Clayton (village), New York

Last updated
Clayton, New York
USA New York location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Clayton
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Clayton
Coordinates: 44°14′11″N76°5′7″W / 44.23639°N 76.08528°W / 44.23639; -76.08528 Coordinates: 44°14′11″N76°5′7″W / 44.23639°N 76.08528°W / 44.23639; -76.08528
Country United States
State New York
County Jefferson
Town Clayton
Area
[1]
  Total2.58 sq mi (6.67 km2)
  Land1.60 sq mi (4.15 km2)
  Water0.97 sq mi (2.52 km2)
Elevation
276 ft (84 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,978
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
1,834
  Density1,144.82/sq mi (441.94/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13624
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-16089
GNIS feature ID0946809
Website www.villageofclayton.com

Clayton is a village in the town of Clayton in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The village population was 1,978 at the 2010 census. [3]

Contents

Clayton is the home of the Antique Boat Museum and Clayton Opera House. The village is a summer resort, offering galleries, boutiques and quality services to summer visitors.

History

Originally, the area was inhabited by Algonquian tribes, but they were driven out by the Iroquois. Radiocarbon dating of a nearby dig site, indicated Clayton was once home to a 2-3 long house, 180 person palisade ringed habitation, around 1470. [4]

The community was formerly called "French Creek" and "Cornelia". By 1853, the population was 426. Clayton incorporated as a village, by vote of its citizens, in 1872. The arrival of the railroad in 1873 marked a major turning point in the local tourist industry.

The Clayton Historic District and Capt. Simon Johnston House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [5]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), of which 1.6 square miles (4.2 km2) are land and 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2), or 37.62%, are water. [3] Clayton is located on the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. To the west is French Creek Bay where French Creek enters the St. Lawrence. Opposite the village in the St. Lawrence is Grindstone Island, one of the large islands of the Thousand Islands.

New York State Route 12 intersects New York State Route 12E in the village. NY-12 leads south 22 miles (35 km) to Watertown, the Jefferson county seat, and northeast parallel to the St. Lawrence River 11 miles (18 km) to Alexandria Bay. NY-12E leads southwest along the St. Lawrence 15 miles (24 km) to Cape Vincent.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,020
1880 1,62158.9%
1890 1,7487.8%
1900 1,9139.4%
1910 1,9411.5%
1920 1,849−4.7%
1930 1,9404.9%
1940 1,9993.0%
1950 1,981−0.9%
1960 1,9960.8%
1970 1,970−1.3%
1980 1,816−7.8%
1990 2,16018.9%
2000 1,821−15.7%
2010 1,9788.6%
2019 (est.)1,834 [2] −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 1,821 people, 828 households, and 492 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,123.8 people per square mile (434.0/km2). There were 1,049 housing units at an average density of 647.4 per square mile (250.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.83% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.14% of the population.

There were 828 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $31,354, and the median income for a family was $42,208. Males had a median income of $31,094 versus $28,375 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,247. About 6.3% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transport

Eastern divisions of the RW&O. Clayton branch fed passenger and freight rail into main line at Philadelphia, NY RW&O eastern divisions, 1889.jpg
Eastern divisions of the RW&O. Clayton branch fed passenger and freight rail into main line at Philadelphia, NY

Clayton is accessible by automobile via New York State Route 12, which turns east from its northward course in the village. The northern terminus of Route 12E is in the same location. From Interstate 81, it can be reached by taking Exit 50S to Route 12.

Beginning in 1873, the village was served by the Clayton Division of the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad (RW&O), which later became a part of the New York Central network. At its peak, multiple express trains per day ran from Niagara Falls and Grand Central Terminal to bring passengers and freight to Clayton's ferry terminal, which was the gateway to the Thousand Islands region. Facilities included a train yard and locomotive shed. Passenger service to Utica ceased in 1950, with bus service to Watertown remaining. [8] [9] Freight service continued until 1972, after which the tracks were torn out.

