Yamaha TMAX

Last updated
Yamaha TMAX
1st Generation Yamaha XP500 TMAX
Manufacturer Yamaha Motor Company
Also calledXP500
Class Maxi-scooter
Engine 499 cm3 (30.5 cu in) Liquid-cooled 4-stroke DOHC parallel-twin
Bore / stroke 66 mm × 73 mm (2.6 in × 2.9 in)
Compression ratio 10.0:1 for model years 2001-2003,
11.0:1 for model years 2004-2011
Top speed100 mph (160 km/h) [1]
Power 29.4 kW (39.4 hp) at 7,000 rpm, [2]
32.6 kW (43.7 hp) at 7,500 04-07 [3]
32.0 kW (42.9 hp) at 7,500 08-11 [4]
Torque 45.8 N⋅m (33.8 lbf⋅ft) at 5,500 rpm,
47.6 N⋅m (35.1 lbf⋅ft) at 6,250 04-07
45 N⋅m (33 lbf⋅ft) at 6,500 08-11
Ignition type TCI
Transmission V-Belt Automatic CVT
Frame type Tubular steel 2001-2007,
Die cast aluminum 2008-2011 [5]
Suspension Front: Telescopic fork,
120 mm (4.7 in) travel
Rear: Swingarm with monoshock,
120 mm (4.7 in) travel 2001-2007,
116 mm (4.6 in) travel 2008-2011
Brakes F: Single 282 mm (11.1 in) disc,
dual 267 mm (10.5 in) discs 04-11
R: Single 267 mm (10.5 in) disc
Tires F: 120/70-14 2001-2003,
 120/70R14 2004-2007,
 120/70R15 2008-2011
R: 150/70-14 2001-2003,
 160/60R15 2004-2011
Rake, trail 28° 95 mm (3.7 in) 2001-2007,
25° 92 mm (3.6 in) 2008-2011
Wheelbase 1,575 mm (62.0 in) 2001-2007,
1,580 mm (62 in) 2008-2011
DimensionsL: 2,235 mm (88.0 in) 2001-2007,
 2,195 mm (86.4 in) 2008-2011
W: 775 mm (30.5 in)
H: 1,410 mm (56 in) 2001-2007,
 1,445 mm (56.9 in) 2008-2011
Seat height795 mm (31.3 in) 2001-2007,
800 mm (31 in) 2008-2011
Weight217 kg (478 lb) 2001-2003,
225–230 kg (496–507 lb) 04-07,
221–225 kg (487–496 lb) 08-11 (wet)
Fuel capacity14 L (3.1 imp gal; 3.7 US gal) 01-07,
15 L (3.3 imp gal; 4.0 US gal) 08-11
Turning radius2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Footnotes /references
[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Yamaha TMAX 530cc
Yamaha TMAX 2011 Tokyo Motor Show.jpg
4th Generation Yamaha XP530 TMAX
Manufacturer Yamaha Motor Company
Also calledXP530
Class Maxi-scooter
Engine 530 cm3 (32 cu in) Liquid-cooled 4-stroke DOHC parallel-twin
Bore / stroke 68 mm × 73 mm (2.7 in × 2.9 in)
Compression ratio 10.9:1
Power 34.2 kW (45.9 hp) at 6,750 rpm, [10]
33.8 kW (45.3 hp) at 6,750 2017- [11]
Torque 52.3 N⋅m (38.6 lbf⋅ft) at 5,250 rpm,
53.0 N⋅m (39.1 lbf⋅ft) at 5,250 2017-
Ignition type TCI
Transmission V-Belt Automatic CVT
Frame type Extruded and die cast aluminum
Suspension Front: Telescopic fork,
120 mm (4.7 in) travel
Rear: Swingarm with monoshock,
116 mm (4.6 in) travel 2012-2016,
117 mm (4.6 in) travel 2017—
Brakes F: Dual 267 mm (10.5 in) discs
R: Single 282 mm (11.1 in) disc
Tires F: 120/70R15 , R: 160/60R15
Rake, trail 25° 92 mm (3.6 in) 2012-2016,
26° 98 mm (3.9 in) 2017—
Wheelbase 1,580 mm (62 in)
DimensionsL: 2,200 mm (87 in)
W: 775 mm (30.5 in) 2012-2016,
 765 mm (30.1 in) 2017—
H: 1,420–1,475 mm (55.9–58.1 in),
1,420–1,555 mm (55.9–61.2 in) DX
Seat height800 mm (31 in)
Weight217–221 kg (478–487 lb) 2012-14,
219–229 kg (483–505 lb) 2015-16,
213–216 kg (470–476 lb) 2017- (wet)
Fuel capacity15 L (3.3 imp gal; 4.0 US gal)
Turning radius2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Footnotes /references
[10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

