Point Avenue between 3:53 and 5:05 p.m. were extended to Pelham Bay Park, reducing headways from nine to six minutes, and four northbound trips terminating at Third Avenue—138th Street between 3:36 and 4:48 p.m. were extended to Hunts Point Avenue, reducing headways from 4+12 to 3 minutes. [7]

By 1934, service south of the City Hall station had been discontinued, and late-night service ran from Pelham Bay Park to 125th Street only; late night express service on the 4 ran local for the first time that year.

Effective December 31, 1945, City Hall station closed with the former Brooklyn Bridge station (renamed to Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall) being the permanent southern terminal. However, the 6 train still uses the loop to get from the southbound to the northbound local track at Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall. [8]

On May 10, 1946, late-night service was extended from 125th Street to its previous terminus at Brooklyn Bridge when late night express service on the 4 was restored. [5] [9]

Beginning October 14, 1946, weekday rush and Saturday morning rush peak direction express service started, with Pelham Bay trains using the middle track between East 177th Street and Third Avenue–138th Street. [5] This express service saved eight minutes between Third Avenue and East 177th Street. During this time, 6 trains that ran local in the Bronx when express trains operated began to terminate at East 177 Street to make room for express trains to Pelham Bay Park. On March 7, 1949, the hours of the evening Bronx-bound express service were advanced from 4:30 to 3:30 p.m., and on June 17, 1949, the hours of the morning Manhattan-bound express service were extended from 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. [9]

On September 22, 1948, 54 additional cars were placed in service on the 6 train, increasing the lengths of trains from six cars to seven cars. [9]

From December 15 to December 22, 1950, the weekday rush trains from Pelham Bay Park were extended to South Ferry. [5] On June 23, 1956, Saturday morning express service began operating local on the 6 train. [5] Starting April 8, 1960, late night and weekday evening trains were extended to South Ferry, followed by weekend evening service starting October 17, 1965; however, all trains were again cut back to Brooklyn Bridge by May 23, 1976, a year before the inner loop platform of South Ferry closed. [5]

From March 1, 1960, to October 17, 1965, the 4 and 6 trains also ran local together in Manhattan late nights when late night express service on the 4 was discontinued for a time.

Beginning on January 13, 1980, late night service terminated at 125th Street in Manhattan with the 4 again making all stops south of there. This service cut affected 15,000 riders, and was criticized by Manhattan Borough President Andrew Stein as no public hearing was held. [10] On the same day, Bronx express service was expanded to operate during middays, with Pelham Bay trains running express in the peak direction to Brooklyn Bridge in the morning, then to Pelham Bay Park in the afternoon. [5] [11]

For a few months in 1985, one scheduled daily 6 train traveled to Atlantic Avenue before turning for Pelham Bay Park. [5]

From January 21 to October 5, 1990, late night service was extended back to Brooklyn Bridge when late night express service on the 4 was restored. But the 6 was then cut back to 125th Street for the last time when late-night express service on the 4 in Manhattan was permanently discontinued. [5] [12]

Effective October 3, 1999, the 4 and 6 trains once again began to operate local together in Manhattan late nights when the 6 train was permanently extended back to Brooklyn Bridge. [13]

Route

Service pattern

The following table shows the lines used by 6 and <6>, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times: [14]

LineFromToTracksTimes
weekday peak directionall other times
NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6d-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg
IRT Pelham Line (full line) Pelham Bay Park Castle Hill Avenue local   
Parkchester Third Avenue–138th Street express 
local   
IRT Lexington Avenue Line 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall  

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above. [2]

