Beyer, Peacock and Company

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Beyer, Peacock and Company
Industry Locomotive manufacturer
Founded 1854;164 years ago (1854)
England
Founders Charles Beyer
Richard Peacock
Henry Robertson
Defunct 1966 (1966)
Website beyerpeacock.co.uk
NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive Makers Plate NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive 6040 d.jpg
NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive Makers Plate

Beyer, Peacock and Company was an English railway locomotive manufacturer with a factory in Gorton, Manchester. Founded by Charles Beyer, Richard Peacock and Henry Robertson, it traded from 1854 until 1966. It received limited liability in 1902, becoming Beyer, Peacock and Company Limited.

Locomotive railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train

A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train. If a locomotive is capable of carrying a payload, it is usually rather referred to as multiple units, motor coaches, railcars or power cars; the use of these self-propelled vehicles is increasingly common for passenger trains, but rare for freight.

Gorton area of the city of Manchester, in North West England

Gorton is an area of Manchester in North West England, southeast of the city centre. The population at the 2011 census was 36,055. Neighbouring areas include Audenshaw, Denton, Levenshulme, and Reddish.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 2.7 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Contents

In 1854, the German born Charles Beyer resigned as head engineer at Atlas works (Sharp Roberts and Co). It was Beyer that was responsible for success of locomotive production at Atlas. He had trained under the guidance of the prolific inventor of cotton mill machinery, Richard Roberts.

Charles Beyer Locomotive engineer

Charles Frederick Beyer was a celebrated German-British locomotive designer and builder, and co-founder of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He was the co-founder and head engineer of Beyer, Peacock and Company in Gorton, Manchester. A philanthropist and deeply religious, he founded three parish churches in Gorton, was a governor of Manchester Grammar School, and remains the single biggest donor to what is today the University of Manchester. He is buried in the graveyard of Llantysilio church, Llantysilio, Llangollen, Denbighshire North Wales. Llantysilio church is within the grounds of his former 700 acre Llantysilio Hall estate. His mansion house, built 1872–1874, is nearby.

Richard Roberts (engineer) British patternmaker and engineer

Richard Roberts was a British patternmaker and engineer whose development of high-precision machine tools contributed to the birth of production engineering and mass production.

Richard Peacock resigned from his position as chief engineer of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway's locomotive works in Gorton in 1854. Confident in his ability to secure orders to build locomotives, Beyer’s resignation presented Peacock with a partnership opportunity. However, this was not a limited company and all partners were liable for debts should the business fail; in a mid-Victorian economic climate of boom and bust, it was a risky venture. Beyer could raise £9,524 (nearly £900,000 in 2015) and Peacock £5,500 but still required a loan from Charles Geach (founder of the Midland Bank, and first treasurer to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers). Beyer and Peacock were founder members of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, but Geach died, the loan was recalled and the whole project nearly died. To the rescue came Thomas Brassey who persuaded Henry Robertson to provide a £4,000 loan in return for being the third (sleeping) partner.[1]

Charles Geach was a prominent English businessman, industrialist, banker and politician of the early to mid-19th century, strongly associated with banking and manufacturing interests. He was a co-founder and the general first manager of the Midland Bank, the first treasurer of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, a prominent investor in several major engineering businesses, and MP for Coventry from 1851 to his premature death, aged 46, in 1854.

Midland Bank Plc was one of the Big Four banking groups in the United Kingdom for most of the 20th century. It is now part of HSBC. The bank was founded as the Birmingham and Midland Bank in Union Street, Birmingham, England in August 1836. It expanded in the Midlands, absorbing many local banks, and merged with the Central Bank of London Ltd. in 1891, becoming the London City and Midland Bank.

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) is an independent professional association and learned society headquartered in London, United Kingdom, that represents mechanical engineers and the engineering profession. With over 120,000 members in 140 countries, working across industries such as railways, automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, energy, biomedical and construction, the Institution is licensed by the Engineering Council to assess candidates for inclusion on its Register of Chartered Engineers, Incorporated Engineers and Engineering Technicians.

