2022 Swedish general election

Last updated

2022 Swedish general election
Flag of Sweden.svg
  2018 11 September 20222026 

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats are needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout6,547,625 (84.2%)
Decrease2.svg 2.9pp
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Magdalena Andersson in 2022 (cropped) (cropped).jpg Jimmie.widar.jan.2022-04-05.1155553.light (cropped).jpg EPP Congress - Day 1 (52112626854) (cropped).jpg
Leader Magdalena Andersson Jimmie Åkesson Ulf Kristersson
Party Social Democrats Sweden Democrats Moderate
Leader since4 November 20217 May 20051 October 2017
Leader's seat Stockholm County Jönköping Södermanland
Last election100 seats, 28.3%62 seats, 17.5%70 seats, 19.8%
Seats before1006170
Seats won1077368
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 7Increase2.svg 11Decrease2.svg 2
Popular vote1,964,4741,330,3251,237,428
Percentage30.3%20.5%19.1%
SwingIncrease2.svg 2.0%Increase2.svg 3.0%Decrease2.svg 0.7%

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
  Nooshi Dadgostar - 42794852001 (cropped) 2.jpg Annie Loof, RD Fragestund 210211 (cropped).jpg Kommundagarna 2018 (41924670372) (cropped).jpg
Leader Nooshi Dadgostar Annie Lööf Ebba Busch
Party Left Centre Christian Democrats
Leader since31 October 202023 September 201125 April 2015
Leader's seat Stockholm County Jönköping Västra Götaland East
Last election28 seats, 8.0%31 seats, 8.6%22 seats, 6.3%
Seats before273122
Seats won242419
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 4Decrease2.svg 7Decrease2.svg 3
Popular vote437,050434,945345,712
Percentage6.8%6.7%5.3%
SwingDecrease2.svg 1.3%Decrease2.svg 1.9%Decrease2.svg 1.0%

 Seventh partyEighth party
  Swedish Green Leadership as of 2021.jpg Johan Pehrson 2022 Stockholm 04 (cropped) 2.jpg
Leader Märta Stenevi
Per Bolund
Johan Pehrson
Party Green Liberals
Leader since31 January 2021
4 May 2019
8 April 2022
Leader's seat Stockholm County
Stockholm
Örebro
Last election16 seats, 4.4%20 seats, 5.5%
Seats before1620
Seats won1816
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 2Decrease2.svg 4
Popular vote329,242298,542
Percentage5.1%4.6%
SwingIncrease2.svg 0.7%Decrease2.svg 0.9%

Swedish General Election 2022.svg
Riksdagsvalet 2022.svg

Prime Minister before election

Magdalena Andersson
Social Democrats

Prime Minister after election

TBD

General elections were held in Sweden on 11 September 2022 to elect the 349 members of the Riksdag. They in turn will elect the prime minister of Sweden. Under the constitution, regional and municipal elections were also held on the same day. The preliminary results presented on 15 September 2022 showed the government parties lost their majority, which were confirmed by the final results published on 17 September 2022. The likely outcome of the election is that Ulf Kristersson, the leader of the Moderate Party (M), will become prime minister.

Contents

Following the 2018 Swedish general election, the Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) under Stefan Löfven formed a government with the Green Party (MP), while the Centre Party (C), Left Party (V), and Liberals (L) abstained during the vote of confidence on 18 January 2019. The Alliance, in which C and L had participated since 2004, was effectively dissolved; by late 2021, an informal right-wing alliance was formed by M with Kristersson as prime ministerial candidate of a government including the Christian Democrats (KD) with the support of L and the Sweden Democrats (SD). Löfven governed throughout the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden, even as his government was briefly dismissed due to a no-confidence vote initiated by V in June 2021 over rent controls. Löfven resigned from all political offices in November 2021. Magdalena Andersson, Sweden's former Minister for Finance, succeeded him and led the Andersson Cabinet since then, with C, V, and MP serving as confidence and supply for the government.

The campaign period was met with issues regarding the accession of Sweden to NATO due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, as well as crime, energy, economy, and immigration. Parliamentary parties campaigned through July and August, while in late August SD surpassed M in opinion polls. Exit polls showed that S and confidence and supply parties had a tight lead against the right-leaning bloc (SD, M, KD, L). During the counting of the preliminary results and later on, Sweden's Election Authority said that the right-leaning bloc overtook the left-leaning bloc (S, V, C, MP) by three seats. Andersson conceded the election three days later, followed by her resignation the next day.

