Fernando Valenzuela

Last updated

Fernando Valenzuela
Fernando Valenzuela in bullpen.jpg
Valenzuela with the Dodgers in 1981
Pitcher
Born: (1960-11-01) November 1, 1960 (age 58)
Navojoa, Sonora, Mexico
Batted: LeftThrew: Left
MLB debut
September 15, 1980, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
Last MLB appearance
July 14, 1997, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 173–153
Earned run average 3.54
Strikeouts 2,074
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the Mexican Baseball Hall of Fame
Empty Star.svgEmpty Star.svgEmpty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svgEmpty Star.svgEmpty Star.svg
Induction2014

Fernando Valenzuela Anguamea (Spanish pronunciation:  [feɾˈnando βalenˈswela] , born November 1, 1960) is a Mexican former professional baseball pitcher. Valenzuela played 17 Major League Baseball (MLB) seasons, from 1980 to 1991 and 1993 to 1997. While he played for six MLB teams, he is best remembered for his time with the Los Angeles Dodgers. Valenzuela batted and threw left-handed. His career highlights include a win-loss record of 173–153, with an earned run average (ERA) of 3.54. Valenzuela was notable for his unorthodox windup and for being one of a small number of pitchers who threw a screwball regularly. Never a particularly hard thrower, the Dodgers felt he needed another pitch; he was taught the screwball in 1979 by teammate Bobby Castillo. [1]

Mexicans people of the country of Mexico or who identify as culturally Mexican

Mexicans are the people of the United Mexican States, a multiethnic country in North America.

Professional baseball is played in leagues throughout the world. In these leagues and associated farm teams, baseball players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system.

Pitcher the player responsible for throwing ("pitching") the ball to the batters in a game of baseball or softball

In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the pitcher is assigned the number 1. The pitcher is often considered the most important player on the defensive side of the game, and as such is situated at the right end of the defensive spectrum. There are many different types of pitchers, such as the starting pitcher, relief pitcher, middle reliever, lefty specialist, setup man, and the closer.

Contents

Valenzuela was signed by the Dodgers on July 6, 1979, and he made his debut late in the 1980 season. In 1981, in what came to be called "Fernandomania," Valenzuela rose from relative obscurity to achieve super-stardom. He won his first eight starts (five of them shutouts). Valenzuela finished with a record of 13–7 and had a 2.48 ERA; the season was shortened by a player’s strike. He became the first, and to date, the only player to win both Cy Young and Rookie of the Year awards in the same season. [2]

The 1981 Major League Baseball strike was the first work stoppage in Major League Baseball since the 1972 Major League Baseball strike that resulted in regular season games being cancelled. Overall, it was the fourth work stoppage since 1972, but actions in 1973, 1976, and 1980 did not result in any regular season games being cancelled. The strike began on June 12 and forced the cancellation of 713 games in the middle of the regular season. The two sides reached an agreement on July 31, and play resumed on August 9 with the All-Star Game, with regular season play resuming one day later.

Valenzuela had the best period of his career from 1981 to 1986. He was named a National League (NL) All-Star in each season and won a major league-leading 21 games in 1986, although Mike Scott of the Houston Astros narrowly beat him out in the Cy Young Award voting. [3] Valenzuela was also known as one of the better hitting pitchers of his era. He had ten career home runs and was occasionally used by Los Angeles Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda as a pinch-hitter. [4] However, for the remainder of Valenzuela’s Dodgers career, his pitching efforts were rendered less effective, largely due to nagging shoulder problems. [5] He was on the Dodgers’ 1988 World Series championship team, but he did not play in the postseason because of his ailing shoulder. On June 29, 1990, Valenzuela threw his only MLB no-hitter, pitching at Dodger Stadium against the St. Louis Cardinals, a 6–0 victory. The no-hitter was notable for being the second one pitched that day; former-Dodgers right-hander Dave “Smoke” Stewart of the Oakland Athletics had just no-hit the Toronto Blue Jays a few hours earlier. [6] Despite having recently shown flashes of his former self, he was unceremoniously released by the Dodgers just prior to the 1991 season. The remainder of his big league career was spent with the California Angels, Baltimore Orioles, Philadelphia Phillies, San Diego Padres, and St. Louis Cardinals.

National League Baseball league, part of Major League Baseball

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league. Founded on February 2, 1876, to replace the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP) of 1871–1875, the NL is sometimes called the Senior Circuit, in contrast to MLB's other league, the American League, which was founded 25 years later.

Major League Baseball All-Star Game exhibition game played by Major League Baseball players representing each league

The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual professional baseball game sanctioned by Major League Baseball (MLB) contested between the All-Stars from the American League (AL) and National League (NL), currently selected by fans for starting fielders, by managers for pitchers, and by managers and players for reserves.

Valenzuela retired from baseball after the 1997 season. In 2003, he returned to the Dodgers as a broadcaster. In 2015, he became a naturalized American citizen. [7]

Americans citizens, or natives, of the United States of America

Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also claim American nationality. The United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance.

Early life

Fernando Valenzuela, the youngest of twelve children, was born in Etchohuaquila, a small town within the municipality of Navojoa in the state of Sonora, Mexico. [8] His birth date is officially listed as November 1, 1960, but during his rookie season in 1981, several commentators questioned his age, guessing him to be significantly older than twenty. [8]

Etchohuaquila human settlement in Sonora, Mexico

Etchohuaquila is a small town within the municipality of Navojoa, in the Mexican state of Sonora. 27°18′53″N109°45′37″W. It is about 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Ciudad Obregón. It is known for being the birthplace and hometown of former Major League Baseball pitcher Fernando Valenzuela.

Navojoa City in Sonora, Mexico

Navojoa is the fifth-largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated in the southern part of the state. The city is the administrative seat of Navojoa Municipality, located in the Mayo River Valley.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Playing career

Early career in Mexico

In 1977, Valenzuela began his professional baseball career when he signed with the Mayos de Navojoa. A year later, he was sent to the Guanajuato Tuzos of the Mexican Central League, posting a 5–6 record with a 2.23 ERA. The following year, the Mexican Central League was absorbed into the expanded Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican Baseball League), automatically elevating then 18-year-old Valenzuela to the Triple-A level. Pitching for the Leones de Yucatán (Yucatán Lions) that year, Valenzuela went 10–12 with a 2.49 ERA and 141 strikeouts. [9]

Mayos de Navojoa

The Mayos de Navojoa is a Mexican baseball team in the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico.

The Mexican Central League was a Minor League Baseball circuit that operated for 19 seasons from 1960 through 1978 with several clubs based across Mexico.

Triple-A (baseball) Minor League Baseball competition level representing highest level of play

Triple-A or Class AAA is the highest level of play in Minor League Baseball in the United States and Mexico. Before 2008, Triple-A leagues also fielded teams in Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the Triple-A International League (IL) and Pacific Coast League (PCL), with 14 teams in the IL and 16 in the PCL. The MLB-independent Mexican League fields 16 teams. Triple-A teams are typically located in large metropolitan areas that do not have Major League Baseball teams, such as San Antonio; Austin; Columbus; and Indianapolis.

A number of MLB teams scouted Valenzuela during this time. Los Angeles Dodgers scout Mike Brito had gone to a game in Mexico to evaluate a shortstop named Ali Uscanga. Valenzuela threw three balls to Uscanga to fall behind in the count and then threw three straight strikes to strike out the batter. Brito said later that at that point, he "forgot all about the shortstop." [10] The Dodgers finally gambled on the young lefty, buying out his Liga contract on July 6, 1979, for $120,000. [8]

Move to the Los Angeles Dodgers organization

After acquiring Valenzuela in the summer of 1979, the Dodgers assigned him to the Lodi Dodgers of the High-A level California League where he posted a 1–2 record and a 1.13 earned run average (ERA) in limited action. [11] The Dodgers felt that Valenzuela needed to learn to throw an off-speed pitch, so they had Dodgers pitcher Bobby Castillo teach him to throw the screwball before the 1980 season. [12] In 1980 Valenzuela was promoted to the Double-A level San Antonio Dodgers. There Valenzuela led the Texas League with 162 strikeouts, finishing the season with a 13–9 win-loss record and a 3.10 ERA. [13]

Valenzuela was called up to the Los Angeles Dodgers bullpen in September 1980. In the last month of the season, Valenzuela helped the Dodgers to a tie with the Houston Astros for the Western Division lead, pitching 1723 scoreless innings of relief over the course of ten games, during which he earned two wins and a save. However, the Dodgers then lost a one-game playoff—and thus, the division championship—to the Astros.

