York County, New Brunswick

Last updated

York
Map of New Brunswick highlighting York County2.png
Location within New Brunswick.
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
Established1785
Area
[1]
  Land8,131.77 km2 (3,139.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total99,411
  Density12.2/km2 (32/sq mi)
  Change
2006-2011
Increase2.svg 2.2%
  Dwellings
46,855
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s) 506
Map of municipal government units in York County. CoYork.png
Map of municipal government units in York County.

York County (2016 population 99,411 [1] ) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. The county contains the provincial capital, Fredericton. Outside the city, farming and forestry are two major industries in the county, which is bisected by the Saint John River. The Southwest Miramichi River flows through the northern section of the county.

Contents

History

York County was established in 1785, named after the second son of King George III, Prince Frederick-Augustus (1763-1827), who was made Duke of York in 1784. [2] By 1831, [2] the top half was highly populated, due to the rich soil in the region, so it was split off to become Carleton County. [3]

Census subdivisions

Communities

There are eleven municipalities within York County (listed by 2016 population): [4]

Official NameDesignationArea km2PopulationParish
Fredericton City132.5758,220n/a
Hanwell Rural community151.324,750n/a
New Maryland Village21.334,174 New Maryland
Upper Miramichi Rural community1,835.402,218n/a
McAdam Village14.281,151 McAdam
Nackawic Town7.89941 Southampton
Stanley Village17.11412 Stanley
Harvey Village2.45358 Manners Sutton
Canterbury Village5.33336 Canterbury
Millville Village12.15273 Southampton
Meductic Village6.67173 Canterbury

First Nations

There are two First Nations reserves in York County (listed by 2016 population):

Official NameDesignationArea km2PopulationParish
Devon 30 Reserve2.721,038 [5] Douglas
Kingsclear 6 Reserve3.81493 [6] Kingsclear

Parishes

The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2016 population): [4]

Official NameArea km2PopulationMunicipalitiesUnincorporated communities
Douglas 1446.956,154 Devon 30 (reserve) Birdton / Boyds Corner / Cardigan / Carlisle Road / Currieburg / Deersdale / Dorn Ridge /
Dorn Ridge Road / Douglas / Estey's Bridge / Fredericksburg / Hamtown Corner / Hurlett /
Jones Forks / Keswick / Kingsley / Lower Stoneridge / MacLean Settlement / McLeod Hill /
Morehouse Corner / Napadogan / North Tay / Pughs Crossing / Royal Road / Tay Creek /
Tay Mills / Upper Stoneridge
Saint Marys 752.684,837 Bantalor / Cross Creek Station / Durham Bridge / Glencoe / Lower Durham / Lower Durham Road /
Manzer / Mount Hope / Nashwaak / Nashwaak Bridge / Nashwaak Village / Nashwaak West /
Penniac / Ross / Saint Marys / Taymouth / Upper Durham / Upper Durham Road / Zionville
Bright 403.723,289 Barton / Brewers Mills / Bright / Burtts Corner / Cahill / Central Hainesville / Crocks Point /
Greenhill / Greenhill Lake / Hayne / Howland Ridge / Howland Ridge Hill / Jewetts Mills /
Keswick Ridge / Lower Hainesville / Mactaquac / Mactaquac Heights / McKeens Corner /
Scotch Settlement / Sisson Settlement / Tripp Settlement / Upper Keswick / Vinegar Hill /
Zealand
Kingsclear 152.062,822 Kingsclear 6 (reserve) Carriage Hill / Central Kingsclear / French Village / Hanwell Hamlet / Island View /
Kingsclear / Longs Creek / Mazerolle Settlement / Newmarket / Oswald Gray / Pinecrest Heights /
Smithfield / Somerset Park / Starlight Village / Yoho
New Maryland 375.442,606 New Maryland (village) Beaver Dam / Charters Settlement / Forbes Subdivision / Howarth Acres / Little Lake /
Nasonworth / Rooth
Manners Sutton 525.561,777 Harvey Station (village) Acton / Brockway / Christie Ridge / Coburn / Cork / Frog Lake / Harvey lake Shore /
Harvey Settlement / Hurley Corner / Lower Brockway / Manners Sutton / Middle District /
Prince William Station / Roach / South Tweedside / Swans Shore / Thomaston Corner /
Upper Brockway / Upper Mills / Wilmot / York Mills
Southampton 450.041,484 Nackawic (town)
Millville (village)
Bates Settlement / Bull Lake / Campbell Settlement / Caverhill / Central Waterville / Clarkville /
County Line / East Waterville / Hainesville / Hartfield / Hawkins Corner / Maple Ridge /
Maplewood / Nortondale / Pikes Peak / Pinder / Ritchie / Rossville / South Waterville /
Southampton / Temperance Vale / Temple / West Waterville / Woodman / Woodstock Road
Queensbury 300.651,174 Bear Island / Day Hill / Dumfries / Granite Hill / Lower Caverhill / Lower Line Queensbury /
Lower Queensbury / McNallys / Middle Hainesville / Scotch Lake / Springfield / Upper Caverhill /
Upper Hainesville / Wiggins Mill / York
Stanley 1,222.02832 Stanley (village) Cross Creek / English Settlement / Giants Glen / Green Hill / Limekiln / Maple Grove /
Maple Grove Station / Mavis Mills / Red Rock / South Portage / Sutherland Siding / Tay Falls /
Tay Valley / Ward Settlement / Williamsburg / Woodlands
Prince William 287.71930 Blaney Ridge / Donnelly Settlement / Lake George / Lake Road / Lower Prince William /
Magaguadavic / Magaguadavic Siding / Magundy / Pokiok Settlement / Prince William /
Rosborough Settlement
Canterbury 556.15525 Canterbury (village)
Meductic (village)
Benton / Carroll Ridge / Charlie Lake / Dead Creek / Deer Lake / Dorrington Hill / Dow Settlement /
Eel River Lake / Hartin Settlement / Johnson Settlement / Marne / Middle Southampton /
Scott Siding / Skiff Lake
Dumfries 302.72356 Barony / Carson / Davidson Lake / Dumfries / Hawkshaw / Lower Dumfries / Murray / Pokiok
North Lake 440.03233 Forest City / Fosterville / Graham Corner / Green Mountain / Maxwell / North Lake /
Pemberton Ridge
McAdam 537.4273 McAdam (village) Burpee / Cottrell / St. Croix / Sugar Brook

Demographics

Transportation

Major Highways

Protected areas and attractions

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Census Profile, 2016 Census: York, County [Census division], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "York County". Where is Home? New Brunswick Communities Past and Present. Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  3. Wright, Esther Clark (February 1972). "The Distribution". The Loyalists of New Brunswick (2nd. ed.). Canada: Moncton Pub. Co. Ltd. p. 197.
  4. 1 2 "Census Profiles, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  5. "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Devon 30, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  6. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Kingsclear 6, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  7. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: York County, New Brunswick
  9. 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: York County, New Brunswick



Coordinates: 46°00′N67°00′W / 46.000°N 67.000°W / 46.000; -67.000