The station and ferry terminal were converted into Frink Park, a public venue for performances and mooring for visiting ships, while the rail yards were incorporated into the property of the Frink-America snowplow factory, which was demolished in 2010. The property has since been redeveloped into a hotel, which was finished in 2013. The remainder of the right-of-way within the village is maintained as the Sissy Danforth Rivergate Trail, a multi-use recreational trail maintained by the Thousand Islands Land Trust and the Rivergate Wheelers ATV club.

See also

Related Research Articles

Jefferson County, New York County in New York

Jefferson County is a county on the northern border of the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,229. Its county seat is Watertown. The county is named after Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America. It is adjacent to Lake Ontario, southeast from the Canada–US border of Ontario.

Alexandria, New York Town in New York, United States

Alexandria is a town in the Thousand Islands region of the U.S. state of New York, within Jefferson County. The town's population was 4,061 at the 2010 United States Census. The town is named after Alexander LeRay, the son of an early developer. The village of Alexandria Bay is within the town.

Alexandria Bay, New York Village in New York, United States

Alexandria Bay is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States, within the town of Alexandria. It is located in the Thousand Islands region of northern New York. The population of the village was 1,078 at the 2010 United States Census. It lies near the Thousand Islands Border Crossing of Canada and the United States.

Carthage, New York Village in New York, United States

Carthage is a village located in the town of Wilna in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,747 at the 2010 census. The village is named after the historic city of Carthage in Tunisia.

Deferiet, New York Village in New York, United States

Deferiet is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 294 at the 2010 census. The village is named after settler Jenika de Ferriet.

Depauville, New York Settlement in Clayton, New York

Depauville is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the southern region of the town of Clayton, within Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was at 577 at the 2010 census.

Dexter, New York Village in New York, United States

Dexter is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 1,052 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from Simon Newton Dexter, one of the village's stockholders.

Glen Park, New York Village in New York, United States

Glen Park is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 502 at the 2010 census. The village is on the border of the towns of Brownville and Pamelia and is immediately northwest of Watertown.

Hounsfield, New York Town in New York, United States

Hounsfield is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,466 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is from Ezra Hounsfield, a land agent and land owner.

La Fargeville, New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

La Fargeville is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Orleans in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 608 at the 2010 census. The hamlet is named after John Frederick La Farge, one of the early proprietors of the town. La Fargeville was once a village, but dissolved its municipal corporation in 1922.

Orleans, New York Town in New York, United States

Orleans is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 2,789 at the 2010 census, up from 2,463 at the 2000 census. The town is located in the northern part of the county and is north of Watertown. Orleans is named after the commune of Orléans in France.

Redwood, New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

Redwood is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 605.

Rutland, New York Town in New York, United States

Rutland is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,060 at the 2010 census.

Brownville (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Brownville is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 1,119 at the 2010 census, up from 1,022 at the 2000 census. The village is named after Jacob Brown, an early settler and developer.

Cape Vincent (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Cape Vincent is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 726 at the 2010 census. The village is in the west-central part of the town of Cape Vincent and is northwest of Watertown.

Cape Vincent, New York Town in New York, United States

Cape Vincent is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 2,777 at the 2010 census.

Clayton, New York Town in New York, United States

Clayton is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 5,153 at the 2010 census. The town is named after John M. Clayton, a federal political leader from Delaware.

Philadelphia (village), New York Village in New York, United States

Philadelphia is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 1,252 at the 2010 census, down from 1,519 at the 2000 census.

Watertown (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Watertown is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 4,470 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the central part of the county and borders the city of Watertown to the south, east, and west. As the city has a population of 27,023, or six times the town's population, references to "Watertown, New York", usually apply to the city rather than the town.

Edwards (CDP), New York Hamlet and CDP in New York, United States

Edwards is a hamlet in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The population was 439 at the 2010 census. It was an incorporated village until dissolution in 2012.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Clayton village, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  4. Abel, Timothy J. (2002). "Recent Research on the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians of Northern New York". Archaeology of Eastern North America. 30: 137–154. ISSN   0360-1021. JSTOR   40914461.
  5. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. New York Central timetable, April 30, 1950, Tables 45, 59
  9. New York Central timetable, September 24, 1950, Table 51 service dropped