The Great Gatsby (2013 film)

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The Great Gatsby
TheGreatGatsby2013Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Baz Luhrmann
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based on The Great Gatsby
by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Starring
Music by Craig Armstrong
Cinematography Simon Duggan
Edited by
Production
company
Distributed by
Release date
  • May 1, 2013 (2013-05-01)(New York City)
  • May 10, 2013 (2013-05-10)(United States)
  • May 30, 2013 (2013-05-30)(Australia)
Running time
142 minutes [1]
Country
  • Australia
  • United States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$105–190 million [2] [3]
Box office$353.6 million [3]

The Great Gatsby is a 2013 romantic drama film based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's 1925 novel of the same name. The film was co-written and directed by Baz Luhrmann and stars Leonardo DiCaprio as the eponymous Jay Gatsby, with Tobey Maguire, Carey Mulligan, Joel Edgerton, Isla Fisher and Elizabeth Debicki. [4] Jay-Z served as executive producer. Production began in 2011 and took place in Australia, with a $105 million net production budget. The film follows the life and times of millionaire Jay Gatsby (DiCaprio) and his neighbor Nick Carraway (Maguire), who recounts his encounter with Gatsby at the height of the Roaring Twenties on Long Island.

Romance film film genre

Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong, true and pure romantic love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage. Romance films make the romantic love story or the search for strong and pure love and romance the main plot focus. Occasionally, romance lovers face obstacles such as finances, physical illness, various forms of discrimination, psychological restraints or family that threaten to break their union of love. As in all quite strong, deep, and close romantic relationships, tensions of day-to-day life, temptations, and differences in compatibility enter into the plots of romantic films.

In film and television, drama is a genre of narrative fiction intended to be more serious than humorous in tone. Drama of this kind is usually qualified with additional terms that specify its particular subgenre, such as "police crime drama", "political drama", "legal drama", "historical period drama", "domestic drama", or "comedy-drama". These terms tend to indicate a particular setting or subject-matter, or else they qualify the otherwise serious tone of a drama with elements that encourage a broader range of moods.

F. Scott Fitzgerald American novelist and screenwriter

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was an American fiction writer, whose works helped to illustrate the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age. While he achieved popular success, fame, and fortune in his lifetime, he did not receive much critical acclaim until after his death. Perhaps the most notable member of the "Lost Generation" of the 1920s, Fitzgerald is now widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. He finished four novels: This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, The Great Gatsby, and Tender Is the Night. A fifth, unfinished novel, The Last Tycoon, was published posthumously. Four collections of his short stories were published, as well as 164 short stories in magazines during his lifetime.

Contents

The film polarized critics, receiving both praise and criticism for its acting performances, soundtrack, visual style, and direction. Audiences responded more positively [5] and Fitzgerald's granddaughter praised the film, stating "Scott would have been proud." [6] As of 2017, it is Luhrmann's highest-grossing film, grossing over $353 million worldwide. [7] At the 86th Academy Awards, the film won in both of its nominated categories: Best Production Design and Best Costume Design.

86th Academy Awards award ceremony

The 86th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2013 and took place on March 2, 2014, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. The ceremony was scheduled well after its usual late-February date to avoid conflicting with the 2014 Winter Olympics. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Neil Meron and Craig Zadan and directed by Hamish Hamilton. Actress Ellen DeGeneres hosted the show for the second time, having previously hosted the 79th ceremony held in 2007.

The Academy Award for Best Production Design recognizes achievement for art direction in film. The category's original name was Best Art Direction, but was changed to its current name in 2012 for the 85th Academy Awards. This change resulted from the Art Director's branch of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) being renamed the Designer's branch. Since 1947, the award is shared with the set decorator(s). It is awarded to the best interior design in a film.

The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for achievement in film costume design.

Plot

In December 1929, Nick Carraway, a World War I veteran, is receiving treatment at a psychiatric hospital. He talks about Jay Gatsby, the most hopeful man he had ever met. Nick's doctor suggests that he write his thoughts down, since writing is Nick's passion. Nick then begins to catalog the events to his doctor.

Nick Carraway fictional character from The Great Gatsby

Nick Carraway is a fictional character and narrator in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (1925).

