Third Rutte cabinet

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Third Rutte cabinet
Rutte–De Jonge–Ollongren–Schouten cabinet
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70th cabinet of the Netherlands
Mark Rutte 2015 (1) (cropped).jpg
Mark Rutte
Date formed26 October 2017 (2017-10-26)
People and organisations
Monarch Willem-Alexander
Prime Minister Mark Rutte
Deputy Prime Minister Hugo de Jonge
Kajsa Ollongren
Carola Schouten
Total no. of ministers16
Member party People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)
Democrats 66 (D66)
Christian Union (CU)
Status in legislature Centre to Centre-right coalition government
History
Election(s) 2017 election
Legislature term(s) 2017–
Predecessor Rutte II
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlandsportal

The Third Rutte cabinet is the cabinet of the Netherlands since 26 October 2017. It is formed by a coalition government of the political parties People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Democrats 66 (D66) and Christian Union (CU) after the Dutch general election of 2017.

Cabinet of the Netherlands all ministers and secretaries of state of the current Dutch government

The cabinet of the Netherlands is the main executive body of the Netherlands. The current cabinet of the Netherlands is the Third Rutte cabinet, which has been in power since 26 October 2017. It is headed by Prime Minister Mark Rutte and his deputies Hugo de Jonge, Kajsa Ollongren and Carola Schouten.

A coalition government in a parliamentary system is a government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition". The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament. A coalition government might also be created in a time of national difficulty or crisis to give a government the high degree of perceived political legitimacy or collective identity it desires while also playing a role in diminishing internal political strife. In such times, parties have formed all-party coalitions. If a coalition collapses, a confidence vote is held or a motion of no confidence is taken.

Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy Dutch political party

The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.

Contents

Formation

The 2017 general election resulted in a House of Representatives where at least four parties would be required to form a coalition with a majority (76 seats). Media sources speculated that incumbent Prime Minister Mark Rutte of the VVD would seek to form a government with the support of the centre-right CDA and liberal D66. CU was thought to be the most likely candidate to be the fourth member of the coalition. [1] Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport, Edith Schippers, was selected by the VVD to serve as the party's informateur on 16 March and appointed by Speaker of the House Khadija Arib, seeking to determine whether Jesse Klaver of GroenLinks solely desired a left-wing government, or instead simply viewed the VVD as an unlikely coalition partner. Similarly, talks with Emile Roemer of the Socialist Party (SP), who repeatedly stated during the campaign that his party would not govern with the VVD, remained a possibility. [2]

2017 Dutch general election elections

General elections were held in the Netherlands on Wednesday 15 March 2017 to elect all 150 members of the House of Representatives.

Mark Rutte Prime Minister of the Netherlands

Mark Rutte is a Dutch politician who has been Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 2010 and Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) since 2006.

Dutch cabinet formation

The formation of a Dutch cabinet is the process of negotiating an agreement that will get majority support in parliament for the appointment of the council of ministers and gives sufficient confidence that agreed policies will be supported by parliament. Dutch cabinet formations tend to be a time consuming process, and is for the most part not codified in the constitution.

The leaders of D66, CDA, PvdA, VVD, SP, GroenLinks, and CU stated that they would not enter a coalition with the PVV, [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] and Roemer has also said that the SP will not join a coalition with the VVD. [10]

The Labour Party is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

The first proposed coalition was one involving the VVD-CDA-D66 and GroenLinks. This was the preferred coalition of Alexander Pechtold, Lodewijk Asscher and Gert-Jan Segers, while Jesse Klaver continued to argue that the major policy differences between GL and the VVD would make a coalition difficult. [11] Nevertheless, the four parties began more serious negotiations toward a coalition agreement. Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) reported that "labour market reform, investment in law enforcement and additional money for nursing homes" would be areas of agreement between the parties, while "refugee policy, income distribution, climate and medical ethics issues are potential stumbling blocks". [12]

Alexander Pechtold Dutch politician

Alexander Pechtold is a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party and art historian.

Lodewijk Asscher Dutch politician

Lodewijk Frans Asscher is a Dutch politician of the Labour Party (PvdA) and jurist. He is the Leader of the Labour Party since 10 December 2016 and the Parliamentary leader of the Labour Party in the House of Representatives and a Member of the House of Representatives since 23 March 2017.

