518 of the 521 seats in the Lok Sabha
260 seats needed for a majority
General elections were held in India between 1 and 10 March 1971 to elect members of the 5th Lok Sabha. They were the fifth general elections since independence in 1947. The 27 Indian states and union territories were represented by 518 constituencies, each with a single seat.Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress (R) led a campaign which focused on reducing poverty and won a landslide victory, overcoming a split in the party and regaining many of the seats lost in the previous election.
During her previous term, there had been internal divisions in the Indian National Congress between Indira Gandhi and the party establishment, especially Morarji Desai. In 1969, she was expelled from the party, causing a split. Most of the Congress MPs and grassroots support joined Gandhi's INC(R) faction, which was recognised by the Election Commission as being the successor to the previous party. 31 MPs who opposed Gandhi formed Indian National Congress (Organization) party.
INC(O) formed a pre-poll alliance with Samyukta Socialist Party (SSP), Praja Socialist Party (PSP), Swatantra Party and Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) to defeat Gandhi's party.
Despite the split, the Ruling faction gained votes and seats to win a strong majority, while the Grand Alliance was badly trounced and lost more than half of their seats.
|Indian National Congress (R)||64,033,274||43.68||352||+69|
|Indian National Congress (Organisation)||15,285,851||10.43||16||New|
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||10,777,119||7.35||22||–13|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||7,510,089||5.12||25||+6|
|Communist Party of India||6,933,627||4.73||23||0|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||5,622,758||3.84||23||–2|
|Samyukta Socialist Party||3,555,639||2.43||3||–20|
|Bharatiya Kranti Dal||3,189,821||2.18||1||New|
|Telangana Praja Samithi||1,873,589||1.28||10||New|
|Praja Socialist Party||1,526,076||1.04||2||–11|
|Shiromani Akali Dal||1,279,873||0.87||1||New|
|All India Forward Bloc||962,971||0.66||2||0|
|Peasants and Workers Party of India||741,535||0.51||0||–2|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||724,001||0.49||3||New|
|Republican Party of India (Khobragade)||542,662||0.37||0||New|
|Indian Union Muslim League||416,545||0.28||2||0|
|Vishal Haryana Party||352,514||0.24||1||New|
|All India Jharkhand Party||272,563||0.19||1||New|
|Shoshit Dal Bihar||193,389||0.13||0||New|
|Socialist Unity Centre of India||157,703||0.11||0||New|
|Republican Party of India||153,794||0.10||1||0|
|All Party Hill Leaders Conference||90,772||0.06||1||0|
|United Front of Nagaland||89,514||0.06||1||New|
|Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League||72,131||0.05||0||New|
|Bihar Prant Hul Jharkhand||66,669||0.05||0||New|
|Hindustani Shoshit Dal||65,925||0.04||0||New|
|Revolutionary Communist Party of India||65,622||0.04||0||New|
|Lok Sewak Sangh||62,527||0.04||0||New|
|Nagaland Nationalist Organisation||58,511||0.04||0||–1|
|United Goans – Seqveria Group||58,401||0.04||1||0|
|Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party||54,597||0.04||0||New|
|Proutist Bloc of India||43,849||0.03||0||New|
|Minorities Labour Party||41,198||0.03||0||New|
|Indian Socialist Party||38,713||0.03||0||New|
|Muslim Majlis Uttar Pradesh||36,526||0.02||0||New|
|Lok Raj Party Himachal Pradesh||34,070||0.02||0||New|
|Uttar Pradesh Kisan Mazdoor Party||31,729||0.02||0||New|
|Manipur Peoples Party||31,029||0.02||0||New|
|Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad||24,093||0.02||0||New|
|Republican Party of India (Ambedkarite)||22,428||0.02||0||New|
|Backward Classes Mahasabha||6,929||0.00||0||New|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)||6,198||0.00||0||New|
|Chota Nagpur Bhumi Rakshak Party||4,982||0.00||0||New|
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General elections were held in India to constitute the 5th Lok Sabha in March 1971. This was the fifth election since independence in 1947. The 27 Indian states and union territories were represented by 518 constituencies, each with a single seat. Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress (R) led a campaign which focused on reducing poverty and won a landslide victory, overcoming a split in the party and regaining many of the seats lost in the previous election.