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Psychiatric hospital hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders

Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as major depressive disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Psychiatric hospitals vary widely in their size and grading. Some hospitals may specialize only in short term or outpatient therapy for low-risk patients. Others may specialize in the temporary or permanent care of residents who, as a result of a psychological disorder, require routine assistance, treatment, or a specialized and controlled environment. Patients are often admitted on a voluntary basis, but people whom psychiatrists believe may pose a significant danger to themselves or others may be subject to involuntary commitment. Psychiatric hospitals may also be referred to as psychiatric wards or units when they are a subunit of a regular hospital.

In the summer of 1922, Nick moves from the Midwest to New York after abandoning writing. He rents a small groundskeeper's cottage in the North Shore village of West Egg, next to the mansion of Gatsby, a mysterious business magnate who often holds extravagant parties. Nick has dinner with his cousin, Daisy Buchanan, and her husband, Tom; Daisy plays matchmaker between Nick and another guest, Jordan Baker. When Nick returns home, he sees Gatsby standing on the harbor, reaching towards a green light coming from the Buchanan dock.

Midwestern United States region that includes parts of Canada and the United States

The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau. It occupies the northern central part of the United States. It was officially named the North Central Region by the Census Bureau until 1984. It is located between the Northeastern United States and the Western United States, with Canada to its north and the Southern United States to its south.

Daisy Buchanan fictional character from The Great Gatsby

Daisy Fay Buchanan is a fictional character in F. Scott Fitzgerald's magnum opus The Great Gatsby (1925). In the novel, Daisy is depicted as a married woman with a daughter who is reunited with her former lover Jay Gatsby, arousing the jealousy of her husband, Tom. She is widely believed to have been based on Ginevra King. She has appeared in various media related to the novel, including feature films and plays.

Jordan tells Nick that Tom has a mistress who lives in the "Valley of Ashes", an industrial dumping site between West Egg and the City. Tom takes Nick there, stopping at a garage owned by George and Myrtle Wilson, Tom's mistress.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Nick receives an invitation to one of Gatsby's parties. Upon arrival, Nick learns he is the only one to receive an invitation and none of the guests have ever met Gatsby. Nick encounters Jordan, and both meet Gatsby. Gatsby later takes Nick to Manhattan for lunch. On the way, Gatsby tells Nick he is an Oxford graduate and war hero from a wealthy Midwestern family. They go to a speakeasy, where Gatsby introduces Nick to his business partner, Meyer Wolfsheim.

Speakeasy establishment that illegally sells alcoholic beverages; now, retro style bars

A speakeasy, also called a blind pig or blind tiger, is an illicit establishment that sells alcoholic beverages. Such establishments came into prominence in the United States during the Prohibition era. During that time, the sale, manufacture, and transportation (bootlegging) of alcoholic beverages was illegal throughout the United States. Speakeasies largely disappeared after Prohibition was ended in 1933, and the term is now often used to describe retro style bars.

Jordan tells Nick how US Army Captain Gatsby started a relationship with Daisy in 1917, just before the US entered the war, and is still in love with her; he throws parties in the hope that Daisy might attend. Gatsby asks Nick to invite Daisy to tea. After an awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy begin an affair. Gatsby is dismayed when Daisy wants to run away with him, preferring that she get a proper divorce. He asks Nick and Jordan to accompany him to the Buchanan home, where he and Daisy plan to tell Tom that Daisy is leaving him. During the luncheon, Tom becomes suspicious of Gatsby and Daisy, but Daisy stops Gatsby from revealing anything to Tom and suggests they all go to the Plaza Hotel. Tom drives Nick and Jordan in Gatsby's car, while Gatsby drives Daisy in Tom's car. Tom stops for gas at George's garage, where George tells him that he and Myrtle are moving and that he suspects Myrtle is unfaithful.

At the Plaza, Gatsby tells Tom of his affair with Daisy. Tom accuses Gatsby of having never attended Oxford and having made his fortune through bootlegging with mobsters. Daisy says she loves Gatsby but cannot bring herself to say she never loved Tom. Eventually, both Gatsby and Daisy leave. After fighting with George over her infidelity, Myrtle runs into the street and is fatally struck by Gatsby's car after mistaking it for Tom's. After learning about Myrtle's death, Tom tells George that the car belongs to Gatsby and that he suspects Gatsby was Myrtle's lover. Nick deduces Daisy was driving when the accident happened. Nick overhears Daisy accepting Tom's promise to take care of everything, but he does not tell Gatsby. Gatsby admits to Nick that he was born penniless; his real name is James Gatz, and he had asked Daisy to wait for him until he had made something of himself after the war; instead, she married Tom, “America's Wealthiest Bachelor”, just seven months after the war ended.

