Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

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Tinicum Township, Delaware County,
Lazaretto PA.JPG
The Philadelphia Lazaretto, November 2009
Delaware County Pennsylvania incorporated and unincorporated areas Tinicum highlighted.svg
Location in Delaware County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°52′15″N75°16′57″W / 39.87083°N 75.28250°W / 39.87083; -75.28250
CountryUnited States
State Pennsylvania
County Delaware
  Total8.78 sq mi (22.75 km2)
  Land5.75 sq mi (14.90 km2)
  Water3.03 sq mi (7.86 km2)
13 ft (4 m)
(2016) [2]
  Density713.44/sq mi (275.45/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 610 and 484
Website www.tinicumtownshipdelco.com

Tinicum Township, also known as Tinicum Island or The Island, is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,091 at the 2010 census, [3] down from 4,353 at the 2000 census. Included within the township's boundaries are the communities of Essington and Lester.


John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum is located in the township and attracts visitors year-round. Philadelphia International Airport's international terminal, the western end of the airfield, and runways 9L/27R and 9R/27L are also located in the township.


Tinicum Township has the distinction of being the site of the first recorded European settlement in Pennsylvania.[ citation needed ] Fort Nya Gothenborg, located on the South River, was settled by colonial Swedes in 1643. It served as capital of the New Sweden colony, under the rule of Royal Governor Johan Björnsson Printz. Governor Printz built his manor house, The Printzhof, on Tinicum Island, from which he administered the colony. The original Lenape called the place Tin-eek Unk. [4] The township is the site of the Philadelphia Lazaretto, the first quarantine hospital in the United States. [5] It and the Printzhof are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [6]


Tinicum Township is located in southeastern Delaware County at 39°52′8″N75°17′17″W / 39.86889°N 75.28806°W / 39.86889; -75.28806 (39.868962, -75.288273). [7] It is bordered to the south by the Delaware River, to the west and northwest by Darby Creek, and to the northeast by the city of Philadelphia. The township borders the state of New Jersey at the center of the Delaware River. The unincorporated community of Essington is in the western part of the township, and Lester is directly to its east. The western part of Philadelphia International Airport takes up nearly all of the center and eastern parts of the township. The John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge lies along Darby Creek on the northwestern side of the township.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.8 square miles (22.7 km2), of which 5.8 square miles (14.9 km2) is land and 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), or 34.33%, is water. [3] It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and average monthly temperatures in Essington range from 33.6 °F in January to 78.4 °F in July. The hardiness zone is mainly 7b with a little area of 7a and the average annual absolute minimum temperature in Essington is 5.2 °F. Archived July 4, 2019, at the Wayback Machine


Historical population
1930 3,630
1940 3,7924.5%
1950 5,31440.1%
1960 4,375−17.7%
1970 4,90612.1%
1980 4,291−12.5%
1990 4,4403.5%
2000 4,353−2.0%
2010 4,091−6.0%
2020 3,983−2.6%

As of 2010 census, the racial makeup of the township was 93.7% White, 1.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population [ dead link ].


When Scott Paper Company was an independent company, it had its headquarters in International Plaza (Scott Plaza) in Tinicum Township. [9]


Tinicum Township is part of the Interboro School District. [10] Tinicum Township is the district's only township, since the remaining municipalities having borough status. Tinicum School and Interboro High School (which is in Prospect Park) serve the township.

All-State Career School has two campuses in the Tinicum Township, in Lester and Essington. [11]


I-95 southbound in Tinicum Township 2022-10-08 10 30 43 View south along Interstate 95 (Delaware Expressway) from the overpass for a ramp leading from northbound Interstate 95 to Philadelphia International Airport in Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.jpg
I-95 southbound in Tinicum Township

As of 2018, there were 29.22 miles (47.03 km) of public roads in Tinicum Township, of which 10.00 miles (16.09 km) were maintained by Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and 19.22 miles (30.93 km) were maintained by the township. [12]

Interstate 95 is the main highway serving Tinicum Township. It follows the Delaware Expressway along an east-west alignment through northwestern sections of the township. Pennsylvania Route 291 follows Industrial Highway parallel to and slightly south of I-95. Pennsylvania Route 420 begins at PA 291, heads north, interchanges with I-95, and exits the northwestern edge of the township.

Part of Philadelphia International Airport lies within Tinicum Township. [13]

SEPTA provides bus service to Tinicum Township along City Bus Route 37, which runs between the Chester Transportation Center and South Philadelphia via the Philadelphia International Airport, City Bus Route 68, which runs between the 69th Street Transportation Center and South Philadelphia, Suburban Bus Route 108, which runs between the 69th Street Transportation Center and the Philadelphia International Airport, and Suburban Bus Route 115, which runs between Delaware County Community College, the Darby Transportation Center, and the Philadelphia International Airport. [14]


Employers who maintain worksites in Pennsylvania or employ individuals who may work from their homes are required to withhold applicable Earned Income Tax (EIT) from those employees. [15] This is a result of Act 32, which consolidated the tax collecting entities for the state of Pennsylvania. [16] The current Earned Income tax rate for Tinicum Township workers is 1.0%. [17] This tax must be withheld from employee pay and paid to the representative of the local tax collector, Keystone Collections Group. [18]

Birth of stromboli

The stromboli is reported by Peter Romano to have originated in 1950 in Tinicum Township at Romano's Italian Restaurant & Pizzeria, by his grandfather Nazzareno Romano. There, William Schofield supposedly gave it the name, after the movie Stromboli , starring Ingrid Bergman. [19] [20] Others claim that the stromboli was the brainchild of Mike Aquino Sr., and that he created it in Spokane, Washington, in 1954. [21]

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  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tinicum township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  4. History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania (Henry Graham Ashmead. Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co. 1884) Archived May 7, 2001, at the Wayback Machine
  5. Tinicum history
  6. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "Census 2020".
  9. Kostelni, Natalie. "Old Scott Paper HQ for sale." Philadelphia Business Journal . September 16, 2002. 1. Retrieved on September 6, 2012.
  10. "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Delaware County, PA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved December 27, 2023.
  11. "All-State Career School locations". Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
  12. "Tinicum Township map" (PDF). PennDOT. Retrieved March 12, 2023.
  13. Delaware County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  14. SEPTA Official Transit & Street Map Suburban (PDF) (Map). SEPTA. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  15. ""Act 32 for Employees/Self-Employed"". Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  16. "Act 32 Overview"
  17. ""Municipal Statistics Tax Report." Retrieved Feb. 11, 2015". Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  18. "Business-Keystone Collections."
  19. "Romano's Pizzeria Facebook page"
  20. Daley, Bill (March 26, 2013). "Calzone v. stromboli". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  21. Stimson, William (June 5, 1976). "Stromboli Sandwich is Spokane Original". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
Preceded by Bordering communities
of Philadelphia
Succeeded by