The election saw massive swings between the two blocs in different regions. The left-leaning bloc won the most votes in large cities and several university towns with unprecedented massive margins. This included major relative gains across the capital region and also flipping two suburban municipalities in Stockholm County. Meanwhile, the right managed to overturn dozens of municipalities that had historically been dominated by S, especially in the central interior Bergslagen region. In this historically industrial area, Dalarna County was won by the right-leaning coalition for the first time in history. This also applied to some municipalities the outright leftist parties (S, V, MP) had won with 50 points overall majority in the 1994 Swedish general election.

Major gains in minority were also made by the right-leaning bloc in northern Sweden, leading the vote in eight municipalities compared to none four years prior. In the lower east, the historically leftist swing counties Kalmar, Södermanland, Västmanland, and Östergötland all went to the right to seal the majority. S won 30% of the popular vote with a net increase in spite of the election loss. SD became the second largest party with above 20% of the popular vote, surpassing M at 19%. The blocs were separated by a thin margin of about half a percentage point. The parties aligned with the outgoing government did somewhat better in the regional and municipal elections.

Background

The Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) came back to power after the 2014 Swedish general election, with the Green Party (MP) taking part in Stefan Löfven's coalition government. [1] S retained the position as the largest parliamentary party after the 2018 general election, despite losing 13 seats in comparison with the previous election. [2] The election resulted in a hung parliament, as neither the Red-Greens nor the Alliance had enough seats to form a government, and the Sweden Democrats (SD), which had been subject to a cordon sanitaire by all other parties as an anti-immigration or far-right party, won 62 seats. [3] [4]

Ulf Kristersson, the leader of the Moderate Party (M), was given the task of forming the government and opened up to SD after previously ruling out an alliance with them upon assuming the party leadership in 2017 and during the 2018 election campaign. In turn, the Centre Party (C) and Liberals (L) declined to back his candidacy, as Kristersson wanted SD to take part in the government. [5] [6] [7] Löfven was later given the task, although he also failed to form a government. [8] Speaker of the Riksdag, Andreas Norlén, set another vote to be held in January, and Löfven formed a deal between S, MP, C, L, and the Left Party (V). Löfven was re-elected on 18 January 2019 with S and MP voting in favor, while C, L, and V abstained. [9]

Löfven's government

The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Sweden became known on 31 January 2020. The government later ordered 100,000 people a week to be tested in order to curb the spread of the disease; with insufficient healthcare resources and unclear responsibilities, the goal was not met. In contrast to the World Health Organization, the government did not recommend the use of face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic. [10] During the COVID-19 pandemic, the government did not impose national lockdowns but rather limits on the number of people that are allowed to meet at public places. [11] In December 2019, Kristersson held a meeting with SD leader Jimmie Åkesson, and said that he would cooperate with them in the Riksdag. According to Ann-Cathrine Jungar of Södertörn University, this put Sweden in line with several other European countries in which centre-right and radical-right parties cooperate. [12] In August 2020, the right-wing opposition criticised the Löfven government for a perceived failure to deal with rising crime including gun violence, which Kristersson called a "second pandemic". [13]

During his premiership, Löfven abolished the austerity tax (Värnskatten), [14] a top tax rate of 5% points for incomes above €6,000 a month, as was requested by the then Liberals leader Jan Björklund in turn for allowing his premiership. [15] V opposed this move and later also stated it would initiate a vote of no confidence due to the government's policies the party saw as "unacceptable". [16] In 2021, S proposed to abolish rent controls for new housing; V responded by initiating a vote of no confidence against the government. [17] [18] Löfven's government was dismissed on 21 June 2021; only S and MP voted in favor of his government. [19] After the dismissal, Nyamko Sabuni, the new leader of the Liberals, stated that her party would not cooperate with S anymore. [20] Speaker Norlén proposed Löfven to form a government, and on 7 July the government was re-established. [21] [22] A month later, Löfven announced that he would step down as leader of S and as prime minister in autumn of 2021. [23] Following the dissappointing results in the 2018 general election that once again relegated the party to the opposition and saw the dismissal of the centre-right Alliance, M broke the cordon sanitaire in Swedish politics and opened up to SD. By autumn 2021, the right-wing opposition (M, SD, KD, L) formed an informal agreement for a future M–KD government headed by Kristersson of the Moderate Party as prime minister with the external support of L and SD. [24] [25]