The next day, Gatsby hears the phone ringing and thinks it is Daisy. Before he can answer it, he is shot and killed by a vengeful George, who then commits suicide. Nick is the only person other than reporters, to attend Gatsby's funeral, as Daisy and Tom are leaving New York. The media paints Gatsby as Myrtle's lover and killer, with this false and negative image of Gatsby's life and death infuriating Nick; at the top of stairs at Gatsby's mansion, he yells at them and kicks the press reporters out of the house . Disgusted with both the city and its inhabitants, Nick leaves after taking a final walk through Gatsby's deserted mansion and reflecting on Gatsby's ability to hope. In the sanatorium, Nick finishes typing his memoir, titling it The Great Gatsby.

Cast

Production

Development

Prior to this version, there had already been an opera and numerous other dramatic adaptations of F. Scott Fitzgerald's acclaimed 1925 novel of the same name. [8] In December 2008, Variety reported that this film adaptation was to be made with Baz Luhrmann as director.

Luhrmann stated that he planned it to be more up-to-date due to its theme of criticizing the often irresponsible lifestyles of wealthy people. [9] To commit to the project, in September 2010 Luhrmann moved with his family from Australia to Chelsea in Lower Manhattan, where he had intended to film The Great Gatsby. [10] While Luhrmann was at the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2011, he told The Hollywood Reporter that he had been workshopping The Great Gatsby in 3D, though he had not yet decided whether to shoot in the format. [11] In late January 2011, Luhrmann showed doubt about staying on board with the project, [12] before deciding to stay.

In 2010, it was reported that the film was being set up by Sony Pictures Entertainment [13] but by 2011, Warner Bros. was close to acquiring a deal to finance and take worldwide distribution of The Great Gatsby. [14]

Casting

From left to right: Joel Edgerton, director Baz Luhrmann, Elizabeth Debicki, Carey Mulligan, Tobey Maguire, and producer and designer Catherine Martin at the premiere of The Great Gatsby in Sydney, May 22, 2013 Joel Edgerton, Baz Luhrmann, Elizabeth Debicki, Carey Mulligan, Tobey Maguire and Catherine Martin.jpg
From left to right: Joel Edgerton, director Baz Luhrmann, Elizabeth Debicki, Carey Mulligan, Tobey Maguire, and producer and designer Catherine Martin at the premiere of The Great Gatsby in Sydney, May 22, 2013

Luhrmann said the results from the movie's workshop process of auditioning actors for roles in The Great Gatsby had been "very encouraging" to him. Leonardo DiCaprio was cast first, in the title role of Jay Gatsby. It is the second time Luhrmann and DiCaprio worked together; DiCaprio costarred in Luhrmann's Romeo + Juliet (1996). Tobey Maguire was cast to play Nick Carraway. [15] Reports linked Amanda Seyfried to the lead role of Daisy Buchanan, in October 2010. [16] The next month Deadline Hollywood reported that Luhrmann had been auditioning numerous actresses, including Seyfried, Keira Knightley, Rebecca Hall, Blake Lively, Abbie Cornish, Michelle Williams and Scarlett Johansson, as well as considering Natalie Portman, for Daisy. [13] Soon afterward, with her commitment to Cameron Crowe's We Bought a Zoo (2011), Johansson pulled out. [17]

On November 15, Luhrmann announced that Carey Mulligan had been cast to play Daisy after reading for the part on 2 November in New York. [15] She got the role shortly after Luhrmann showed her audition footage to Sony Pictures Entertainment executives Amy Pascal and Doug Belgrad, who were impressed by the actress' command of the character. [15] Mulligan burst into tears after learning of her casting via a phone call from Luhrmann, who informed her of his decision while she was on the red carpet at an event in New York. Luhrmann said: "I was privileged to explore the character with some of the world's most talented actresses, each one bringing their own particular interpretation, all of which were legitimate and exciting. However, specific to this particular production of The Great Gatsby, I was thrilled to pick up the phone an hour ago to the young Oscar-nominated British actress Carey Mulligan and say to her: 'Hello, Daisy Buchanan.'" [15]