"Fernandomania"

The following season, Valenzuela was named the Opening Day starter as a rookie after Jerry Reuss was injured 24 hours before his scheduled start, and Burt Hooton was not ready to fill in. Valenzuela shut out the Houston Astros 2–0. [14] He started the season 8–0 with five shutouts and an ERA of 0.50. In addition to his dominance on the mound, Valenzuela's unusual and flamboyant pitching motion—including a glance skyward at the apex of each wind-up—drew attention of its own. [15] It was a habit he claims to have developed spontaneously, although not until joining the Dodgers. [16]

An instant media icon, Valenzuela drew large crowds from Los Angeles' Latino community every time he pitched and triggered high demand across the country for his rookie 1981 Topps and Fleer baseball card s. The craze surrounding Valenzuela came to be known as "Fernandomania." [17] During his warm-up routine at Dodger Stadium, the PA system would play ABBA's 1976 hit song Fernando . He became the first player to win the Rookie of the Year Award and the Cy Young Award in the same season. He was also the first rookie to lead the National League in strikeouts. The Dodgers won the World Series that season. [14]

Valenzuela was less dominant after the 1981 player strike wiped out the middle third of the season, but the left-hander still finished with a 13–7 record and a 2.48 ERA. He led all pitchers in complete games (11), shutouts (8), innings pitched (192.1), and strikeouts (180). In the postseason, Valenzuela became the youngest pitcher to start the first game of a World Series and pitched a complete game in Game 3 against the New York Yankees. [18] In total, he went 3–1 in the postseason as he helped the Dodgers to their first world championship since 1965.

In addition to his skills on the mound, Valenzuela also displayed much better offensive skills than most pitchers. During his rookie season, Valenzuela batted .250 and struck out just 9 times in 64 at bats, and he was the recipient of the National League's Silver Slugger Award for pitchers.

"El Toro"

Following his outstanding debut, Valenzuela, nicknamed "El Toro" (the Bull) by fans, settled down into a number of years as a workhorse starter and one of the league's best pitchers. He had one of his best seasons in 1986, when he finished 21–11 with a 3.14 ERA and led the league in wins, complete games and innings pitched. He lost a narrow vote for the Cy Young Award to the Astros' Mike Scott. [19]

At the 1986 All-Star Game, Valenzuela made history by striking out five consecutive American League batters, tying a record set by fellow left-handed screwballer Carl Hubbell in the 1934 contest. [20]

In 1987 his performance declined; he earned a 14–14 win-loss record with a 3.98 ERA. In 1988, a year in which the Dodgers won the World Series, he won just five games and missed much of the season. He improved slightly in 1989 and went 10–13; he posted a 13–13 record in 1990. He had one last great moment on June 29, 1990, when he threw a 6–0 no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals just hours after the Oakland Athletics' Dave Stewart had thrown one against the Toronto Blue Jays. According to teammate Mike Scioscia, Fernando and many Dodger players watched Stewart, who was a former Dodgers player, throw the no-hitter on TV. Afterward, before his game, Fernando said to his teammates, "You just saw a no-hitter on TV. Now you will see one in person."

Early in his major league career, Valenzuela had trouble communicating with his catchers because he spoke very little English. Mike Scioscia, after being called up as a rookie, made the effort to learn Spanish and eventually became Valenzuela's "personal catcher" with the Dodgers before becoming the full-time catcher.

Post-Dodgers career

Valenzuela with the Angels, June 12, 1991 Fernando Valenzuela 1991.jpg
Valenzuela with the Angels, June 12, 1991

After pitching ineffectively in spring training in 1991, Valenzuela was released by the Dodgers. At the time of Valenzuela's release, several Dodgers leaders, including Tommy Lasorda, Fred Claire, and Peter O'Malley, praised Valenzuela for creating exciting memories over several seasons and they indicated that it was a difficult decision to release him. [21]

An abortive attempt at a comeback with the California Angels failed later that summer. Valenzuela signed with the Detroit Tigers in the spring of 1992, but he never played for the team, and his contract was purchased by Jalisco of the Mexican League that summer. He pitched and played some first base when he wasn't on the mound before making another brief comeback in 1993 with the Baltimore Orioles.