Andersson's government

The Social Democrats held a party congress on 4 November 2021, in order to elect a new leader; former Minister for Finance, Magdalena Andersson, succeeded Löfven as the leader of the party. [26] Speaker Norlén proposed Andersson to form a government, and after securing a deal with V, Andersson was elected as prime minister on 24 November. [27] [28] MP pulled out of confidence and supply for her government, which led to Andersson's resignation seven hours after her election as prime minister. [29] [30] [31] MP quit the government due to the passage of the opposition's budget in place of that of the government. [32]

Speaker Norlén nominated Andersson again, and on 29 November she was re-elected with 101 votes in favor and 75 abstentions. [33] [34] [35] Considering that MP did not vote in favor of the government, the Andersson Cabinet would be only composed of members of S. [36] Heading into the 2022 general election, Andersson's leadership moved the Social Democrats to the left after the publication of a May 2021 party report, "Distributional Policies for Equality and Fairness", which criticised the rising inequalities that emerged from political decisions by previous left and right governments. [37]

Following the beginning of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Andersson's government applied with Finland to join NATO on 18 May 2022, despite the historical opposition of Social Democrats to NATO. [38] [39] During the vote in the Riksdag, only MP and V voted against joining NATO. [40] In July, the government signed the accession protocol in order to join NATO. [41] Andersson's government received high approval ratings. [42]

Electoral system

The Riksdag is made up of 349 seats, and all are elected through open list, proportional representation on multi-member party lists. [43] Sweden has the distinction of having elections on a fixed date with a parliamentary system in which early elections can be called. In the latter case, the newly-elected legislature would serve the remainder of the four-year term begun by the previous legislature. Elections are organized on the second Sunday of September every four years, at the same time as the municipal and regional elections. [44] [45] [46]

Each of the 29 constituencies has a set number of parliamentarians that is divided through constituency results to ensure regional representation. The other members of parliament (MPs) are then elected through a proportional balancing, to ensure that the numbers of elected MPs for the various parties accurately represent the votes of the electorate. The Swedish constitution (Regeringsformen) 1 Ch. 4 § says that the Riksdag is responsible for taxation and making laws, and 1 Ch. 6 § says that the government is held responsible to the Riksdag. This means that Sweden has parliamentarism in a constitutional monarchy—ensuring that the government is responsible to the people's representatives. A minimum of 4% of the national vote, or alternatively 12% or more within a constituency, is required for a party to enter the Riksdag. Were the latter to occur, the party only gains representation within that constituency's seat share. Of the 349 seats, 310 are elected within the 29 constituencies. The remainder are apportioned nationally as leveling seats to ensure a proportional result. Were a party to win more constituencies than it is entitled to overall, a redistribution of constituency seats may occur to reduce the number of constituency seats won by that party. [47]

In Swedish elections, voters may openly pick up several party-specific ballots, and then, in the voting booth, mark the ballot they chose. Two election observers of the OSCE present at the 2018 general election criticized this system, saying that it could endanger ballot secrecy, and that they would look into the issue in the report that was to be published eight weeks later. [48] Election officials are responsible for party-specific ballot papers being present in the voting places for parties that have obtained more than one percent of the votes in the previous parliamentary election. [49] A voter may write in the party name of choice on a blank ballot paper to cast a vote if there is no access to the desired party-specific ballot paper. [50]

Political parties

The table below lists political parties represented in the Riksdag after the 2018 general election.

NameIdeologyPolitical positionLeader2018 result
Votes (%)Seats
Swedish Social Democratic Party Social democracy Centre-left Magdalena Andersson 28.26%
100 / 349
Moderate Party Liberal conservatism Centre-right Ulf Kristersson 19.84%
70 / 349
Sweden Democrats Right-wing populism Right-wing to far-right Jimmie Åkesson 17.53%
62 / 349
Centre Party Liberalism Centre to centre-right Annie Lööf 8.61%
31 / 349
Left Party Socialism Left-wing to far-left Nooshi Dadgostar 8.00%
28 / 349
Christian Democrats Christian democracy Centre-right to right-wing Ebba Busch 6.32%
22 / 349
Liberals Liberalism Centre-right Johan Pehrson 5.49%
20 / 349
Green Party Green politics Centre-left Märta Stenevi
Per Bolund
4.41%
16 / 349