The Yamaha TMAX (or T-Max) series of maxi-scooters has been manufactured by Yamaha Motor Company for the European market since its debut at July 2000 press events in Naples, Italy and Iwata, Japan, [15] combining motorcycle performance with the convenience and flexibility for commuting of a scooter.


When it was introduced, the 500cc TMAX engine was the largest (and most powerful) ever used in a production scooter. [16] Yamaha enlarged the engine to 530cc for 2012 and subsequent models. The most recent TMAX redesign, with the model designation XP530, is for the 2017 model year. This model includes D-Mode which lets the rider select a sportier engine running mode for more thrilling performance. [17] Yamaha used the designation XP500 for all previous model years; more than 233,000 TMAX scooters have been sold in Europe. [18]

Notwithstanding the fact that the TMAX was Yamaha's second maxi-scooter, the first being the YP 250 Majesty introduced in 1996, [15] motorcycle journalist Kevin Ash said that the "T-Max is the machine that invented the maxi-scooter class in 2001." [19] The development team received a 2001 Good Design Award (Japan) gold prize for the original TMAX, [20] [21] and Yamaha's design studio won a Red Dot award for product design on the 2012 TMAX. [22]

Yamaha launched the TMAX 560 in May 2020 which has replaced the 530. Sales remain strong mainly in France, Italy and Spain despite the high prices and strong competition from Honda with the new NC750X range.


Following the 1996 success of Yamaha's first maxi-scooter, the YP 250 Majesty, in Europe (and especially in Italy) Yamaha began work on a "New European Commuter" [15] a larger-displacement scooter-type concept. Their objective was to create a maxi-scooter suitable for high-speed motorways, such as the German Autobahn system or the Autostrade of Italy, and better suited to European physiques than the Majesty (designed for the Japanese market). [15]

Marketing strategy for the TMAX targeted three groups of riders: existing scooter riders; owners of middleweight motorcycles; and new or returning riders who would want scooter simplicity combined with automotive luxury. Yamaha estimated there were millions of holders of full motorcycle licenses in Europe no longer riding any kind of two-wheeler. [16] [23]

TMAX rolled-out as a hybrid, combining motorcycle and scooter traits. In order to cope with the power of a larger engine, the TMAX swingarm was the kind found on motorcycle, rather than incorporating the swingarm and engine into a single unit, as on conventional scooters. Yamaha bolted the engine to the frame, but much farther forward, arriving at the weight distribution of a typical motorcycle. Although it was a step-through design, TMAX was built around a motorcycle-type tubular steel frame instead of a U-section pressed steel monocoque frame, as was the case on most scooters. [24] [25]

TMAX designers chose a novel engine configuration: a water-cooled four-stroke horizontal straight-twin (both cylinders pointing forward) with four valves per cylinder operated by dual overhead cams. Engine vibrations were offset not by a balance shaft but by reciprocating balancer (i.e., a third 'dummy' piston driven from a central crankpin). By comparison, transmission design was the norm for scooters: a twist-and-go automatic transmission. [1]

Model history

The 2000 launch of the first generation TMAX in Europe was followed by a second generation 2004 model with performance and handling improvements. The third generation TMAX, a major revision, was introduced in Europe for the 2008 model year. [26] This was the first version to be sold in North America, starting with the 2009 model year. [27] [28]


The initial TMAX was produced for three model years, 2001 to 2003, with no significant changes.