In April 2011, Ben Affleck was in talks about playing the role of Tom Buchanan but had to pass due to a scheduling conflict with Argo (2012). [18] Bradley Cooper had previously lobbied for the part [19] and Luke Evans was a major contender. [20] In May, Joel Edgerton was confirmed in the part of Tom. [19] Isla Fisher was cast to play Myrtle Wilson. [21] Australian newcomer Elizabeth Debicki won the part of Jordan Baker. [22] [23]

While casting for the supporting role of Jordan, the filmmaker said the character must be "as thoroughly examined as Daisy, for this production, for this time", adding, "It's like Olivier's Hamlet was the right Hamlet for his time. Who would Hamlet be today? Same with a Jordan or a Daisy". [24] In June 2011, Jason Clarke was cast as George B. Wilson. [25] Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan makes a cameo appearance as Meyer Wolfshiem; this was his first Hollywood role. [26]

Screenplay

Breanne L. Healman noted five key changes made in the novel's plot: Nick Carraway is writing from a sanitarium, having checked himself in some time after the summer with Gatsby; he flirts with Jordan Baker but, unlike what happens in the novel, he's "too smitten with Gatsby to notice her"; Gatsby himself makes a grand entrance, whereas in the novel a few hours pass as they talk before Carraway realizes who he is; some of the racism or anti-Semitism has been toned down or removed; finally, Gatsby dies thinking his pursuit of Daisy was successful. [27]

Filming

St Patrick's Seminary in Manly, New South Wales was used as Gatsby's mansion. Palm trees had to be digitally removed in post-production to convey a faithfulness to the Long Island setting. Stpatricksmanlycirca1900.jpg
St Patrick's Seminary in Manly, New South Wales was used as Gatsby's mansion. Palm trees had to be digitally removed in post-production to convey a faithfulness to the Long Island setting.

The Great Gatsby was planned to be filmed in the New York City area where the novel is set, starting in June 2011. [10] The director instead opted to shoot principal photography in Sydney. Filming began on September 5, 2011, at Fox Studios Australia and finished on December 22, 2011, with additional shots filmed in January 2012. [29] [30] The film was shot with Red Epic digital cameras and Zeiss Ultra Prime lenses. [31] The "Valley of Ashes", the desolate land located between West Egg and New York was shot in Balmain, New South Wales and Manly Business School in Manly known as Saint Patrick's Seminary doubled as Gatsby's mansion. Nick's house was located in Centennial Park. [28]

Sets

Beacon Towers in 1922, during the period that Fitzgerald would have known it Beacon Towers 1922 front elevation.jpg
Beacon Towers in 1922, during the period that Fitzgerald would have known it

In creating the background scenery for the world depicted in the film, designer Catherine Martin stated that the team styled the interior sets of Jay Gatsby's mansion with gilded opulence, in a style that blended establishment taste with Art Deco. [32] The long-destroyed Beacon Towers, thought by scholars to have partially inspired Fitzgerald's Jay Gatsby estate, was used as a main inspiration for Gatsby's home in the film. [32] [33] The filming for the exterior of Jay Gatsby's mansion was the college building of the International College of Management, Sydney, [34] Some inspiration was also drawn from other Gold Coast, Long Island, mansions, including Oheka Castle and La Selva Mansion. [35] Features evoking the Long Island mansions were added in post-production. [35]

Inspiration for the Buchanan estate came from Old Westbury Gardens in Old Westbury, New York. Old Westbury Gardens Mansion.jpg
Inspiration for the Buchanan estate came from Old Westbury Gardens in Old Westbury, New York.

The inspiration for the film version of the Buchanan estate came from Old Westbury Gardens. [32] The mansion exterior was built on a soundstage, with digital enhancements added. [35] The interior sets for the Buchanan mansion were inspired by the style of Hollywood Regency. [32]

The home of Nick Carraway was conceived as an intimate cottage, in contrast with the grandeur of the neighboring Gatsby mansion. Objects chosen adhered to a central theme of what the designers saw as classic Long Island. The architecture conjures American Arts and Crafts, with Gustav Stickley-type furnishings inside and an Adirondack-style swing out. [35]

The opening scene was filmed from Rivendell Child, Adolescent and Family Unit in Concord, Sydney, only a few kilometres from Sydney 2000 Olympic Stadium.

