2022 in spaceflight

Last updated

2022 in spaceflight
JUICE spacecraft concept.jpg
The European Space Agency is planning to launch the Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer to Jupiter in August 2022.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2022.

Contents

Overview

List of orbital launches

List of orbital launches
MonthNum. of successesNum. of failures
January TBDTBD
February TBDTBD
March TBDTBD
April TBDTBD
May TBDTBD
June TBDTBD
July TBDTBD
August TBDTBD
September TBDTBD
October TBDTBD
November TBDTBD
December TBDTBD
TotalTBDTBD

Exploration of the Solar System

NASA will continue the mission of the Juno spacecraft at Jupiter, with a fly-by of Europa planned for 29 September. [1] [2]

In Mars exploration, the ESA has partnered with Roscosmos to launch the Rosalind Franklin rover using the Kazachok lander as part of ExoMars 2022. [3]

NASA plans to launch the Psyche spacecraft, an orbiter mission that will explore the origin of planetary cores by studying the metallic asteroid 16 Psyche. It will launch on a Falcon Heavy rocket along with Janus, a dual space probe that will visit two binary asteroids, (175706) 1996 FG3 and (35107) 1991 VH.

Lunar exploration

Artemis 1, the first flight of NASA's Space Launch System and the first lunar mission for Orion, is scheduled to fly no earlier than February. [4]

The United States will also launch a number of commercial lunar landers and rovers. As part of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, the launch of Astrobotic Technology's Peregrine lander and Intuitive Machines' Nova-C lander is scheduled. Russia plans to resume its Luna-Glob exploration programme with the Luna 25 lander. Japan plans to launch the SLIM lunar lander. India will attempt once more to deliver a robotic lander to the lunar surface with Chandrayaan-3.

Human spaceflight

China will finish construction of the Chinese Space Station (CSS) with the addition of the Wentian and Mengtian lab modules. [5]

Boeing's CST-100 Starliner will conduct a second uncrewed test flight in the first half of 2022 in advance of a first crewed test flight later in 2022. [6] [7]

Rocket innovation

Arianespace's Ariane 6 will make its long-delayed maiden flight, [8] targeting a per-satellite launch cost similar to a Falcon 9. [9] Blue Origin plans to launch its first orbital-class New Glenn rocket with a reusable first stage. [10] After suborbital tests in 2020 and 2021, SpaceX plans to conduct the first orbital test flight of the fully reusable Starship launch vehicle. [11] The maiden flight of Vulcan Centaur is planned for 2022. The rocket is designed by United Launch Alliance to gradually replace Atlas V and Delta IV Heavy at lower costs. [12] Mitsubishi Heavy Industries's H3 launch vehicle, scheduled to enter service in early 2022, will cost less than half that of its predecessor H-IIA. [13]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC)Outcome
Remarks

January

6 January [14] Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS27 Flag of France.svg Kourou ELS Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
27 January [14] Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat ST38 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of France.svg Arianespace / Flag of Russia.svg Starsem
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
Late January [15] [16] Flag of the United States.svg Firefly Alpha FLTA002 Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-2W Flag of the United States.svg Firefly / ALS [17]
Flag of the United States.svg TBATBA Low Earth Education 
Second orbital launch attempt, carrying more deployable educational payloads. [18]
January (TBD) [19] Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 511AV-084 [20] Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg ULA
Flag of the United States.svg USSF-8 / GSSAP 5 [21] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
Flag of the United States.svg USSF-8 / GSSAP 6 [21] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
First flight of the 511 configuration for Atlas V. [22]
January (TBD) [20] [23] Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 551 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg ULA
Flag of the United States.svg USSF-12 / WFOV [25] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Early warning  
January (TBD) [26] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Ceres-1 Y3 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Galactic Energy
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg TBATBALow Earth (SSO)TBA 
January (TBD) [27] [28] Flag of the United States.svg Electron Flag of New Zealand.svg Mahia LC-1A Flag of the United States.svg Rocket Lab
Flag of the United States.svg RASR-3 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
NROL-162 mission.
January (TBD)
23:11:12 [19]
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of Italy.svg CSG-2 [30] ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Second COSMO-SkyMed 2nd Generation satellite. [31]
January (TBD) [19] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg Sherpa-LTC1 [32] Spaceflight, Inc. Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
Flag of Italy.svg ION Satellite Carrier 4 [33] D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Alba Cluster 3
That time of year [34] [35]
Alba Orbital Low Earth (SSO) PocketQube dispenser 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Alba Cluster 4 [35] Alba Orbital Low Earth (SSO) PocketQube dispenser 
Flag of the United States.svg Capella 7, 8 [37] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg ICEYE × 1 [39] ICEYE US Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg Lynk Tower 1 [32] Lynk Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Majura [41] Skykraft Low Earth (SSO) Air traffic management
Technology demonstration
 
Flag of the United States.svg Mars Demo-1 [42] [44] Nanoracks Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Argentina.svg ÑuSat × ? [46] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of Ukraine.svg Sich 2-30 (2-1) [48] SSAU Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg UMBRA-02 [32] Umbra SpaceLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of India.svg Astrogate cubesat [50] Astrogate Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United States.svg Flock 4x × 44 [52] Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of Spain.svg Guardian [33] Aistech SpaceLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of Norway.svg HYPSO-1 [53] Orbit NTNU Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg Lemur-2 × ? [55] Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
SIGINT
 
Flag of the United States.svg LLITED × 2 [32] NASA Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere / Thermosphere research 
Flag of the United States.svg OreSat0 [32] Portland State Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of India.svg Pixxel 2 [56] [57] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Patrol Mission (KSF2) × 4 [59] Kleos Space Low Earth (SSO) Navigation  
Flag of Germany.svg SPiN-1 (MA61C) [32] SPiN Low Earth (SSO) PnP  
Flag of the United States.svg VariSat × ? [61] ProXopSLow Earth (SSO) Communications  
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg VZLUSat-2 [32] VZLU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Italy.svg CShark Pilot-1 [62] [63] CSharkLow Earth (SSO) IoT  
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Delfi-PQ [35] [64] Technical University of Delft Low Earth (SSO) LOFAR technology demonstration  
Flag of Spain.svg EASAT-2 [35] [64] AMSAT EA Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio  
Flag of Turkey.svg Grizu-263a [35] [64] Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University Low Earth (SSO)Education 
Flag of Spain.svg HADES [35] [64] AMSAT EA Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio  
Flag of Argentina.svg MDQube-SAT1 [66] Innova SpaceLow Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United States.svg Orbital Edge Computing [68] Carnegie Mellon Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Brazil.svg PION-BR1 [70] PION LabsLow Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Israel.svg SATTLA-2 [35] [64] Ariel University Low Earth (SSO)Education 
Flag of Germany.svg Unicorn 1 [35] [64] Alba Orbital UG / ESA Low Earth (SSO) Inter-satellite link technology demonstration  
Flag of Germany.svg Unicorn 2A, 2D, 2E [35] [64] Alba Orbital UG Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of Switzerland.svg WISeSAT-1 [62] WISeKeyLow Earth (SSO) IoT  
Flag of Switzerland.svg WISeSAT-2 [62] WISeKeyLow Earth (SSO) IoT  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit, designated Transporter-3. The Nanoracks Outpost technology demonstration mission, named Mars Demo-1, [42] will cut metal samples representative of C4M upper stages in order to test technologies for converting spent upper stages into Nanoracks Space Outposts. [71] [72] [73] The ELaNa 40 mission, consisting of two CubeSats, will launch on this flight. [74]
January (TBD) [75] [76] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of Luxembourg.svg O3b mPower × 3 (FM21–FM23) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
January (TBD) [77] [78] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 7 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wenchang LC-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg TBATBALow Earth (SSO)TBA 
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
January (TBD) [79] [80] Flag of India.svg PSLV-CA C53 [81] Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of India.svg EOS-06 (Oceansat-3) ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Guardian-Alpha [79] [83] OrbAstro Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of India.svg Pixxel 1 [56] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
January (TBD) [84] [85] Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  

February

2 February [86] [27] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-4E Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg NROL-87 NRO Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
12 February
22:56 [4]
Flag of the United States.svg SLS Block 1 Flag of the United States.svg Kennedy LC-39B Flag of the United States.svg NASA
Flag of the United States.svg Artemis 1 NASA Selenocentric Technology demonstration  
Flag of Italy.svg ArgoMoon ASI Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United States.svg BioSentinel NASA Heliocentric Astrobiology  
Flag of the United States.svg CuSP NASA Heliocentric Space weather  
Flag of Japan.svg EQUULEUS University of Tokyo Earth–Moon L2 Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg LunaH-Map NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 
Flag of the United States.svg Lunar IceCube NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 
Flag of the United States.svg LunIR Lockheed Martin Space Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United States.svg Near-Earth Asteroid Scout NASA Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Flag of Japan.svg OMOTENASHI JAXA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Flag of the United States.svg Team Miles Fluid & Reason Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS), targeting a launch window between 12 and 27 February. 10 CubeSats will rideshare on this launch. [87]
15 February [88] Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of Russia.svg Roscosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress MS-19 / 80P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
19 February [19] Flag of the United States.svg Antares 230+ Flag of the United States.svg MARS LP-0A Flag of the United States.svg Northrop Grumman
Flag of the United States.svg Cygnus NG-17 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
The ELaNa 44 mission, consisting of one CubeSat, will launch on this flight. [74]
21 February [89] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Kennedy LC-39A Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg Ax-1 SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Mission 1, launching on Crew Dragon. Commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station for a stay of eight days.
February (TBD) [90] [19] Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA VA257 Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Malaysia.svg MEASAT-3d [92] MEASAT Geosynchronous Communications  
Flag of India.svg GSAT-24 NSIL / Tata Sky Geosynchronous Communications  
MEASAT-3d will replace both MEASAT-3 and MEASAT-3a. [93]
February (TBD) [27] [28] Flag of the United States.svg Electron Flag of New Zealand.svg Mahia LC-1B Flag of the United States.svg Rocket Lab
Flag of the United States.svg RASR-4 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
NROL-199 mission.
February (TBD) [94] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 8 Y2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wenchang LC-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hainan-1 × 4 [95] [97] Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianxian × ? [94] Spacety Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Launch of 22 satellites for eight companies and organizations. [98]
February (TBD) [99] Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS28 Flag of France.svg Kourou ELS Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  