Engine upgrades for the 2004 model year included replacing the twin carburetors with fuel injection, and raising the compression ratio, to boost horsepower and torque. In front, the original 38 mm diameter fork tubes were enlarged to 41 mm, and dual discs replaced the original single disc brake; ABS was available. A parking brake mechanism was added to the rear disk. Radial tires were fitted to both ends, and rear wheel size grew to 15 inch instead of 14 inch. A tachometer was added to the instrument panel. Minor styling changes included new paint colors, including a BLACK MAX special edition for 2006. [29] [30] [24]

3rd Generation XP500 TMAX, the 2010 WHITE MAX special edition Yamaha TMAX 10th Anniversary WHITEMAX at the TMS 2009-2.JPG
3rd Generation XP500 TMAX, the 2010 WHITE MAX special edition


The 2008 model had new bodywork and a lightweight cast aluminum frame instead of the original tubular steel frame. The 2nd generation 41 mm diameter fork tubes were further enlarged to 43 mm, and front wheel size grew to 15 inch instead of 14 inch. Fuel tank capacity increased from 14 to 15 liters (3.1 to 3.3 imperial gallons; 3.7 to 4.0 U.S. gallons). [31] [32] [33]

To mark the tenth anniversary of the TMAX roll-out, Yamaha produced a WHITE MAX special edition for 2010. [34] [35]

4th Generation TMAX rear wheel, showing hydraulic brake caliper and parking brake mechanism on disc Pinze freno di servizio e stazionamento.jpg
4th Generation TMAX rear wheel, showing hydraulic brake caliper and parking brake mechanism on disc


The fourth generation TMAX had a redesigned body and powertrain. Cylinders were bored-out by 2 mm, increasing displacement to 530cc. [19] Other engine modifications included a newly designed pent-roof combustion chamber and a reworking of the fuel injection. The continuously variable transmission and final drive system were redesigned; the previous chain drive enclosed in an oil-bath (attached to one side of the swingarm) was replaced by a belt drive with a separate die-cast aluminum swingarm. [36] [37] [38]


Front suspension was revamped on the fifth generation TMAX with an upside down (inverted) telescopic fork with radial-mounted brake calipers. [39] [40] Bodywork received modest styling updates. [41] Yamaha also produced an IRON MAX special edition. [42]

2017 to 2022—

Chassis and bodywork updated. TMAX 530 was offered in 3 versions: standard, SX and DX. All versions have an electronically controlled throttle and a traction control system. SX and DX versions have switchable power modes; the DX version also has cruise control and an electrically adjustable windscreen as well as keyless ignition (the electronic key must be near to the bike). In early 2020 the 530 was discontinued and the 560 launched in its place. The 560 was an updated version of the 530 and complied to the latest emissions regulations. [43] [44] In 2022 Yamaha launched a new version of the 560 called the TMax Techmax with a new all colour dashboard and a full set of electronics including ABS, Traction Control, Cruise Control etc.

Related Research Articles

Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. is a Japanese mobility manufacturer that produces motorcycles, motorboats, outboard motors, and other motorized products. The company was established in 1955 upon separation from Yamaha Corporation, and is headquartered in Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan. The company conducts development, production and marketing operations through 109 consolidated subsidiaries as of 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honda VF and VFR</span>

The Honda VF and VFR series is a range of motorcycles first introduced in 1982 by Honda featuring V4 engines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha YZF-R1</span> Sport motorcycle

The Yamaha YZF-R1, or simply R1, is a 998 cc (60.9 cu in) sports motorcycle made by Yamaha. It was first released in 1998, undergoing significant updates in 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2015, 2018 and 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Modenas</span>

Syarikat Motosikal dan Enjin Nasional Sdn. Bhd, or known as Modenas for short is a Malaysian national motorcycle company producing various small motorcycle models below 400cc targeted for local market and export. The company's headquarters and factory are located at the small town of Gurun, Kedah, Malaysia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honda CBR600RR</span> Sport bike

The Honda CBR600RR is a 599 cc (36.6 cu in) sport bike made by Honda since 2003, part of the CBR series. The CBR600RR was marketed as Honda's top-of-the-line middleweight sport bike, succeeding the 2002 Supersport World Champion 2001–2006 CBR600F4i, which was then repositioned as the tamer, more street-oriented sport bike behind the technically more advanced and uncompromising race-replica CBR600RR. It carried the Supersport World Championship winning streak into 2003, and on through 2008, and won in 2010 and 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha FZ6</span> Motorcycle