Jumping between the big leagues and Mexico for the next few seasons, he put together one more solid big-league season in 1996 for the San Diego Padres, going 13–8 with a 3.62 ERA. He retired a year later with a final record of 173–153 and a 3.54 ERA as a member of the St. Louis Cardinals.

The Los Angeles Dodgers invited him to spring training in 1999, but he declined the offer. [22]

On June 29, 2004, Valenzuela announced he would return to the mound in the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico (the Mexican Pacific Coast League) to play for Los Aguilas de Mexicali in October; he was nearly 44 years old at the time. He pitched again in the Mexican winter league during the 2005–06 season. On December 20, 2006, in Mexicali, BC, Mexico, Fernando Valenzuela was the starting pitcher for Los Aguilas de Mexicali in the last professional game of his career.

Hitting

Valenzuela was considered an atypically good hitter for a pitcher. His best year at the plate was 1990—his last year with the Dodgers—when he hit .304 with 5 doubles, 1 home run, and 11 RBI in 69 at-bats. That gave him a 101 OPS+, meaning Valenzuela ranked just above average among all National League hitters that year, including non-pitchers. In 936 career at-bats—roughly two full seasons worth of at-bats for a full-time position player—his career batting average was .200, with 10 home runs, 26 doubles, and 84 RBI. Valenzuela was even used on occasion as a pinch-hitter, batting .368 (7-for-19) in such situations. Twice while with the Dodgers, Valenzuela was called upon to play outfield and first base in marathon extra-inning games in which he did not pitch. He won the Silver Slugger award for pitchers in 1981 and 1983. [17]

After retirement

Valenzuela in 2007. Fernando Valenzuela 2007.jpg
Valenzuela in 2007.

In 2003, Valenzuela returned to the Dodgers organization as the Spanish-language radio color commentator for National League West games, joining Jaime Jarrín and Pepe Ýñiguez in the Spanish-language booth. In 2015, he was switched to the color commentator job on the Spanish-language feed of SportsNet LA. [23]

Valenzuela also served on the coaching staff of Team Mexico during the 2006 World Baseball Classic, 2009 World Baseball Classic, 2013 World Baseball Classic, and 2017 World Baseball Classic.

He purchased the Mexican League team Tigres de Quintana Roo in 2017.

Legacy

Valenzuela was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame on August 23, 2003, in a pregame on the field ceremony at Dodger Stadium.[ citation needed ] In 2005, he was named one of three starting pitchers on MLB's Latino Legends Team. [24] In 2013, he was enshrined into the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame. [10]

As a show of respect, Dodgers clubhouse manager Mitch Poole has unofficially kept Valenzuela's jersey number 34 out of circulation. [25]

On October 26, 2010, ESPN broadcast a documentary commemorating Valenzuela's arrival with the Dodgers titled Fernando Nation as part of their 30 for 30 documentary series. [26]

On October 25, 2017, Valenzuela threw the first pitch at game 2 of the 2017 World Series at Dodger Stadium, introduced by Vin Scully, and joined by Steve Yeager. [27] [28]

The Mexican Baseball League will commemorate the great legacy of Fernando Valezuela on 6 July 2019 and withdraw shirt number 34 from the entire league. [29]

Personal life

In 1981, Valenzuela married Linda Burgos, a schoolteacher from Mexico. Early in his career, Valenzuela and his family spent offseasons between the Mexican cities of Etchohuaquila and Mérida. [30] The couple have four children. [31] One of Valenzuela's sons, Fernando, Jr., played in the San Diego Padres and Chicago White Sox organizations as a first baseman. Since 2006, Fernando Jr. has played minor league baseball in Mexico or in independent leagues. [32]

Valenzuela became a U.S. citizen on July 22, 2015, at a ceremony in downtown Los Angeles. He has participated in two Tournament of Roses Parades—in 1983 aboard the float from the Government of Mexico and in 2008 aboard the Los Angeles Dodgers' float. In 1981, Valenzuela participated in the East Los Angeles Christmas Parade as Grand Marshal.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Steve Carlton American baseball player

Steven Norman Carlton, nicknamed "Lefty", is a former Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher. He pitched from 1965 to 1988 for six different teams in his career, but it is his time with the Philadelphia Phillies where he received his greatest acclaim as a professional and won four Cy Young Awards. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1994.

