914 Last updated December 31, 2018 Events By place Byzantine Empire Spring – Empress Zoe Karbonopsina leads a palace coup at Constantinople and overthrows, with the support of the magistros John Eladas, Patriarch Nicholas Mystikos as regent over her son, Emperor Constantine VII. She allows Nicholas to remain as patriarch, repudiates the title granted to Simeon I of Bulgaria (see 913) and nullifies the marriage plans (with a Bulgarian princess) made for her son by Nicholas.  Summer – Byzantine–Bulgarian War: Simeon I invades, with the Bulgarian army, the themes of Thrace and Macedonia. Simultaneously, the Bulgarian troops penetrate into the regions of Dyrrhachium and Thessalonica to the west. Thrace's largest and most important city, Adrianople (modern Turkey), is besieged and captured. However, the Byzantines promptly regain the city in exchange for a huge ransom.  Africa January 24 – The Fatimid general, Hubasa ibn Yusuf of the Kutama Berber tribe, marches out with his troops to invade Egypt. He follows the coastline, and takes possession of the only two towns of any size Syrte and Ajdabiya, without a struggle. The garrisons of the two towns—the westernmost outposts of the Abbasid Caliphate—have already fled.  February 6 – Hubasa takes Barqah (modern-day Benghazi), the ancient capital of Cyrenaica. The Abbasid governor withdraws to Egypt, before the superior strength of the Fatimids. With this rich, fertile province fallen into his hands, it provides Hubāsa with 24,000 gold dinars in annual revenues from taxes, as well as 15,000 dinars paid by Christians.  July 11 – Al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah, son of the Fatimid caliph Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, leaves Raqqada at the head of an army, which is composed of Kutama warriors and the Arab (personal guard) in an attempt to conquer Egypt. He send orders to Hubāsa to wait for him, but driven by ambition Hubāsa is already on his way to jund Alexandria.  August 27 – Hubasa captures Alexandria, after a victorious encounter with Egyptian troops near al-Hanniyya (modern-day El Alamein). The Abbasid governor Takin al-Khazari refuses to surrender and asks for reinforcements, which reach him in September. Shortly after al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah enters Alexandria, with the rest of his army.  December – The Fatimid army under Hubasa leaves Alexandria, followed by al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah. The Abbassid troops hold Fustat and begin a counter-offensive against the invaders. The Kutama cavalry suffers heavy losses to the Turkish archers.  Arabian Empire January 12 – Ahmad Samani, emir of the Samanid Empire, is murdered ( decapitation) while sleeping in his tent at Bukhara (modern Uzbekistan) by some of his slaves. He is succeeded by his 8-year-old son, Nasr II, under the regency of Vizier Abu Abdallah al-Jayhani. The Abbasids try, in vain, to benefit from the turmoil to reconquer Sistan.  Sajid invasion of Georgia: A Muslim army under Yusuf ibn Abi'l-Saj campaigns in the Georgian principalities. He makes Tiflis his base for operations, and invades Kakheti. Yusuf proceeds to Kartli, where the fortifications of Uplistsikhe are demolished. He besieges and captures the fortress of Q'ueli, putting its defender Gobron to death.  Hasan al-Utrush re-establishes Zaydid rule over the province Tabaristan ( Northern Iran), after 14 years of Samanid occupation. He becomes the new ruler ( emir) and Zaydid noblemen accept his authority. Deaths January 12 – Ahmad Samani, Samanid emir January 19 – García I, king of León ( Spain) February 12 – Li, empress of Yan Abu Sa'id al-Jannabi, founder of Bahrain (or 913) Aedh mac Ailell, abbot of Clonfert Bárid mac Oitir, Viking leader Gobron, Georgian military commander Idalguer, Frankish bishop John Eladas, Byzantine regent Krishna II, Indian ruler Lando, pope of the Catholic Church Li Jihui, Chinese governor Liu Rengong, Chinese warlord Liu Shouguang, Chinese warlord Mu'nis al-Fahl, Abbasid general Plegmund, archbishop of Canterbury (or 923) References ↑ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 148. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3. ↑ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-0-472-08149-3. ↑ Ch Paquis, Louis Dochez Béthune et Plon, 1844. Histoire d'Espagne ↑ John Haywood (1995). Historical Atlas of the Vikings, p. 74. ISBN 978-0-140-51328-8. ↑ Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3. ↑ Picard, C. (2000) Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle). L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose; pp.54. ↑ Timeline of the Early British Kingdoms 599 AD–937 AD - Britannia.com. ↑ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ed. M. Swanton (Dent, London 1997), s.a. 911–918. 1 2 3 4 5 Heinz Halm BRILL, 1996. The empire of the Mahdi, Partie 1, Volume 26 ISBN 978-90-04-10056-5. ↑ Joel L. Kraemer Brill Archive, 1986. Philosophy in the renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and his circle ISBN 978-90-04-07258-9. ↑ Rayfield, Donald (2000). , pp. 48-49. The Literature of Georgia: A History Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1163-5. ↑ Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1994. Ancient India Par R.C. Majumdar ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4.
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