Station service legend
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg Stops all times
NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg Stops all times except late nights
NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg Stops late nights only
NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg Stops weekdays only
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg Stops all times except weekdays in the peak direction
NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg Station closed
Time period details
Wheelchair symbol.svg Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Wheelchair symbol.svg  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Wheelchair symbol.svg  
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
NYCS-bull-trans-6-Std.svg NYCS-bull-trans-6d-Std.svg Stations Wheelchair symbol.svg Subway transfersConnections/other notes
The Bronx
Pelham Line
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Pelham Bay Park Wheelchair symbol.svg Bx12 Select Bus Service
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Buhre Avenue
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Middletown Road
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Westchester Square–East Tremont Avenue
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Zerega Avenue
NYCS-SSI-allexceptrush.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Castle Hill Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Parkchester Q44 Select Bus Service
On weekdays, all local peak direction and alternating trains in the off peak direction during rush hour and midday begin and end at this station.
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | St. Lawrence Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Morrison Avenue–Soundview
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Elder Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Whitlock Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Hunts Point Avenue Wheelchair symbol.svg Bx6 Select Bus Service
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Longwood Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | East 149th Street
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | East 143rd Street–St. Mary's Street
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Cypress Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg | Brook Avenue
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Third Avenue–138th Street Some a.m. rush hour trips to Manhattan begin or end at this station
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 125th Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
One southbound p.m. rush hour trip begins at this station
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 116th Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 110th Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 103rd Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 96th Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 86th Street Wheelchair symbol.svg   4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg M86 Select Bus Service
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction for the local platform only.
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 77th Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg M79 Select Bus Service
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 68th Street–Hunter College 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 59th Street Aiga elevator.svg   4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg
N   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg R   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg W   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard/OMNY: F   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg <F> NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg N   NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg Q   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg R   NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Elevator access via Bloomingdale's in the northbound direction only during Bloomingdale's operating hours; no ADA access
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 51st Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
E   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg M   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Grand Central–42nd Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg
7   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg <7> NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg (IRT Flushing Line)
S   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 33rd Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg M15 Select Bus Service
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
NYC Ferry : Astoria and Soundview Routes
(on FDR Drive and East 34th Street)
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 28th Street Wheelchair symbol.svg   4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
M15 Select Bus Service
M23 Select Bus Service
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 23rd Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg M14A / M14D Select Bus Service
M15 Select Bus Service
M23 Select Bus Service
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
NYC Ferry : Soundview Route (on FDR Drive/Avenue C and East 20th Street)
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg 14th Street–Union Square Aiga elevator.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg
L   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg (BMT Canarsie Line)
N   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg Q   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg R   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg W   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg (BMT Broadway Line)
M14A / M14D Select Bus Service
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Astor Place Aiga elevator.svg   4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg Elevator access via Kmart in the southbound direction only during Kmart's operating hours; no ADA access.
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Bleecker Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
B   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg D   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg F   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg <F> NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg M   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg (IND Sixth Avenue Line at Broadway–Lafayette Street)
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Spring Street 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Canal Street Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-nightsonly.svg
N   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg Q   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg R   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg W   NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg (BMT Broadway Line)
J   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg Z   NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg (BMT Nassau Street Line)
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall Wheelchair symbol.svg 4   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg 5   NYCS-SSI-allexceptnights.svg
J   NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg Z   NYCS-SSI-rushpeak.svg (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)

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References

  1. "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required April 27, 2020" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 63 (6): 14. June 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "6Subway Timetable, Effective September 13, 2020". Metropolitan Transportation Authority . Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  3. "mta.info - Line Colors". web.mta.info.
  4. "New Subways For New York: The Dual System of Rapid Transit - Interborough Routes and Stations". NYCSubway.org. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  6. "I.R.T. To Add Trains. Increases Service to Queens and the Bronx". The New York Sun. December 18, 1925. Retrieved April 11, 2019 via Fulton History.
  7. Eleventh Annual Report For The Calendar Year 1931. New York State Transit Commission. p. 78.
  8. Green, Jonah (November 10, 2010). "The Abandoned City Hall Subway Stop Now Visible To Tourists (PHOTOS)" via Huff Post.
  9. 1 2 3 Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. hdl:2027/mdp.39015023094926.
  10. "Suit seeks to bar cutbacks on Lexington Ave. subways". New York Daily News. January 11, 1980. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  11. "January 1980 IRT Service Changes". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. December 1979.
  12. "Service Change". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. February 1990.
  13. "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.