Sangar, Sakha Republic

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Sangar

Сангар
Other transcription(s)
  YakutСангаар
Sangar, Iakutiia. Vid s kryl'tsa kluba "Shakhtior" (3).jpg
View from the porch of the club "Shakhtar"
Location of Sangar
Sangar, Sakha Republic
Russia edcp location map.svg
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Sangar
Location of Sangar
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Sangar
Sangar (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 63°55′N127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467 Coordinates: 63°55′N127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
Administrative district Kobyaysky District [1]
SettlementSettlement of Sangar [1]
Founded1928 [2]
Urban-type settlement status since1940 [3]
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
  Total4,377
  Estimate 
(2018) [5]
3,799 (-13.2%)
   Capital ofKobyaysky District [1] , Settlement of Sangar [1]
   Municipal district Kobyaysky Municipal District [3]
  Urban settlementSangar Urban Settlement [3]
   Capital ofKobyaysky Municipal District [6] , Sangar Urban Settlement [3]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678300, 678309
OKTMO ID98624151051
Sangar population
2010 Census 4,377 [4]
2002 Census 4,789 [9]
1989 Census 10,107 [10]
1979 Census 10,252 [11]

Sangar (Russian : Санга́р; Yakut : Сангаар) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Kobyaysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Lena River, 334 kilometers (208 mi) by road from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,377. [4]

Contents

History

It was established in 1928 as a mining settlement. [2] The name originates from the nearby Sangar-Khaya Mountain. On February 10, 1930, the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split into districts (uluses) and Sangar became a part of newly established Namsky District. In 1934, the mine was transferred to the Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, which at the time administrated most of the industrial activity in the north of the Soviet Union. Coal from Sangar was transported to Tiksi on the coast of the Arctic Ocean and there distributed among various Arctic settlements. [2] On April 20, 1937, Kobyaysky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Kobyay, and Sangar became a part of that district. [12]

In 1938, the reconstruction of Sangar, which until that year did not have a hospital or a club, started. Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1940. [1] In 1942, about two hundred of people were deported to exile to Sangar from Leningrad Oblast. In June 1943, a fatal accident occurred in the mine, and twenty-two miners were killed. [2] In 1956, gas was discovered in the district, and the economy of Sangar started to reorient to gas production and transport. In 1959, the administrative center of the district was moved to Sangar. [12] The mine eventually decayed and in the 1960s was transferred to the local authorities, finally closing down in 1997. Since the mine was providing most of the jobs, more than a half of the population of Sangar migrated and the infrastructure was considerably reduced. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Sangar [13] serves as the administrative center of Kobyaysky District. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Kobyaysky District as the Settlement of Sangar. [1] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Sangar is incorporated within Kobyaysky Municipal District as Sangar Urban Settlement. [3]

Economy

Industry

The coal mine was closed down in 1997. Another coal mine is located about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Sangar. [2]

Transportation

There are no all-season roads, and land connections to Yakutsk are only possible during winter along a winter road (zimnik). [12]

The Lena River is navigable.

Sangar has an airport which provides the only regular all-year-round means of transportation.

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Боякова С.И. Шахта «Сангарская» (in Russian). Администрация Президента и Правительства РС(Я). Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. 1 2 3 Кобяйский улус (район) (in Russian). Туристский портал РС (Я). Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  13. According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Sangar is the administrative center of the Settlement of Sangar.

Sources

Further reading