"Beyer" Metropolitan Condensing Tank Engine. The pioneer motive power for London's underground. These were first built in 1871, and most were still running until electrification in 1905 Hugh llewelyn 23 (5568451481).jpg
"Beyer" Metropolitan Condensing Tank Engine. The pioneer motive power for London's underground. These were first built in 1871, and most were still running until electrification in 1905

Beyer appointed and worked closely with Hermann Ludwig Lange (1837–92), in 1861. A native of his home town, Plauen, Saxony (now Germany), Langer trained as an engineer in Germany, became chief draughtsman in 1865, and chief engineer after Beyer`s death. Langer was heavily involved in the development of the world's first successful condensing locomotives for the Metropolitan Railway, This 4-4-0 tank engine can, therefore be considered as the pioneer motive power on London's Underground London's first underground railway[8]. These locomotives proved to be extremely successful and 148 were built between 1864 and 1886 for various railways including the District Railway, London, in 1871, most still running until electrification in 1905. [1]

Metropolitan Railway A Class class of steam locomotive in the United Kingdom

The Metropolitan Railway A Class and B Class were 4-4-0T condensing steam locomotives built for the Metropolitan Railway by Beyer Peacock, first used in 1864. A total of 40 A Class and 26 of the slightly different B Class were delivered by 1885. Used underground, the locomotives condensed their steam, and coke or smokeless coal was burnt to reduce the smoke.

District Railway underground railway in London

The Metropolitan District Railway was a passenger railway that served London from 1868 to 1933. Established in 1864 to complete the inner circle, an underground railway in London, the first part of the line opened using gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives. The Metropolitan Railway operated all services until the District introduced its own trains in 1871. The railway was soon extended westwards through Earl's Court to Fulham, Richmond, Ealing and Hounslow. After completing the inner circle and reaching Whitechapel in 1884, it was extended to Upminster in Essex in 1902.

Beyer Peacock exported locomotives and machine tools to service them all over the world

Important designs were the Garratt articulated locomotives widely used in Africa, notably on South and East African Railways, and Australia and the 4-4-0 tank locomotives used on the Metropolitan and District Railways in London from 1864 until electrification in 1905. They also built 2-4-0 tank locomotives for 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) lines in Norway and the famous Manx Peacock design for the 3 ft (914 mm) gauge Isle of Man Railway

Garratt articulated steam locomotive with power unit at each end, and boiler slung between

A Garratt is a type of steam locomotive that is articulated into three parts. Its boiler is mounted on the centre frame, and two steam engines are mounted on separate frames, one on each end of the boiler. Articulation permits larger locomotives to negotiate curves and lighter rails that might restrict large rigid-framed locomotives. Many Garratt designs aimed to double the power of the largest conventional locomotives operating on their railways, thus reducing the need for multiple locomotives and crews.

Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Transnet Freight Rail railway operator in South Africa

Transnet Freight Rail is a South African rail transport company, formerly known as Spoornet. It was part of the South African Railways and Harbours Administration, a state-controlled organisation that employed hundreds of thousands of people for decades from the first half of the 20th century and was widely referred to by the initials SAR&H. Customer complaints about serious problems with Transnet Freight Rail's service were reported in 2010. Its head office is in Inyanda House in Parktown, Johannesburg.

The first Garratt locomotive constructed was the Tasmanian Government Railways K class on the western Tasmanian North East Dundas Tramway; K1 is now preserved on the Welsh Highland Railway together with the last Garratt Beyer Peacock built SAR NGG 16 Class No.143. Four New South Wales Government Railways AD60 class Beyer-Garratt Patent locomotives are preserved being the most powerful steam locomotives in the southern hemisphere when introduced.

Tasmanian Government Railways K class class of 2 Australian 0-4-0+0-4-0 Garratt locomotives

The Tasmanian Government Railways K class was a class of 0-4-0+0-4-0 Garratt steam locomotives operated by the Tasmanian Government Railways. It was the first class of Garratt locomotives ever produced.

West Coast, Tasmania locality in Tasmania, Australia

The West Coast of Tasmania is the part of the state that is strongly associated with wilderness, mining and tourism, rough country and isolation. As well as that, it was an early convict settlement location in the early stages of Van Diemen's Land.