Pre-election composition

Sveriges riksdag 20220331 (Los Perros pueden Cocinar version).svg
PartySeats
Swedish Social Democratic Party 100
Moderate Party 70
Sweden Democrats 61
Centre Party 31
Left Party 27
Christian Democrats 22
Liberals 20
Green Party 16
Independents 2

Campaign

Issues

Political parties campaigning in Uppsala Valstugor i Uppsala 11 augusti 2022 01.jpg
Political parties campaigning in Uppsala

After the beginning of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, campaign issues shifted towards the NATO accession of Sweden, as well as the neighboring Finland. A militarily non-aligned country, [51] opinion polls after the invasion had showed that a majority of respondents supported the accession of Sweden into NATO for the first time. [52] The Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) and Sweden Democrats (SD), who had historically favored neutrality, revised their stance on the issue and stated their support for joining NATO. [39] [53] The Green Party (MP) remained opposed, while the Left Party (V) stated that they would opt for a referendum on the subject. [54] [55]

Crime was a key campaign issue. [56] [57] [58] Issues regarding immigration also played a key role during the campaign period, [59] and issues related to gang crime were talked about the most. [60] Additionally, issues regarding energy, healthcare, law and order, education, economy, and environment were also talked about during the campaign period. [61] [62] [63]

Party campaigns

The Social Democrats published their election manifesto, in which the party had promised to tackle issues regarding crime, welfare, climate, green industry, and rising prices. [64] It had also called for automatic preschool for three-year-old children. [65] During their campaign, the Social Democrats voiced support for nuclear power. [66] Andersson criticized the Moderate Party's proposal regarding property tax warnings. [67] The Moderate Party stated that it would want to reduce immigration to "same levels as Denmark and Norway". Additionally, it would want to make asylums laws more restrictive and to abolish the "track change system", which allows rejected asylum seekers to apply for work permits. [68] Kristersson proposed that the state should set a price threshold for energy bills. [69] The Sweden Democrats campaigned on lowering the asylum migration "close to zero", as well as introducing longer prison sentences. [70] [71] Åkesson also stated his support for stricter work permits. [72] In August, the Sweden Democrats surged in opinion polls due to their tough stance on crime and immigration, surpassing the Moderate Party. [60] [73] [74]

In August, Lööf stated that she would want the Centre Party (C) to be part of a Social Democrat-led government (S, C, V, MP). [75] Lööf was later a target of attack by a former member of the Nordic Resistance Movement, a neo-Nazi political party. [61] During the election campaign, the Left Party campaigned on "taking back control over welfare" and climate issues. Dadgostar stated her support for investing in green technology and infrastructure, and also criticized the parties on the right. [76] She also stated that the Left Party would work with parties on the left to form a government. [77] The Christian Democrats (KD) campaigned on installing more security cameras and increasing funding in resources for the police in order to fight gang crime. Busch called for the re-opening of Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, as well as expanding the water and wind production. [76] The Liberals (L) stated their support for more investments into solar, wind, and nuclear power. Additionally, the Liberals stated that they would want to lower taxes on electricity, especially VAT and excise taxes. [76] In August 2022, there was an internal conflict among the Liberals regarding campaigning on a bus tour that would have included SD. [78] Pehrson responded by stating that the four parties (M, SD, KD, L) would visit a nuclear power plant together, and described it as "hardly a big ideological question". There was also internal criticism regarding cooperating with SD on the budget. [79] The Green Party campaigned on climate and social issues, including investment and expansion of rail/train transport in Sweden, and replacing fossil fuels and diesel with renewable fuels, as well as protecting free media and initiating a citizenship initiative system to allow in part for legislation proposed by citizens. [76]

Slogans

Political campaign posters in Vastervik, Kalmar County 20220830 Valaffischer Vastervik 0364 (52323868915).jpg
Political campaign posters in Västervik, Kalmar County
PartyOriginal sloganEnglish translation
Swedish Social Democratic Party Tillsammans kan vi göra vårt Sverige bättreTogether we can make our Sweden better
Moderate Party Nu får vi ordning på SverigeLet's get Sweden in order
Sweden Democrats Sverige ska bli bra igen... och inget snackSweden will be good again... and no empty words
Centre Party För Sveriges bästaFor the good of Sweden
Left Party Andra lovar, vi agerarOthers promise, we act
Christian Democrats Redo att göra Sverige tryggareReady to make Sweden safer
Liberals Utan oss inget maktskifteWithout us, no change of power
Green Party Alla ska med när Sverige ställer omEveryone will join when Sweden transitions
Sources: [80] [81] [82]

