1979 in spaceflight

Last updated

1979 in spaceflight

Skylab and Earth Limb - GPN-2000-001055.jpg

The Skylab space station, which decayed from orbit on 11 July
Orbital launches
First 11 January
Last 28 December
Total 110
Catalogued 106
National firsts
Orbital launch Flag of Europe.svg  Europe
Space traveller Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Rockets
Maiden flights Ariane 1
Scout G-1
SLV
Retirements Delta 2000
Mu-3C
Scout D-1
Crewed flights
Orbital 2
Total travellers 4

The following is an outline of 1979 in spaceflight.

Contents

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC)Outcome
Remarks

January

11 January
15:07 [1]
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1070 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination) Reconnaissance 20 January 1979Successful
Military payload (5500 kg)
13 January
15:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1071 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 January
17:37
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1072 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)
18 January
15:42
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya 3-11 Extremely elliptical orbit (64.1 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
25 January
05:43
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Meteor-prigoda 2 (Meteor 1-29) SSO unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
30 January
15:15
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1073 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
30 January
21:42
Flag of the United States.svg Delta 2914 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 17B Flag of the United States.svg McDonnell Douglas
Flag of the United States.svg SCATHA USAF Extremely Elliptical Orbit (4.9 degrees inclination) Communications
Technology demo
In orbitSuccessful
Experimental military payload (360 kg)
31 January
09:00:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1074 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (7000 kg)

February

6 February
08:46
Flag of Japan.svg N-I Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima, Osaki launch complex Flag of Japan.svg
Flag of Japan.svg Ayame 1  (ja ) (ECS A) Extremely Elliptical Orbit (0.7 degrees inclination)unknownSpacecraft has failed 9 February 1979 during apogee kick motor burn after recontact with 3rd stage
Civilian payload (260 kg)
8 February
10:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1075 Low Earth (65.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1080 kg)
12 February
13:00:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Tsyklon-3(Cyclone-3) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 32/2 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1076 Low Earth (82.5 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1900 kg)
13 February
21:41
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1077 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2500 kg)
16 February
15:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos (number not assigned)no16 February 1979Failed to reach orbit
Military payload
18 February
18:59:00 [2]
Flag of the United States.svg Scout D-1 S202C Flag of the United States.svg Wallops LA-3A Flag of the United States.svg NASA
Flag of the United States.svg SAGE NASA Low Earth (54.9 degrees inclination) Earth observation 11 April 1989Successful
Civilian payload (148.7 kg)
21 February
05:00
Flag of Japan.svg Mu-3C Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima, Mu launch complex Flag of Japan.svg
Flag of Japan.svg Hakucho (CORSA B) Low Earth (29.9 degrees inclination)16 April 1985Successful
Civilian payload (100 kg)
21 February
07:49:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K/DM Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Ekran 3 GEO unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
22 February
12:10
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1078 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
24 February
08:20
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas F Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg pad SLC 3W Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg Solwind Low Earth (97.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1331 kg)
25 February
11:53:49
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz 32 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EO-3 13 June
16:18:26
Successful
Manned flight launching with two cosmonauts, remained in orbit past design life due to Soyuz 33 failure, returned to Earth unmanned
27 February
15:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1079 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6700 kg)
27 February
17:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Interkosmos 19 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1015 kg)

March

1 March
18:45:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Meteor-2-4 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)
12 March
05:47:28
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Progress 5 Salyut 6 orbit (Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination))unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
14 March
10:50
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1080 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6700 kg)
15 March
02:58
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1081–1088 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
16 March
18:30
Flag of the United States.svg Titan 3D Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg pad SLC 4E Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg unknown SSO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (13300 kg to SSO, 60kg to LEO (95.8 degrees))
21 March
04:13
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1089 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)
31 March
10:45
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1090 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)

April

7 April
06:20
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1091 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)
10 April
17:34:34
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz 33 Low Earth (Intended: Salyut 6)Taxi flight12 April
16:35
Spacecraft failure
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Bulgarian in space, main engine failed during rendezvous manoeuvres, docking aborted and spacecraft deorbited using backup engines
11 April
21:51
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1092 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)
12 April
00:28:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya 1-43 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
14 April
05:27
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1093 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination) ELINT 23 March 2000Successful
Military payload (2500 kg)
18 April
12:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Tsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1094 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (3000 kg)
20 April
11:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1095 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 April
03:44:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K/DM Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Raduga 5 GEO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1965 kg)
25 April
10:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Tsyklon-2(Cyclone-2) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 90 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1096 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (4000 kg)
27 April
17:15
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1097 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6700 kg)