The Yamaha FZ6, also known as the FZ6 FAZER is a 600 cc (37 cu in) motorcycle that was introduced by Yamaha in 2004 as a middleweight street bike built around the 2003 YZF-R6 engine. The engine is retuned for more usable midrange power. As a multi-purpose motorcycle it can handle sport riding, touring, and commuting. In 2010, the FZ6 was replaced by the fully faired FZ6R in North America, and the XJ6 Diversion, XJ6 N and XJ6 Diversion F in Europe. The FZ6 styling was continued in 2011 with the Yamaha FZ8 and FAZER8.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha QT50</span>

The Yamaha QT50 Yamahopper was produced by the Yamaha Motor Company from 1979 through 1992. QT50s were popular in the late 1970s and 1980s, These small motorcycles are easy to ride, maintain, and are fuel efficient. The engine being slightly under 50cc, it was legal in some states to operate this diminutive motorcycle without a drivers licence thereby making the QT50 appealing to teenagers. The QT50 motorcycle resembles contemporary Mopeds and shares some features with Scooters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Underbone</span> Type of motorcycle

An underbone is a type of motorcycle that uses structural tube framing with an overlay of plastic or non-structural body panels and contrasts with monocoque or unibody designs where pressed steel serves both as the vehicle's structure and bodywork. Outside Asia, the term underbone is commonly misunderstood to refer to any lightweight motorcycle that uses the construction type, known colloquially as step-throughs, mopeds or scooters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha SR400 & SR500</span> Type of motorcycle

The Yamaha SR400 (1978–2021) and SR500 (1978–1999) are single-cylinder, air-cooled, two-passenger motorcycles manufactured in Japan by Yamaha Motor Company as a street version of the Yamaha XT500, with a standard riding posture and styling resembling the Universal Japanese Motorcycles of the 1970s. The two models differ by their engines: the SR400 engine has a lower displacement, achieved with a different crankshaft and shorter piston stroke and both models feature only kickstarting, i.e., no electric starter.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha FZ150i</span> Type of motorcycle

The Yamaha FZ150i is a lightweight 150 cc motorcycle manufactured by Yamaha Motor Company exclusively for Southeast Asian markets. It was launched in Indonesia in June 2007 at Palembang Indah Mall, Palembang and then Malaysia in January 2008 at First World Hotel, Genting Highlands as the first completely knocked down (CKD) bike to be fuel-injected in Asian motorcycle market.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honda CBR400</span> Type of motorcycle

The Honda CBR400 is a Japanese domestic market small-capacity sport motorcycle, part of the CBR series introduced by Honda in 1983. It was the first Honda motorcycle to wear a CBR badge.

Yamaha RS-100T Torque induction series, also known as RS-100 series, is a series of two-stroke motorcycle models manufactured by Yamaha Motors Co. Ltd as a successor of the Philippines' most popular 2T motorcycle/tricycle model. It debuted in 1977 especially for the Asian market. While the older Yamaha RS-100 uses a pressed steel frame that also acts as the main body, the RS-100T uses steel tubes for the frames and metal cover sets for the body.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scooter (motorcycle)</span> Low-speed motorcycle

A scooter is a motorcycle with an underbone or step-through frame, a seat, and a platform for the rider's feet, emphasizing comfort and fuel economy. Elements of scooter design were present in some of the earliest motorcycles, and motor scooters have been made since at least 1914.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha YA-1</span> Type of motorcycle

The Yamaha YA-1 is the first motorcycle produced by the Yamaha Motor Company. It was made from 1955 to 1958. This was also the first vehicle in Japan to have a primary kick start system. The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan(in Japanese), includes the 1955 Yamaha 125YA-1 as one of their 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honda NC700D Integra</span> Type of motorcycle

