2015 in spaceflight

Last updated

2015 in spaceflight
NH-Pluto-color-NewHorizons-20150713.png
The New Horizons spacecraft conducted the first flyby of Pluto in July 2015.
Orbital launches
First10 January
Last28 December
Total87
Successes82
Failures4
Partial failures1
Catalogued 83 [lower-alpha 1]
Landings1
National firsts
Satellite Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos
Space traveller Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Rockets
Maiden flights
Crewed flights
Orbital4
Total travellers12
EVAs 7

In 2015, the maiden spaceflights of the Chinese Long March 6 and Long March 11 launch vehicles took place.

Contents

In February 2015, the European Space Agency's experimental lifting body spacecraft, the Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle, successfully conducted its first test flight.

In March 2015, Ceres became the first dwarf planet to be visited by a spacecraft when Dawn entered orbit. In July 2015, New Horizons visited the Pluto-Charon system after a 9-year voyage, returning a trove of pictures and information about the former "ninth planet" (now classified as a dwarf planet). Meanwhile, the MESSENGER probe was deliberately crashed into Mercury after 4 years of in-orbit observations.

On 23 November 2015, the Blue Origin New Shepard suborbital rocket achieved its first powered soft landing near the launch site, paving the way for full reuse of its propulsion stage. On 21 December, the maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon 9 Full Thrust took place, ending with a successful landing of its first stage.

Two old weather satellites, NOAA-16 and DMSP 5D-2/F13, broke up in 2015, creating several hundred pieces of space debris. In both cases, a battery explosion is suspected as the root cause.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC)Outcome
Remarks

January

10 January
09:47:10
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX CRS-5 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 11 February 2015
00:44
Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-1d' 1 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation 13 October 2015Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-1d' 2 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation 27 December 2015Successful
Flag of Brazil.svg AESP-14 ITA Low Earth Ionospheric research 11 May 2015Successful
SpaceX attempted to land the first stage on a platform in the Atlantic Ocean, but the first stage crash-landed on its landing platform. [1] The AESP-14 CubeSat was deployed from the space station on 5 February 2015, [2] while the Flock-1 CubeSats were deployed on 3 March 2015. [3]
21 January
01:04:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 551 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg MUOS-3 US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
31 January
14:22:00
Flag of the United States.svg Delta II 7320 Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-2W Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg SMAP NASA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg FIREBIRD II A Montana State Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg FIREBIRD II B Montana State Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg GRIFEX NASA / JPL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg ExoCube Cal Poly Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational

February

1 February
01:21:00
Flag of Japan.svg H-IIA 202 Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima LA-Y1 Flag of Japan.svg MHI
Flag of Japan.svg IGS-Radar Spare CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbitOperational
1 February
12:31:00
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of the United States.svg International Launch Services
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Inmarsat 5-F2 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
2 February
08:50
Flag of Iran.svg Safir Flag of Iran.svg Semnan Flag of Iran.svg ISA
Flag of Iran.svg Fajr ISA Low Earth Technology demonstration 26 February 2015Successful
11 February
13:40:00
Flag of Europe.svg Vega Flag of France.svg Kourou ELV Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg IXV ESA Transatmospheric Technology demonstration 11 February 2015
15:19
Successful
Vega's 4th stage briefly entered low Earth orbit before de-orbiting; thus it did not get a COSPAR ID. This marked the first flight of the IXV
11 February
23:03:32
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg DSCOVR NOAA Earth/Sun L1 Earth observation / Heliophysics In orbitOperational
First SpaceX launch aimed beyond GTO. First stage soft landed on water.
17 February
11:00:17
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-U Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress M-26M / 58PRoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 14 August 2015
14:17
Successful
27 February
11:01:35
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2503 (Bars-M 1L)VKOLow Earth (SSO)ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational

March

2 March
03:50:00
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of France.svg Eutelsat 115 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Bermuda.svg ABS-3A ABS Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
First communication satellites to use all-electric propulsion to reach intended orbits from GTO
13 March
02:44:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 421 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg MMS-1 NASA Elliptical High Earth Magnetospheric ResearchIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg MMS-2 NASA Elliptical High Earth Magnetospheric ResearchIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg MMS-3 NASA Elliptical High Earth Magnetospheric ResearchIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg MMS-4 NASA Elliptical High Earth Magnetospheric ResearchIn orbitOperational
18 March
22:05:00
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Khrunichev
Flag of Russia.svg Ekspress AM7 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
25 March
18:36:00
Flag of the United States.svg Delta IV M+(4,2) Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-37B Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg USA-260 (GPS IIF-9) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
25 March
22:08:53
Flag of Ukraine.svg Dnepr Flag of Russia.svg Dombarovsky Site 13 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg ISC Kosmotras
Flag of South Korea.svg KOMPSat-3A KARI Low Earth (SSO)Earth imagingIn orbitOperational
26 March
01:21:00
Flag of Japan.svg H-IIA 202 Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima LA-Y1 Flag of Japan.svg MHI
Flag of Japan.svg IGS-Optical 5 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbitOperational
27 March
19:42:57
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-FG Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz TMA-16M RoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) Expedition 43/44/45/46 12 September 2015
00:51
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts, including two on a year-long mission
27 March
21:46:18
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-STB/Fregat Flag of France.svg Kourou ELS Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 3 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 4 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
28 March
11:49:00
Flag of India.svg PSLV-XL Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan SLP Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of India.svg IRNSS-1D ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbitOperational
30 March
13:52:30
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3C/YZ-1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg BeiDou I1-S CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbitOperational
31 March
13:47:56
Flag of Russia.svg Rokot/Briz-KM Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 133/3 Flag of Russia.svg VKO
Flag of Russia.svg Gonets-M 11 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Russia.svg Gonets-M 12 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Russia.svg Gonets-M 13 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2504 VKO Low Earth Technology demonstration / Satellite inspection (?)In orbitOperational

April

14 April
20:10:41
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX CRS-6 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 21 May 2015
16:42
Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Arkyd 3 Reflight Planetary Resources Low Earth Technology demonstration 23 December 2015Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-1e × 14 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation first: 8 February 2016
last: 24 August 2016
Successful
First stage recovery failed; the rocket stage landed on the target drone ship too fast, tipped over, and exploded. [4]
All secondary payloads were deployed from an ISS airlock later. Arkyd 3 Reflight is a replacement for Arkyd 3, which was lost in the Cygnus CRS Orb-3 flight accident in 2014.
26 April
20:00:07
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Norway.svg Thor 7 Telenor Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Italy.svg Flag of France.svg SICRAL-2 MDD/DGA Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
27 April
23:03:00
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSAT Turkmen Telecom Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
First Turkmen satellite
28 April
07:09:50
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress M-27M / 59PRoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 8 May 2015Failure
Spacecraft lost communications and attitude control soon after separation failure during launch. [5] International Space Station docking attempt cancelled. [6] Mission declared a total loss. [7]

May

16 May
05:47:39
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of the United States.svg International Launch Services
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexsat-1 SCT Geosynchronous Communications 16 May 2015Launch failure
Proton third stage vernier engine failed at T+497 seconds due to turbopump shaft coating degradation causing excess vibration. [8]
20 May
15:05:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 501 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg AFSPC-5 (X-37B OTV-4) US Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration 7 May 2017Operational
Flag of the United States.svg ULTRASat NASA Low Earth Cubesat DeploymentIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Lightsail-A The Planetary Society Low Earth Technology demonstration 14 June 2015
17:23
Successful
Flag of the United States.svg USS Langley U.S. Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg BRICSat-P U.S. Naval Academy / George Washington Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg ParkinsonSat U.S. Naval Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg GEARRS-2 Taylor Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg AeroCube-8A The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg AeroCube-8B The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg OptiCube 1 CalPoly Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg OptiCube 2 CalPoly Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg OptiCube 3 CalPoly Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
The X-37B spaceplane landed autonomously at Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility after spending a record-breaking 718 days in orbit. [9]
27 May
21:16:07
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of the United States.svg DirecTV-15 DirecTV Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Mexico.svg Sky Mexico 1 SKY Mexico Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational

June

5 June
15:23:54
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2505 (Kobalt-M)VKO Low Earth Reconnaissance18 September 2015Successful
23 June
01:51:58
Flag of Europe.svg Vega Flag of France.svg Kourou ELV Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg Sentinel-2A ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
23 June
16:44:00
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1b Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2506 (Persona)VKOLow Earth (SSO)ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
26 June
06:22:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 4B Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Taiyuan LA-9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Gaofen 8 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation / Reconnaissance In orbitOperational
28 June
14:21:11
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 v1.1 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX CRS-7 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 28 June 2015Launch Failure
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-1f × 8 [10] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation 28 June 2015Launch Failure
Vehicle disintegrated at T+139 seconds after second stage helium tank support strut failure caused helium tank to break through second stage tanks. [11] Attempted to deliver the IDA-1 segment of the NASA Docking System. CubeSats were to be deployed from the International Space Station at a later date. Planned first stage landing test not achieved.