May

4 May
18:57:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas SLV 3D Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 36A Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg Fltsatcom-2 GTO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1884 kg)
13 May
04:17:10
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Progress 6 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (7020 kg)
15 May
11:40
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1098 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
17 May
07:10
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1099 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 May
23:00:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 81P (pad 24) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1100 Kosmos 1101 Low Earth (51.6 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2x9000 kg)
25 May
07:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1102 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 May
18:30
Flag of the United States.svg Titan 3B/Agena Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg pad SLC 4W Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg unknown SSO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (4000 kg)
31 May
16:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1103 Low Earth (62.7 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
31 May
17:58
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1104 Low Earth (82.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)

June

2 June
23:26
Flag of the United States.svg Scout D-1 S198C Flag of the United States.svg Wallops LA-3A Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ariel 6 unknownunknownSuccessful
Civilian payload
5 June
23:28
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya 3-12 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1750 kg)
6 June
18:12:41
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Site 31/5 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz 34 Low Earth (Salyut 6)Crew return19 August
12:29
Successful
Launched unmanned to replace Soyuz 32 which had passed the end of its design life, landed with two cosmonauts
6 June
18:22:12
Flag of the United States.svg Thor DSV-2U Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-10W Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg DMSP-5D1 F4 (AMS-4)US Air ForceLow EarthWeatherIn orbitSuccessful
7 June
10:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kapustin Yar pad LC 107 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of India.svg Bhaskar 1 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (441 kg)
8 June
07:10
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1105 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 June
13:30:00
Flag of the United States.svg Titan 3C/Transtage Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 40 Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg DSP 11 GEO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1170 kg)
12 June
07:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1106 Low Earth (81.4 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
15 June
10:50
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1107 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
22 June
07:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1108 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
27 June
15:51:59
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas F Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg pad SLC 3W Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg NOAA 6(NOAA A) Low Earth (98.5 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (723 kg)
27 June
18:11:23
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1109 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (62.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 June
09:25:11
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome pad LC 31 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Progress 7 Salyut 6 orbit(51.6 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1020 kg)
28 June
20:09
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1110 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (875 kg)
29 June
16:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1111 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)

July

5 July
23:19:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K/DM Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Gorizont 2 GEO unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
6 July
08:20
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kapustin Yar pad LC 107 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1112 Low Earth (50.7 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1190 kg)
10 July
09:00:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1113 Low Earth (65.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
11 July
15:41
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1114 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (900 kg)
13 July
08:25
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1115 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
20 July
11:58
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1116 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2500 kg)
25 July
15:20
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1117 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
27 July
07:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1118 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
27 July
21:28
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Feng Bao 1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiquan Satellite Launch Center NLC Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shi Jian 2 27 July 1979Failure to reach orbit after 2nd stage malfunction
Civilian payload (770 kg)
31 July
03:56
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya 1-44 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)

August

3 August
10:45
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1119 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
10 August
00:20
Flag of the United States.svg Delta 2914 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 17A Flag of the United States.svg McDonnell Douglas
Flag of the United States.svg Westar 3(Westar C) GTO unknownSuccessful
Commercial payload (574 kg)
10 August
02:28
Flag of India.svg PSLV 3 Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan Space Centre pad SLV3 Flag of India.svg
Flag of India.svg Rohini RS-110 August 1979Failed to reach orbit due control valve malfunction in 2nd stage
Civilian payload (30 kg)
11 August
09:15:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1120 Low Earth (70.4 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
14 August
15:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1121 Low Earth (67.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6700 kg)
17 August
07:45
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1122 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
21 August
11:10
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1123 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
28 August
00:17:04
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1124 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (68 degrees inclination)unknownLaunch successful. Satellite exploded 9 September 1979 into 8 pieces.
Military payload (1250 kg)
28 August
00:55
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1125 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (875 kg)
31 August
11:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1126 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)

