1984 Indian general election

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1984 Indian general election
Flag of India.svg
  1980 24, 27 and 28 December 1984 1989  

541 of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha
271 seats needed for a majority
Turnout64.01% (Increase2.svg7.09%)
 First partySecond party
  Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg
NT Rama Rao 2000 stamp of India.jpg
Leader Rajiv Gandhi N.T. Rama Rao
Party INC(I) TDP
Leader's seat Amethi Did not contest
Seats won41430
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 61New
Popular vote120,107,04410,132,859
SwingIncrease2.svg 4.17ppNew

Wahlergebnisse Indien 1984.svg

Prime Minister before election

Rajiv Gandhi

Prime Minister after election

Rajiv Gandhi

General elections were held in India in 1984 soon after the assassination of previous Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, though the vote in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to ongoing fighting.


The elections were a landslide victory for the Indian National Congress of Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi), which won 404 of the 514 seats elected in 1984 and a further 10 in the delayed elections. The Telugu Desam Party of N. T. Rama Rao, a regional political party from the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, was the second largest party, winning 30 seats, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. Voting was held immediately after the assassination of Indira Gandhi and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in November and most of India supported Congress.

The Bharatiya Janata Party won its first two seats, in Hanamkonda and Mahesana.

The 1984 elections were the last in which a single party won a majority of seats until 2014, and the only time to date in which a party won more than 400 seats.


Lok Sabha Zusammensetzung 1984.svg
Indian National Congress 115,478,26749.10404
Bharatiya Janata Party 18,202,8537.742
Janata Party 16,210,5146.8910
Lokdal 14,040,0645.973
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 13,809,9505.8722
Telugu Desam Party 10,132,8594.3130
Communist Party of India 6,363,4302.716
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 5,695,1792.422
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 3,968,9671.6912
Indian Congress (Socialist) 3,577,3771.524
Indian National Congress (Jagjivan) 1,511,5150.641
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1,173,8690.503
All India Forward Bloc 1,055,5560.452
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference 1,010,2430.433
Indian Union Muslim League 658,8210.282
Kerala Congress (Joseph) 598,1130.252
Doordarshi Party 508,4260.220
Peasants and Workers Party of India 463,9630.201
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 332,4030.140
Kerala Congress 258,5910.110
All India Muslim League 224,1550.100
Gandhi Kamraj National Congress217,1040.090
Socialist Unity Centre of India 196,7670.080
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 165,3200.070
Manipur Peoples Party 149,0190.060
Tamil Nadu Congress (K)144,0760.060
Naga National Democratic Party 113,9190.050
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party95,1490.040
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 83,1220.040
People's Party of Arunachal 78,4550.030
Republican Party of India 22,8770.010
Jharkhand Party 18,8370.010
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Conference6460.000
Appointed Anglo-Indians 2
Valid votes235,184,20997.49
Invalid/blank votes6,062,6782.51
Total votes241,246,887100.00
Registered voters/turnout379,540,60863.56
Source: ECI

Delayed elections in Assam and Punjab

Results from 1985 Wahlergebnisse Indien 1985.svg
Results from 1985
Indian National Congress 4,628,77732.1410
Shiromani Akali Dal 2,577,27917.907
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 462,5763.210
Indian Congress (Socialist) 457,7053.181
Communist Party of India 369,6872.570
Plain Tribals Council of Assam 310,1502.151
Bharatiya Janata Party 263,2841.830
Janata Party 420,0822.920
Lokdal 46,6270.320
Valid votes14,401,12595.70
Invalid/blank votes646,9514.30
Total votes15,048,076100.00
Registered voters/turnout20,834,72572.23
Source: ECI

See also

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