Debates

2022 Swedish general election debates
DateTimeOrganizers   P Present   I Invitee  N Non-invitee 
S M SD C V KD L MP Refs
16 Aug20:00 Expressen P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
P
Jimmie Åkesson
P
Annie Lööf
P
Nooshi Dadgostar
P
Ebba Busch
P
Johan Pehrson
P
Märta Stenevi
[83]
17 Aug21:00 Aftonbladet P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
P
Jimmie Åkesson
P
Annie Lööf
P
Nooshi Dadgostar
P
Ebba Busch
P
Johan Pehrson
P
Märta Stenevi
[84]
31 Aug11:45 Sveriges Radio P
Hans Dahlgren
P
Tobias Billström
P
Markus Wiechel
P
Martin Ådahl  [ sv ]
P
Ali Esbati
P
Jakob Forssmed  [ sv ]
P
Maria Nilsson
P
Maria Ferm
[85]
2 Sep15:00 Sveriges Radio P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
P
Jimmie Åkesson
P
Annie Lööf
P
Nooshi Dadgostar
P
Ebba Busch
P
Johan Pehrson
P
Märta Stenevi
[86]
7 Sep20:00 SVT P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
NNNNNN [87]
8 Sep20:00 TV4 P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
P
Jimmie Åkesson
P
Annie Lööf
P
Nooshi Dadgostar
P
Ebba Busch
P
Johan Pehrson
P
Märta Stenevi
[88]
9 Sep20:00 SVT P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
P
Jimmie Åkesson
P
Annie Lööf
P
Nooshi Dadgostar
P
Ebba Busch
P
Johan Pehrson
P
Märta Stenevi
[89]
10 Sep20:00 TV4 P
Magdalena Andersson
P
Ulf Kristersson
NNNNNN [90]

Opinion polls

Local regression trend line of poll results from September 2018 to the election in September 2022. Each line corresponds to a political party. Swedish Opinion Polling, 30 Day Moving Average, 2018-2022.svg
Local regression trend line of poll results from September 2018 to the election in September 2022. Each line corresponds to a political party.

Results

As of 15 September 2022, the results remained preliminary after a first tally was presented. [91] [92] The official results were announced about a week after the election, showing very minor changes. [93] [94]

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Swedish Social Democratic Party 1,964,47430.33107+7
Sweden Democrats 1,330,32520.5473+11
Moderate Party 1,237,42819.1068−2
Left Party 437,0506.7524−4
Centre Party 434,9456.7124−7
Christian Democrats 345,7125.3419−3
Green Party 329,2425.0818+2
Liberals 298,5424.6116−4
Nuance Party 28,3520.440New
Alternative for Sweden 16,6460.2600
Citizens' Coalition 12,8820.2000
Pirate Party 9,1350.1400
Humanist Democracy6,0770.090New
Christian Values Party5,9830.0900
Knapptryckarna5,4930.080New
Feminist Initiative 3,1570.0500
Independent Rural Party 2,2150.0300
Direct Democrats 1,7550.0300
Climate Alliance 1,7020.030New
Unity 1,2340.0200
Communist Party of Sweden 1,1810.0200
64 other parties (fewer than 1,000 votes)4,2640.07
Total6,477,794100.003490
Valid votes6,477,79498.93
Invalid/blank votes69,8311.07
Total votes6,547,625100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,775,39084.21
Source: Sweden's Election Authority [95]
AllianceVotes%Seats+/−
Kristersson's Bloc (M+SD+KD+L)3,212,00749.59176+2
Andersson's Bloc (S+MP+V+C)3,165,71148.87173−2
Other parties100,0761.54
Invalid/blank votes69,831
Total6,547,6251003490
Registered voters/turnout7,495,93687.18
Source: VAL

Voter demographics

Sveriges Television exit polling (VALU) suggested the following demographic breakdown based on preliminary results to the nearest integer.

CohortPercentage of cohort voting forLead
S SD M V C KD MP L Others
Total vote3021197755519
Gender
Females34161788664117
Males2625216654521
Age
18–21 years old20222610655514
22–30 years old23172111866532
31–64 years old3021196665439
65 years old and older38171647546321
Work
Blue-collar workers3229149454213
White-collar workers32152168566011
Entrepreneurs and farmers1924253966621
Source: Sveriges Television [96]

Result by constituency

ConstituencyLandTurnoutShareVotes S SD M V C KD MP L OtherLeftRightMajority
 % % % % % % % % % % % % %
Blekinge G 86.11.6103,58031.128.517.94.44.85.52.93.51.243.355.412,544
Dalarna S 85.42.9186,59831.725.716.45.36.56.03.83.11.547.351.27,377
Gothenburg G 80.75.4347,10127.714.718.512.85.94.47.95.92.354.343.437,877
Gotland G 87.10.641,45934.615.716.86.411.74.06.52.81.559.239.38,257
Gävleborg N 83.52.8182,58734.724.116.25.96.25.13.53.01.250.348.43,491
Halland G 86.63.4221,67528.322.622.54.07.06.03.64.81.142.955.928,741
Jämtland N 85.01.385,02436.120.114.85.69.15.45.02.61.355.842.910,966
Jönköping G 85.33.5229,12529.123.318.74.07.59.33.23.71.343.755.025,965
Kalmar G 86.02.5161,26731.724.517.84.66.57.03.43.21.346.352.49,927
Kronoberg G 85.41.9124,99231.023.619.55.06.06.83.53.11.545.553.09,364
Malmö G 77.23.0192,04329.616.417.912.55.53.07.54.53.255.041.825,502
Norrbotten N 84.62.5161,45541.620.313.67.05.35.13.42.51.157.441.525,549
Skåne NE G 83.93.1202,89025.232.219.53.94.96.23.03.81.337.161.649,858
Skåne S G 87.34.0259,33325.423.422.15.06.64.85.56.21.242.556.335,918
Skåne W G 81.93.0191,65527.328.819.84.65.04.73.54.51.840.557.833,196
Stockholm S 84.09.4606,75128.110.719.111.78.53.210.06.91.958.339.9112,381
Stockholm County S 82.512.7822,51027.117.524.06.37.44.95.16.01.745.952.453,198
Södermanland S 83.52.9184,88032.923.019.25.25.94.74.03.61.448.150.54,581
Uppsala S 86.03.8248,88829.118.218.37.97.25.96.75.01.751.047.48,907
Värmland S 85.22.8182,23134.622.817.05.06.35.83.63.71.049.649.4373
Västerbotten N 85.82.7177,54340.714.514.18.57.84.75.43.11.162.536.446,196
Västernorrland N 85.22.5158,72139.420.714.05.77.45.43.42.71.256.042.821,000
Västmanland S 82.92.6170,74932.023.719.16.15.45.03.24.21.346.752.08,931
Västra Götaland E G 86.12.7176,52631.424.118.64.56.67.03.33.41.345.753.012,878
Västra Götaland N G 84.42.7173,65531.325.417.55.25.76.23.63.61.545.852.812,110
Västra Götaland S G 84.42.2141,90629.123.618.95.37.17.03.63.81.645.153.311,590
Västra Götaland W G 87.63.8247,86328.021.220.55.76.46.35.25.41.345.353.420,019
Örebro S 84.73.0194,18733.222.116.76.16.35.34.14.51.649.748.71,855
Östergötland G 85.34.6300,60030.621.219.85.66.56.04.64.41.347.351.412,453
Total84.2100.06,477,79430.320.519.16.86.75.35.14.61.548.849.546,296
Source: Sweden's Election Authority [95]

Seat distribution

Constituency S SD M V C KD MP L LeftRightTotal
Blekinge 22100000235
Dalarna 332111005611
Gävleborg 422111006511
Gothenburg 5332112110818
Gotland 10100000112
Halland 332011115712
Jämtland 21100000224
Jönköping 432111016713
Kalmar 32200100358
Kronoberg 22200000246
Malmö 322110116511
Norrbotten 42110000538
Skåne NE 342001003710
Skåne S 333111116814
Skåne W 332010014610
Södermanland 422110107411
Stockholm 94643143201434
Stockholm County 1181033233202343
Uppsala 422111117613
Värmland 422111006511
Västerbotten 41111010729
Västernorrland 42111000639
Västmanland 32210000448
Västra Götaland E 32201100459
Västra Götaland N 32200100358
Västra Götaland S 22201100358
Västra Götaland W 333111116814
Örebro 322111116612
Östergötland 543111118917
Total10773682424191816173176349
Source: Sweden's Election Authority [95]

