934

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
934 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 934
CMXXXIV
Ab urbe condita 1687
Armenian calendar 383
ԹՎ ՅՁԳ
Assyrian calendar 5684
Balinese saka calendar 855–856
Bengali calendar 341
Berber calendar 1884
Buddhist calendar 1478
Burmese calendar 296
Byzantine calendar 6442–6443
Chinese calendar 癸巳(Water  Snake)
3630 or 3570
     to 
甲午年 (Wood  Horse)
3631 or 3571
Coptic calendar 650–651
Discordian calendar 2100
Ethiopian calendar 926–927
Hebrew calendar 4694–4695
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 990–991
 - Shaka Samvat 855–856
 - Kali Yuga 4034–4035
Holocene calendar 10934
Iranian calendar 312–313
Islamic calendar 322–323
Japanese calendar Jōhei 4
(承平4年)
Javanese calendar 833–834
Julian calendar 934
CMXXXIV
Korean calendar 3267
Minguo calendar 978 before ROC
民前978年
Nanakshahi calendar −534
Seleucid era 1245/1246 AG
Thai solar calendar 1476–1477
Tibetan calendar 阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1060 or 679 or −93
     to 
阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1061 or 680 or −92
Map of Viking Denmark with Hedeby. Denmark vikings 3.jpg
Map of Viking Denmark with Hedeby.

Year 934 ( CMXXXIV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2015 and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

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Byzantine Empire

Principality of Hungary

The Principality of Hungary or Duchy of Hungary was the earliest documented Hungarian state in the Carpathian Basin, established 895 or 896, following the 9th century Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin.

Pechenegs historical ethnical group

The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Oghuz branch of Turkic language family.

Thrace (theme) Byzantine district (theme)

The Theme of Thrace was a province of the Byzantine Empire located in the south-eastern Balkans, comprising varying parts of the eponymous geographic region during its history.

Europe

Henry the Fowler German noble

Henry the Fowler was the duke of Saxony from 912 and the elected king of East Francia (Germany) from 919 until his death in 936. As the first non-Frankish king, he established the Ottonian Dynasty of kings and emperors, and he is generally considered to be the founder and first king of the medieval German state, known until then as East Francia. An avid hunter, he obtained the epithet "the Fowler" because he was allegedly fixing his birding nets when messengers arrived to inform him that he was to be king.

Vikings Norse explorers, warriors, merchants, and pirates

Vikings were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who during the late 8th to late 11th centuries, raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of Europe, and explored westwards to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland. The term is also commonly extended in modern English and other vernaculars to the inhabitants of Norse home communities during what has become known as the Viking Age. This period of Nordic military, mercantile and demographic expansion constitutes an important element in the early medieval history of Scandinavia, Estonia, the British Isles, France, Kievan Rus' and Sicily.

Frisians ethnic group

The Frisians are a Germanic ethnic group indigenous to the coastal parts of the Netherlands and northwestern Germany. They inhabit an area known as Frisia and are concentrated in the Dutch provinces of Friesland and Groningen and, in Germany, East Frisia and North Frisia. The Frisian languages are still spoken by more than 500,000 people; West Frisian is officially recognised in the Netherlands, and North Frisian and Saterland Frisian are recognised as regional languages in Germany.

England

Æthelstan King of the Anglo-Saxons, King of the English

Æthelstan or Athelstan was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939 when he died. He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn. Modern historians regard him as the first King of England and one of the greatest Anglo-Saxon kings. He never married and had no children. He was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund.

Anglo-Saxon charters

Anglo-Saxon charters are documents from the early medieval period in England, which typically made a grant of land, or recorded a privilege. The earliest surviving charters were drawn up in the 670s: the oldest surviving charters granted land to the Church, but from the eighth century, surviving charters were increasingly used to grant land to lay people.

Hywel Dda Welsh monarch

Hywel Dda or Hywel ap Cadell was a King of Deheubarth who eventually came to rule most of Wales. He became the sole king of Seisyllwg in 920 and shortly thereafter established Deheubarth, and proceeded to gain control over the entire country from Prestatyn to Pembroke. As a descendant of Rhodri Mawr through his father Cadell, Hywel was a member of the Dinefwr branch of the dynasty. He was recorded as King of the Britons in the Annales Cambriae and the Annals of Ulster.

Abbasid Caliphate

April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 251 days remaining until the end of the year.

Al-Qahir Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 932 to 934

Abu Mansur Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mu'tadid, usually known simply by his regnal title al-Qahir bi'llah, was the 19th Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 932 to 934. He was born 286 AH and died 339 AH.

Ar-Radi Abbasid caliph

Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad (Muhammad) ibn Ja'far al-Muqtadir, usually simply known by his regnal name ar-Radi bi'llah, was the 20th Abbasid Caliph, reigning in Baghdad from 934 to his death. He died on 23 December 940 at the age of 31. His reign marked the end of the caliph's political power and the rise of military strongmen, who competed for the title of amir al-umara.

Asia

March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 290 days remaining until the end of the year.

Meng Zhixiang was a general of the Later Tang who went on to found the independent state of Later Shu during the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Meng Zhixiang was an in-law of the Later Tang ruling family, who went by the family name Li. Meng married the eldest sister or perhaps a cousin of the founding emperor, Zhuangzong. Meng served the Later Tang as the military governor (Jiedushi) of Xichuan Circuit, after the conquest of Former Shu. After Emperor Zhuangzong's death, Meng was more distant to the succeeding emperor. The new emperor was Emperor Zhuangzong's adoptive brother, Emperor Mingzong. Meng, fearing accusations by Emperor Mingzong's chief advisor An Chonghui, rebelled, in alliance with Dong Zhang, military governor of neighboring Dongchuan Circuit. The Meng-Dong alliance repelled subsequent attempts to suppress or control them, although they continued as nominal subjects of Mingzong. Eventually, Meng overpowered Dong, thus assuming control of both allied domains. Meng continued as titular vassal to Mingzong for the rest of that emperor's reign; but, afterwards, Meng Zhixiang declared himself suzerain of an independent state named Shu, in 934, now called Later Shu to avoid confusion with other political entities sharing the same name.

Jiedushi regional military governor function.

The jiedushi were regional military governors in China during the Tang dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. The post of jiedushi has been translated as "military commissioner", "legate", or "regional commander". Originally introduced in 711 to counter external threats, the jiedushi were posts authorized with the supervision of a defense command often encompassing several prefectures, the ability to maintain their own armies, collect taxes and promote and appoint subordinates.

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Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 820s decade ran from January 1, 820, to December 31, 829.

The 860s decade ran from January 1, 860, to December 31, 869.

The 910s decade ran from January 1, 910, to December 31, 919.

The 930s decade ran from January 1, 930, to December 31, 939.

844 Year

Year 844 (DCCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

785 Year

Year 785 (DCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The article denomination 785 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. It is still used today in this manner.

851 Year

Year 851 (DCCCLI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

866 Year

Year 866 (DCCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

872 Year

Year 872 (DCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

931 Year

Year 931 (CMXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

870 Year

Year 870 (DCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

924 Year

Year 924 (CMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

902 Year

Year 902 (CMII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

905 Year

Year 905 (CMV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

908 Year

Year 908 (CMVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

895 Year

Year 895 (DCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

892 Year

Year 892 (DCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

933 Year

Year 933 (CMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

945 Year

Year 945 (CMXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

937 Year

Year 937 (CMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

References

  1. Timothy Reuter (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 543. ISBN   978-0-521-36447-8.