March

1 March
21:38 [100]
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 541AV-095 [101] Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg ULA
Flag of the United States.svg GOES-T NOAA / NASA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
18 March
15:03 [102] [103]
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of Russia.svg Roscosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz MS-21 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 67/68  
19 March [104] [105] Flag of the United States.svg Electron Flag of New Zealand.svg Mahia LC-1A Flag of the United States.svg Rocket Lab
Flag of the United States.svg CAPSTONE NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United States.svg Photon Rocket Lab TLI Space tug
Lunar flyby
 
Launch site changed from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport to Mahia due to AFTS certification delays. [106]
March (TBD) [107] Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 551 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg ULA
Flag of the United States.svg Silent Barker / NROL-107 [109] NRO Geosynchronous Space situational awareness  
March (TBD) [110] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg Sherpa-FX5 [111] Spaceflight, Inc. Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Alba Cluster 5 [34] Alba Orbital Low Earth (SSO) PocketQube dispenser 
Flag of the United States.svg BlueWalker 3 [113] AST SpaceMobile Low Earth (SSO) Communications
Technology demonstration
 
Flag of the United States.svg GHOSt × 2 [116] [117] Orbital SidekickLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg GNOMES-3 [119] PlanetIQ Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  
Flag of the United States.svg Hawk 6A, 6B, 6C [111] HawkEye 360 Low Earth (SSO) SIGINT  
Flag of the United States.svg Lynk-07 [111] Lynk Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Flag of the United States.svg Flag of Luxembourg.svg MP42 / Tiger-3 [121] NanoAvionics / OQ Technology Low Earth (SSO) IoT  
Flag of Argentina.svg ÑuSat × ? [122] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg YAM-6 / VanZyl-1 [124] Loft Orbital / HydrosatLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg Agile MicroSat (AMS) [111] [126] MIT Lincoln Laboratory Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Albania.svg Albania 1 [127] Government of Albania Low Earth (SSO)TBA 
Flag of the United States.svg CNCE Blk 1 × 2 [111] MDA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Guardian [79] OrbAstro Low Earth (SSO) Space-as-a-Service  
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg HERON Mk II [111] [129] University of Toronto Low Earth (SSO) Biological science  
Flag of the United States.svg Omnispace × 2 [131] Omnispace Low Earth (SSO) IoT  
Flag of the United States.svg RROCI [133] U.S. Space Force Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Flag of South Africa.svg Shared Sat 2 [134] [135] EnduroSat / Hypernova [136] Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Flag of Tanzania.svg Kilimanjaro-1 (KILI-1) [137] Angani SpaceLow Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit, designated Transporter-4. Kilimanjaro-1 will be Tanzania's first satellite. [137]
March (TBD) [19] [138] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-4E Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg WorldView Legion 1 [139] Maxar Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Flag of the United States.svg WorldView Legion 2 [139] Maxar Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
March (TBD) [77] [78] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 2C Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg TBA Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg TBATBALow Earth (SSO)TBA 
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
March (TBD) [140] Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 7 Y5 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wenchang LC-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianzhou 4 CMSA Low Earth (TSS) Space logistics  
Cargo flight to the Tiangong space station.
March (TBD) [141] [142] Flag of the United States.svg Rocket 3 Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Kwajalein Atoll Flag of the United States.svg Astra
Flag of the United States.svg TROPICS x 2 NASA Low Earth Earth observation  
First of three launches for the TROPICS constellation.
Q1 (TBD) [143] [144] Flag of the United States.svg Electron Flag of New Zealand.svg Mahia LC-1A Flag of the United States.svg Rocket Lab
Flag of the United States.svg Argos-4 NOAA Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Orbital Test Bed (OTB) satellite carrying the Argos-4 Advanced Data Collection System (A-DCS) hosted payload.
Q1 (TBD) [145] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Kennedy LC-39A Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg IM-1 Intuitive Machines TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  
Flag of the United States.svg Moon Mark Mission 1 [147] Moon Mark TLI to lunar surface Lunar rovers
Education
 
Flag of the United States.svg EagleCam [149] ERAU TLI to lunar surface Space selfie / Education 
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Spacebit × 1–2 Spacebit TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover  
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg DOGE-1 GEC TLI Remote sensing  
First Nova-C mission, which will land commercial payloads and five NASA-sponsored instruments between Mare Serenitatis and Mare Crisium [145] for the Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program. [150] DOGE-1 is the first commercial lunar payload to be funded through Dogecoin. [151]
Q1 (TBD) [152] [153] Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Block 5 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of Luxembourg.svg O3b mPOWER × 3 (FM24–FM26)