Maps

Aftermath

Hundreds queue to vote at Stockholm Central Station, 35 minutes before closing time, on election day, 11 September 2022 Valko pa valdagen 2022.jpg
Hundreds queue to vote at Stockholm Central Station, 35 minutes before closing time, on election day, 11 September 2022

Voting stations were opened from 08:00 (CEST) to 20:00, and there were 7,772,120 Swedish nationals in total that had the right to vote in the 2022 general election. [97] [98] According to exit polls that were published by Sveriges Television and TV4, the bloc around the Swedish Social Democratic Party (S) showed a tight lead against the bloc around the Moderate Party (M). [99] [100] It was also reported that the Sweden Democrats (SD) surpassed M in the amount of votes, and suggested that it could become the second-largest parliamentary party. [101] S also won more votes in comparison with the 2018 Swedish general election. [102]

Sweden's Election Authority stated that the bloc that composed of M, SD, Christian Democrats (KD), and Liberals (L) overtook the bloc around S by one to three seats during the counting of the preliminary results. [103] The gap between the two blocs was around 50,000 votes. [104] Ulf Kristersson, the M leader, stated that "the results would be likely known by Wednesday" and he thanked his voters, while Jimmie Åkesson, the SD leader, stated that SD would play a "central role" in the power shift. [105] Kristersson also said that a change in the numbers of seats is possible. [106] As overseas and some postal votes were to be counted, the incumbent prime minister Magdalena Andersson stated that "it is too close to call the election". [107] Some analysts have seen the rise of the Nuance Party, mainly aimed at the country's Muslim population, as one of the causes of the losses in the left bloc. [108]

SD's election night vigil in Stockholm attracted controversy after the party refused to grant access to several foreign language media and after the party's chief of staff Linus Bylund  joked that he was looking forward to "journalist rugby", where "you push journalists around". The election vigil also attracted controversy after an SD candidate for the Stockholm municipal election proclaimed "Helg Seger" while raising her arm in an interview with far-right blog Samnytt , which is phonetically similar to "Hell Seger", the Swedish translation of the Nazi "Sieg Heil" chant. The candidate subsequently told Expressen that she had aimed to provoke the media into overinterpretations before later telling Dagens Nyheter that she had misspoke and meant to say "segerhelg", which would translate to "victory weekend". [109]

On 13 September, Annie Lööf, the leader of the Centre Party (C), sent an internal email to the party's elected politicians in which she called the results for the party "very disappointing" and stated that C's board would conduct an investigation into the party's campaign. [110] Two days later, Lööf announced her resignation as party leader. [111] [112] Andersson conceded on 14 September, [113] and announced her resignation as prime minister, [114] [115] paving the way for Kristersson to attempt to form a new government. Andersson called upon M, KD, and L to reject SD, and said she was open to a government with M that would exclude SD. [116] Some Liberals in particular have been wary of a government with SD. [117] Renew Europe, the European parliamentary group of which L is part, has been critical of the Liberals being part of a government including SD. [118]

Despite the right-wing majority, no government had been formed by the opening of the newly-elected Riksdag on 26 September. Moderate Party leaders raised concerns that SD would hold a disproportionate amount of influence over a new government, and would use the committee chairmanships allocated to them to block or delay government policy. [119] [120] On 26 September, Andreas Norlén of the Moderate Party was re-elected as Speaker of the Riksdag by acclamation. The election of Julia Kronlid of the Sweden Democrats as Second Deputy Speaker of the Riksdag required a second ballot after the first ballot fell three votes short of the required majority. [121] [122] [123]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sweden Democrats</span> Political party in Sweden

The Sweden Democrats is a nationalist and right-wing populist political party in Sweden. After the results of the 2022 Swedish general election, it is the largest member of Sweden's right-wing bloc and the second largest party in the next Swedish parliament. The party describes itself as social conservative with a nationalist foundation. The party has been variously characterised by academics, political commentators and the media as national-conservative, anti-immigration, anti-Islam, eurosceptic and far-right. The Sweden Democrats reject the far-right label, saying that it no longer represents the party's political beliefs. Jimmie Åkesson has been party leader since 2005. The Sweden Democrats are a member of the European Conservatives and Reformists group in the European Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moderate Party</span> Political party in Sweden

The Moderate Party, commonly referred to as the Moderates, is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. The party generally supports tax cuts, the free market, civil liberties and economic liberalism. Internationally, it is a full member of the International Democrat Union and the European People's Party.