The Honda NC700D/NC750D Integra is a motorcycle/scooter hybrid made by Honda since 2012. Known internally as the RC62, the Integra was originally unveiled as the New Mid Concept in 2010, before being presented in production form at EICMA 2011 in Milan. The Integra shares a platform with two motorcycle variants, the NC700S (RC61) and the NC700X (RC63). All three variants are powered by a 670 cc engine derived from the unit used in the Honda Fit automobile. The Integra will be available with two different power outputs, one version develops a peak power output of 38.1 kW (51.1 hp) at 6,250 rpm and 62 N⋅m (46 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4,750 rpm, while the other has a lower output of 35 kW (47 hp) and 60 N⋅m (44 lb⋅ft) to meet 2013 A2 European licensing regulations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honda PCX</span> Scooter model manufactured by Honda

The Honda PCX is a scooter made by the Japanese manufacturer Honda, it was first introduced for sale in November 2009. Production began in September 2009 at A.P. Honda Co., Ltd. in Bangkok, Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha MT-09</span> Type of motorcycle

The Yamaha MT-09 is a street motorcycle of the MT series with an 847–890 cc (51.7–54.3 cu in) liquid-cooled four-stroke 12-valve DOHC inline-three engine with crossplane crankshaft and a lightweight cast alloy frame. For 2018, the bike is now designated MT-09 in all markets.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha Tricity</span> Type of motorcycle

The Yamaha Tricity is a tilting three-wheeler motor scooter made by Yamaha Motor Company. It is part of Yamaha's LMW offering along with the Niken.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yamaha Tracer 900</span> Sport-touring motorcycle produced by Yamaha

The Yamaha Tracer 900 is a sport touring motorcycle first offered in 2015. The 3-cylinder crossplane engine comes from the MT-09.


