Wattsburg, Pennsylvania

Last updated
Wattsburg, Pennsylvania
Erie County Pennsylvania incorporated and unincorporated areas Wattsburg highlighted.svg
Location in Erie County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 42°0′10″N79°48′34″W / 42.00278°N 79.80944°W / 42.00278; -79.80944 Coordinates: 42°0′10″N79°48′34″W / 42.00278°N 79.80944°W / 42.00278; -79.80944
CountryUnited States
State Pennsylvania
County Erie
Government
  MayorDonna M. Horn
Area
[1]
  Total0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
  Land0.30 sq mi (0.77 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
[2] (Borough benchmark)
1,286 ft (392 m)
Highest elevation
[2] (northeast end of borough)
1,300 ft (400 m)
Lowest elevation1,278 ft (390 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total403
  Estimate 
(2017) [3]
385
  Density1,291.95/sq mi (499.41/km2)
Time zone UTC-4 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (EDT)
ZIP code
16442
Area code(s) 814

Wattsburg is a borough in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 403 at the 2010 census. [4] It is part of the Erie Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Borough (Pennsylvania) borough in Pennsylvania

In the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity, best thought of as a town, usually smaller than a city, but with a similar population density in its residential areas. Sometimes thought of as "junior cities", boroughs generally have fewer powers and responsibilities than full-fledged cities.

Erie County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2018, the population was 272,061. Its county seat is Erie. The county was created in 1800 and later organized in 1803.

Pennsylvania U.S. state in the United States

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the Northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Contents

History

Incorporated in 1833, Wattsburg was once a thriving stagecoach center.[ citation needed ]

Stagecoach type of covered wagon

A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses. It is strongly sprung and generally drawn by four horses.

Geography

Wattsburg is located in eastern Erie County at 42°0′10″N79°48′34″W / 42.00278°N 79.80944°W / 42.00278; -79.80944 (42.002903, -79.809321). [5] It is bordered to the west, north, and east by Venango Township, and to the south by Amity Township. The New York state border is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east.

Venango Township, Erie County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Venango Township is a township in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,297 at the 2010 census.

Amity Township, Erie County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Amity Township is a township in Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,073 at the 2010 census. There are no longer any boroughs or villages in the township, after the disappearance of Arbuckle and Hatch Hollow. The latter was the birthplace of famed muckraker Ida M. Tarbell, who was born in her grandfather's log cabin in Hatch Hollow in 1857.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 3.72%, is water. [4] Wattsburg is at the junction of French Creek with its West Branch. The borough is in the Allegheny River watershed.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Allegheny River river in western Pennsylvania and New York, United States

The Allegheny River is a 325-mile (523 km) long headwater stream of the Ohio River in western Pennsylvania and New York, United States. The Allegheny River runs from its headwaters just below the middle of Pennsylvania's northern border northwesterly into New York then in a zigzag southwesterly across the border and through Western Pennsylvania to join the Monongahela River at the Forks of the Ohio on the "Point" of Point State Park in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Allegheny River is, by volume, the main headstream of both the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Historically, the Allegheny was considered to be the upper Ohio River by both Native Americans and European settlers.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 131
1850 22773.3%
1860 32944.9%
1870 286−13.1%
1880 38936.0%
1890 382−1.8%
1900 351−8.1%
1910 283−19.4%
1920 232−18.0%
1930 25610.3%
1940 29013.3%
1950 34318.3%
1960 40116.9%
1970 45313.0%
1980 51313.2%
1990 486−5.3%
2000 378−22.2%
2010 4036.6%
Est. 2017385 [3] −4.5%
Sources: [6] [7] [8]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 378 people, 148 households, and 97 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,160.8 people per square mile (442.3/km²). There were 166 housing units at an average density of 509.8 per square mile (194.2/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.47% White, 0.26% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 148 households, out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.13.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $32,500, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $29,250 versus $25,156 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,830. About 17.6% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 51.4% of those age 65 or over.

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 "Little Hope Topo Map, Erie County PA (Wattsburg Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Wattsburg borough, Pennsylvania". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  7. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.