|Alternative names||Nuremberg Dreeg, Nürnberger Dreck, Nämbercher Dreeg|
|Players||3 or 4|
|Card rank (highest first)||A K O U 10 9|
|Playing time||40 minutes|
|Barbu, Herzeln, Kein Stich, Lorum, Quodlibet, Rosbiratschka|
|4 deals x 2 rounds = 8 games|
Dreeg, Nuremberg Dreck or Nuremberg Dreeg (German : Nürnberger Dreck, Nämbercher Dreeg or Dreeg) is a card game that is described as "a special Franconian form of Sixty-Six with the wonderful name of Nuremberg Dreck." It is the most common variant of Sixty-Six in the Franconian region of Bavaria, Germany. It is a compendium game based on four variations of Sixty-Six and is usually played by four players, although three may also play.
The rules of the game were published in 1981 by Weickmannand, more recently, in 2012 by Bamberger, but Schem recalls playing it in the late 1950s and early 1960s with his friends by the fishpond of the Würzburger Fischhäusla in Fürth, Bavaria. The game is very popular in Franconia. Tournaments are held in Neustadt an der Aisch and at Simonshofen near Lauf an der Pegnitz.
The game is variously known as Dreeg,Nürnberger Dreck or Nämbercher Dreeg.
The game is traditionally played with a pack of 24 Franconian-pattern, German-suited cards comprising, in ascending order: Nine, Unter, Ober, King, Ten and Ace (Sow). The four suits are Acorns, Leaves, Hearts and Bells.
There are typically four different sub-games within each game round that are played nauf und noo, i.e. first in the normal order, then in reverse. They are intended to represent games from Germany, Russia, England and Africa,respectively, although Cameroon is probably of German origin. The following rules are based on Bamberger (2012) except where stated:
There are four sub-games, which are played first in the order listed and then in the reverse order, to produce a game with two rounds of four sub-games each.
Each player starts each sub-game with 7 points recorded as a Roman numeral XII chalked up on a slate for each player. As players scored points the strokes (Striche) are erased: first the middle of the X is erased, leaving 6 strokes; then each of the arms of the X, followed by the two Is. At the end of each deal, the player with the most card points scores 3 game points and erases 3 strokes (or e.g. the centre of the cross plus 2 arms); the player who came second earns 2 game points; the third player 1 game point and the fourth, none.
When a player reaches 7 points he has won and sits out while the rest continue. When certain sub-games are down to two players, minor changes are required to the rules as follows:
In each sub-game, when three players have reached 7 points, the remaining player is the loser and receives a 'blob' (Bolln) by his name on the slate. In some cases e.g. Cameroon there may be more than one loser. The overall game winner is the player (or players) with the fewest blobs.
In a Neustadt variant, the winner of each game receives a blob and the first to seven is the overall winner. But they acknowledge that sometimes the aim is to win the fewest blobs.
Schem names other contracts - Farbensammeln ("Suit Collecting"), Grünassen ("Green Ace") and Dreck ("mud", "dirt") - alongside the usual Rotassen ("Red Ace") and Sechsundsechzig ("Sixty-Six"), but does not describe them.
Bezique or Bésigue is a 19th-century French melding and trick-taking card game for two players. The game is derived from Piquet, possibly via Marriage (Sixty-six) and Briscan, with additional scoring features, notably the peculiar liaison of theand that is also a feature of Pinochle, Binokel, and similarly named games that vary by country.
Sixty-Six or 66, sometimes known as Paderbörnern, is a fast 5- or 6-card point-trick game of the marriage type for 2–4 players, played with 24 cards. It is an Ace-Ten game where Aces are high and Tens rank second. It has been described as "one of the best two-handers ever devised".
Jass is a trick taking, Ace-Ten card game and a distinctive branch of the Marriage family. It is popular throughout the Alemannic German-speaking area of Europe (German-speaking Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Alsace part of France, Vorarlberg province of Austria, southwestern Germany, as well as in Romansh-speaking Graubünden and the French-speaking area of Switzerland, German-speaking South Tyrol in Italy, and in a couple of places in Wisconsin, USA.
Brisca is a popular Spanish card game played by two teams of four with a 40-card Spanish-suited pack or two teams of six using a 48-card pack.
Mariage or Mariagenspiel is a German 6-card trick-and-draw game for two players in which players score bonus points for the "marriage" of King and Queen of the same suit. The game, first documented in 1715 in Leipzig, spawned numerous offshoots throughout continental Europe and gives its name to the Marriage group of card games, the widest known of which is probably Sixty-Six. Many of these are still the national card games of their respective countries. It is unrelated to the Nepalese game of Marriage.
Bauerntarock also called Brixentaler Bauerntarock, is a point-trick card game played in the Brixental, Austria. It may have originated in the 19th century as an adaptation of the 54-card Tapp Tarock game onto the cheaper and smaller 36-card German deck. Another possibility is that it was adapted from the 78-card Taroc l'Hombre game as the ratio of trumps to non-trumps is almost the same. It uses the Skat Schedule found in popular regional games such as Jass and Schafkopf. It is closely related to Bavarian Tarock, Württemberg Tarock, and especially Dobbm. Like Bavarian Tarock and Tapp, Brixental Bauerntarock and Dobbm do not belong to the true tarot games, but have adopted rules from Tapp Tarock. The most fundamental difference between these games and true tarot games is in the use of German or French decks instead of true Tarot playing cards.