  1. 1 2 Ash, Kevin (12 December 2000). "Happy hybrid". The Telegraph . Retrieved 8 August 2017. Central to the Tmax's 'unique' claim is its engine, a 500cc, twin-cylinder four-stroke producing 40bhp, which, the theory goes, expands the Tmax's repertoire way beyond that of traditional scooters.
  2. 1 2 "TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS T-MAX ABS - 2001". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  3. 1 2 "TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS T-MAX ABS - 2004". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  4. 1 2 "TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS T-MAX ABS - 2008". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  5. 1 2 "2008 TMAX: lighter and sleeker with new chassis". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  6. XP500 OWNER'S MANUAL 5GJ-28199-EV (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. May 2001. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  7. XP500/XP500A OWNER'S MANUAL 5VU-28199-E1 (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. July 2004. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  8. XP500/XP500A OWNER'S MANUAL 4B5-28199-E2 (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. June 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  9. "YAMAHA PRESS INFORMATION". Global News Center. Yamaha Motor Co. 24 October 2001. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  10. 1 2 "TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS T-MAX / ABS - 2012". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  11. 1 2 "TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS T-MAX / ABS - 2017". Design Café. Yamaha Motor Europe. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  12. XP500/XP500A OWNER'S MANUAL 59C-28199-E1 (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. June 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  13. XP500/XP500A OWNER'S MANUAL 2PW-28199-E1 (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  14. XP530E-A/XP530-A/XP530D-A OWNER'S MANUAL BV1-28199-E0 (PDF). Japan: Yamaha Motor Co. October 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "It's A Whole New World!" (PDF). Yamaha News. Iwata: Yamaha Motor Co., Public Relations Division. 4: 1–3. 1 August 2000. Retrieved 8 August 2017. The world's most advanced maxi scooter, the 500cc TMAX makes its debut.
  16. 1 2 Glenn Le Santo (12 July 2000). "When Worlds Collide". Motorcycle.com. Toronto: VerticalScope Inc. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  17. "Yamaha TMAX 530 SX". www.bikebiz.com.au. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  18. "TMAX: Master of scooter". Yamaha Design Cafe. Yamaha Motor Europe N.V. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  19. 1 2 Ash, Kevin (22 July 2012). "Yamaha T-Max review". The Telegraph . Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  20. "Good Design Gold Prize / Product Category / Personal Use Group". G Mark. Japan Institute of Design Promotion . Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  21. "Scooter [YAMAHA TMAX(XP500) 5GJ4]". G Mark. Japan Institute of Design Promotion . Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  22. "TMAX : Design Products & Projects, Motorbikes". Red Dot 21. Red Dot GmbH. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  23. Marmar, Shubhabrata (21 May 2003). "Yamaha XP 500". Business Standard Motoring. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  24. 1 2 Callaghan, Pete (19 December 2006). "Maxi Scooter Group Test". Twowheels Scooter Magazine. Alexandria, New South Wales: FPC Power Media. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  25. "The scooter with an identity crisis". Motor Cycle News . December 2000. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  26. "Yamaha TMAX". Motor Scooter Guide. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  27. McDermon, Daniel (13 June 2008). "Maybe the Mongols Should Go to Oakland". New York Times . Retrieved 9 August 2017. Confirming an earlier rumor, Yamaha will bring its 499-cc T-Max scooter to the United States, giving scooterists another big-engine option (in addition to Honda's Silver Wing maxi scooter).
  28. Carpenter, Susan (5 December 2008). "Scooters may steal show". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 9 August 2017. Products that were created for foreign markets are making their way to the U.S. Those include the Kawasaki ER-6n motorcycle and Yamaha TMAX scooter, both of which were introduced in Europe in the last three years.
  29. Wheeler, John (2 August 2006). "A pleasant way to scoot about Tech Spec". The Irish Times . Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  30. "Reborn with fuel injection and radialtires front and rear". Global News Center. Yamaha Motor Co. 9 September 2003. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  31. Nikolic, Trent (18 March 2008). "Yamaha XP500 TMAX Review". Twowheels Scooter Magazine. Alexandria, New South Wales: FPC Power Media. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  32. Stein, John L. (January 2009). "2009 Yamaha Tmax Scooter Road Test". Rider Magazine. Camarillo, California: EPG Media, LLC. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  33. Gabe Ets-Hokin (4 December 2009). "2009 Yamaha TMAX Scooter Review". Motorcycle-USA.com. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  34. Newbigging, Chris (8 October 2009). "10th Anniversary Yamaha TMAX WHITE MAX". Motor Cycle News . Retrieved 9 August 2017. Technically the scooter is the same 500cc parallel twin as the 2008/2009 model, but comes in white with anodised aluminium detailing and the wheels are titanium-colour with polished rims.
  35. Ash, Kevin (21 April 2010). "Yamaha TMax review". The Telegraph . Retrieved 9 August 2017. It's 10 years since Yamaha created a new and improbable niche with the innovative TMax.
  36. "World's hottest new motorcycles unveiled in Milan". USA Today . 15 November 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2017. Scooters are huge in Europe and Yamaha's TMAX is a big, 530cc machine that can compete with many sport bikes on twisty backroads.
  37. Baker, Ped (29 December 2011). "Yamaha T-Max packs punch but not practicality". Motor Cycle News . Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  38. Abrahams, Dave (2 April 2013). "Yamaha TMax is a very smooth mover". Independent Online. Cape Town: Independent News and Media . Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  39. Williams, Don (15 April 2015). "2015 Yamaha TMax Review - A Motorcyclist's Scooter". Ultimate Motorcycling. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  40. Carpenter, Susan. "TMAX scooter can more than keep up". Orange County Register . Retrieved 9 August 2017. With its larger engine, brakes and upside-down telescopic fork emulating the technologies of sport-oriented motorcycles, the TMAX also borrows from cars. The headlights are LEDs. There is a power outlet to plug in a phone or other mobile device embedded in the fairing.
  41. Edge, Dirck (9 September 2015). "2015 Yamaha TMAX: MD Ride Review". MotorcycleDaily.com. Temecula, California: Enhance Partners, LLC.
  42. Hodgson, Kris (21 November 2016). "2016 Yamaha TMax 530 'Iron Max' Review". BikeReview.com.au. JP Media Pty Ltd. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  43. Milbank, John (25 April 2017). "Launch ride: 2017 Yamaha TMAX DX". MoreBikes. Mortons of Horncastle . Retrieved 9 August 2017. The new TMAX was launched in Cape Town alongside the MT-10 SP and Tourer Editions. To some of the UK journalists, the scooter was a side-note, but for the French there on the same day, the 530cc small-wheeled machine was what they'd really come for.
  44. Child, Adam (25 February 2017). "Yamaha's new TMAX ridden". Motor Cycle News . Retrieved 9 August 2017. Yamaha's big scooter has always been the sportiest of the bunch, and a favourite on the continent by some margin, but now the TMAX has matured.