Tom Browning American baseball player

Thomas Leo Browning is a former Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher. During a 12-year baseball career, he pitched for the Cincinnati Reds (1984–1994) and the Kansas City Royals (1995). He is also co-author of Tom Browning's Tales from the Reds Dugout.

Dan Haren American baseball player

Daniel John Haren is an American former professional baseball pitcher. Haren played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, Arizona Diamondbacks, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Washington Nationals, Los Angeles Dodgers, Miami Marlins, and Chicago Cubs. He now serves as an executive with the Diamondbacks.

Charles Oliver Hough is a former Major League Baseball knuckleball pitcher.

Joe Blanton American baseball player

Joseph Matthew Blanton is an American former professional baseball pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Oakland Athletics, Philadelphia Phillies, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Kansas City Royals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Los Angeles Dodgers, and Washington Nationals.

Aaron Harang American baseball player

Aaron Michael Harang is an American former professional baseball starting pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Oakland Athletics, Cincinnati Reds, San Diego Padres, Los Angeles Dodgers, Seattle Mariners, New York Mets, Philadelphia Phillies, and Atlanta Braves.

Ricky Nolasco baseball player

Carlos Enrique Nolasco is an American professional baseball pitcher in the Arizona Diamondbacks organization. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Florida/Miami Marlins, Los Angeles Dodgers, Minnesota Twins, and Los Angeles Angels. He is of Mexican descent.

Chad Billingsley American baseball player, pitcher

Chad Ryan Billingsley is an American former professional baseball right-handed starting pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Los Angeles Dodgers from 2006 through 2013 and Philadelphia Phillies in 2015. He was a National League (NL) All-Star in 2009.

Clayton Kershaw American baseball player

Clayton Edward Kershaw is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB). A left-handed starting pitcher, Kershaw has played in the major leagues since 2008, and his career earned run average (ERA) and walks and hits per innings pitched average (WHIP) are the lowest among starters in the live-ball era with a minimum of 1,000 innings pitched. Kershaw has a career hits allowed per nine innings pitched average of 6.61—the second-lowest in MLB history—along with three Cy Young Awards and the 2014 National League Most Valuable Player Award. He has been described throughout the majority of his career as the best pitcher in baseball.

The 1984 Los Angeles Dodgers finished in fourth place in the National League West.

The 1983 Los Angeles Dodgers rebounded from being eliminated from the playoffs on the final day of the previous season to win their second National League Western Division title in three years, but lost in the National League Championship Series to the Philadelphia Phillies 3 games to 1.

The 1982 Los Angeles Dodgers entered the season as the defending World Series champions. They would remain in contention until the final day of the regular season, when the San Francisco Giants would knock them out of the National League West division race, in a season that saw the Atlanta Braves reach the playoffs instead. The Dodgers finished second in the National League West at 88–74, becoming the fifth team since 1969 to miss the playoffs one year after winning the World Series. This was the final L.A. season for longtime cornerstones Steve Garvey and Ron Cey, who would move on to new teams next season. The Dodgers did welcome new second baseman Steve Sax, who won the Rookie of the Year Award.

The 1981 Los Angeles Dodgers season got off to a strong start when rookie pitcher Fernando Valenzuela pitched a shutout on opening day, starting the craze that came to be known as "Fernandomania." Fernando went on to win both the Rookie of the Year and Cy Young Awards.

The 1981 Major League Baseball season had a players' strike, which lasted from June 12 to July 31, 1981, and split the season in two halves.

Kenta Maeda baseball player

Kenta Maeda is a Japanese professional baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) for the Hiroshima Toyo Carp. He won the 2010 Eiji Sawamura Award with a record of 15–8 and a 2.21 ERA, with 174 strikeouts in 215 and 2/3 innings, and six complete games with two shutouts. He also became the youngest pitcher in Japanese baseball history to achieve the pitching Triple Crown in the same year. He won the Sawamura Award for the second time in 2015.

Pedro Báez Dominican baseball player

Pedro Alberys Báez is a Dominican professional baseball relief pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB).

Nathan Eovaldi American baseball player

Nathan Edward Eovaldi is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played in MLB for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Miami Marlins, New York Yankees, and Tampa Bay Rays.