September

5 September
10:20
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1127 Low Earth (81.3 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
14 September
15:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1128 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
20 September
05:28
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas SLV 3D Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 36B Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg HEAO 3(HEAO C) Low Earth (43.6 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (3150 kg)
25 September
15:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 41/1 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1129 Low Earth (62.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
25 September
21:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1130–1137 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (8x61 kg)
28 September
12:20
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1138 Low Earth (72.8 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)

October

1 October
11:22:00
Flag of the United States.svg Titan 3C/Transtage Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 40 Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg unknownunknownunknownSuccessful
Military payload (820 kg)
3 October
17:12:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K/DM Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Ekran 4 GEO unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1970 kg)
5 October
11:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1139 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (5500 kg)
11 October
16:36
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1140 Low Earth (74.1 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (875 kg)
12 October
12:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos, number not assigned12 October 1979Failed to reach orbit
16 October
12:17
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1141 Low Earth (83.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (810 kg)
20 October
07:03
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Molniya 1-45 Extremely Elliptical Orbit (64.7 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1600 kg)
22 October
12:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1142 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
26 October
18:12
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1143 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2500 kg)
30 October
14:16
Flag of the United States.svg Scout G-1 S203C Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-5
Flag of the United States.svg Magsat Low Earth (96.8 degrees inclination)11 June 1980Successful
Civilian payload (181 kg)
31 October
09:25:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Meteor 2-5 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1300 kg)

November

1 November
08:05
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome pad LC 132/2 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Interkosmos 20 Low Earth (74.0 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (1100 kg)
2 November
16:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1144 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6700 kg)
21 November
02:09:36
Flag of the United States.svg Titan 3C/Transtage Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 40 Flag of the United States.svg
Flag of the United States.svg DSCS 2 13, DSCS 2 14 GEO unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2x612 kg)
27 November
09:55
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vostok-M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/4 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1145 Low Earth (81.2 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (2500 kg)

December

5 December
09:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos-3M Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1146 Low Earth (65.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (1000 kg)
7 December
01:35
Flag of the United States.svg Delta 3914 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral pad LC 17A Flag of the United States.svg McDonnell Douglas
Flag of the United States.svg Satcom 3(Satcom C) GTO unknownSatellite failed while being on the GTO, has been destroyed
Commercial payload (895 kg)
12 December
12:30
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1147 Low Earth (72.9 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)
16 December
12:29:50
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome unknown pad Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz T-1 Salyut 6 orbit (51.6 degrees inclination)21:47, 25 March 1980Successful
Salyut 6 orbit boost mission completed
24 December
17:14:38
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 1 Flag of Europe.svg Kourou ELA-1 Flag of Europe.svg ESA
Flag of Europe.svg CAT-1 ESALow EarthTechnology27 November 1989Successful
Maiden flight of the Ariane 1, and the Ariane family [3]
28 December
11:51:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Proton-K/DM Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Baikonur Cosmodrome, pad LC 200P (pad 40) Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Gorizont 3 GEO unknownSuccessful
Civilian payload (2120 kg)
28 December
13:00
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Soyuz-U Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Plesetsk Cosmodrome LC43/3 Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Kosmos 1148 Low Earth (67.1 degrees inclination)unknownSuccessful
Military payload (6000 kg)

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT)SpacecraftEventRemarks
5 March Voyager 1 Flyby of Jupiter Closest approach: 280,000 kilometres (170,000 mi)
9 July Voyager 2 Flyby of JupiterClosest approach: 645,000 kilometres (401,000 mi)
1 September Pioneer 11 Flyby of Saturn Closest approach: 20,900 kilometres (13,000 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/TimeDurationEnd TimeSpacecraftCrewRemarks
15 August
14:16
1 hour
23 minutes
15:39 Salyut 6
PE-3
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Valery Ryumin
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg Vladimir Lyakhov
Removed the KRT-10 antenna that had failed to separate from Salyut and had fouled the aft docking port target. After disposing of the antenna, Ryumin collected samples of damaged insulation and a retrieved a micrometeroid detector. [4]

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Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. "Cosmos 1070". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA . Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  2. "SAGE". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA . Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  3. Hughes, J. (1996) Larousse Desk Reference Encloypedia London RD Press
  4. Portree, David S. F. (March 1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). NASA. p. 83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-14.