Klewang

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Klewang
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Slagzwaard met ijzeren lemmet TMnr A-1236.jpg
South Sumatran klewang, pre-1889
Type Cutlass
Place of origin Malay archipelago region
Service history
Wars Aceh War
Indonesian National Revolution
Kelantan-Terengganu Civil Wars
Kelantan-Patani-Siam Wars
Specifications
Length40–70 cm

Blade  typeSingle edge, slight convex grind
Hilt  typeWater buffalo horn, wood
Scabbard/sheath Wood

The klewang or kelewang or Kléwé in Kelantan-Pattani Malay is a class of bladed weapon between the sword and machete found in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.

Contents

History

An Acehnese collection of Kris (hung vertically) and Klewang (hung diagonally) during the Dutch colonial period, c. 1893-95. COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van Si Boendri voor een wand met een collectie krissen en klewangs Atjeh TMnr 60022756.jpg
An Acehnese collection of Kris (hung vertically) and Klewang (hung diagonally) during the Dutch colonial period, c. 1893–95.

During the Aceh War the Acehnese klewang proved very effective in close quarters combat against the sabre-wielding Dutch troops and the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army. Mobile troops armed with carbines and klewang succeeded in suppressing Aceh resistance where traditional infantry with rifle and bayonet had failed. The Dutch klewang was developed at the end of the 19th century, because firearms and also traditional swords were not always reliable at that time, especially in the jungle. 'A klewang in the right-hand fist never refuses', it was said.

From 1898 until the 1960s the Royal Dutch East Indies Army, Royal Dutch Army, Royal Dutch Navy and Dutch police used the militarised version of the klewang. These military versions were shortened sabres completely by European design, and better suited for close quarter fighting and jungle warfare. Officially the weapon was named the Marechaussee-sabre but the name klewang was more popular and later on also used as an official model.

Even from the time after Aceh was pacified by the Dutch to the 1930s and right through World War II, lone wolf Acehnese without generals would still attack Europeans in hopes of getting martyred themselves and attaining paradise. Weapons used in such cases were usually klewang, if not the Rencong. [1] The klewang was also used by the U.S. Army during World War II in the Pacific. [2]

Ceremonial use

Colour Guard Regiment "van Heutsz". Vaandelwacht van Heutsz.jpg
Colour Guard Regiment "van Heutsz".

In the Royal Netherlands Army the klewang is still used as a ceremonial weapon by the colour guard of the Regiment van Heutsz which took over the traditions of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, where the klewang was historically used as a side arm. The Royal Constibulary or Koninklijke Marechaussee and the Midshipmen of the Royal Dutch Navy also carries the Klewang in ceremonies and parades.

Description

The klewang features a single-edge blade with a protruding notch near its tip. [3] In size, weight and shape it is halfway between the golok and the kampilan. The style of the klewang differs between the various cultures of Indonesia. Blades range from 15 to 30 inches (38 to 76 cm) in length and may be straight or slightly curved. [4] It is carried for show by followers of chiefs, or taken on expeditions to market or nightly walks in the villages. It is worn without a sheath [5] although there are sheathed varieties.

In Malaysia, the klewang may be found in various states. The Kelantanese klewang features a curve blade with a spike, and was worn by men in the 19th century at the back of the sarong with the blade protruding. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Kampilan Sword

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Second Aceh Expedition 1873 Dutch punitive expedition with officers recruited from Elmina

The Dutch dispatched a second expedition in Aceh in late 1873 during the Aceh War following the failed First Aceh Expedition of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army to Aceh.

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Listed here are the weapons of silat. The most common are the machete, staff, kris, sickle, spear, and kerambit. Because Southeast Asian society was traditionally based around agriculture, many of these weapons were originally farming tools.

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Rudus Type of Cutlass

A Rudus is a sword or cutlass associated with the Malay culture of Sumatra. Together with the pemandap, the rudus is among the largest swords of Malay people. Rudus is also a symbol of certain Malay state in the Island, e.g. the Province of Bengkulu in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Kelantanese klewang Type of Klewang

The Kelantanese klewang or Kelantanese kelewang is a style of klewang originating from Kelantan, Malaysia but also popular in other northern Malaysia Peninsula states. The Kelantanese klewang is believed to be as old as the parang, became a distinct weapon by the late 18th century. In the 19th century, Kelantanese men would wear the Kelantantese klewang behind their sarong with the blade protruding out.

References

  1. James T. Siegel (2011). Objects and Objections of Ethnography. Fordham Univ Press. p. 88. ISBN   978-08-232-3274-1.
  2. Puype, J.P. and Stürler Boekwijt, R.J. de (2001). Klewang, Catalogue of the Dutch Army Museum. Eburon. p. 68. ISBN   90-5166-836-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Weapons and fighting arts of Indonesia, Donn F. Draeger, Tuttle Publishing, Apr 15, 1992 p.33
  4. Albert G Van Zonneveld (2002). Traditional Weapons of the Indonesian Archipelago. Koninklyk Instituut Voor Taal Land. ISBN   90-5450-004-2.
  5. Christian Snouck Hurgronje (1901). The Acehnese, Volume 1. Book On Demand. ASIN   B005G1O9SM.
  6. Farish Noor & Eddin Khoo (2012). Spirit of Wood: The Art of Malay Woodcarving. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN   978-14-629-0677-2.