Chris Heston baseball player

Christopher Lee Heston is an American professional baseball pitcher who is currently a free agent. He previously played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the San Francisco Giants, the Seattle Mariners and the Minnesota Twins. On June 9, 2015, he threw the 17th no-hitter in Giants franchise history. He played college baseball at East Carolina.

Julio Urías Mexican baseball player

Julio César Urías Acosta is a Mexican professional baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Dodgers signed him in 2012, and he made his MLB debut in 2016.

Michael Fulmer American baseball player

Michael Joseph Fulmer is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Detroit Tigers of Major League Baseball (MLB). He won the American League Rookie of the Year Award in 2016, and was an American League All Star in 2017.

References

  1. Crowe's Nest: How the Dodgers discovered Fernando Valenzuela - latimes
  2. Fernando Valenzuela - LA Times
  3. ESPN.com - Page2 -
    Great Scott's power burned brightest in '86
  4. Fernando Valenzuela Statistics and History | Baseball-Reference.com
  5. Valenzuela put on waivers by Dodgers - tribunedigital-baltimoresun
  6. The Night of Two No-Hitters: Fernando Pitches One for the First Time as He Stymies Cardinals, 6-0 - latimes
  7. Fernando Valenzuela Quietly Affirms His Status as a U.S. Citizen - The New York Times
  8. 1 2 3 O'Connor, Kevin (2002). "Fernando Valenzuela | St. of Pop Culture | Find Articles at BNET". Findarticles.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  9. "Fernando Valenzuela – BR Bullpen". Baseball-Reference.com. March 16, 2009. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  10. 1 2 Gonzalez, Alden (February 3, 2013). "Valenzuela inducted into Caribbean Hall of Fame". MLB.com . Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  11. Fernando Valenzuela Minor League Statistics & History. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  12. Crowe, Jerry. A screwball chain of events led the Dodgers to Fernando Valenzuela. Los Angeles Times. March 27, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  13. 1980 Texas League pitching leaders. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  14. 1 2 Brown, Daniel (February 16, 2012). "Jeremy Lin: Fernando Valenzuela understands Lin-Sanity first hand". San Jose Mercury News. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012.
  15. "SI.com - Writers - Alex Belth: The five true pitching phenoms - Tuesday August 8, 2006 11:33AM". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. August 4, 2006. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  16. "Fernando Valenzuela interview". Open Your Eyes Magazine (in Spanish). December 20, 2008. Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  17. 1 2 http://www.losangelesdodgersonline.com/fernandovalenzuela.php%5B%5D
  18. "Phillies lead Dodgers 5–4 after 6". Fox News. May 16, 2008.
  19. "1986 Awards voting". Baseball-Reference.com.
  20. Friend, Tom (July 17, 1986). "Hubbell: My record didn't mean much: Valenzuela's All-Star strikeout effort doesn't mean much, either, he believes". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  21. "Fernando Valenzuela released by Dodgers". Lodi News-Sentinel . March 29, 1991. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  22. Bill Shaikin (January 22, 1999). "Valenzuela Has Dodger Invite". Los Angeles Times .
  23. Stephen, Eric (January 30, 2015). "Jaime Jarrín & Jorge Jarrin new Dodgers Spanish radio team". truebluela.com. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  24. Sanchez, Jesse (October 26, 2005). "Latino Legends team announced". MLB.com . Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  25. "Big Unit beats Dodgers 2–1 in Manny's LA debut". Yahoo.com. February 8, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
  26. "'Fernando Nation' to air on ESPN '30 for 30' on October 26". ESPN. September 30, 2010.
  27. "Watch: Vin Scully brings Dodgers legends for 1st pitch". SI.com. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  28. "Beloved Scully delights Dodgers fans at Game 2". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  29. Notification of the LMB about the planned award
  30. Castro, Tony (July 8, 1985). "Something screwy going on here". Sports Illustrated . Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  31. Broadcasters. MLB.com. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  32. "Fernando Valenzuela Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com . Retrieved April 16, 2015.

Sources


Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Burt Hooton
Jerry Reuss
Orel Hershiser
Los Angeles Dodgers Opening Day
Starting pitcher

1981
1983–86
1988
Succeeded by
Jerry Reuss
Orel Hershiser
Tim Belcher
Preceded by
Dave Stewart
No-hitter pitcher
June 29, 1990
Succeeded by
Terry Mulholland