Costumes

Many apparel designers were approached in collaboration of the film's costumes. The Great Gatsby achieved the iconic 1920s look by altering pieces from the Prada and Miu Miu fashion archives. Martin also collaborated with Brooks Brothers for the costumes worn by the male cast members and extras. Tiffany & Co. provided the jewelry for the film. Catherine Martin and Miuccia Prada were behind the wardrobe and worked closely together to create pieces with "the European flair that was emerging amongst the aristocratic East Coast crowds in the 1920s".[ citation needed ]

Costume historians of the period, however, said that the costumes were not authentic, but instead modernized the 1920s-era fashions to look more like modern fashions. Most prominently, the women were clothed to emphasize their breasts, such as Daisy's push-up bra, in contrast to the flat-chested fashions of the era. While the book was set in 1922, the movie included fashions from the entire decade of the 1920s and even the 1930s. Many of the fashions from archives were concepts from runways and fashion magazines that were never worn by women in real life. Martin says that she took the styles of the 1920s and made them sexier and was trying to interpret 1920s styles for a modern audience. Alice Jurow, of the Art Deco Society of California, said that she loved the movie, but most of their members prefer more period-perfect films. The men's costumes were more authentic, except that the pants were too tight. [36]

Release and marketing

Originally scheduled for a December 25, 2012 release, on August 6, 2012, it was reported that the film was being moved to a summer 2013 release date. [37] In September 2012, this date was confirmed to be May 10, 2013. The film opened the 66th Cannes Film Festival on May 15, 2013, [38] shortly following its wide release in RealD 3D and 2D formats.[ citation needed ]

The first trailer for The Great Gatsby was released on May 22, 2012, [39] almost a year before the film's release. Songs featured in various trailers include: "No Church in the Wild" by Jay-Z and Kanye West; a cover of U2's "Love Is Blindness" performed by Jack White; a cover of The Turtles' "Happy Together" by the band Filter; a cover of Amy Winehouse's "Back to Black" performed by André 3000 and Beyoncé; "Young and Beautiful" performed by Lana Del Rey; and two songs, "Bedroom Hymns" and "Over the Love", performed by Florence and the Machine. [40]

On April 15, 2013, Brooks Brothers premiered "The Gatsby Collection", a line of men's clothing, shoes and accessories "inspired by the costumes designed by Catherine Martin for Baz Luhrmann's The Great Gatsby". According to Fashion Weekly, "The looks weren't simply based on 1920s style: the new duds were designed based on the brand's actual archives [...] Brooks Brothers was one of the initial arbiters of Gatsby-era look. The actual costumes, designed by Catherine Martin, will be on display in select Brooks Brothers boutiques." [41] [42]

On April 17, 2013, Tiffany & Co. unveiled windows at its Fifth Avenue flagship store "inspired by" Luhrmann's film and created in collaboration with Luhrmann and costumer Catherine Martin. The jewelry store also premiered "The Great Gatsby Collection" line of jewelry designed in anticipation of the film. The collection comprises 7 pieces: a brooch, a headpiece (both reportedly based on archival Tiffany designs), a necklace and four different rings, including one in platinum with a 5.25-carat diamond, priced at US$875,000. [43] [44] [45]

Soundtrack

Released on May 7, the film's soundtrack is also available in a deluxe edition; a Target exclusive release also features three extra tracks. [40] The film score was executive-produced by Jay-Z [46] and The Bullitts. [47]

Penned by Lana Del Rey and the film's director, Baz Luhrmann, the song "Young and Beautiful" was released to contemporary hit radio as a single, and was used as the film's buzz single. [48] A snippet of the track appeared in the official trailer for the film and played during the scene where the characters portrayed by Leonardo DiCaprio and Carey Mulligan express their romantic feelings for one another. [49] Hip hop magazine Rap-Up called the single "haunting", [48] while MTV called it "somber-sounding". [49] The track performed by Florence and the Machine, "Over the Love", references the "green light" symbol from the novel in its lyrics. [46] Chris Payne of Billboard praised Beyoncé and André 3000's cover of "Back to Black", made unique with a downtempo EDM wobble. [46] The xx recorded "Together" for the film, with Jamie Smith telling MTV that the band's contribution to the soundtrack sounds like "despair", [50] and revealing that it utilizes a 60-piece orchestra.