July

3 July
04:55:48
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-U Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress M-28M / 60PRoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 19 December 2015Successful
10 July
16:28:00
Flag of India.svg PSLV-XL Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan FLP Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK-DMC-3A DMCii Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK-DMC-3B DMCiiLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK-DMC-3C DMCiiLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg CBNT-1 SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg DeOrbitSail Surrey Space Centre Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
15 July
15:36:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 401 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg USA-262 (GPS IIF-10)US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
15 July
21:42:07
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Brazil.svg Star One C4 Star One Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Europe.svg MSG-4 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
22 July
21:02:44
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-FG Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz TMA-17M RoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) Expedition 44/45 11 December 2015
13:10
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
24 July
00:07:00
Flag of the United States.svg Delta IV M+(5,4) Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-37B Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg USA-263 (WGS-7)US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
25 July
12:29:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/YZ-1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg BeiDou M1-S CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg BeiDou M2-S CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational

August

19 August
11:50:49
Flag of Japan.svg H-IIB Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima LA-Y2 Flag of Japan.svg MHI
Flag of Japan.svg HTV-5 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 29 September 2015Successful
Flag of Brazil.svg SERPENS University of Brasília / Brazilian Space Agency Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 March 2016Successful
Flag of Japan.svg S-CUBE Chiba Institute of Technology Low EarthMeteor observation23 November 2016 [12]
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-2b × 14 [13] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation first: 22 May 2016
last: 17 October 2016
Successful
(12 deployed)
Flag of Denmark.svg AAUSAT5 Aalborg Low Earth Technology demonstration 15 March 2016Successful
Flag of Denmark.svg GOMX-3GomSpaceLow Earth Technology demonstration 19 October 2016 [14] Successful
CubeSats to be deployed from the International Space Station at a later date. SERPENS and S-CUBE were deployed on 17 September. AAUSAT5, GOMX-3, and Dove Flocks were deployed on 5–7 October, but two out of the fourteen Dove Flocks failed to be deployed due to a malfunction of the deployer. [15]
20 August
20:34:08
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of France.svg Eutelsat 8 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Intelsat 34 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
27 August
02:31:35
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 4C Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Taiyuan LA-9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Yaogan 27 CNSA Low Earth (SSO)ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
27 August
11:22:00
Flag of India.svg GSLV Mk II Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan SLP Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of India.svg GSAT-6 Indian Armed Forces/ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
28 August
11:44:00
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of the United States.svg International Launch Services
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Inmarsat 5-F3 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational

September

2 September
04:37:43
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-FG Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz TMA-18M RoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) Expedition 45/46/iriss [16] 2 March 2016
04:26
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts: including ESA astronaut Andreas Mogensen, the first Dane in space, and Aidyn Aimbetov, the first cosmonaut from an independent Kazakhstan.
Sarah Brightman was intended to fly this mission as a spaceflight participant, but withdrew from training on 13 May 2015 for personal reasons. [17] Japanese space tourist Satoshi Takamatsu was believed to be taking Brightman's place, but he declined and Roscosmos chose Aimbetov as an alternative instead. [18]
Landed with the Year in Space crew of Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko
2 September
10:18:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 551 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg MUOS-4 US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
11 September
02:08:10
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-STB/Fregat Flag of France.svg Kourou ELS Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 5 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 6 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
12 September
15:42:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg TJS-1 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
14 September
04:42
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 2D Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Gaofen 9 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation / Reconnaissance In orbitOperational
14 September
19:00:00
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Blok DM-03 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 81/24 Flag of Russia.svg Khrunichev
Flag of Russia.svg Ekspress AM8 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
19 September
23:01:14
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 6 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Taiyuan LA-16 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ZDPS-2A ZJU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ZDPS-2B ZJULow Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2ACAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2BCAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2CCAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2DCAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2ECAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xiwang-2FCAMSATLow Earth (SSO) Amateur Radio In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg XY-2 CASC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg DCBBCAMSATLow Earth (SSO)EducationIn orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg LilacSat-2 HIT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tiantuo-3 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg NUDT-Phone-Sat NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xingchen 1 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xingchen 2 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xingchen 3 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xingchen 4 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg NS-2 Tsinghua Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ZJ-1 Tsinghua Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ZJ-2 Tsinghua/Xidian Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Maiden flight of the Long March 6 vehicle
23 September
21:59:38
Flag of Russia.svg Rokot/Briz-KM Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 133/3 Flag of Russia.svg VKO
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2507 (Strela-3M)VKO Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2508 (Strela-3M)VKO Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2509 (Strela-3M)VKO Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
25 September
01:41:40
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 11 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Pujiang-1 SAST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianwang 1A ShanghaiTech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianwang 1B ShanghaiTech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianwang 1C ShanghaiTech Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Maiden flight of the Long March 11 vehicle
28 September
04:30:00
Flag of India.svg PSLV-XL Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan FLP Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of India.svg Astrosat ISRO Low Earth X-ray AstronomyIn orbitOperational
Flag of Indonesia.svg LAPAN-A2 LAPAN Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg ExactView 9 exactEarth Low Earth Maritime ObservationIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Lemur-2 1NanoSatisfi Inc Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Lemur-2 2NanoSatisfi Inc Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Lemur-2 3NanoSatisfi Inc Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Lemur-2 4NanoSatisfi Inc Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
29 September
23:13:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-3 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg BeiDou I2-S CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbitOperational
30 September
20:30:07
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Australia.svg NBN-Co 1A (Sky Muster) NBN Co Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of Argentina.svg ARSAT-2 ARSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational

October

1 October
16:49:40
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-U Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress M-29M / 61PRoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 8 April 2016Successful
2 October
10:28:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 421 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexsat-2 SCT Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
7 October
04:13:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 2D Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jilin-1 Smart Verfication Satellite [19] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jilin-1 Optical-A [20] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jilin-1 Video-01 (Lingqiao 1-01) [21] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jilin-1 Video-02 (Lingqiao 1-02) [21] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbitOperational
8 October
12:49:30
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 401 Flag of the United States.svg Vandenberg SLC-3E Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg USA-264 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg USA-264 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Aerocube-5cThe Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Aerocube-7The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg SNaP-3 x 3 US Army SMDC Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg PropCube x 2 Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg SINOD-D x 2 SRI International Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg ARC-1 UAF Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg BisonSat SKC Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg AMSAT Fox-1 AMSAT Low Earth Amateur radio / Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg LMRST-Sat NASA / JPL Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
NRO Launch 55
16 October
16:16:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of Hong Kong.svg APStar-9 APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
16 October
20:40:11
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Flag of the United States.svg International Launch Services
Flag of Turkey.svg Türksat 4B Türksat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
26 October
07:10:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 2D Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Tianhui 1C CNSA Low Earth (SSO)CartographyIn orbitOperational
31 October
16:13:00
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 401 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg USA-265 (GPS IIF-11)US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational

November

3 November
16:25:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-3 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaSat 2C CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
4 November
03:45:00
Flag of the United States.svg SPARK Flag of the United States.svg Pacific Missile Range Facility LP-41 Flag of the United States.svg ORS
Flag of the United States.svg HiakaSat ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Flag of the United States.svg EDSN x 8 NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Flag of the United States.svg PrintSat Montana State University Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Flag of the United States.svg Argus St. Louis University and Vanderbilt University Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Flag of the United States.svg STACEM Utah State University Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Flag of the United States.svg Supernova-Beta Pumpkin, Inc. Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 November 2015Launch failure
Maiden flight of the SPARK/Super Strypi launch vehicle
Vehicle lost attitude control at T+1 minute
8 November
07:06:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 4B Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Taiyuan LA-9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Yaogan 28 CNSA Low Earth (SSO)ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational
10 November
21:34:07
Flag of Europe.svg Ariane 5 ECA Flag of France.svg Kourou ELA-3 Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Arabsat 6B Arabsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of India.svg GSAT-15 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
17 November
06:33:41
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2510 (EKS (Tundra))VKO Molniya [22] Early warningIn orbitOperational [23]
First space component for Russia's new unified missile early warning network. [24]
20 November
16:07:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of Laos.svg LaoSat-1 Laos National Authority for Science and Technology Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
First Laotian satellite [25]
24 November
06:50:00
Flag of Japan.svg H-IIA 204 Flag of Japan.svg Tanegashima LA-Y1 Flag of Japan.svg MHI
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Telstar 12V Telesat Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
26 November
21:24:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 4C Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Taiyuan LA-9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Yaogan 29 CNSA Low Earth (SSO)ReconnaissanceIn orbitOperational

