1980 Indian general election

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1980 Indian general election
Flag of India.svg
  1977 3 and 6 January 1980 1984  

529 of the 531 seats in the Lok Sabha
265 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Face detail, Premier Indira Gandhi (Congrespartij), Bestanddeelnr 929-0811 (cropped).jpg Charan Singh.jpg Chandra Shekhar Singh.jpg
Leader Indira Gandhi Charan Singh Chandra Shekhar
Party INC(I) JP(S) JP
Leader's seat Medak Baghpat Ballia
Seats won3534131
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 199NewDecrease2.svg 264
Popular vote84,455,31318,574,69637,530,228
SwingIncrease2.svg 8.17ppNewDecrease2.svg 22.35pp

Wahlergebnisse Indien 1980.svg

Prime Minister before election

Charan Singh

Subsequent Prime Minister

Indira Gandhi

General elections were held in India on 3 and 6 January 1980 to elect the members of the 7th Lok Sabha. The Janata Party alliance came into power in the 1977 general elections amidst public anger with the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Emergency. However, its position was weak; the loose coalition barely held on to a majority with only 295 seats in the Lok Sabha and never quite had a firm grip on power. Bharatiya Lok Dal leaders Charan Singh and Jagjivan Ram, who had quit the INC, were members of the Janata alliance but were at loggerheads with Prime Minister Morarji Desai. The tribunals the government had set up to investigate human rights abuses during the Emergency appeared vindictive.


The Janata Party, an amalgam of socialists and nationalists, split in 1979 when several coalition members including the Bharatiya Lok Dal and several members of the Socialist Party withdrew support for the government. Subsequently, Desai lost a vote of confidence in parliament and resigned. Charan Singh, who had retained some partners of the Janata alliance, was sworn in as Prime Minister in June 1979. the INC promised to support Singh in parliament but later backed out just two days before the Govt was scheduled to prove its majority on the floor of Lok Sabha. Charan Singh, forced to resign, called for elections in January 1980 and is the only Prime Minister of India never to have faced parliament. In the run up to the general elections, Indira Gandhi's leadership faced a formidable political challenge from a galaxy of regional satraps and prominent leaders of Janata party like Satyendra Narayan Sinha and Karpuri Thakur in Bihar, Ramakrishna Hegde in Karnataka, Sharad Pawar in Maharashtra, Devi Lal in Haryana & Biju Patnaik in Orissa. Janata Party contested the election with Jagjivan Ram as its Prime Ministerial candidate. [1] [2] However, internal feud between Janata Party leaders and the political instability in the country worked in favour of Indira Gandhi's Congress (I), that reminded voters of the strong government of Indira Gandhi during campaigning.

In the ensuing elections, the INC won 353 seats and the Janata Party just 31 seats, with Charan Singh's Janata Party (Secular) taking 41. The Janata Party alliance continued to split over the subsequent years.


Lok Sabha Zusammensetzung 1980.svg
Indian National Congress (Indira) 84,455,31342.69353+199
Janata Party 37,530,22818.9731–264
Janata Party (Secular) 18,574,6969.3941New
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 12,352,3316.2437+15
Indian National Congress (Urs) 10,449,8595.2813New
Communist Party of India 4,927,3422.4910+3
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4,674,0642.362–16
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4,236,5372.1416+14
Shiromani Akali Dal 1,396,4120.711–8
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1,285,5170.6540
All India Forward Bloc 1,011,5640.5130
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference 493,1430.253+1
Indian Union Muslim League 475,5070.2420
Peasants and Workers Party of India 470,5670.240–5
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 383,0220.190–2
Kerala Congress 356,9970.181–1
Republican Party of India 351,9870.1800
Socialist Unity Centre of India 307,2240.1600
Jharkhand Party 254,5200.131+1
All India Muslim League 196,8200.1000
United Democratic Front 140,2100.070–1
Shiv Sena 129,3510.070New
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 127,1880.0610
Tripura Upajati Juba Samiti 111,9530.0600
People's Party of Arunachal 69,8100.040New
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 61,1610.0300
Peoples Conference53,8910.030New
Manipur Peoples Party 49,2770.0200
Indian Socialist Party 39,3990.020New
Shoshit Samaj Dal (Akhil Bharatiya)38,2260.0200
Sikkim Janata Parishad 31,7500.021New
Muslim Majlis 26,3630.010New
All India Labour Party14,7200.0100
All Party Hill Leaders Conference 13,0580.010New
Sikkim Congress (Revolutionary) 11,6320.010New
Sikkim Prajatantra Congress 5,1250.000New
Appointed Anglo-Indians 20
Valid votes197,824,27497.57
Invalid/blank votes4,928,6192.43
Total votes202,752,893100.00
Registered voters/turnout356,205,32956.92
Source: EIC

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  1. Chawla, Prabhu (30 September 2013). "As general elections loom large, new four-party United Front formed to counter Cong(I)". India Today . Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  2. Jagjivan Ram: Most experienced artful dodger of Indian politics India Today, 23 December 2014