Speaking of his goals for the movie's musical backdrop, Baz Luhrmann expressed his desire to blend the music of the Jazz Age, associated with the 1922 setting of the story, with a modern spin. Much like his modern twists applied in Moulin Rouge! and Romeo + Juliet , Baz uses the movie's music not as a background, but instead prominently in the foreground, which takes on a character of its own. [51]

Reception

Box office

The Great Gatsby grossed $144.8 million in North America, and $208.8 million in other countries, for a worldwide total of $353.6 million. [3] Calculating in all expenses, Deadline Hollywood estimated that the film made a profit of $58.6 million. [52]

In North America, The Great Gatsby earned US$19.4 million on its opening Friday, including US$3.25 million from Thursday night and midnight shows. [53] It went on to finish in second place, behind Iron Man 3 , during its opening weekend, with US$51.1 million. [54] This was the sixth-largest opening weekend for a film that did not debut in first place, [55] the second largest opening weekend for a film starring Leonardo DiCaprio behind Inception , [56] and Luhrmann's highest-grossing movie. [57]

Critical response

On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 48% based on 283 reviews, with an average rating of 5.8/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "While certainly ambitious—and every bit as visually dazzling as one might expect—Baz Luhrmann's The Great Gatsby emphasizes visual splendor at the expense of its source material's vibrant heart." [58] Metacritic gives the film a score of 55 out of 100, based on reviews from 45 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". [59] Audiences polled by the market research firm CinemaScore gave an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale. [53]

Joe Morgenstern of The Wall Street Journal felt the elaborate production designs were a misfire and likened the film to the Roaring Twenties themselves as Fitzgerald envisioned and criticized them, stating that what is "intractably wrong with the film is that there's no reality to heighten; it's a spectacle in search of a soul." [60] The Chicago Reader review felt "Luhrmann is exactly the wrong person to adapt such a delicately rendered story, and his 3D feature plays like a ghastly Roaring 20s blowout at a sorority house." [61] In The Atlantic , Christopher Orr observed that "The problem is that when the movie is entertaining it's not Gatsby, and when it's Gatsby it's not entertaining." [62]

The positive reviews included A. O. Scott of The New York Times , who felt the adaptation was "a lot of fun" and "less a conventional movie adaptation than a splashy, trashy opera, a wayward, lavishly theatrical celebration of the emotional and material extravagance that Fitzgerald surveyed with fascinated ambivalence"; Scott advised "the best way to enjoy the film is to put aside whatever literary agenda you are tempted to bring with you." [63] Ty Burr of The Boston Globe reserved special praise for DiCaprio's performance, saying "magnificent is the only word to describe this performance – the best movie Gatsby by far, superhuman in his charm and connections, the host of revels beyond imagining, and at his heart an insecure fraud whose hopes are pinned to a woman." [64]

The Scene Magazine gave the movie a "B-" rating, and praised the actors' performances, in particular saying that "the stand-out actor is Joel Edgerton as Tom Buchanan doing an excellent job of showing the character's gruffness, despite the one-dimensionality given to him". [65] A granddaughter of Fitzgerald praised the style and music of the film. [66]

Tobey Maguire's role as Nick was given mixed reviews from critics, with Philip French of The Guardian calling him "miscast or misdirected;" [67] Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post saying "Tobey Maguire is his usual recessive presence, barely registering as either a dynamic part of the events he describes or their watchful witness;" [68] and Elizabeth Weitzman of The New York Daily News saying despite "the wry-observational skills needed for Nick's Midwestern decency", the character is "directed toward a wide-eyed, one-note performance". [69] Rick Groen of The Globe and Mail was more positive of Maguire's character, saying "our narrator, [is] prone to his occasionally purple rhetoric. But that imposed conceit, the image of a talented depressive writing from inside the bauble of his imagination, seems to validate his inflated prose and, better yet, lets us re-appreciate its inherent poetry." [70]