Gaigel is a card game from the Württemberg region of Germany and is traditionally played with Württemberg suited cards. It is a Swabian variant of Sechsundsechzig and may be played with 2, 3, 4 or 6 players. However, a significant difference from Sechsundsechzig and other related games like Bauernschnapsen is the use of a double card deck. The four-player game is usually called Kreuzgaigel. The game emerged in the early 19th century.
Dreierschnapsen, Talonschnapsen or Staperlschnapsen is a three-hand variant of the popular Austrian card game, Bauernschnapsen. The rules are very similar to those for Bauernschnapsen except that, instead of two teams of two players, one player bids to become the soloist against the other two who form a temporary alliance. Another difference is that the game makes use of a talon with which the soloist may exchange cards to improve his hand, hence its alternative name of Talonschnapsen. The game is usually played with William Tell cards.
Point Tarock was a three-player tarot card game, played mainly in Austria, which used the 54-card Industrie und Glück deck. Furr describes it as being "identical to Tapp but for the addition of a special announcement, allowing a Declarer to capitalize on a very good hand... spicing up the game considerably." Point Tarock is sometimes confused with its close cousin, Illustrated Tarock.
Zwicken is an old Austrian and German card game for 4 to 6 players, which is usually played for small stakes and makes a good party game. It is one of the Rams group of card games characterised by allowing players to drop out of the current game if they think they will be unable to win any tricks or a minimum number of tricks.
Blattla is a Bavarian card game for four players, who usually form two teams of two for each deal. It is a simplified version of Schafkopf and Bierkopf and is thus a point-trick game. Unlike those two games, in Blattla the Obers and Unters are not permanent trumps. In order to learn the rules of Schafkopf, it can be an advantage to first become familiar with Blattla. The game is traditionally played with Bavarian pattern cards.
Solo 66 is a trick-taking, Ace-Ten, card game for five players in which a soloist always plays against the other four. It is based on the rules of Germany's national game, Skat, and is played with a French-suited Skat pack of 32 cards. Bidding is for the trump suit. Jacks are ranked within their respective suits and do not form additional trumps over and above the cards of the trump suit. Grupp describes it as "an entertaining game for a larger group."
Bauerchen, also Bauerchens, Bauersche or Bauersches, is a trick-taking card game of the Ace-Ten family that is played in the Palatinate region of Germany, especially around the city of Kaiserslautern. It is often played during leisure times as an alternative to well known games such as Schafkopf or Skat. Regular Bauerchen tournaments also take place. The game is named after its four permanent trumps or "Bowers" (Bauer).
Lampeln is an old Bavarian and Austrian plain-trick card game that is still played in a few places today. It is one of the Rams group of card games characterised by allowing players to drop out of the current game if they think they will be unable to win any tricks or a minimum number of tricks.
Bierkopf is a trick-taking, Ace-Ten, card game for 4 players, played in fixed partnerships. It is a simple version of the Bavarian national game of Schafkopf that is played especially in Franconia and often for beer. The game is popular enough for regular tournaments to be held.
Schnalzen is an Austrian card game for 4 players and a member of the Rams group of games in which the key feature is that players may choose to drop out of the game if they believe their hand is not strong enough to take a minimum number of tricks. It is, broadly speaking, Ramsen with the Weli as the second-highest trump. Players are dealt 5 cards and may not exchange. The Weli is the second-highest trump and game is 20 points.
Kratzen is a "fun", Austrian card game for three to six players that is played for small stakes usually using a 33-card William Tell pack. It is a member of the Rams group of card games characterised by allowing players to drop out of the current game if they think they will be unable to win any tricks or a minimum number of tricks. The game is related to the Swiss Jass form, Chratze.
Officers' Schafkopf, also called Open Schafkopf, Farmer's Schafkopf (Bauernschafkopf) or Two-Hand Schafkopf, is a German point-trick, card game for two players which is based on the rules of Schafkopf. The game is a good way to learn the trumps and suits for normal Schafkopf and to understand what cards one is allowed to play.
Jaggln or Jaggeln is an historical Tyrolean card game designed for five players that used to be played purely as a winter pastime by farming folk. An unusual feature are its three highest trumps known as Jaggl, Zanggl and Buggl. The aim is to win the majority of gewisses – i.e. the four Sows, the four Tens and the Jaggl. So, for example, if a player holds all three top trumps, he is certain to win 3 tricks. And if, in doing so, he captures the four Sows, he has won because he has five of the nine gewisses.
Briscan is an 18th-century, French card game for two players played with a 32-card Piquet pack. It is a member of the Marriage group of games in which the 'marriage' of a King and Queen brings a bonus score, but Briscan takes this simple concept to extraordinary lengths.