December

3 December
04:04:00
Flag of Europe.svg Vega Flag of France.svg Kourou ELV Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg LISA Pathfinder ESA / NASA Sun/Earth L1 Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
5 December
14:08:33
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Flag of Russia.svg Plesetsk Site 43/4 Flag of Russia.svg RVSN RF
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2511 (Kanopus-ST)VKOLow Earth (SSO) Earth observation 8 December 2015
05:43
Launch failure
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2512 (KYuA-1) Almaz-Antey Low Earth (SSO)Radar calibrationIn orbitOperational
Kanopus-ST failed to separate from the Volga upper stage. [26] [27]
6 December
21:44:57
Flag of the United States.svg Atlas V 401 Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-41 Flag of the United States.svg United Launch Alliance
Flag of the United States.svg Cygnus CRS OA-4
S.S. Deke Slayton II
Orbital ATK / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 20 February 2016Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Flock-2e x 12 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg CADRE University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg MinXSS 1 University of Colorado Boulder Low EarthSolar observation6 May 2017Successful
Flag of the United States.svg Nodes x 2 NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg STMSat 1 St. Thomas More Cathedral School Low EarthEducationIn orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg SIMPL NovaWurks Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flight moved from Antares 130 rocket following launch failure of Cygnus CRS Orb-3. Originally scheduled for April 1, 2015. [28] MinXSS was deployed into orbit from ISS on 16 May 2016. [29]
9 December
16:46:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-3 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaSat 1C CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
11 December
13:45:33
Flag of Ukraine.svg Zenit-3F Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 45/1 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Elektro-L No.2 Roskosmos Geosynchronous MeteorologyIn orbitOperational
13 December
00:19:00
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 81/24 Flag of Russia.svg Khrunichev
Flag of Russia.svg Kosmos 2513 (Garpun No. 12L)VKO Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
15 December
11:03:09
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-FG Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 1/5 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz TMA-19M RoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) Expedition 46/47 18 June 2016
09:15
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
16 December
12:30:00
Flag of India.svg PSLV-CA Flag of India.svg Satish Dhawan FLP Flag of India.svg ISRO
Flag of Singapore.svg TeLEOS-1 AgilSpace Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of Singapore.svg VELOX C1 NTU Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
Flag of Singapore.svg VELOX 2 NTU Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbitOperational
Flag of Singapore.svg Kent Ridge 1 NUS Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
Flag of Singapore.svg Galassia NUS Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitOperational
Flag of Singapore.svg Athenoxat-1 NTU Low Earth Earth observation In orbitOperational
17 December
00:12:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 2D Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg DAMPE CAS Low Earth (SSO)High-energy AstronomyIn orbitOperational
17 December
11:51:56
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-STB/Fregat Flag of France.svg Kourou ELS Flag of France.svg Arianespace
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 8 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
Flag of Europe.svg Galileo FOC 9 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbitOperational
21 December
08:44:39
Flag of Russia.svg Soyuz-2.1a Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 31/6 Flag of Russia.svg Roskosmos
Flag of Russia.svg Progress MS-01 / 62PRoskosmosLow Earth (ISS) ISS resupply 3 July 2016
07:50
Operational
First launch of the new Progress-MS variant.
22 December
01:29:00
Flag of the United States.svg Falcon 9 Full Thrust Flag of the United States.svg Cape Canaveral SLC-40 Flag of the United States.svg SpaceX
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F2 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F5 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F8 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F10 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F12 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F13 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F14 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F15 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F16 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F17 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
Flag of the United States.svg Orbcomm-2 F18 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbitOperational
First flight of the upgraded "full thrust" version of Falcon 9, first Falcon 9 flight after launch failure in June. First successful return to launch site and vertical landing of a first stage, demonstrated as part of a controlled descent test.
24 December
21:31:19
Flag of Russia.svg Proton-M/Briz-M Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Baikonur Site 200/39 Flag of Russia.svg Khrunichev
Flag of Russia.svg Ekspress AMU1 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications In orbitOperational
28 December
16:04:04
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Long March 3B/E Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xichang LA-2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg CASC
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Gaofen 4 CNSA Geosynchronous Earth observation In orbitOperational