The Liberals, known as the Liberal People's Party until 22 November 2015, is a liberal political party in Sweden. The Liberals ideologically shows a variety of liberal tendencies, including social liberalism, conservative liberalism, and economic liberalism. The party is a member of the Liberal International and Renew Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Centre Party (Sweden)</span> Political party in Sweden

The Centre Party is a liberal political party in Sweden, founded in 1913.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ulf Kristersson</span> Swedish politician (born 1963)

Ulf Hjalmar Ed Kristersson is a Swedish politician who has served as Leader of the Opposition and leader of the Moderate Party since 2017. He has been a member of the Riksdag for Södermanland County since 2014 and previously from 1991 to 2000 for Stockholm County. He previously served as Minister for Social Security from 2010 to 2014 and Chairman of the Moderate Youth League from 1988 to 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Sweden (1991–present)</span>

After a period of rapid growth and unprecedented prosperity during the late 1980s, by 1990 the Swedish economy overheated, and after a controversial bill freezing salaries and banning strikes failed in the Riksdag, the social democratic government led by Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson resigned in February 1990. At this time the respected Finance Minister Kjell-Olof Feldt left the government in protest over what he saw as irresponsible economic policies. Carlsson soon formed a new government, but by the time of the general election in September 1991 the economy was in free fall, and with rapidly rising unemployment, the social democrats received the smallest share of votes in sixty years (37.7%), resulting in the loss of office to the opposition, a centre-right coalition led by Carl Bildt.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Swedish general election</span> 2018 election for the Swedish parliament

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 Swedish general election</span> 2014 election for the Swedish parliament

General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect all 349 seats in the Riksdag, alongside elections for the 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stefan Löfven</span> Former Prime Minister of Sweden

Kjell Stefan Löfven is a Swedish former politician who served as the Prime Minister of Sweden from October 2014 to November 2021 and leader of the Social Democratic Party from 2012 to 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Magdalena Andersson</span> Prime Minister of Sweden since 2021

Eva Magdalena Andersson is a Swedish politician and economist serving as Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party since 2021.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 Swedish government crisis</span>

The 2014 Swedish government crisis started on 3 December 2014 after the Riksdag rejected the proposed government budget in favour of a budget proposed by the centre-right opposition.

In the run up for the 2022 Swedish general election to the Riksdag, various organisations carry out opinion polling to gauge voting intention in Sweden. Results of such polls are displayed in this article.

In the 2018 Swedish general election, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament. On 9 September, the Red-Greens, led by Stefan Löfven's Social Democrats (S), emerged as the main political force in the Riksdag, while the centre-right Alliance led by Ulf Kristersson's Moderate Party only got one seat less. The right-wing populist party Sweden Democrats, led by Jimmie Åkesson, came third. As a result, protracted negotiations were required before a new government formation. On 18 January 2019, Löfven was re-elected as prime minister.

Events of 2019 in Sweden

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Löfven II Cabinet</span>

The second cabinet of Stefan Löfven was the Government of Sweden from 21 January 2019 to 9 July 2021. It was a coalition, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 21 January 2019, following the 2018 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Swedish government crisis</span> Government crisis in Sweden

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The third cabinet of Stefan Löfven was the Government of Sweden during 9 July 2021 to 30 November 2021. It was a coalition, consisting of two parties: the Social Democrats and the Green Party. The cabinet was installed on 9 July 2021, during a formal government meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf. The government was the result of the aftermath of the 2021 government crisis, which saw Löfven's government removed from power in a vote of no-confidence over proposed reforms to liberalize the rent control system.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andersson Cabinet</span> 56th Cabinet of Sweden

The Andersson Cabinet is the present Government of Sweden following the resignation of Prime Minister Stefan Löfven and the hasty election of Magdalena Andersson as his successor. It was expected to be a coalition government consisting of two parties: the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Green Party. In a late turn of events after the confirmation vote, the Green Party left the government cooperation due to the government's budget proposal failing in the Riksdag. The cabinet were originally planned to be installed on 26 November 2021 during a formal government meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf, but Andersson decided to resign due to a precedent regarding changes in a government's composition; this happened just seven hours after the vote in the Riksdag. The Speaker then set Andersson up for a new confirmation vote to make sure she still had the Riksdag's approval.

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