Gert-Jan Segers Dutch political scientist and politician

Gert Jan Maarten "Gert-Jan" Segers is a Dutch political scientist and politician. As a member of the ChristianUnion (ChristenUnie), he has been an MP since 20 September 2012. He has also been parliamentary leader since 10 November 2015, succeeding Arie Slob.

On 15 May, talks on the proposed four-way VVD-CDA-D66-GL coalition failed. It was reported that the main dispute concerned immigration, but GL leader Jesse Klaver cited climate issues and income differences as other issues where the parties disagreed. The end of the talks was reported to be a consensus decision, with no party blaming any others. [13] [14]

Coalition talks were reported to be at an impasse, with the VVD and CDA favouring a coalition with the CU, D66 favouring a coalition with either PvdA or SP, SP being absolutely opposed to a coalition with the VVD, CDA being opposed to a coalition without the VVD, PvdA rejecting any coalition, and all parties with more than five seats rejecting a coalition with the PVV. D66 said that it would consider a coalition with the CU very difficult due to disagreements on medical-ethical issues such as doctor-assisted suicide, due to the lack of representation of the political left within that coalition, and due to the small majority of one seat in both chambers, which could make for an unstable coalition. [15] [16]

In late June 2017, discussions began again between VVD, D66, CDA and CU under the lead of new informateur Herman Tjeenk Willink. After a three-week summer break, talks resumed on 9 August 2017, and were reported to be close to a conclusion due to representatives of unions and employers’ organizations joining the discussions, which typically happens near the end of such negotiations. [17] [18] In September 2017, a budget deal compromise was reached allowing the coalition talks to continue. While still 'close to conclusion', it appeared likely that the talks about government formation would exceed the record since World War II of 208 days set in 1977. [19] After 208 days of negotiations, the VVD, D66, CDA and CU agreed to a coalition under a third informateur, Gerrit Zalm, [20] [21] [22] and all members of the House of Representatives of the involved parties approved the agreement on 9 October 2017. [23] On 26 October the new cabinet was formally installed 225 days after the elections, setting a record for the longest cabinet formation in Dutch history.

Policy

Government

The third Rutte cabinet repealed the referendum act, stating the act has not delivered what was expected. The cabinet also deconstitutionalised the method of appointment of mayors and King's Commissioners, thus allowing the method to be changed by law. [24]

Finance

The cabinet plans to simplify income tax, reducing the number of tax brackets to two. Income below 68,600 would be taxed at 36.9%, and income from 68,600 onward at 49.5%. There are also plans to increase the lower VAT rate from 6 to 9%. [24] A plan to abolish dividend tax proved so controversial that it was discarded in October 2018. [25] Instead, the cabinet will now lower corporation tax more than was initially planned; the higher rate will be lowered from 25 to 20.5%, and the lower rate from 20 to 15%. [24]

Justice

In judicial matters, the cabinet intends to end the automatic conditional release of prisoners after two thirds of their sentence, and to shorten asylum permits from five to three years, after which refugees can request an extension of another two years. [24]

Labour

The cabinet intends to reform the labour market and pension system. Laws around the termination of employment will be relaxed, while paid sick leave will be shortened. The cabinet initially planned to allow employers to pay handicapped people below the minimum wage, which would then be supplemented by local government. However, this proposal was later retracted. [24]

Environment

The cabinet pledged to ban the sale of non-emission-free cars by 2030. There are also plans to introduce a flight tax by 2021. [24] In March 2018, the cabinet also pledged to end gas extraction from the Groningen gas field within twelve years. [26]

Composition

AppointeeTitle Ministry Term of officeParty
Mark Rutte 2015 (1) (cropped).jpg Mark Rutte
(born 1967)
Prime Minister General Affairs 14 October 2010 –
Incumbent
[Retained]
VVD
Hugo de Jonge at Lancering MAEX Rotterdam 04 (cropped).jpg Hugo de Jonge
(born 1977)
Deputy Prime Minister

Minister
Health, Welfare
and Sport
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Kajsa Ollongren cropped.jpg Jonkvrouw
Kajsa Ollongren
(born 1967)
Deputy Prime Minister

Minister
Interior and Kingdom
Relations
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Carola Schouten in India 2018 (cropped).jpg Carola Schouten
(born 1977)
Deputy Prime Minister