North East Dundas Tramway

The North East Dundas Tramway (NEDT) was a 2 ft narrow gauge tramway on West Coast Tasmania that ran between Zeehan and Deep Lead. It was part of Tasmanian Government Railways. The world's first Garratt locomotives TGR K Class were used on the line, as were two G Class 0-4-2T engines built by Sharp-Stewart of Glasgow in 1896 and a massive 'J Class' 2-6-4-0T articulated locomotive manufactured by Hagans of Erfurt in 1900.

Gorton Foundry was on the opposite (south) side of the railway line to the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway works at Gorton. Between 1855 and 1966, the company built nearly 8,000 railway locomotives. Several of their 1874-built steam locomotives for the Isle of Man Railway remain in daily use. A Gorton-built South African Railways GL class Beyer-Garratt locomotive is on display in the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester.

In addition to building steam locomotives, Beyer, Peacock & Co. also built the 10 British Rail Class 82, 25 kV AC electric locomotives to a Metropolitan-Vickers design, the 101 British Rail Class 35 diesel hydraulic locomotives, and, the last of all built, British Rail Class 25/3 diesel-electrics. They also collaborated with Metropolitan Vickers in building the Western Australian Government Railways X class, diesel electric locomotives, and the New South Wales 46 class, 1500 V DC electric locomotives at Bowesfield Works, Stockton-on-Tees.

NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive Beyer-Garratt Fittings and Controls NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive Beyer-Garratt Fittings and Controls.jpg
NSWGR AD60 Class Locomotive Beyer-Garratt Fittings and Controls

Gorton Foundry

The foundry was at Openshaw near Manchester, England, and was built in 1854 and designed mainly by Beyer. The site was chosen because land was cheaper than in the city and had good water supply from a local reservoir (It should not be confused with the Gorton locomotive works of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, locally known as Gorton Tank which was on the north side of the railway line, which had been built by Richard Peacock, when he was chief engineer, before he resigned and joined forces with Beyer to form Beyer-Peacock.). Beyer had designed the works so it always allowed room for expansion. In its 112-year history no buildings needed to be demolished as the works developed.

In 2012 the former boiler-shop remains in use, as the Hammerstone Road Depot of Manchester City Council.

Locomotives produced

Steam

Conventional

Beyer-Peacock Madras Railway 0-4-2, 1860 Beyer Peacock - Madras Railway No 425.jpg
Beyer-Peacock Madras Railway 0-4-2, 1860
WAGR G class 4-6-0 in the 1940s Timber trains in Manjimup Pemberton area.jpg
WAGR G class 4-6-0 in the 1940s

Beyer-Garratts

Steam turbine

Beyer-Ljungstrom Turbine Locomotive The Beyer-Ljungstrom Turbine Locomotive

Diesel

Beyer-Peacock Hymec built Gorton foundry c.1960 D7076 at Bury East Lancashire Railway.jpg
Beyer-Peacock Hymec built Gorton foundry c.1960
Locomotive in Mar del Plata, Argentina LocomotoraBeyerPeacockFCS-nov2016.jpg
Locomotive in Mar del Plata, Argentina