Accolades

Awards
AwardDate of ceremonyCategoryRecipientsResult
Academy Awards [71] [72] March 2, 2014 Best Production Design Catherine Martin (Art Direction); Beverley Dunn (Set Decoration)Won
Best Costume Design Catherine Martin Won
AACTA Awards January 30, 2014 Best Film Baz Luhrmann, Catherine Martin, Douglas Wick, Lucy Fisher, and Catherine KnapmanWon
Best Direction Baz LuhrmannWon
Best Adapted Screenplay Baz Luhrmann and Craig PearceWon
Best Actor in a Leading Role Leonardo DiCaprio Won
Best Actress in a Leading Role Carey Mulligan Nominated
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Joel Edgerton Won
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Elizabeth Debicki Won
Isla Fisher Nominated
Best Cinematography Simon DugganWon
Best Editing Matt Villa, Jason Ballantine, and Jonathan RedmondWon
Best Original Music Score Craig Armstrong Won
Best Sound Wayne Pashley, Jenny Ward, Fabian Sanjurjo, Steve Maslow, Phil Heywood, and Guntis SicsWon
Best Production Design Catherine Martin, Karen Murphy, Ian Gracie, and Beverley DunnWon
Best Costume Design Catherine Martin, Silvana Azzi Heras, and Kerry ThompsonWon
AACTA International Awards January 10, 2014 Best Supporting Actor Joel EdgertonNominated
Best Direction Baz LuhrmannNominated
Art Directors Guild [73] February 8, 2014Excellence in Production Design – Period FilmCatherine MartinWon
British Academy Film Awards [74] February 16, 2014Best Costume DesignCatherine MartinWon
Best Make-up and Hair Maurizio Silvi, Kerry WarnNominated
Best Production DesignCatherine Martin, Beverley DunnWon
Costume Designers Guild [75] February 22, 2014Excellence in Period FilmCatherine MartinNominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards [76] January 16, 2014Best Costume DesignCatherine MartinWon
Best Production DesignCatherine Martin, Beverley DunnWon
Best Song"Young and Beautiful"- Lana Del Rey Nominated
Gay and Lesbian Entertainment Critics Association [77] January 21, 2014Campy Flick of the YearNominated
Visually Striking Film of the YearNominated
Empire Awards [78] March 30, 2014 Best Female Newcomer Elizabeth DebickiNominated
Grammy Awards [79] January 26, 2014 Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media Baz LuhrmannNominated
Best Song Written For Visual Media Young and Beautiful
Music by Lana Del Rey and Rick Nowels, Lyrics by Lana Del Rey
Nominated
Best Score Soundtrack For Visual Media Craig ArmstrongNominated
International 3D Society's Creative Arts Awards [80] January 28, 2014Outstanding Live Action 3D Feature FilmNominated
Motion Picture Sound Editors Golden Reel Awards [81] [82] February 16, 2014Best Sound Editing: Music Score in a Feature FilmJason RuderWon
Satellite Awards February 23, 2014 Best Art Direction and Production Design Catherine Martin (Art Direction); Beverley Dunn (Set Decoration)Won
Best Costume Design Catherine MartinNominated
Best Original Song Young and Beautiful
Music by Lana Del Rey and Rick Nowels, Lyrics by Lana Del Rey
Won
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association December 14, 2013 Best CinematographySimon DugganNominated
Best Art DirectionWon
Best SoundtrackNominated
Visual Effects Society Awards [83] February 12, 2014Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Feature Motion PictureChris Godfrey, Prue Fletcher and Joyce CoxNominated
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 9, 2013 Best Director Baz LuhrmannNominated
Best Art Direction Catherine Martin and Beverley DunnWon
Best Cinematography Simon DugganNominated
Young Artist Awards [84] May 4, 2014 Best Supporting Young Actor in a Feature Film Callan McAuliffe Won

See also

Other film adaptations of The Great Gatsby include:

Related Research Articles

<i>The Great Gatsby</i> 1925 novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional towns of West Egg and East Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922. The story primarily concerns the young and mysterious millionaire Jay Gatsby and his quixotic passion and obsession with the beautiful former debutante Daisy Buchanan. Considered to be Fitzgerald's magnum opus, The Great Gatsby explores themes of decadence, idealism, resistance to change, social upheaval, and excess, creating a portrait of the Roaring Twenties that has been described as a cautionary tale regarding the American Dream.

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Tobey Maguire American actor

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Joel Edgerton Australian actor

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Jay Gatsby protagonist of the novel The Great Gatsby

Jay Gatsby is the title character of the 1925 F. Scott Fitzgerald novel The Great Gatsby. The fictional character, a millionaire and the owner of a luxurious mansion where extravagant parties are often hosted, is described by the novel's narrator, Nick Carraway, as being "the single most hopeful person I've ever met".

