Henderson, New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Ed Glaser (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||52.93 sq mi (137.10 km2)|
|• Land||41.18 sq mi (106.65 km2)|
|• Water||11.76 sq mi (30.45 km2)|
|Elevation||410 ft (125 m)|
|• Density||32.83/sq mi (12.68/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
13650 (Henderson), 13651 (Henderson Harbor)
|GNIS feature ID||0979062|
Henderson is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 1,360 at the 2010 census.The town is named after William Henderson, the original European-American land owner.
Henderson is in the west part of the county and is southwest of Watertown. The Great Lakes Seaway Trail runs through the town along New York State Route 3 and includes a monument to its founder, William E. Tyson.
This area had long been occupied by the Onondaga people, a nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, a Native American coalition of tribes who controlled most of upstate and western New York around the Great Lakes by the 15th century. Because most nations of the confederacy had allied with the British in the American Revolutionary War, after the defeat of Britain the United States forced the Iroquois to cede most of their land in New York under the terms of the peace treaty. The tribes moved to Canada, where the British offered them land in what is now Ontario.
New York made available for sale millions of acres of the former Iroquois lands at very low prices in an effort to stimulate settlement and agricultural development of its western and upstate territories. It offered some land to veterans as payment for their service during the war. Speculators based in New York City bought huge portions of land and sold them later for development.
In 1801 Benjamin Wright surveyed and divided the town into lots,but settlers did not begin to arrive until 1802. Most settlers migrated from New England, which had limited lands available for farming. The town was officially organized in 1806 from territory previously part of the town of Ellisburg.
The Cyrus Bates House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004and the Norton–Burnham House, the birthplace of architect Daniel Burnham, was added in 2016.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.9 square miles (137.1 km2), of which 41.2 square miles (106.7 km2) are land and 11.7 square miles (30.4 km2), or 22.21%, are water. The west boundary of the town is Lake Ontario.
New York State Route 3 is a north-south highway. New York State Route 178 is an east-west highway, which intersects NY-3 at Aspinwall Corners.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the censusof 2000, there were 1,377 people, 577 households, and 406 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.3 people per square mile (12.9/km2). There were 1,557 housing units at an average density of 37.7 per square mile (14.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.69% White, 0.22% Native American, 0.58% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population.
There were 577 households, out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,019, and the median income for a family was $45,357. Males had a median income of $32,050 versus $24,792 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,071. About 8.1% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
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New York State Route 178 (NY 178) is an east–west state highway in Jefferson County, New York, in the United States. It extends for 10.23 miles (16.46 km) from an intersection with NY 3 by Aspinwell Corners in the town of Henderson to a junction with U.S. Route 11 (US 11) in the village of Adams. NY 178 meets Interstate 81 (I-81) at exit 41 0.5 miles (0.8 km) west of its junction with US 11. When NY 178 was assigned in the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, it continued east along modern County Route 189 (CR 189) to NY 177 in Rodman. This extension was eliminated in 1979. From the early 1930s to the late 1960s, NY 178 also continued west toward Lake Ontario on what is now County Route 178.
Association Island is a 65-acre (0.26 km2) island located at the northern tip of Stony Point, a peninsula on the eastern shore of Lake Ontario. A part of the Town of Henderson, New York in Jefferson County, the island is about 16 miles (26 km) southwest of Watertown. A 1,300-foot (400 m) two-lane causeway connects the island to the mainland.
Henderson is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Henderson, Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population of the CDP was 224 at the 2010 census, out of 1,360 in the entire town of Henderson.