Suborbital flights

Deep space rendezvous

Date (GMT)SpacecraftEventRemarks
10 January Chang'e 5-T1 Injection into Selenocentric orbitDeparted from Earth–Moon L2 on 4 January.
11 January [38] Cassini 109th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 970 kilometres (603 mi).
12 FebruaryCassini110th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 1,200 kilometres (746 mi).
6 March [39] Dawn Enters orbit of Ceres 1st visit to a dwarf planet.
16 MarchCassini111th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 2,275 kilometres (1,413 mi).
30 April MESSENGER Impact to Mercury [40] The crash occurred on the side of the planet not visible from Earth.
7 MayCassini112th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 2,722 kilometres (1,691 mi).
16 JuneCassini4th flyby of Dione Closest approach: 516 kilometres (321 mi).
7 JulyCassini113th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 10,953 kilometres (6,806 mi).
14 July New Horizons First flyby of Pluto and Charon 2nd visit to a dwarf planet. Closest approach: 12,500 km (7,800 mi).
17 AugustCassini5th flyby of DioneClosest approach: 474 kilometres (295 mi).
28 SeptemberCassini114th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 1,036 kilometres (643 mi).
14 OctoberCassiniFlyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 1,839 kilometres (1,142 mi).
28 OctoberCassiniFlyby of EnceladusClosest approach: 49 kilometres (30 mi).
12 NovemberCassini115th flyby of TitanClosest approach: 11,920 kilometres (7,407 mi).
3 December [41] Hayabusa2 Flyby of Earth Gravity assist
3 December [42] PROCYON Flyby of Earth Gravity assist en route to cancelled asteroid flyby.
4 December [43] Shin'en 2 Flyby of Earth Gravity assist
7 December [44] Akatsuki Venus orbit insertion Akatsuki's 2nd flyby of Venus and 2nd (successful) attempt at orbit insertion.
19 DecemberCassiniFlyby of EnceladusClosest approach: 4,999 kilometres (3,106 mi).

Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVAs)

Start Date/TimeDurationEnd TimeSpacecraftCrewRemarks
21 February
12:45
6 hours
41 minutes
19:26 Expedition 42/43

ISS Quest

Flag of the United States.svg Barry E. Wilmore

Flag of the United States.svg Terry W. Virts

Rigged and routed power and data cables at the forward end of the Harmony module as part of preparations for the installation of the International Docking Adapter at PMA-2. [45]
25 February
11:51
6 hours
43 minutes
18:34 Expedition 42/43

ISS Quest

Flag of the United States.svg Barry E. Wilmore

Flag of the United States.svg Terry W. Virts

Completed power and data cable routing at the forward end of the Harmony module. Removed launch locks from forward and aft berthing ports of Tranquility to prepare for relocation of the Permanent Multipurpose Module and the installation of the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module. Lubricated end effector of Canadarm2. [46] [47]
1 March
11:52
5 hours
38 minutes
17:30 Expedition 42/43

ISS Quest

Flag of the United States.svg Terry W. Virts

Flag of the United States.svg Barry E. Wilmore

Finished cable routing, antenna and retro-reflector installation on both sides of the ISS truss and on other modules in preparation for the installation of the International Docking Adapter at PMA-2 and 3. [48] [49]
10 August
14:20
5 hours
31 minutes
19:51 Expedition 44/45

ISS Pirs

Flag of Russia.svg Gennady Padalka

Flag of Russia.svg Mikhail Korniyenko

Installed gap spanners on the hull of the station for facilitating movement of crew members on future spacewalks, cleaned windows of the Zvezda Service Module, install fasteners on communications antennas, replaced an aging docking antenna, photographed various locations and hardware on Zvezda and nearby modules, and retrieved a space environment experiment. [50] [51]
28 October
12:03
7 hours
16 minutes
19:19 Expedition 45

ISS Quest

Flag of the United States.svg Scott Kelly

Flag of the United States.svg Kjell N. Lindgren

Prepared a Main Bus Switching Unit for repair, installed a thermal cover on the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, lubricated elements of the Space Station Remote Manipulator System, and routed data and power cables to prepare for the installation of the International Docking Adaptor at PMA-2 and 3. [52]
6 November
11:22
7 hours
48 minutes
19:10 Expedition 45

ISS Quest

Flag of the United States.svg Scott Kelly

Flag of the United States.svg Kjell N. Lindgren

Worked to restore a portion of the ISS's cooling system to its primary configuration, returning ammonia coolant levels to normal in the primary and backup radia