Carey Mulligan English actress

Carey Hannah Mulligan is an English actress born in London and brought up in Düsseldorf and Surrey. Mulligan developed an early interest in acting and was the student head of the drama department at Woldingham School. She made her professional acting debut on stage in the Kevin Elyot play Forty Winks at the Royal Court Theatre in 2004. Her film debut was in the role of Kitty Bennet in Pride & Prejudice (2005), followed by supporting roles in numerous television series, including Bleak House (2005) and a Doctor Who episode Blink (2007). She made her Broadway debut in The Seagull in 2008 to critical acclaim; her West End performance garnered her an Ian Charleson Commendation Award.

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<i>The Great Gatsby</i> (1974 film) 1974 film by Jack Clayton

The Great Gatsby is a 1974 American romantic drama film based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's 1925 novel of the same name. It was directed by Jack Clayton and produced by David Merrick from a screenplay by Francis Ford Coppola. The film stars Robert Redford in the title role of Jay Gatsby, along with Mia Farrow, Sam Waterston, Bruce Dern, Karen Black, Scott Wilson and Lois Chiles, with Howard Da Silva, Roberts Blossom and Edward Herrmann. A third film, starring Tobey Maguire and Leonardo DiCaprio, was released in 2013.

<i>The Great Gatsby</i> (1926 film) 1926 film by Herbert Brenon

The Great Gatsby is a 1926 American silent drama film directed by Herbert Brenon. It is the first film adaptation of the 1925 novel of the same name by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Warner Baxter portrayed Jay Gatsby and Lois Wilson as Daisy Buchanan.

The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald.

<i>The Great Gatsby</i> (1949 film) 1950 film by Elliott Nugent

The Great Gatsby is a 1949 American drama film directed by Elliott Nugent, and produced by Richard Maibaum, from a screenplay by Richard Maibaum and Cyril Hume. It is based on the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The music score was by Robert Emmett Dolan, and the cinematography by John F. Seitz. The production was designed by Roland Anderson and Hans Dreier, and the costumes by Edith Head.

<i>The Great Gatsby</i> (2000 film) 2000 film directed by Robert Markowitz

The Great Gatsby is a 2000 British-American romantic drama television film, based on the 1925 novel of the same name by F. Scott Fitzgerald. It stars Toby Stephens in the title role of Jay Gatsby, Mira Sorvino as Daisy Buchanan, Paul Rudd as Nick Carraway, Martin Donovan as Tom Buchanan, Francie Swift as Jordan Baker, Heather Goldenhersh as Myrtle Wilson and Matt Malloy as Klipspringer. The film was released on March 29, 2000.

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Callan McAuliffe actor

Callan Ryan Claude McAuliffe is an Australian actor, known for his roles as Bryce Loski in Flipped and Sam Goode in I Am Number Four. He appeared as young Jay Gatsby in the 2013 film The Great Gatsby. As of 2017, he appears on The Walking Dead as Alden.

Elizabeth Debicki Australian actress

Elizabeth Debicki is an Australian actress. After making her feature film debut in A Few Best Men (2011), she appeared in The Great Gatsby (2013) for which she won the AACTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, and starred in the Sydney Theatre Company production of The Maids with Cate Blanchett and Isabelle Huppert (2013/14) for which she received a nomination for the 14th Helpmann Awards. She has also appeared in the films Macbeth (2015), The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (2015), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017) and Widows (2018).

Leonardo DiCaprio filmography Listing of film and television appearances by Leonardo Dicaprio

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<i>The Great Gatsby: Music from Baz Luhrmanns Film</i> 2013 soundtrack album by Various artists

The Great Gatsby: Music from Baz Luhrmann's Film is the soundtrack album to the 2013 film The Great Gatsby, an adaptation of F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel of the same name. Interscope Records released it on May 6, 2013. The album was produced by Baz Luhrmann and Anton Monsted, with Jay-Z serving as the album's executive producer. The soundtrack comprises fourteen songs, including new material and cover versions performed by various artists. It contains a mixture of genre, including hip hop, jazz, and alternative music. Luhrmann specifically selected these styles of music to better immerse the audience into the story of The Great Gatsby.

Young and Beautiful (Lana Del Rey song) 2013 single by Lana Del Rey

"Young and Beautiful" is a song by American singer and songwriter Lana Del Rey used for the soundtrack to the drama film The Great Gatsby (2013). It was released on April 23, 2013 through Interscope Records as the lead single from the soundtrack. "Young and Beautiful" was written by Del Rey and Rick Nowels, who also produced the song. The music video features an orchestral version of the song, produced by Dan Heath, which is included on the deluxe edition of the soundtrack.

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