Electric

Preserved locomotives

Steam locomotives

Preserved Locomotives
BP No.BuiltCompany built forLocomotive numberClassWheel arrangementPreserved at
331856 Statens Järnvägar 3 (43) Prins August B 2-4-0 On display at Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle
2391861 Statens Järnvägar 22 (506) Thor Ä(Qä) 0-4-2T On display at Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle
5331865 Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen 13 (NS 705)9-16 2-4-0 On display at Dutch Railway Museum, Utrecht
7101866 Metropolitan Railway 23 A 4-4-0T London Transport Museum, at Covent Garden
6271866 Statens järnvägar 75 Göta A(Aa) 2-2-2 On display at Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle
8091867 Statens järnvägar 93 Jernsida G(Gc) 0-6-0 Nynäs, Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle, see 1442
8461868St. Petersburg & Helsingfors Railway9 B1 0-4-2T Finnish Railway Museum, Hyvinkää
12551873 Isle of Man Railway 1 Sutherland 2-4-0T Stored pending rebuild (Isle of Man Railway)
12551873 Isle of Man Railway 3 Pender 2-4-0T On display at the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry (sectioned exhibit)
14161874 Isle of Man Railway 4 Loch 2-4-0T In service (Isle of Man Steam Railway)
14171874 Isle of Man Railway 5 Mona 2-4-0T Stored (Isle of Man Railway)
14421867 Statens järnvägar 161 Wik G(Gc) 0-6-0 Nynäs, Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle marked Gc 93
15241875 Isle of Man Railway 6 Peveril 2-4-0T On display at the Port Erin Railway Museum
16471877 NSW Government Railways 1905 Z19 0-6-0 NSW Rail Museum
18271879Beyer, Peacock and Company18270-4-0STOperational at Foxfield Railway
19331880 Bergslagernas Järnvägar 27K 0-6-0 Nynäs, Swedish Railway Museum, Gävle
20281880 Manx Northern Railway 3 Thornhill 2-4-0T Privately preserved (Isle of Man)
20381880 Isle of Man Railway 7 Tynwald 2-4-0T Dismantled for spares. Frames moved to Southwold Railway
21011881 Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen 326 (NS 1326)301-475 2-4-0 On display at Dutch Railway Museum, Utrecht
22541911 South Maitland Railways 10, 17–20, 22–28, 30–31 10 2-8-2T 2 Operational, 12 in
32761890 Ferrocarril Alcoy Gandia 2 "Villalonga"2-6-2tOn display at Al-Azraq Square, Alcoi, Spain
32821891 Ferrocarril Alcoy Gandia 7 "Cocentaina"2-6-2tOn display at Gandia station, Spain
26011886 Mersey Railway/J. & A. Brown 1 The MajorI 0-6-4T NSW Rail Museum, Thirlmere, NSW, Australia
26051886 Mersey Railway 5 Cecil RaikesI 0-6-4T Museum of Liverpool
34021891 NSW Government Railways 3203 C32 4-6-0 NSW Rail Museum
34131892 NSW Government Railways 3214 C32 4-6-0 Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum
34361892 NSW Government Railways 3237 C32 4-6-0 Operational, Lachlan Valley Railway
36101894 Isle of Man Railway 8 Fenella 2-4-0T In service (Isle of Man Railway)
36411894Nippon Railway, JapanB104B10 4-4-0 -> 4-4-2T Kominato Railway, Ichihara, Chiba, Japan
38151896 Isle of Man Railway 9 Douglas 2-4-0T Stored (Isle of Man Railway)
39111897Nippon Railway, Japan55405500 4-4-0 Ome Railway Park, Ome, Tokyo, Japan
40281898Tobu Railway, Japan5B1 4-4-0 Tobu Museum, Sumida, Tokyo, Japan [2]
40291898Tobu Railway, Japan6B1 4-4-0 Tobu Museum, Sumida, Tokyo, Japan [2]
42211901 NSW Government Railways 3265 Hunter C32 4-6-0 Operational, Powerhouse Museum
43721902 NSW Government Railways 5069 D50 2-8-0 Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum
46621905 Isle of Man Railway 10 G. H. Wood 2-4-0T In service (Isle of Man Steam Railway)
46631905 Isle of Man Railway 11 Maitland 2-4-0T Stored pending rebuild (Isle of Man Railway)
47481906 Central Uruguay Railway 88N 2-6-0 On display (Paysandú station, Uruguay)
47501906 Central Uruguay Railway 92N 2-6-0 On display in bad shape (San José, Uruguay)
47511906 Central Uruguay Railway 93N 2-6-0 On display (Young, Uruguay)
49431907 Central Uruguay Railway 96N 2-6-0 On display (City bus terminal, Artigas, Uruguay)
50541908 NSW Government Railways 5112 D50 2-8-0 Bathurst
50741909 NSW Government Railways 5132 D50 2-8-0 Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum
51261908 Isle of Man Railway 12 Hutchinson 2-4-0T In service (Isle of Man Steam Railway)
52921909 Tasmanian Government Railways K1 K 0-4-0+0-4-0 Welsh Highland Railway (Caernarfon)
53821910 Isle of Man Railway 13 Kissack 2-4-0T Awaiting new boiler (Isle of Man Railway)
53991910 Central Uruguay Railway 119N3 2-6-0 In working order (CEFU, Montevideo, Uruguay)
54001910 Central Uruguay Railway 120N3 2-6-0 In service (AUAR, Montevideo, Uruguay)
58071914 NSW Government Railways 3112 C30 4-6-4T Stored, Private ownership, Canberra
62961926 Isle of Man Railway 16 Mannin 2-4-0T On display at the Port Erin Railway Museum
15721928 London and North Eastern Railway 8572LNER B12 (GER Class S69) 4-6-0 Operational at the North Norfolk Railway
66391930 South African Railways 2352 GL 4-8-2+2-8-4 Manchester Museum of Science and Industry
73401950 Rhodesia Railways 398 "Isidumuka" 15A 4-6-4+4-6-4 Flying Fifteen Group, Steam Incorporated Paekakariki
75311954 NSW Government Railways 6029 AD60 4-8-4+4-8-4 Canberra Railway Museum
75411956 NSW Government Railways 6039 AD60 4-8-4+4-8-4 Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum
75421956 NSW Government Railways 6040 AD60 4-8-4+4-8-4 NSW Rail Museum
75441956 NSW Government Railways 6042 AD60 4-8-4+4-8-4 Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum
75821953 Rhodesia Railways 509 14A 4-8-2+2-8-4 Mainline Steam Heritage Trust Plimmerton New Zealand
76811956 South African Railways 4083 GMAM 4-8-2+2-8-4 Mainline Steam Heritage Trust Mercer, New Zealand
78631958 South African Railways NG138 NGG 16 2-6-2+2-6-2 Welsh Highland Railway (Caernarfon)
78651958 South African Railways NG140 NGG 16 2-6-2+2-6-2 Welsh Highland Railway (Caernarfon)
78681958 South African Railways NG143 NGG 16 2-6-2+2-6-2 Welsh Highland Railway (Caernarfon)

