Blair, Logan County, West Virginia

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Blair
Unincorporated community
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Blair
Location within the state of West Virginia
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Blair
Blair (the US)
Coordinates: 37°52′42″N81°49′40″W / 37.87833°N 81.82778°W / 37.87833; -81.82778 Coordinates: 37°52′42″N81°49′40″W / 37.87833°N 81.82778°W / 37.87833; -81.82778
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Logan
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 1553921 [1]

Blair is an unincorporated community in Logan County, West Virginia, United States, on the Spruce Fork. Blair lies along West Virginia Route 17. According to the Geographic Names Information System, Blair has also been known as Ginseg, Ginseng, and Seng.

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Logan County, West Virginia County in the United States

Logan County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,743. Its county seat is Logan. The county was formed in 1824 from parts of Giles, Tazewell, Cabell, and Kanawha counties. It is named for Chief Logan, famous Native American chief of the Mingo tribe.

West Virginia State of the United States of America

West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region in the Southern United States and is also considered to be a part of the Middle Atlantic States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 41st largest state by area, and is ranked 38th in population. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

In 1921, nearby Blair Mountain was the site of the West Virginia Mine Wars between thousands of rioting coal miners and federal troops which came to the aid of embattled local authorities. The federal troops prevailed and an unknown, but relatively small, number of people were killed in the fighting.

Also, during the Battle of Blair Mountain, a part of the West Virginia Mine Wars, federal troops used bombs against miners that attempting to reach the top.

Battle of Blair Mountain

The Battle of Blair Mountain was the largest labor uprising in United States history and one of the largest, best-organized, and most well-armed uprisings since the American Civil War.

Since the mid-1990s, Blair has been quickly depopulated by the expansion of Arco Coal Company's surface mine on Blair Mountain just above the town. Arco has bought out many local residents and filled in part of the valley upon which Blair rests with blasted rock from the mountain. About two-thirds of the approximately two hundred homes that constituted Blair in the early 1990s have since been demolished.

In December 2005 a coalition of environmental groups filed a lawsuit to stop Arco from getting the necessary permits to create more valley fills. At the time of writing, this lawsuit was not resolved.

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Paint Creek–Cabin Creek strike of 1912

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The West Virginia coal wars (1912–21), also known as the mine wars, arose out of a dispute between coal companies and miners. The first workers strike, in West Virginia, was the Cabin Creek and Paint Creek strike of 1912-1913. With help from Mary "Mother Jones" Harris Jones, an important figure in unionizing the mine workers, the miners demanded better pay, better work conditions, the right to trade where they pleased, and recognition of the United Mine Workers (UMW). The mining companies, however, refused to meet the demands of the workers and instead hired Baldwin-Felts agents, equipped with high-powered rifles, to guard the mines, and act as strikebreakers. After the Agents arrived, the miners either moved out or were evicted from the houses they had been renting from the coal companies, moving into coal camps that were being supported by the Union. Approximately 35,000 people lived in these coal camps. A month after the strike began, hostilities began with the arrival of the Baldwin-Felts Agents who provoked the miners. Socialist Party activists began supplying miners with weapons: 6 machine guns, 1,000 high-powered rifles, and 50,000 rounds of ammunition.

Ephraim F. Morgan American politicianAmerican politician

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Matewan Historic District

The Matewan Historic District encompasses the town center of the rural coal mining community of Matewan, West Virginia. Matewan was the scene of the Battle of Matewan on May 19, 1920, during a coal miners' strike, an event which led to the Battle of Blair Mountain, the largest insurrection ever associated with the labor movement in the United States, and was depicted in the film Matewan. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1997.

Don Chafin American politician

Don Chafin was the sheriff of Logan County, West Virginia and a commander in the Battle of Blair Mountain. As sheriff of Logan County, Chafin was a fierce opponent of unionization and received hundreds of thousands of dollars from coal mine operators in return for his violent suppression of the United Mine Workers union.

Bill Blizzard American labor leader

William H. "Bill" Blizzard was a union organizer, a commander of the miners' army during the 1921 Battle of Blair Mountain, and president of District 17 of the United Mine Workers (UMWA). Blizzard is most remembered for his role in the Battle of Blair Mountain, leading the miners against the forces of Logan County sheriff Don Chafin. For his leadership role in the battle, Blizzard was charged with treason, but was acquitted at his trial on these charges. From that time forward, he remained an important leader within the UMWA and organized labor.

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Sharples, West Virginia Unincorporated community in West Virginia, United States

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