Chulman

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Chulman

Чульман
Other transcription(s)
  YakutЧульман
Coat of Arms of Neryungri (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Location of Chulman
Chulman
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chulman
Location of Chulman
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Chulman
Chulman (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 56°51′N124°52′E / 56.850°N 124.867°E / 56.850; 124.867 Coordinates: 56°51′N124°52′E / 56.850°N 124.867°E / 56.850; 124.867
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Neryungrinsky District [2]
SettlementSettlement of Chulman [2]
Founded1926
Urban-type settlement status since1941 [2]
Population
  Total9,766
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
7,775 (-20.4%)
   Capital ofSettlement of Chulman [2]
   Municipal district Neryungrinsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementChulman Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofChulman Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
678980, 678981
OKTMO ID98660165051
Chulman population
2010 Census 9,766 [3]
2002 Census 10,782 [8]
1989 Census 17,354 [9]
1979 Census 12,875 [10]

Chulman (Russian : Чульман) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 41 kilometers (25 mi) from Neryungri, the administrative center of the district, [2] on the Chulman River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,766. [3]

Contents

Geography

The town is located in the Aldan Highlands, there is a deep gorge to the east with white cliffs.

History

It was founded with nineteen inhabitants in 1926.[ citation needed ] Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1941. [2] During the late 1940s and early 1950s, it was the location of a gulag work camp.[ citation needed ]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Chulman [1] is incorporated within Neryungrinsky District as the Settlement of Chulman. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Chulman, together with one rural locality (the selo of Bolshoy Khatymi) under direct jurisdiction of Neryungrinsky District, is incorporated within Neryungrinsky Municipal District as Chulman Urban Settlement. [5]

Economy

Employment in Chulman is mainly in the mining of coal, granite, and gemstones industries, as well as at the power station.[ citation needed ]

Transportation

Chulman is served by the Chulman Airport and is a station on the Amur–Yakutsk Mainline.

Climate

Chulman has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc/Dwc). Winters are bitterly cold with average temperatures from −33.9 to −26.7 °C (−29.0 to −16.1 °F) in January, while summers are mild with average temperatures from +10.9 to +21.8 °C (51.6 to 71.2 °F) in July. Precipitation is moderate and is much higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Chulman
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−5.6
(21.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.4
(45.3)
17.6
(63.7)
28.1
(82.6)
34.6
(94.3)
34.8
(94.6)
32.5
(90.5)
26.3
(79.3)
17.7
(63.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
34.8
(94.6)
Average high °C (°F)−26.7
(−16.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
9.8
(49.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
9.3
(48.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−2.1
(28.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.4
(−22.7)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.6
(40.3)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61.0)
13.0
(55.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
Average low °C (°F)−33.9
(−29.0)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.6
(45.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.9
(46.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−11.4
(11.5)
Record low °C (°F)−61.0
(−77.8)
−56.9
(−70.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−50.8
(−59.4)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−61.0
(−77.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)15
(0.6)
12
(0.5)
14
(0.6)
28
(1.1)
52
(2.0)
91
(3.6)
108
(4.3)
91
(3.6)
79
(3.1)
51
(2.0)
27
(1.1)
16
(0.6)
584
(23.1)
Average rainy days000.14161919191840099.1
Average snowy days262219144000.13212627162.1
Average relative humidity (%)82797063616571747577838274
Source: pogoda.ru.net [11]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Chulman is the administrative center of the Settlement of Chulman.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z 353-III
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. "Weather And Climate - Climate Chulman" (in Russian). Retrieved January 23, 2013.

Sources