Diesel and electric locomotives

Preserved Locomotives
BP No.BuiltCompany built forLocomotive number(s)ClassWheel arrangementPreserved at
1956 NSWGR 4601 46 Class Co-Co Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum
1956 NSWGR 4602 46 Class Co-Co Dorrigo Steam Railway & Museum
1956 NSWGR 4615 46 Class Co-CoJunee Roundhouse Museum on permanent loan from the Sydney Electric Train Society
1956 NSWGR 4617 46 Class Co-CoPrivately owned, Junee (cab only)
1956 NSWGR 4627 46 Class Co-Co Sydney Electric Train Society
1956 NSWGR 4638 46 Class Co-Co NSW Rail Museum, Broadmeadow Locomotive Depot [3]
1961British RailwaysE3054, 82008 BR Class 82 Bo-BoBarrow Hill Engine Shed
79111962British RailwaysD7017 BR Class 35 Hymek B-B West Somerset Railway
79121962British RailwaysD7018 BR Class 35 Hymek B-BWest Somerset Railway
79231962British RailwaysD7029 BR Class 35 Hymek B-B Severn Valley Railway
79801963British RailwaysD7076 BR Class 35 Hymek B-B East Lancs Railway
80381965British RailwaysD7628, 25278 Sybilla BR Class 25 Bo-Bo North Yorkshire Moors Railway - Operational
80391965British RailwaysD7629, 25279 BR Class 25 Bo-Bo Great Central Railway (Nottingham) - Operational
80431965British RailwaysD7633, 25283 BR Class 25 Bo-Bo Dean Forest Railway - Operational

Notes

  1. Bruce, J Greame (1971). Steam to Silver. London: London Transport. ISBN   978-0853290124.
  2. 1 2 3 Tobu Museum exhibit guide Archived 22 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved on 11 March 2009 (in Japanese)
  3. "Veteran Electric Finds New Home as In-Traffic Units Face Uncertain Future" Railway Digest July 1998 page 10

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References

Bibliography