Canberra Central

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Canberra Central
Canberra,  Australian Capital Territory
Coordinates 35°16′56″S149°07′43″E / 35.2822°S 149.1287°E / -35.2822; 149.1287 Coordinates: 35°16′56″S149°07′43″E / 35.2822°S 149.1287°E / -35.2822; 149.1287
Population92,780 (2021 census) [1] [2]
Gazetted 12 May 1966 [3]
Territory electorate(s)
Federal division(s) Canberra
Localities around Canberra Central:
Belconnen Gungahlin Majura
Belconnen Canberra Central Majura
Weston Creek Woden Valley Jerrabomberra

The District of Canberra Central is one of the original eighteen districts of the Australian Capital Territory used in land administration consisting of both the districts of North Canberra and South Canberra. The district is subdivided into divisions (suburbs), sections and blocks. The district of Canberra Central lies entirely within the bounds of the city of Canberra, the capital city of Australia.

Contents

Establishment and governance

The traditional custodians of the district are the indigenous people of the Ngunawal tribe. [4]

Following the transfer of land from the Government of New South Wales to the Commonwealth Government in 1911, the district was established in 1966 by the Commonwealth via the gazettal of the Districts Ordinance 1966 (Cth) which, after the enactment of the Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988, [5] became the Districts Act 1966. [6] This Act was subsequently repealed by the ACT Government and the district is now administered subject to the Districts Act 2002. [7]

Location and urban structure

The district of Central Canberra is a set of contiguous residential suburbs consolidated around Lake Burley Griffin, together with a town centre located at Canberra City (also known as Civic), and a range of commercial suburbs, some of which form parts of the Parliamentary Triangle and contain many of Canberra's national monuments and institutions. The district is often known as two separate parts, being the Inner North and Inner South. [3] While some of the other districts in the Australian Capital Territory and within the city of Canberra are well known (e.g. Belconnen, Gungahlin, Tuggeranong, Weston Creek, Woden Valley) Canberra Central would less often be thought of as a district outside of its administrative use: more often as the Inner North and Inner South. The district of Canberra Central is mentioned in various ACT legislation. [8]

Canberra Central is bounded on the north by the Gungahlin district, the east by the Majura district, the south-east by the Jerrabombera district (as distinct from the suburb of Jerrabomberra that lies within the Queanbeyan local government area within New South Wales), the south by the district of the Woden Valley, the south-west by the Weston Creek district, and the west and north-west by the Belconnen district.

Inner north

The district includes the inner north divisions (suburbs) of Acton, Ainslie, Braddon, Campbell, City, Dickson, Downer, Hackett, Lyneham, O'Connor, Reid, Russell, Turner and Watson (except for the very north end near the Australian Heritage Village which is in the Majura district). Part of the nature park to the east and south of Mount Majura is also in the district. It also includes Black Mountain and the land south of Lady Denman Drive around Yarramundi Reach, near Lake Burley Griffin.

Inner south

The district includes the inner south divisions (suburbs) of Barton, Capital Hill, Deakin, Forrest, Fyshwick, Griffith, Kingston, Narrabundah, Parkes, Red Hill (except for the Federal Golf Course which is in Woden Valley district), and Yarralumla.

Demographics

At the 2021 census, there were 92,780 people in the Canberra Central district. [9] [10] Population growth in the Canberra Central district between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 3.5%; in the five years to the 2011 census, the population grew by 9.7%; in the five years to the 2016 census, the population grew by 10.8%; and in the five years to the 2021 census, the population grew by 16.0%. Population growth in Canberra Central was slower than the national average during the first five years (the national average was 5.8%), but it has been significantly faster since (the national average was 8.3, 8.8% and 8.6% respectively in the last three periods). [11] [12] [13] [14] [9] [10] The median weekly income for residents within the Canberra Central district was significantly higher than the national average. [9] [10]

Selected historical census data for the Canberra Central district
Census year2001 [11] [12] 2006 [13] [14] 2011 [15] [16] 2016 [9] [10] 2021 [1] [2]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night63,57765,78172,18480,00992,780
District rank in terms of size within the Australian Capital Territory3rdSteady2.svg 3rdSteady2.svg 3rdSteady2.svg 3rdIncrease2.svg 2nd
Percentage of the Australian Capital Territory population20.2%20.1%20.5%
Percentage of the Australian population0.34%Decrease2.svg 0.33%Increase2.svg 0.34%Steady2.svg 0.34%Increase2.svg 0.36%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English 32.7%33.7%34.2%
Australian 32.4%28.7%29.9%
Irish 14.0%14.6%14.0%
Scottish 10.7%11.2%11,5%
Chinese 4.8%6.9%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Mandarin 0.9%Increase2.svg 1.6%Increase2.svg 2.7%Increase2.svg 4.1%Decrease2.svg 3.8%
Vietnamese 0.7%Increase2.svg 0.8%Increase2.svg 1.0%
Greek 1.1%Decrease2.svg 0.9%Increase2.svg 1.0%
Italian 1.3%Decrease2.svg 1.1%Decrease2.svg 1.0%
Cantonese n/cIncrease2.svg 0.9%Increase2.svg 1.0%Steady2.svg 1.0%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No Religion 24.7%Increase2.svg 29.3%Increase2.svg 36.2%Increase2.svg 44.3%Increase2.svg 52.2%
Catholic 24.0%Decrease2.svg 23.4%Decrease2.svg 20.8%Decrease2.svg 17.2%Decrease2.svg 15.3%
Anglican 17.4%Decrease2.svg 15.0%Decrease2.svg 12.7%Decrease2.svg 11.5%Decrease2.svg 8.1%
Uniting Church 4.2%Decrease2.svg 3.7%Decrease2.svg 3.1%
Buddhism n/cIncrease2.svg 2.6%Increase2.svg 3.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$781A$1,013A$1,078A$1,363
Percentage of Australian median income167.6%Increase2.svg 175.6%Decrease2.svg 139.8%Increase2.svg 154.2%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$2,058A$2,652A$2,825A$3,362
Percentage of Australian median income175.7%Decrease2.svg 141.9%Increase2.svg 152.5%Increase2.svg 149.8%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1,521A$2,101A$2,100A$2,467
Percentage of Australian median income148.1%Increase2.svg 170.2%Decrease2.svg 137.8%Increase2.svg 134.1%

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "North Canberra (SA3)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 September 2022. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "South Canberra (SA3)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 September 2022. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. 1 2 "Districts Ordinance 1966 No. 5 (ACT)" (PDF).
  4. "Aboriginal Heritage in the ACT". Heritage. Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  5. Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 (Cth)
  6. Districts Act 1966 (ACT).
  7. Districts Act 2002 (ACT).
  8. "Water Resources (Licence Variation) Notice 2005 (No 3)" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of the Australian Capital Territory . Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "North Canberra (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 June 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  10. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "South Canberra (SA3)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 June 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  11. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "North Canberra (SSD)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  12. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "South Canberra (SSD)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  13. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "North Canberra (SSD)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  14. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "South Canberra (SSD)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  15. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "North Canberra (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  16. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "South Canberra (SA3)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 December 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg