1971 Indian general election

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1971 Indian general election
Flag of India.svg
  1967 1–10 March 1971 [1] 1977  

518 of the 521 seats in the Lok Sabha
260 seats needed for a majority
Turnout55.27%
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Face detail, Premier Indira Gandhi (Congrespartij), Bestanddeelnr 929-0811 (cropped).jpg Sundaraiah park 2.JPG S.A. Dange.jpg
Leader Indira Gandhi Puchalapalli Sundarayya Shripad Amrit Dange
Party INC (R) CPI (M) CPI
Leader's seat Rae Bareli Did not contestDid not contest
Seats won3522523
Seat changeIncrease2.svg69Decrease2.svg6Steady2.svg
Percentage43.68%5.12%4.73%
SwingIncrease2.svg2.9%Increase2.svg0.84%Decrease2.svg0.38%

 Fourth partyFifth party
  Atal Bihari Vajpayee.jpg K. Kamaraj 1965.jpg
Leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee K. Kamaraj
Party BJS INC (O)
Leader's seat Gwalior Nagercoil
Seats won2216
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 13New
Percentage7.35%10.43%
SwingDecrease2.svg 1.96%New

Wahlergebnisse in Indien 1971.svg

Prime Minister before election

Indira Gandhi
INC

Subsequent Prime Minister

Indira Gandhi
INC (R)

General elections were held in India between 1 and 10 March 1971 to elect members of the 5th Lok Sabha. They were the fifth general elections since independence in 1947. The 27 Indian states and union territories were represented by 518 constituencies, each with a single seat. [2] Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress (R) led a campaign which focused on reducing poverty and won a landslide victory, overcoming a split in the party and regaining many of the seats lost in the previous election. [3]

Contents

Background

Congress party split

During her previous term, there had been internal divisions in the Indian National Congress between Indira Gandhi and the party establishment, especially Morarji Desai. In 1969, she was expelled from the party, causing a split. Most of the Congress MPs and grassroots support joined Gandhi's INC(R) faction, which was recognised by the Election Commission as being the successor to the previous party. 31 MPs who opposed Gandhi formed Indian National Congress (Organization) party.

Opposition alliance

INC(O) formed a pre-poll alliance with Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP), Praja Socialist Party (PSP), Swatantra Party and Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) to defeat Gandhi's party.

Results

Despite the split, the Ruling faction gained votes and seats to win a strong majority, while the Grand Alliance was badly trounced and lost more than half of their seats.

Lok Sabha Zusammensetzung 1971.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Indian National Congress (R) 64,033,27443.68352+69
Indian National Congress (Organisation) 15,285,85110.4316New
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 10,777,1197.3522–13
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 7,510,0895.1225+6
Communist Party of India 6,933,6274.73230
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 5,622,7583.8423–2
Swatantra Party 4,497,9883.078–36
Samyukta Socialist Party 3,555,6392.433–20
Bharatiya Kranti Dal 3,189,8212.181New
Telangana Praja Samithi 1,873,5891.2810New
Praja Socialist Party 1,526,0761.042–11
Shiromani Akali Dal 1,279,8730.871New
Utkal Congress 1,053,1760.721New
All India Forward Bloc 962,9710.6620
Peasants and Workers Party of India 741,5350.510–2
Revolutionary Socialist Party 724,0010.493New
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 542,6620.370New
Kerala Congress 542,4310.373+3
Bangla Congress 518,7810.351–4
Indian Union Muslim League 416,5450.2820
Vishal Haryana Party 352,5140.241New
All India Jharkhand Party 272,5630.191New
Shiv Sena 227,4680.160New
Shoshit Dal Bihar193,3890.130New
Socialist Unity Centre of India 157,7030.110New
Republican Party of India 153,7940.1010
Janta Party139,0910.090New
All Party Hill Leaders Conference 90,7720.0610
United Front of Nagaland 89,5140.061New
Hindu Mahasabha 73,1910.050New
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League 72,1310.050New
Bihar Prant Hul Jharkhand 66,6690.050New
Hindustani Shoshit Dal65,9250.040New
Revolutionary Communist Party of India 65,6220.040New
Lok Sewak Sangh 62,5270.040New
Jana Congress 60,1030.0400
Nagaland Nationalist Organisation 58,5110.040–1
United Goans – Seqveria Group 58,4010.0410
Socialist Party 55,0640.040New
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 54,5970.040New
Proutist Bloc of India43,8490.030New
Telangana Congress 43,5480.030New
Minorities Labour Party41,1980.030New
Indian Socialist Party 38,7130.030New
Muslim Majlis Uttar Pradesh 36,5260.020New
Lok Raj Party Himachal Pradesh 34,0700.020New
Uttar Pradesh Kisan Mazdoor Party31,7290.020New
Manipur Peoples Party 31,0290.020New
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 24,0930.020New
Republican Party of India (Ambedkarite)22,4280.020New
Backward Classes Mahasabha6,9290.000New
Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) 6,1980.000New
Chota Nagpur Bhumi Rakshak Party4,9820.000New
Independents12,279,6298.3814–21
Appointed members [lower-alpha 1] 30
Total146,602,276100.00521–2
Valid votes146,602,27696.74
Invalid/blank votes4,934,5263.26
Total votes151,536,802100.00
Registered voters/turnout274,189,13255.27
Source: ECI
  1. Two representing Anglo-Indians and one representing the North-East Frontier Agency.

Aftermath

On 12 June 1975, the Allahabad High Court invalidated the result in Gandhi's constituency on the grounds of electoral malpractices. Instead of resigning, Indira Gandhi called a state of emergency, suspending democracy and outlawed political opposition. After democracy was restored in 1977, the opposition Congress faction formed a coalition of parties called the Janata Party, which inflicted the Congress' first electoral defeat.

See also

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Legislative Assembly elections were held in the Indian state of West Bengal in 1971. The assembly election was held alongside the 1971 Indian general election.

Legislative Assembly elections were held in the Indian state of West Bengal on March 11, 1972.

General elections were held in India to constitute the 5th Lok Sabha in March 1971. This was the fifth election since independence in 1947. The 27 Indian states and union territories were represented by 518 constituencies, each with a single seat. Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress (R) led a campaign which focused on reducing poverty and won a landslide victory, overcoming a split in the party and regaining many of the seats lost in the previous election.

References

  1. India Inter-Parliamentary Union
  2. "General Election of India 1971, 5th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  3. "INKredible India: The story of 1971 Lok Sabha election - All you need to know". Zee News. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2020.