Minister
Agriculture, Nature
and Food Quality
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CU
Halbe Zijlstra 2017 (1).jpg Halbe Zijlstra
(born 1969)
Minister Foreign Affairs 26 October 2017 –
13 February 2018
[Res]
VVD
Sigrid Kaag in 2018 (cropped).jpeg Sigrid Kaag
(born 1961)
13 February 2018 –
7 March 2018
[Ad interim]
D66
Stef Blok 2015 (1).jpg Stef Blok
(born 1964)
7 March 2018 –
Incumbent
VVD
WopkeHoekstra2018cropped.jpg Wopke Hoekstra
(born 1975)
Minister Finance 26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Grapperhaus2018.jpg Dr.
Ferdinand Grapperhaus
(born 1959)
Minister Justice and Security 26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Eric Wiebes 2015 (1).jpg Eric Wiebes
(born 1963)
Minister Economic Affairs and
Climate Policy
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Ank Bijleveld 2018 (1).jpg Ank Bijleveld
(born 1962)
Minister Defence 26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Wouter-koolmees-1307974459 (cropped).jpg Wouter Koolmees
(born 1977)
Minister Social Affairs and
Employment
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Ingrid van Engelshoven (cropped).jpg Ingrid van Engelshoven
(born 1966)
Minister Education, Culture
and Science
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Cora-van-nieuwenhuizen-1383750554 (cropped).jpg Cora van Nieuwenhuizen
(born 1963)
Minister Infrastructure and
Water Management
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Appointee without portfolioTitlePortfolio/Ministry Term of officeParty
Sigrid Kaag in 2018 (cropped).jpeg Sigrid Kaag
(born 1961)
Minister Foreign Trade and Development
Cooperation

(within Foreign Affairs)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Sander Dekker 2015 (1).jpg Sander Dekker
(born 1975)
Minister Legal Protection

(within Justice and Security)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Bruno Bruins in India 2018 (cropped).jpg Bruno Bruins
(born 1963)
Minister Medical Care

(within Health, Welfare
and Sport
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Arie Slob ChristenUnie (cropped).jpg Arie Slob
(born 1961)
Minister Primary and Secondary
Education and Media

(within Education, Culture
and Science
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CU
Junior appointeeTitlePortfolio/Ministry Term of officeParty
Uitreiking Stuiveling Open Data Award (SODA) (45117150741) (cropped) 2.jpg Raymond Knops
(born 1971)
State Secretary • Privatization Policy
• Government Real Estate
• Kingdom Relations

(within Interior and Kingdom
Relations
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Menno Snel 2018 (1).jpg Menno Snel
(born 1970)
State Secretary • Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• Gambling Policy
• State Lottery

(within Finance)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Mark Harbers - portrait.jpg Mark Harbers
(born 1969)
State Secretary
[Title]
• Integration
• Immigration
• Asylum Affairs
• Minority Affairs

(within Justice and Security)
26 October 2017 –
21 May 2019
[Res]
VVD
Anneke Broekers-Knol - 2017 (26189995419) (cropped).jpg Ankie Broekers-Knol
(born 1946)
11 July 2019 –
Incumbent
VVD
MonaKeijzer2017.jpg Mona Keijzer
(born 1968)
State Secretary • Small Business Policy
• Retail Policy
• Regional Development
• Consumer Protection
• Digital Infrastructure
• Postal Service
• Tourism Affairs

(within Economic Affairs
and Climate Policy
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CDA
Barbara Visser 2012 (1).jpg Barbara Visser
(born 1977)
State Secretary • Personnel Affairs
• Equipment Policy
• Special Ops Policy

(within Defence)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Staatssecretaris Paul Blokhuis.jpg Paul Blokhuis
(born 1963)
State Secretary • Elderly Policy
• Disability Affairs
• Veteran Affairs

(within Health, Welfare
and Sport
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
CU
Tamara van Ark 2018 (1).jpg Tamara van Ark
(born 1974)
State Secretary • Social Security
• Unemployment Affairs
• Occupational Safety
• Youth Policy
• Poverty Policy
• Equality
• Emancipation

(within Social Affairs
and Employment
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
VVD
Stientje van Veldhoven 2017 (2).jpg Stientje van Veldhoven
(born 1973)
State Secretary • Transport Infrastructure
• Public Transport
• Energy Policy
• Weather Forecasting Service

(within Infrastructure and
Water Management
)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
D66
Source: ‹See Tfd› (in English) Members of the government Rijksoverheid
Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Resigned.
Served ad interim .
Allowed to use the title of Minister while on foreign business.

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